Introduction to intellectual property law


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Dr. Tabrez Ahmad, Lecture on Introduction of Intellectual Property Law

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Introduction to intellectual property law

  1. 1. 4711 (Cologne) Intellectual Property Law Dr. Tabrez Ahmad http://iplexindia.blogspot.comDr. Tabrez Ahmad, 1
  2. 2. Dr. Tabrez Ahmad, 2
  3. 3.  All rights and IPRs in the e-contents of various power point presentation slides/syllabus/pages are reserved in favour of Dr. Tabrez Ahmad and any violation will result in prosecution."Prior Written Affirmative Permission" is required before dealing with or using of any part of the e-contents in any manner whatsoever.© Dr. Tabrez Ahmad, 3
  4. 4. Must do before starting the course Collect IPR syllabus from KLS Library Purchase an IPL Bare Act Get membership Become follower of the Blog: Dr. Tabrez Ahmad, 4
  6. 6. CONCEPT OF PROPERTY INTELLECTUAL PROPERTYNatural object becomes a resource when it satisfies a human wantA resource possessed and owned becomes a propertyTraditional property have bundle of legal rights linked to ownership and possession of an item (Tangible: related to physical objects)Intellectual Property is intangible property Dr. Tabrez Ahmad, 6
  7. 7. CONCEPT OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY Cont…Concept of Private Property and Freedom of contract  Private property and contract  Right to property and Indian constitution  Freedom of Contract Dr. Tabrez Ahmad, 7
  8. 8. CONCEPT OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTYIt is the PROPERTY CREATED BY APPLICATION OFHUMAN MIND and Investment of money, labour andjudgment.Intangible (non-physical) in nature- derives value from ideasThere is no uniform definition of IP In knowledge age, IP is a key to techno- economic growth Dr. Tabrez Ahmad, 8
  9. 9. 2. IP UBIQUITOUS IN LIFE Articles of food, furniture, clothing, textiles, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, entertainment gadgets, machinery, books, etc. are all IP protected. Domain of IP is ever expanding with advent of Technology and Globalization : GI, IC topography are new additions, Traditional Knowledge/Biodiversity are likely additions Dr. Tabrez Ahmad, 9
  10. 10. 3. RATIONALE BEHIND IP The creative activity culminating in IP is necessary for socio-economic progress Material incentives and rewards encourage greater creative activity IP rights grant monopoly through contract with the Govt. to ensure rewards The interests of owner and society are balanced by limiting periods of monopoly with obligation to disclose and remedies against abuse of rights Disclosure brings knowledge in public domain Dr. Tabrez Ahmad, 10
  11. 11. 4. PROTECTION OF IP BYPRIVATE AND PUBLIC DEBATE Why govt. is required to protect IP Whether govt. is really able to protect IPRs Whether we require IPR govt. offices. Why not only Private Protection Dr. Tabrez Ahmad, 11
  12. 12. 5. Nature of IPRs a. Key issues b. Balancing of Interests Dr. Tabrez Ahmad, 12
  13. 13. 5. NATURE OF IPRs Essentially negative rights to stop others from copying or counterfeiting  In patents, being first with an invention pre-empts any right of another making same invention independently.  In copyrights, the right is diluted as right is over the form of expression and not over idea. IPRs being statutory rights are legally enforceable. They are territorial in nature. Dr. Tabrez Ahmad, 13
  14. 14. 5.a. Key issue : Ownership of Knowledge versus Knowledge Piracy IPR plays a decisive role Dr. Tabrez Ahmad, 14
  15. 15. 5.b Balancing of Interests Private Public Producer ConsumerIndustrialized Economies Developing EconomiesMonopoly Competition “Private Interest Must Yield Public Good” Dr. Tabrez Ahmad, 15
  16. 16. 5.b Balancing of Interests Dr. Tabrez Ahmad, 16
  17. 17. 5.b. Balancing of Interests cont…. Dr. Tabrez Ahmad, 17
  18. 18. 5.b Balancing of Interestscont….Controlling Counterfeiting…….A never ending challenge Dr. Tabrez Ahmad, 18
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  20. 20. .6 MAIN IP INSTRUMENTS 1. Trademarks, Trade Names & Services Marks 2. Geographical Indications 3. Trade Secrets and Confidential Information 4. Patents 5. Industrial Designs 6. Layout-designs of Integrated Circuits 7. Plant Varieties 8. Copyrights And Related Rights First seven are also called as Industrial Property Rights Dr. Tabrez Ahmad, 20
