Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

How could Open Badges contribute to creating a more trustworthy world?

3,215 views

Published on

Workshop delivered at Aurora Badge Summit

Published in: Education
  • Sex in your area is here: ❶❶❶ http://bit.ly/2u6xbL5 ❶❶❶
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • Follow the link, new dating source: ❶❶❶ http://bit.ly/2u6xbL5 ❶❶❶
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here

How could Open Badges contribute to creating a more trustworthy world?

  1. 1. Trust & Open Badges workshop How could Open Badges contribute to creating a more trustworthy world? EUROPORTFOLIO Serge Ravet ADPIOS, EUROPORTFOLIO, Badge Europe, Open Badge Passport, BadgeChain @Szerge, learningfutures.eu, iosf.org, europortfolio.org , openbadgepassport.com, www.salava.org
  2. 2. Objectives of the workshop What is trust about? What relationship between Open Badges & trust? Can Open Badges contribute to improving trust? Explore
  3. 3. Context Where does this workshop come from?
  4. 4. 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 10ePortfolioChallenges Trust OpenTrustBox ePortfolio Identity ePIC 2016 Pathways to educational and social innovation BOLOGNA 27-29 OCTOBER Open Badge ePortfolio Identity Trust Blockchain http://openepic.eu 0101011 01100
  5. 5. ePortfolio Identity Trust Open Badges Open Badge Passport Personal Ledger Portfolio Competency Based Education Quality Blockchains 1985 1995 2000 2010 2015 Simulation Self-study eLearningComputer Based Training BadgeChain
  6. 6. About trust Trust is based on symmetrical power relations
  7. 7. The Trust Paradox
  8. 8. Social changes and increased social complexity expand the need for trust, but erode its familiar basis The Trust Paradox — An Inquiry into the Core of Social Life, May-Britt Ellingsen
  9. 9. Percentage of citizens who trust the government in Washington always or most of the time Source: Pew Research Centre %
  10. 10. Percentage of citizens who trust the government in Washington always or most of the time — Pew Research Centre
  11. 11. Percentage of adults trusting others source: Education at a Glance 2014 OECD Indicators %
  12. 12. Percentage of adults trusting others 70 7050 5030 3010 100 060 6040 4020 20% % By literacy proficiency level By educational attainment Slovak Republic Estonia Italy Czech Republic France Korea Germany Japan Ireland Poland England/N. Ireland (UK) Average Flanders (Belgium) Canada Spain Austria United States Australia Finland Netherlands Sweden Norway Denmark Below upper secondary education Upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education Tertiary educationLevel 4 or 5 Level 3 Level 2 Level 1 or below
  13. 13. What do these statistics tell you about trust? Percentage of citizens who trust the government in Washington always or most of the time — Pew Research Centre Percentage of adults reporting trusting others 70 7050 5030 3010 100 060 6040 4020 20% % By literacy proficiency level By educational attainment Slovak Republic Estonia Italy Czech Republic France Korea Germany Japan Ireland Poland England/N. Ireland (UK) Average Flanders (Belgium) Canada Spain Austria United States Australia Finland Netherlands Sweden Norway Denmark Below upper secondary education Upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education Tertiary educationLevel 4 or 5 Level 3 Level 2 Level 1 or below
  14. 14. Trust and social capital
  15. 15. Trust and Social Capital Social capital is defined by the OECD as: “networks together with shared norms, values and understandings that facilitate co-operation within or among groups”. Source: OECD Insights: Human Capital Put together, these networks and understandings engender trust and so enable people to work together. Trust, the necessary condition for empowerment
  16. 16. If we could measure trust, we could measure social capital Can we measure trust? Could Open Badges contribute to measuring trust?
  17. 17. About Open Badges Why Open Badges are more than credentials and not a currency — and the dangers of believing they are?
  18. 18. Open Badges are more than credentials Open Badges are about Recognition
  19. 19. Formal Non-Formal Traditional Non-Traditional Competency 
 Badges Micro-Credentials Smart 
 Badges Conversational 
 Badges Self-Issued Badges Peer Endorsement Scout 
 Badges (Institution-centred) Recognition (Community-centred) Nano-Diplomas (Dynamic/Future)(Static/Past) Badges as launchpads Dream Badges Collective Achievement 
 Badges Empowerment Conformance Inclusion Enabling Affiliation 
 Badges Achievement
 Badges
  20. 20. Open Badges are not a currency
  21. 21. currency |ˈkʌr(ə)nsi| noun (pl.currencies) 1. a system of money in general use in a particular country: the dollar was a strong currency | [ mass noun ] : travellers cheques in foreign currency. 2. [ mass noun ] the fact or quality of being generally accepted or in use: the term gained wider currency after the turn of the century.
