Recent:Whatcomb Middle School Fire 11/5/09Stissing Mountain High School, Dutchess County 11/10/09 former students takes Principal hostage at gunpoint, school in lockdown
Base Plan Shelter-in-place Lock Down Evacuation Incident Command System
Text message warnings.
Most frequently occurring threat to schoolsHigh frequency / high damage
FF Richard Scheidt & 10 y/o John Jajkowski – Room 212Stimulus for change In American schools and the reason for the reduction in loss of life.
Employee Requirements under Subpart Z of OSHA 1910Engineering Controls- Splash guards, spark arrester, ventilation equipmentAdministrative Controls- Policies on work practices, awareness training (MSDS Sheets)Personal Protective Equipment- Last line of defense
Have class members identify 2 names on provided MSDS
In imminent danger, call 911 direct, less critical information summon on campus help first.
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
NO VACINE or Cure
Vocational school student placed in ER by clinical instructor.Was asked by ER staff member to assist in restraining a violent patient.Patient’s blood and saliva was projected into the student’s eyes and mouth.It was determined that student had not been adequately trained in universal precautions.
Viruses hijack the bodies machinery to reproduce.Viruses are named according to antigenic determinants of H-spikes (13 major types) and N-spkies (9 major types) surface proteins they possess, as in influenza A(H2N1) and A(H3N2). Viruses can shuffle the DNA or RNA deck to emerge as new strains which are resistant to existing antibodies. Antigenic drift- Random mutations in the genes of a virus drives antigenic drift,a process that changes the antigens of the virus.The virus is able to circumvent the body's immune system, which may not be able to recognize and confer immunity to a new influenza strain.
Example of engineering control- Restaurant sneeze guards.
Prepare towels as neededWet handsSoapLather and Scrub a minimum 15-20 seconds being sure to get under nails, wrists, between fingers and back of handsRinse for 10 secondsDry handsUse towel to turn off water and open door.
Safety orientation 5.0
OSWEGO COUNTY BOCES NEW EMPLOYEE SAFETY TRAININGJanuary 2013
OBJECTIVES• Provide overview of BOCES emergency response procedures.• Discuss common safety threats and prevention measures.• Inform you of your Right-to-Know• Help you navigate to available online safety resources.
OSHA HIERARCHY OF SAFETY Engineering Mechanical deterrents to shield employee from hazard. Administrative Safe work practice protocols Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
OUR DUTIES UNDER OSHAEmployer shall:Provide safe workplace for employees.Comply with OSHA health and safety standards.Employee shall:Comply with standards, rules and regulations issued pursuant to OSH Act.
COMPREHENSIVE EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT PLAN• BOCES emergency planning and procedural guidelines.• Every employee is responsible for learning procedures applicable to their workplace.• http://teams.oswegoboces.org/Documents/CEMP 01Oct09PublicDomainFinal.pdf
CEMP COMPONENTS• Base plan• Functional Annexes• Hazard Specific Appendices
BASE PLANRoles and ResponsibilitiesPrevention & MitigationPreparednessResponse- ICSRecovery
INCIDENT COMMAND SYSTEM• A standardized incident management concept.• Flexible, scalable response system• Span of control and communication Incident Command Operations Planning Logistics Finance/ Section Section Section Administration Section
SAMPLE TERMINOLOGYIncident Commander - The individual who is responsible for overall management of all incident operations.Logistics Section Chief – The individual who is responsible for providing facilities, services and materials for the incident.Operations Section Chief – The individual who is responsible for all tactical operations at the incident.Safety Officer – Member of the command staff who is responsible for monitoring and assessing safety hazards, addressing unsafe situations, and developing measures to ensure personnel safety.
Fire Drill ICS Accountability OfficerEvacuation Area #1 Evacuation Area #2 Evacuation Area #3 Evacuation Area #4 Teachers Teachers Teachers Teachers Students Students Students Students
Superintendent Planning Logistics Finance/Evacuation Ops Section Section Administration Section Evacuation Area #1 Transportation Evacuation Area #2 Reunification Evacuation Area #3 Evacuation Area #4
PIO Unified Command Safety Liaison Planning Logistics Finance/Operations Section Section Section Administration Section Evacuation Section Transportation Fire Department Communication EMS Reunification Law Enforcement Equipment/Supplies
HTTP://SAFETY.OSWEGOBOCES.ORG/INCIDENT COMMAND SYSTEM FOR SCHOOLS
UNIVERSAL RESPONSE PROCEDURESSection 8.4 of CEMP Lock Down Shelter-in-Place Evacuation
LOCK DOWN• High to Severe Alert Response.• Limit entry and exit within your safe area.• Cover and Conceal• No one enters your space.• Put as many barriers between you and students and person who wants to do harm.
