Growth & Development<br />PN204<br />Summer 2009<br />
Key terms for G&D<br />Growth<br />Development<br />Cephalocaudal<br />Proximodistal<br />Assimilation<br />Accommodation<...
Psychosocial Development (Erikson)<br />Table in White on page 180<br />Trust vs. mistrust = birth – 1 year<br />Autonomy ...
Psychosexual Development (Freud)<br />Table in White on page 179<br />Oral = birth – 1 year<br />Anal = 1-3 years<br />Pha...
Cognitive Development (Piaget)<br />Table in White on page 181<br />Sensorimotor = birth – 2 years<br />Preoperational = 2...
Moral Development (Kohlberg)<br />Table in White on page 181<br />Preconventional = birth – 9 years<br />Stage 1:  punishm...
Stages of Faith (Fowler)<br />Table in White on page 182<br />Prestage:  undifferentiated faith = infant<br />Stage 1:  in...
Growth of infant<br />Birth weight triples by age 1<br />Teeth erupt 4-6 months<br />6 months – roll over<br />8-10 months...
Growth of Toddler<br />By 24 months 4 x’s birth weight<br />Developing bowel and bladder control<br />Walk, run, climb sta...
Growth of Preschooler<br />Physical growth slows<br />5 years average weight 45 pounds<br />Head size same as adult<br />B...
Growth of School-age<br />Adds 3-6 pounds and 2-3 inches/year<br />Less dependent on parents for ADLs<br />Same gender com...
Growth of Preadolescent/Adolescent<br />Physical growth accelerates<br />Sex characteristics develop<br />Muscle mass and ...
Infant Developmental Milestones<br />Newborn:  responds to noises, roots and sucks, fixes eyes on objects<br />1-3 months:...
6-9 months:  Looks for fallen object, feeds self finger foods, sits alone, transfers object, stands holding on<br />9-12 m...
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Growth & Development

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Growth & Development

  1. 1. Growth & Development<br />PN204<br />Summer 2009<br />
  2. 2. Key terms for G&D<br />Growth<br />Development<br />Cephalocaudal<br />Proximodistal<br />Assimilation<br />Accommodation<br />Adaptation<br />
  3. 3. Psychosocial Development (Erikson)<br />Table in White on page 180<br />Trust vs. mistrust = birth – 1 year<br />Autonomy vs. shame and doubt = 1 – 3 years<br />Initiative vs. inferiority = 3 – 6 years<br />Industry vs. inferiority = 6 - 12 years<br />Identity vs. role confusion = 12 – 18 years<br />
  4. 4. Psychosexual Development (Freud)<br />Table in White on page 179<br />Oral = birth – 1 year<br />Anal = 1-3 years<br />Phallic = 3 – 6 years<br />Latency = 6 – 12 years<br />Genital = 12 + years<br />
  5. 5. Cognitive Development (Piaget)<br />Table in White on page 181<br />Sensorimotor = birth – 2 years<br />Preoperational = 2 – 7 years<br />Concrete Operational = 7 – 12 years<br />Formal Operational = 12 + years<br />
  6. 6. Moral Development (Kohlberg)<br />Table in White on page 181<br />Preconventional = birth – 9 years<br />Stage 1: punishment and obedience<br />Stage 2: instrumental-relativist orientation<br />Conventional = 9 – 13 years<br />Stage 3: interpersonal concordance<br />Stage 4: law and order orientation<br />Postconventional = 13+ years<br />Stage 5: social contract orientation<br />Stage 6: universal ethics orientation<br />
  7. 7. Stages of Faith (Fowler)<br />Table in White on page 182<br />Prestage: undifferentiated faith = infant<br />Stage 1: intuitive-projective faith = toddler/preschooler<br />Stage 2: mythical-literal faith = school age<br />Stage 3: synthetic-conventional faith – adolescent<br />Stage 4: individuative-reflective – late adolescent <br />
  8. 8. Growth of infant<br />Birth weight triples by age 1<br />Teeth erupt 4-6 months<br />6 months – roll over<br />8-10 months crawl<br />8 months sit alone<br />Separation anxiety 6 months<br />8-10 months “mama” “dada”<br />
  9. 9. Growth of Toddler<br />By 24 months 4 x’s birth weight<br />Developing bowel and bladder control<br />Walk, run, climb stairs, jump, ride tricycle, throw ball<br />Follow simple directions<br />Anticipates future events<br />By age 3 – short sentences, 900 words<br />
  10. 10. Growth of Preschooler<br />Physical growth slows<br />5 years average weight 45 pounds<br />Head size same as adult<br />Baby teeth replaces<br />Fine motor skills<br />Vocabulary of 2000 words<br />Play reality based<br />
  11. 11. Growth of School-age<br />Adds 3-6 pounds and 2-3 inches/year<br />Less dependent on parents for ADLs<br />Same gender companions preferred<br />Logical reasoning<br />Likes to categorize<br />May need assistance in choosing right and wrong<br />
  12. 12. Growth of Preadolescent/Adolescent<br />Physical growth accelerates<br />Sex characteristics develop<br />Muscle mass and strength increases<br />Last four molars erupt<br />Activation of sebaceous glands<br />New body image<br />
  13. 13. Infant Developmental Milestones<br />Newborn: responds to noises, roots and sucks, fixes eyes on objects<br />1-3 months: Holds head up when prone, smiles, coos, reaches, uses hands and fingers<br />3-6 months: Lifts head up more, squeals, grasps objects, rolls over, holds head straight when sitting<br />
  14. 14. 6-9 months: Looks for fallen object, feeds self finger foods, sits alone, transfers object, stands holding on<br />9-12 months: pulls self to standing, plays peek-a-boo, throws, speaks single word, understands “no”<br />

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