  22. 22. Open Badges are not fungible. You cannot give a badge you own to someone else in exchange for goods or services You can create and give a badge to someone as a token of recognition or in exchange for goods, money or services, but that badge stays with that person Badges are currencies Badges have currency≠
  23. 23. Open Badges are based on relational trust Currencies are based on structural trust do not depend on individuals’ relationships
  24. 24. Open Badges are about Trust
  25. 25. Issuer Earner Trust
  26. 26. Trust Issuer Earner
  27. 27. Issuer Earner
  28. 28. The dangers of mistaking Open Badges for credentials and currencies Formal Non-Formal Traditional Non-Traditional Competency 
 Badges Micro-Credentials Smart 
 Badges Conversational 
 Badges Self-Issued Badges Peer Endorsement Scout 
 Badges (Institution-centred) Recognition (Community-centred) Nano-Diplomas (Dynamic/Future)(Static/Past) Badges as launchpads Dream Badges Collective Achievement 
 Badges Empowerment Conformance Inclusion Enabling Affiliation 
 Badges Achievement
 Badges =cryptocurrency
  29. 29. Open Badges are about recognition and trust
  30. 30. More about trust
  31. 31. Sharing ideas What is trust? Why do we need trust? What does trust allows us to do? What can’t we do without trust? What are the conditions for trust?
  32. 32. trust |trʌst| noun [ mass noun ] 1. firm belief in the reliability, truth, or ability of someone or something: relations have to be built on trust | they have been able to win the trust of the others.
 • acceptance of the truth of a statement without evidence or investigation: I used only primary sources, taking nothing on trust.
  33. 33. “Trust, in short, is a form of “faith,” in which the confidence vested in probable outcomes expresses a commitment to something rather than just a cognitive understanding.’ —A. Giddens (1993)
  34. 34. Business Trust Badge Person Institution Issuer Earner Group Technology
  35. 35. Predictability Leap of faith Trust Suspending doubt Security
  36. 36. Security is intrinsic to trust Trust Security Predictability Leap of faith Suspending doubt Doubt Suspicion Contingency Trust is future oriented (extrinsic)
  37. 37. The more trust, the less extrinsic security measures are required, the more extrinsic security measures are taken, the less trustworthy the system becomes. Trust Extrinsic Security Trust and extrinsic security work in reverse proportions
  38. 38. Increasing security measures is about addressing the symptoms, not the causes of failing trust. There is no alternative to increasing trust than taking the necessary steps to… increasing trust! Trust Extrinsic Security Trust and extrinsic security work in reverse proportions
  39. 39. Nature Relation Stability Exit Rules Enforcement Trust space Who? Micro Individual Inter- personal Short, mid and 
 long term Termination Tacit Informal Familiarity, proximity Family, relatives, friends, neighbours,… Meso Communal Inter- personal, Belonging Mid and long term Exclusion Tacit & explicit Informal and formal (membership) Proximity Peers, members, … Macro Structural Belonging, Impersonal Long term Sanction Explicit Laws, contracts, obligations standards, accreditations Strangers, time and distance Citizens, employees, partners,…
  40. 40. In a society without trust, social interaction will be troublesome and have enormous transactional costs
  41. 41. Sharing ideas Do you think Open Badges could contribute to nurturing —and repairing— trust ? How?
  42. 42. Future developments
  43. 43. Personal Ledgers Bits of Trust What can we learn from blockchains? How can we improve Open Badges?
  44. 44. BadgeChain Trust BlockChain Trust trust / consensus ? Transaction Transaction Open Badges and blockchains are based on antipodal views on trust @badgechain
  45. 45. Trust can heal!
  46. 46. A teenager had spent many months in a young peoples psychiatric hospital. When he was about to leave a therapist asked him what was the most significant thing which helped him in his recovery. He responded that it was the moment when in and art group the therapist asked him to fetch some art paper from a cupboard in another part of the building.The therapist handed him the keys to the cupboard which were on a key ring with many other keys to the rooms in the building. They young man said he felt so good, not just because he had been chosen to do the small job when his esteem was very low but because the therapist had not hesitated but just handed him the keys. He knew he could have used those keys to get up to all sorts of mischief but he felt trust to act responsibly. Julie Lunt <julie at newpaths.eu>
  47. 47. Trust, the Revolution! ePIC 2016 Pathways to educational and social innovation BOLOGNA 27-29 OCTOBER Open Badge ePortfolio Identity Trust Blockchain http://openepic.eu 0101011 01100 Serge Ravet ADPIOS, EUROPORTFOLIO, Badge Europe, 
 Open Badge Passport, Badgechain @Szerge, learningfutures.eu, iosf.org openbadgepassport.com, europortfolio.org Merci! SR EUROPORTFOLIO

×