SHELTER-IN-PLACE• Guarded Alert response.• Limit movement of students and staff.• Teaching and work can continue in individual work space.
EVACUATIONOn-site evacuation Exit to exterior or alternate buildingReverse evacuation Move back into building.Off-site evacuation Move to location off-campus
MITIGATE HAZARDS• Be aware of suspicious activity or odd behavior.• Be vigilant to strange packages, items or substances.• Listen to what is going on.• Immediately report suspicious activity or potentially dangerous conditions.
BE PREPAREDKnow the location of exits and how window exits work.Keep rescue window clear.Know your Universal Response Procedures
RESPOND PROPERLY Keep calm and assess the situation. Contact your Supervisor or Responders. Follow announced response measures.Evacuate, relocate or shelter in place. Identify yourself and cooperate with responders.
STUDENT-ON-STUDENT VIOLENCE You are not required to physically intervene, but you must take some action to control the situation: Contact Security by phone (Ext. 289) Contact Security by radio (Channel #1) Contact the Operator (Dial 0) who will then notify Security by radio. Contact you supervisor.
FIRES Average of 6,000 structure fires per year occur in schools in the U.S. They account for 88 civilian injuries and $90M in direct property damage. Common causes in K-12 schools: Trash fire Cooking fire Incendiary* USFA study 2003-2006.
DEADLY SCHOOL FIRES1908 March 4th. USA, Ohio, Collinwood, Lakeview Elementary School: a fire at around 9:30 a.m. destroyed the wooden structure in Collinwood, a city of 8,000 people 7 miles northeast of Cleveland; 174 children and two teachers were killed1923 May 17th. USA, South Carolina, Beulah, Cleveland School: during a school play with more than 300 people in the audience a lamp fell down and started a fire; 77 people died, 47 of them were under the age of 181924 December 24th. -- USA, Oklahoma, Hobart, Babb Switch School; 35 people died during a stage performance of the annual Christmas songfest a candle felt into the branches of the Christmas tree causing it to burst into flames in the one-room schoolhouse; 36 people, mostly small children died.1937, March 18th. USA, Texas, New London: explosion and subsequent fire in a school building due to a gas leak in the heating system; 500 people, mostly children, died1954 March 31st. USA, New York, Buffalo: explosion and fire in a school annex building due to a gas leak; 15 6th graders killed.1958 December 1st. USA, Illinois, Chicago, Fire at "Our Lady of the Angels" school, 90 pupils and 3 nuns died
RESULTING REQUIREMENTS Prevention Routine inspections, disposal of refuse Mitigation Building construction Preparedness Evacuation plans, fire drills Response Detection and alerting systems Fire extinguishers
YOUR RESPONSIBILITIESDETECT fire hazardsDETER by using safe practicesDEFEND by: Knowing how lead your students to safety. Knowing where fire alarm pull stations are. Shutting the doors as you leave.DEFEAT by removing or reporting hazards
ASBESTOS Friable vs. non-friable Most school building constructed before the mid-80’s have or had ACMs Asbestos Hazards Emergency Response Act of 1986 (AHERA) Asbestos is present in some BOCES buildings in secured or encapsulated form. According to EPA, the risk of airborne fibers is very low.
LOCK-OUT / TAG-OUT Method for protecting maintenance personnel from injury: Electrical equipment Hydraulic equipment Pneumatic equipment
FIRST AID Trained medical providers Contact School Nurse or Switchboard Making the call E-911
COMMUNICABLE DISEASES Blood borne pathogens Air borne pathogens
BLOODBORNE PATHOGENS Definition: “a micro-organism that may be present in blood or body fluids that can cause disease in humans”. Bloodborne viruses include: HIV HBV (Hep-B) HCV (Hep-C)
HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS HIV damages immune system. Causes AIDS Infected people represent all ages, races, sexes and lifestyles. There is no vaccine or cure. Spread by contact with infected blood or body fluids. NYS has highest prevalence of HIV/AIDs
HEPATITIS B AND C VIRUS Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver caused by a virus or toxin. Transmitted by exposure to infected blood or body fluids.