  21. 21. 7. STRATEGIC ELEMENTS  Protection Offered By Each One Of The Tools  Period Of Validity  Geographical Limits  Enforcement Features  Licensing Issues, Benefit Sharing  Other Legal ImplicationsA clear appreciation of these…. Imperative for all IPR players Dr. Tabrez Ahmad, 21
  22. 22. 7. STRATEGIC ELEMENTSOptions available to the IPR Holder  Exploit the IPR himself  License the IPR to another party (s) with mutually negotiated benefit sharing arrangements  Cross License for mutually independent working and / or collaborative working  Assign the IPR to another party (s) for an appropriate return  Barter rights  Establish a franchise system involving other parties  Take action against those who infringe his rights  Let the rights selectively lapse in certain countries Dr. Tabrez Ahmad, 22
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  24. 24. 7. STRATEGIC ELEMENTS Cont.. Realising Value  Valuation of Knowledge and IPR  Licensing of IPR  IPR Insurance  IPR as a collateral Dr. Tabrez Ahmad, 24
  25. 25. 7. STRATEGIC ELEMENTS Cont.. How does one realise the value of one’s intellectual assets A structured audit is necessary Dr. Tabrez Ahmad, 25
  26. 26. 7. STRATEGIC ELEMENTS Cont… IPR Strategies  Effective use of International Conventions  Strategic options in the statutory provisions e.g. divisional applications, continuation, and continuation in part  Extending life of an invention  Joint IPR  IPR Leveraging  IPR Litigation as a strategy Dr. Tabrez Ahmad, 26
  27. 27. Beware !!!!Seek usage clearance Dr. Tabrez Ahmad, 27
  28. 28. 7. STRATEGIC ELEMENTS Cont... Institutional Imperatives  Institutional IPR Policy  Integrating IPR into business strategy & project management  Effective Use of IPR information  Identifying areas of possible infringements  Licensing strategy  Policing of institutional IP assets  Litigation strategy  IPR audit  Effective utilisation of International Conventions. Dr. Tabrez Ahmad, 28
  29. 29. 8. INTERNATIONAL FRAMEWORK Paris Convention 1883- Industrial Property Berne Convention 1886- Copyright BIRPI was based on Berne , Switzerland with a staff of seven Madrid Agreement is one of the special arrangement created to standardize the provisions related to Trademarks, approximately thirty nations , the USA not being one of them are party to Madrid Agreement The agreement was completed at the Madrid revision conference of the Paris convention in 1890, and later revised at Stockholm in 1967. (Paris Convention + Berne Convention) Merged in 1893 = United International Bureau for the Protection of Intellectual Property ( BIRPI)= WIPO in 1970 Dr. Tabrez Ahmad, 29
  30. 30.  1974 WIPO became a specialized agency of the United Nations system of organisations, with a mandate to administer Intellectual Property matters recognised by the member states of the UN. Today all international applications go to the WIPO which forwards the applications to the designated countries for examination persuant to national law. Dr. Tabrez Ahmad, 30
  31. 31.  The agreements of the WTO system encompasses trade in goods and services. other areas include Agreements relating to protection of IP and dispute settlement The Trade Related Intellectual Property subjects ( TRIPS Agreements) sets out inter alia, the legal regime governing Patents, Trade marks, Industrial Designs, Copyright, Computer Programmes, Micro Organisms, and Micro Biological Processes. Dr. Tabrez Ahmad, 31
  32. 32. The IPR regime is managed by many conventionsand agreements, in the world and the TRIPSagreements is the last one in the series ofagreement. They are1. Paris Convention for the protection of Industrial Property, 1983 ( revised in 1967 and 19792. Berne Convention for the protection of Literary and Artistic works, 1886 ( last revised in 1971)3. Madrid Agreement, 18914. Universal Copyright convention 19525. Lisbon Agreement, 18916. Rome convention 19617. Convention establishing the WIPO, 19678. Geneva Convention9. Treaty on Intellectual Property in respect of Integrated circuits, 1989 and10. The TRIPs Agreement 1995. Dr. Tabrez Ahmad, 32
  33. 33. 9. National Regime1. Patent Amendment Act 20052. Trademarks Act, 19993. Design Act 20004. Copyright ( Amendment) Act, 19995. Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers Rights Act, 20016. Geographical Indications of Goods ( Registration and Protection) Act, 19997. Biological Diversity Act 20028. Semiconductor Integrated Circuits Layout Design Act 2000 Dr. Tabrez Ahmad, 33
  34. 34. 10. Recent WIPO Case Mahindra & Mahindra v. Zach Segal,, August, 12 , 2009. Dr. Tabrez Ahmad, 34
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