Importance of Safety, Health and Environmental Concepts in the Chemical Laboratory

4,261 views

Published on

Importance of Safety, Health and Environmental Concepts in the Chemical Laboratory

Published in: Education, Technology, Business

Importance of Safety, Health and Environmental Concepts in the Chemical Laboratory

  1. 1. Importance of Safety, Health and Environmental Concepts in the Chemical Laboratory<br />
  2. 2. Major Process Industry Accidents<br /><ul><li>Fires
  3. 3. Explosions
  4. 4. Toxic releases</li></li></ul><li>Major Process Industry Incidents<br />Consequences<br /><ul><li>Fatalities
  5. 5. Injuries
  6. 6. Environ. Damage
  7. 7. Property Damage
  8. 8. Evacuations
  9. 9. Business Losses
  10. 10. Plant Closings
  11. 11. Fines, Lawsuits</li></ul>Incident Outcomes<br /><ul><li>Fires
  12. 12. Explosions
  13. 13. Toxic Releases</li></li></ul><li>WHY IS LABORATORY SAFETY IMPORTANT?<br />TO PREVENT:<br />adverse health effects from exposure to chemicals<br />exposure to organisms, diseases, etc. in laboratories<br />laboratory equipment hazards - if not maintained properly<br />
  14. 14. REVIEW LABORATORY SAFETY WHEN: <br />new employees<br />new procedures<br />a change in procedures<br />new equipment<br />
  15. 15. Laboratory Policies and Procedures<br />Must be: written and available<br />
  16. 16. AREAS TO COVER<br />General procedures or rules<br />Glassware<br />Material handling and care<br />Equipment<br />Safety equipment<br />Electrical safety<br />Disposal procedures<br />Emergency response plans<br />Inspections<br />
  17. 17. General Procedures or Rules<br />no food or drink allowed in the laboratory<br />no mouth pipetting<br />individuals not allowed to work in the laboratory alone<br />wear required personal protective equipment<br />no smoking in laboratory<br />maintain good housekeeping habits<br />
  18. 18. GLASSWARE PROCEDURES<br />Storage<br />Proper use<br />Cleaning <br />Cleaning up broken glassware<br />Disposal of broken glassware<br />
  19. 19. Procedures for handling chemicals<br />proper labeling, including wastes<br />proper storage<br /><ul><li>storage cabinets
  20. 20. store compatible chemicals together
  21. 21. rooms properly vented & correct temperature</li></li></ul><li>Procedures for handling chemicals<br />Maintain a current inventory<br />Purchasing procedures<br />Proper handling<br />use label or MSDS<br />never test by taste or odor<br />acids poured into water never vice versa<br />take precautions and use proper equipment when stirring or heating flammable liquids<br />follow “industry standards” for labeling all chemicals<br />
  22. 22. SAFETY EQUIPMENT<br />proper equipment must be available<br />requires training for the location so individuals know how and when to use equipment appropriately<br />training on the correct maintenance & storage is also necessary<br />
  23. 23. SAFETY EQUIPMENT<br /><ul><li>FIRST AID AND MEDICAL TRT
  24. 24. EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
  25. 25. SHOWERS, EYEWASH STATIONS
  26. 26. MSDS’S
  27. 27. PPE</li></li></ul><li>First Aid and Medical Treatment<br /><ul><li>First aid kit available and properly stocked (nothing expired)
  28. 28. Trained first aid attendant or
  29. 29. Medical facilities within 15 minutes
  30. 30. Emergency numbers posted</li></li></ul><li>EmergencyEquipment<br /><ul><li>Fire blankets
  31. 31. Fire extinguishers
  32. 32. Emergency notification system
  33. 33. Unrestricted means of communication
  34. 34. Any other emergency equipment needed for your specific laboratory needs</li>

×