HEPATITIS B AND C VIRUS Can be acute or chronic. Can lead to scarring of the liver (cirrhosis) and liver cancer. 1.25 million in US have chronic HBV. HBV is 100 times more infectious that HIV HCV is the leading cause of liver transplants Source: CDC
ACUTE SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS• Fever • Abdominal pain• Fatigue • Dark urine• Loss of appetite • Clay-colored bowel movements• Nausea • Joint pain• Vomiting • Jaundice
CHRONIC HBV AND HBC INFECTION Chronic HBV and HCV are often described as „silent diseases‟. Most chronic victims remain asymptomatic until the onset of cirrhosis or end-stage liver disease. They don‟t know they are carriers, and neither will you.
BBP TRANSMISSION Exposure to infectious body fluids: Blood Semen Vaginal fluid Breast milk Cerebrospinal fluid Other body materials with visible blood
LIFESTYLE PRECAUTIONS Avoid unprotected sex Avoid promiscuous sex Avoid sex with IV drug users Do not share IV needles
UNIVERSAL PRECAUTIONS Treat ALL blood and body fluids as though they are infectious. Avoid exposure by using protective barriers. (i.e., nonporous gloves, goggles) Prevent penetrating injuries with proper engineering and procedures. (i.e., sharps containers, self-retracting needles)
HEPATITIS B VACCINE Provides protection against HBV up to 15 years or more. May prevent infection if given within 1 week of exposure. Employees with risk of occupational exposure should get vaccinated. Vaccine is offered at no cost to designated „at-risk‟ employees.
AT RISK EMPLOYEES School nurses Health care faculty Custodians Maintenance workers Special Education, Administrators Teachers and TAs Bus Drivers and Aides Security officers Job coaches
GOOD SAMARITAN ACTS Voluntary acts which result in exposure to blood or other potentially infection materials are not considered an occupational exposure unless the employee is designated to do so (i.e., school nurse providing first aid) However, in such cases the District will offer post-exposure evaluation and follow- up.
PROTECT YOURSELF If you are classified as an at-risk employee, request HBV vaccine series. Wear disposable gloves if blood or possibly infectious body fluids are present. Avoid handling broken glass or uncapped needles. Clean up should be done by designated custodial staff.
POST-EXPOSURE ACTIONS Wash needle sticks and cuts with soap and water. Flush splashes to the nose, mouth or skin with water. Irrigate eyes with clean water, saline, or sterile irrigants. Report exposure to the nurse, who will initiate the evaluation and follow-up process.
AIR BORNE PATHOGEN Disease causing micro-organisms that may be present in sputum and body fluids that can be spread by droplet or air borne transmission.
INFLUENZA VIRUS A viral infection which is spread by close contact with an infected person. The infection may cause discomfort, fever and in some extreme cases death.
INFLUENZA Caused by the seasonal influenza virus and in some cases alternate viruses. H1N1 (Swine Flu) Spreads similarly to seasonal flu Source: CDC
ELIMINATION OF EXPOSURE Sick students and staff stay home. Deny entry of sick visitors. Social distancing. Isolate students with flu-like symptoms.
ENGINEERING CONTROLS Reduce the hazard by removing the hazard or isolating the worker from the hazard. Waterless soap Vaccinations- Protect against seasonal or H1N1.
PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT Surgical gloves N-95 respirators Gloves
WORK PRACTICE CONTROLS Do not share glasses or utensils Limit physical contact, like shaking hands “Cough and sneeze etiquette” Wash hands often
HOW TO WASH YOUR HANDS… Best way to avoid spreading disease.
OSHAU.S. Department of LaborPromulgates regulationsEnforce regulations with the exception of State workers.NYS Public Employee Safety and Health (PESH)Enforcement of Federal regulations for State employees.
WRAP UP29 CFR 1910 Occupational Safety and Health Standards Subpart E – Means of egress 1910.39 Fire Prevention Plans Subpart I – Personal Protective Equipment Subpart J – General Environmental Controls 1910.147 Lock-Out / Tag-Out Subpart K – First Aid Subpart L – Fire Protection Subpart Z – Toxic and Hazardous Substances 1910.1030 – Blood Borne Pathogens 1910.1200 – Hazard Communications
QUESTIONS?Michael Sterio, Tom AbbottDirector Safety and Security Safety Officer963-4289 firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com