Social Learning Theory


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Social learning theory focuses on the learning that occurs within a social context. It considers that people learn from one another, including such concepts as observational learning, imitation, and modeling. Among others Albert Bandura is considered the leading proponent of this theory.

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Social Learning Theory

  1. 1. By:
  2. 2. Social Learning Theory emphasizes on the importance of observing and modeling the behaviors attitudes and emotional reactions of others. Social learning theory focuses on the learning that occurs within a social context.
  3. 3. “..most learning is gained by people's perception and thinking about what they experience. They learn by copying the examples of others around them.” -Albert Bandura
  4. 4.  Observational Learning – People can learn through observation  Intrinsic Reinforcement – Mental States are important for learning  The Modeling Process - Learning does not lead to a change in behavior
  5. 5.  A live model: involves an actual individual demonstrating or acting out a behavior  A verbal instructional model: involves descriptions and explanations of a behavior  A symbolic model: which involves real or fictional characters displaying behaviors in books, films, television programs, or online media
  6. 6.  Intrinsic reinforcement is a form of internal reward, such as pride, satisfaction, and a sense of accomplishment
  7. 7.  Not all observed behaviors are effectively learned. Factors involving both the model and the learner can play a role in whether social learning is successful. The following steps are involved in the observational learning and modeling process: 1. Attention 2. Retention 3. Motor Reproduction 4. Motivation
  8. 8.  People can learn by observing the behavior of others and the outcomes of those behaviors.  Learning can occur without a change in behavior  Cognition plays a role in learning
  9. 9.  1. SLT proposes that both reinforcement and punishment have indirect effects on learning. They are not the sole or main cause.  2. Reinforcement and punishment influence the extent to which an individual exhibits a behaviour that has been learned.  3. The expectation of reinforcement influences cognitive processes that promote learning. Therefore attention pays a critical role in learning. And attention is influenced by the expectation of reinforcement
  10. 10. Learning without performance Cognitive processing during learning Expectations Reciprocal causation Modeling
  11. 11.  Social Modeling  Self-efficacy  Self-regulation  Self-instruction  Self-monitoring  Self-reinforcement
  12. 12.  “…most human behavior is learnt observationally through modeling from observing others one forms an idea of how new behaviors are performed, and on later occasions this coded information serves as a guide for action.”
  13. 13.  Modeling teaches new behaviours  Modeling influences the frequency of previously learned behaviours.  Modeling may encourage previously forbidden behaviours