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Beyond micro credentials

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Beyond micro-credentials — beyond behaviourim. A presentation at Open Badges in Higher Education at Southampton, 8 March 2016.

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Beyond micro credentials

  1. 1. 8 March 2016 Badges in Higher education This presentation is based on work supported by John D. & Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation under Prime Award No. 13-104890-000-USP and The Regents of the University of California. Beyond Micro-credentials Southampton University Trust, the Revolution! Beyond Behaviourism!
  2. 2. Trust, the Revolution! Address Micro-credentials reinforce ignore The problems
  3. 3. Address Trust, the Revolution! Micro-credentials The problems
  4. 4. Trust, the Revolution! “provides a more granular and accurate picture of what one has learned than a diploma” (B. Bull) (*) http://www.knappinternational.com/assets/uploads/pages/Microcredentials-Is%20Small%20the%20Next%20Big%20Thing.pdf “A subset of a certification that recognizes achievement toward the larger credential.” (*) “Recognizes achievements toward a bigger goal.” (*)
  5. 5. reinforce Trust, the Revolution! Micro-credentials The problems
  6. 6. sub-standard Micro-credentials traditional Fragmentation Control
  7. 7. Credentials Traditional micro-
  8. 8. Formal Top-Down Credentials
  9. 9. Micro-credentials are to credentials what 
 modularisation is to course instruction Both approches are grounded in behaviourism to infer human behaviour A theory based on the study of pigeons Behaviourism Badge “pathways,” the latest avatar of behaviourist theory
  10. 10. “In the 'model' approach, personalization typically means more: more options, more choices, more types of tests, etc.You need to customize the environment (the learning) [to] fit the student. In the 'connections' approach, personalization typically means less: fewer rules, fewer constraints.You need to grant the learner autonomy within the environment.” Stephen Downes.“Connectivism and Connective Knowledge.” Connectivism vs.Behaviourism
  11. 11. Fragmentation Learning
  12. 12. One of the main dangers with micro- credentials is the fragmentation of learning into a series of meaningless activities
 with no relation to high order goals.
  13. 13. Carpet 
 Badging Weapons of mass destruction Spray and Pray Dan Hickey no! of pedagogy
  14. 14. Micro-credentials ignore Trust, the Revolution! The problems
  15. 15. ? What is the main problem facinG education
  16. 16. ?!education Trust What is the main problem facinG
  17. 17. ?!education Trust What is the main problem facinG 70 7050 5030 3010 100 060 6040 4020 20% % By literacy proficiency level By educational attainment Slovak Republic Estonia Italy Czech Republic France Korea Germany Japan Ireland Poland England/N. Ireland (UK) Average Flanders (Belgium) Canada Spain Austria United States Australia Finland Netherlands Sweden Norway Denmark Level 4 or 5 Level 3 Level 2 Level 1 or below Below upper secondary education Upper secondary or post-secondary non-tertiary education Tertiary education *Education at a Glance 2014 OECD Indicators Percentage of adults reporting that they trust others*
  18. 18. ?education Trust What is the main problem facinG REBuilding !?
  19. 19. “The best way to find out if you can trust somebody is to trust them.” - Ernest Hemingway
  20. 20. “The best way to find out if you can trust somebody is to trust them.” - Ernest Hemingway ?How
  21. 21. “The best way to find out if you can trust somebody is to trust them.” - Ernest Hemingway ?HowMicro-credentials
  22. 22. Micro-credentials: 
 instruments for rebuilding trust* * at the micro, meso and macro levels
  23. 23. Empower individuals with 
 the power to trust Not just institutions!
  24. 24. Community Individuals Organisation NationRegion SectorEnvironment Meso Macro Micro
  25. 25. Trust! Issuer Earner
  26. 26. Chains of trust
  27. 27. Networks of trust
  28. 28. The Open Badge Passport aims at enabling the seamless issuing, collection, organisation, display, discovery and exploitation of digital credentials. By establishing and nurturing networks of trust, it encourages the emergence of a new generation of services supporting learning, (self-) employment, social inclusion and citizenship.
  29. 29. ePortfolio Identity Trust Open Personal data Open Trust Personal Ledger
  30. 30. Personal Ledger
  31. 31. 1000 Received Credentials Name ID Issuer Criteria Evidence Picture … 2000 Issued Credentials Name ID Earner Criteria Evidence Picture … 3000 Evidence Name ID Type … … … … 4000 Assets Name ID Type … … … … 5000 … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … … 4000 Assets Name ID Type … … … … 4100 IPR … … … … … … … 4200 Publications … … … … … … … 4300 … … … … … … … … Personal Ledger
  32. 32. Personal Ledger 1000 Date/Time Name ID BoT Issuer Criteria Evidence Picture … 1001 1/6/2016/11:23 Ledger Expert Level1 1FL2LFL8K8… +4 I82NCJ7FK… CF84KULF… ELPO7DUJ… PINFJ48D6… … 1001 24/9/2017/09:12 Assessor Level 2 1IFN74JS91… +849 IK49FL4MM… C3MPG7D… FP4TLRS4… null … 1100 … … … … … … … 1101 … … … … … … … Received Credentials Issued Credentials 2000 Date/Time Name ID BoT Earner Criteria Evidence Picture … 2001 … Trustworthy Company 2FL2LFL8K8… 10 IKFI7469HL… CCL0FLD.… EPFLDKD8… - … 2001 … Creativity 2IFN74JS91… 4838 I0DU7CHKB… … … … … 2100 … … … … … … … Evidence Competency Framework
  33. 33. MyTrust capital =Trust received (debt) +Trust invested in others (credit) Individual Trust Capital = debts + credits Social Trust Capital = ∑debts = ∑credits GroupTrust Capital = ? Personal Ledger
  34. 34. Personal Ledger The power to trust
  35. 35. Personal Ledger Beyond Behaviourism Connectivist Badges
  36. 36. Personal Ledger Beyond Behaviourism Connectivist Badges “The effectiveness of knowing is defined not by conformity but by adaptation.” Stephen Downes. “Connectivism and Connective Knowledge.” “The most important function of a person in a community is no longer conformity, but rather, creativity and expression. ”
  37. 37. Connectivist Badges Connect People Ideas Places ... Past Future concepts Event Achieveme
  38. 38. Connectivist Badges Connect People Ideas Places ... Past Future concepts Event Achieveme I trust You trust He/She trusts We trust You trust They trust
  39. 39. Trust, the Revolution! Merci! ePIC 2016 Pathways to educational and social innovation BOLOGNA 27-29 OCTOBER Open Badge ePortfolio Identity Trust Blockchain http://openepic.eu 0101011 01100 Serge Ravet ADPIOS, EUROPORTFOLIO, Badge Europe, France @Szerge, learningfutures.eu, iosf.org openbadgepassport.com, europortfolio.org

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