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Theme
and

Rheme
By: Adip Arifin

NIM. 2003512046
The Goals
• Definitions
• Types of Theme
• Pedagogical
Implication
Definition
• Gerot and Wignell (1994:103)
Theme as the element(s) which come(s)
first in the clause, and the rest of the
c...
• Theme is the given information serving as
“the point of departure of a message”.
(Halliday and Matthiensen (2004:64)
• R...
Example:

I come from down in the valley

theme

rheme
Theme/ topic
(Starting point)

Rheme/ comment
(new information)

Our dog, Rufus

limped into the room.

His back paw

was ...
Theme types

Ideational

Textual

Interpersonal
Ideational theme
• Unmarked topical themes
Nominal group as theme
e.g.: Jack went up the hill.
Nominal group complex as Th...
• Marked topical themes
Adverbial as theme
e.g.: Down Jack fell.
Prepositional phrase as theme
e.g.: Up the hill Jack and ...
Textual themes
• Continuatives as Theme (well, right,
OK, now, anyway, of course, etc)
e.g.: Well, anyway, we arrived on t...
Interpersonal Theme
• Vocative as Theme
e.g.: Dearly beloved we are gathered
here today.
Sweety, we decided to wait until
...
Pedagogical Implications
• The system of Theme and Rheme provides
important ways in which textual meanings at
the clause l...
Thank you…
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20. theme and rheme (adip arifin)

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Theme Rheme

20. theme and rheme (adip arifin)

  1. 1. Theme and Rheme By: Adip Arifin NIM. 2003512046
  2. 2. The Goals • Definitions • Types of Theme • Pedagogical Implication
  3. 3. Definition • Gerot and Wignell (1994:103) Theme as the element(s) which come(s) first in the clause, and the rest of the clause is called rheme. • Thornbury (2005: 38) What the sentence is about (its topic) and what the writer or speaker wants to tell you about the topic (the comment)
  4. 4. • Theme is the given information serving as “the point of departure of a message”. (Halliday and Matthiensen (2004:64) • Rheme is the remainder of the message in a clause which Theme is developed (Halliday and Hasan, 2004: 64-65).
  5. 5. Example: I come from down in the valley theme rheme
  6. 6. Theme/ topic (Starting point) Rheme/ comment (new information) Our dog, Rufus limped into the room. His back paw was red with infection but he forgot all about it. When he was distracted by the snarling cat he began to chase her but his paw prevented him. It was throbbing painfully. He whimpered and (he) turned to Sammy for comfort and attention.
  7. 7. Theme types Ideational Textual Interpersonal
  8. 8. Ideational theme • Unmarked topical themes Nominal group as theme e.g.: Jack went up the hill. Nominal group complex as Theme e.g.: Jack and Jill went up the hill. Embedded clause e.g.: (What Jack and Jill did) was go up the hill.
  9. 9. • Marked topical themes Adverbial as theme e.g.: Down Jack fell. Prepositional phrase as theme e.g.: Up the hill Jack and Jill went. Complement as theme e.g.: His crown he broke.
  10. 10. Textual themes • Continuatives as Theme (well, right, OK, now, anyway, of course, etc) e.g.: Well, anyway, we arrived on time. • Connective as Theme (moreover, furthermore, on the other hand, etc) e.g.: Moreover, Mr. Johnson, the problem itself is simply too complex to solve now.
  11. 11. Interpersonal Theme • Vocative as Theme e.g.: Dearly beloved we are gathered here today. Sweety, we decided to wait until next week. • Process as Theme e.g.: Give me that book, please.
  12. 12. Pedagogical Implications • The system of Theme and Rheme provides important ways in which textual meanings at the clause level may be established. • Theme-Rheme structure allows information to flow from one clause to another smoothly. • The logical flow helps create cohesiveness of the text.
  13. 13. Thank you…

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