Political Science 1 - Introduction To Political Science - Power Point #7
Dr. Tabakian’s Political Science 1 US Government – Spring 2013 Power Point Presentation #7
COURSE LECTURE TOPICS• Interest Groups Protecting Elite Values• Lobbyists And The Power They Possess• Political Action Committees (PACs)• Public Interest Groups• Single Interest Groups • Pro-Life Versus Pro-Choice• Presidential Power• Campaign Rhetoric
DEFENDERS OF THE STATUS QUOInterest Groups Protect Established Elite Values.1. Organized interests favor upper classes.2. Organized interests favor conservative strategies of influence.3. Single-issue groups are more representative of their members than traditional interest groups.Lobbyists are Government Elites.1. Lobbyists’ greatest success is in campaign contributions.2. PACs originate one-third of all campaign contributions.
POLITICAL MESSAGE EXAMPLEPolitical hit pieces do not onlyfocus on candidates. They canalso be utilized for all types ofmessages whether they arepolitical in nature or not. This adfocuses on two issues: anthraxand liberal activists. Can youidentify the targets of this ad?
POLITICAL MESSAGE EXAMPLEThe 911 terrorist attackshelped spark a swarm ofpolitical ads and cartoons thatstrived to influence publicopinion. These cartoons focuson Osama Bin Laden and thefallacy of his agenda.
THE PRESIDENCYThe Power of a President lies in his ability to provide meansfor chosen ends.1. He facilitates elite interaction with those who seek consensus with each other.2. He governs only within the boundaries of elite consensus.Presidential power is symbolic, attracting mass attention andemotion.Presidential power is multiplied when he uses formal powers.1. Commander in Chief (war-making) powers can commit thenation to war.2. Vietnam showed congressional support for commitment.3. Presidential non-compliance with the War Powers Act showedrefusal to follow congressional consent requirements.
SINGLE INTEREST GROUPS PRO-LIFE MOVEMENTSingle Interest Groups (SIGs) aresmaller, but more efficient than PublicInterest Groups (PIGs). SIGs areeffective, because their members arevery committed to the cause. Theycommit themselves to a cause that isvery ideological. These individualstend to favor ideological based votingrather than security or economicissues of concern. The majority ofAmerican voters cast votes accordingto security or economic concerns.Enjoy this video detailing the Pro-LifeMovement.
SINGLE INTEREST GROUPS PRO-CHOICE MOVEMENTSingle Interest Groups (SIGs) aresmaller, but more efficient than PublicInterest Groups (PIGs). SIGs areeffective, because their members arevery committed to the cause. Theycommit themselves to a cause that isvery ideological. These individualstend to favor ideological based votingrather than security or economicissues of concern. The majority ofAmerican voters cast votes accordingto security or economic concerns.Enjoy this video detailing the Pro-Choice Movement.
PRESIDENTIAL POWER EXAMPLEThe greatest power a US President hasat their possession is the bully pulpit.Great care is necessary for a president’swords have great influence over thehearts and minds not only of Americancitizens, but people all over the world.Two clips are presented for review. Thefirst is this presentation of PresidentRonald Reagan’s famous speech, “TearDown This Wall” given at the Berlin Wallon June 12, 1987. The second are spoofmade by President Bill Clinton and histeam before leaving the presidency. Doboth pull on your emotional heartstrings?
911 – RALLY AROUND THE FLAGDoes the United States stillmaintain the degree ofheartfelt internationalsupport following 911?
PRESIDENTIAL DECISIONSInformal or persuasion powers place the president in thecenter of decision making.1. President George H. Bush’s Gulf War policy and victory gave leadership and reassurance to the masses.2. President Bill Clinton’s economic policy gave personalized government and simplified political issues to the masses.3. President George W. Bush’s war on terrorism and homeland security policies give the masses protection.
CAMPAIGN RHETORICCampaign rhetoric is based on one or moreof the following with the first two remainingthe most prevalent:1. National Security2. National Economy3. Social / Nuisances IssuesPresident George H. Bush’s Gulf War policyand victory may have ended America’s“Vietnam Syndrome”, yet he still lost to BillClinton. Perhaps the national economy roseto prominence in the eyes of the electorate.Another point deserving our attention isPresident H. Bush’s reversal against his “NoNew Taxes Pledge” made to key supportersduring the 1988 presidential election.