Biography Imam Hanafi

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Biography Imam Hanafi

  1. 1. © Imam Abū Ḥanīfa Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars Biography of Imam Abū Ḥanīfa Saturday, May 23, 2009
  2. 2. © Imam Abū Ḥanīfa Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars In the name of allah the most gracious the most merciful Saturday, May 23, 2009
  3. 3. © Imam Abū Ḥanīfa Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars Name & Birth Saturday, May 23, 2009
  4. 4. © Imam Abū Ḥanīfa Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars Name: Nuʿmān ibn Thābit ibn Zuṭā ibn Marzubān (radiallahu anhu) Saturday, May 23, 2009
  5. 5. © Imam Abū Ḥanīfa Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars Birth 699 — 765 CE (common era) 80 — 148 AH (after hijrah) Saturday, May 23, 2009
  6. 6. © Imam Abū Ḥanīfa Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars Birth He was the founder of the Sunni Hanafi school of fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence). Abu Hanifa was also one of the Tabi‘un*, the generation after the Sahaba (companions), because he saw the Sahabi Anas ibn Malik, and transmitted hadiths from him and other Sahaba. Saturday, May 23, 2009
  7. 7. © Imam Abū Ḥanīfa Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars Tabi‘un e Tabi’un are the generation of Muslims who were born after the death of Muhammad but who were contemporary of the Sahaba "Companions". As such they played an important part in the development of Islamic thought and philosophy, and in the political development of the early Caliphate. In particular, they played a vital role in the split in the Islamic community between Sunni and Shia Muslims. Saturday, May 23, 2009
  8. 8. © Imam Abū Ḥanīfa Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars Name: Born in Kufa, Iraq During the reign of the powerful Umayyad caliph Abd al-Malik (Abdul Malik bin Marwan) Saturday, May 23, 2009
  9. 9. © Imam Abū Ḥanīfa Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars Afghanistan Syria Egypt Saudi arabia IranIraq Turkey Saturday, May 23, 2009
  10. 10. © Imam Abū Ḥanīfa Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars Kufa Iraq Saturday, May 23, 2009
  11. 11. © Imam Abū Ḥanīfa Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars Early life and education Saturday, May 23, 2009
  12. 12. © Imam Abū Ḥanīfa Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars He was a successful businessman. He set up a silk weaving business where he showed scrupulous honesty and fairness Early life Saturday, May 23, 2009
  13. 13. © Imam Abū Ḥanīfa Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars Early on he had no interest nor the opportunity to acquire any education in his early childhood. Early life Saturday, May 23, 2009
  14. 14. © Imam Abū Ḥanīfa Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars But soon he began to take an interest in education which was heightened further by the unexpected advice of as-Sha'bi (d. 722), one of Kufa's most well-known scholars. Early life Saturday, May 23, 2009
  15. 15. © Imam Abū Ḥanīfa Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars He happened to pass the home of as-Sha'bi. Sha'bi, mistaking him for a student, asked him whose classes he attended Education Saturday, May 23, 2009
  16. 16. © Imam Abū Ḥanīfa Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars When Abu Hanifa responded that he did not attend any classes, Sha'bi said... Education Saturday, May 23, 2009
  17. 17. © Imam Abū Ḥanīfa Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars “I see signs of intelligence in you..” Education Saturday, May 23, 2009
  18. 18. © Imam Abū Ḥanīfa Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars Abu Hanifa embarked on a prolific quest for knowledge that would in due course have a profound impact on the history of Islam. Education Saturday, May 23, 2009
  19. 19. © Imam Abū Ḥanīfa Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars His early education was achieved through madāris and it is here that he learned the Qur'an and Hadith, doing exceptionally well in his studies Education Saturday, May 23, 2009
  20. 20. © Imam Abū Ḥanīfa Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars Abu Hanifa was one of the distinguished students of Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq (The Truthful was also Muhammad's grandson) Education Saturday, May 23, 2009
  21. 21. © Imam Abū Ḥanīfa Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars Imam Ja'far had opened a university that not only taught religion, but the sciences and math Education Saturday, May 23, 2009
  22. 22. © Imam Abū Ḥanīfa Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars The Islamic alchemist*, Geber*, also studied at the Imams' university Education Saturday, May 23, 2009
  23. 23. © Imam Abū Ḥanīfa Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars Geber Geber is the Latinized form of "Jabir", with the full name of Abu Musa Jābir ibn Hayyān (born c. 721 in Tus, Iran–died c. 815 in Kufa)... Saturday, May 23, 2009
  24. 24. © Imam Abū Ḥanīfa Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars Geber A prominent polymath: a chemist and alchemist, astronomer and astrologer, engineer, geologist, philosopher, physicist, and pharmacist and physician. He is considered by many to be the "father of chemistry.” His ethnic background is not clear, although some sources state that he was an Arab, other sources introduce him as Persian Geber or Jabir is held to be the first practical alchemist. Saturday, May 23, 2009
  25. 25. © Imam Abū Ḥanīfa Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars 15th-century European portrait of "Geber", Codici Ashburnhamiani 1166, Biblioteca Medicea Laurenziana, Florence This is a faithful photographic reproduction of an original two-dimensional work of art. The work of art itself is in the public domain for the following reason: Saturday, May 23, 2009
  26. 26. © Imam Abū Ḥanīfa Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars Alchemy Alchemy (Arabic: al-khimia) which means "the art of transformation" is both a philosophy and a practice with an aim of achieving ultimate wisdom as well as immortality, involving the improvement of the alchemist as well as the making of several substances described as possessing unusual properties. Saturday, May 23, 2009
  27. 27. © Imam Abū Ḥanīfa Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars Alchemist e practical aspect of alchemy generated the basics of modern inorganic chemistry, namely concerning procedures, equipment and the identification and use of many current substances. e fundamental ideas of alchemy are said to have arisen in the ancient Persian Empire.[1] Alchemy has been practiced in Mesopotamia, Egypt, Persia (today's Iran), India, China, Japan, and Korea in Classical Greece and Rome, in the Muslim civilizations, and then in Europe up to the 20th century—in a complex network of schools and philosophical systems spanning at least 2500 years. Saturday, May 23, 2009
  28. 28. © Imam Abū Ḥanīfa Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars "Renel the Alchemist", by Sir William Douglas, 1853 This is a faithful photographic reproduction of an original two-dimensional work of art. The work of art itself is in the public domain for the following reason: Saturday, May 23, 2009
  29. 29. © Imam Abū Ḥanīfa Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars Abu Hanifa’s initial chain of knowledge was with Muhammad al-Baqir and he subsequently expanded this chain of knowledge with Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq. Education Saturday, May 23, 2009
  30. 30. © Imam Abū Ḥanīfa Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars Adulthood and death Saturday, May 23, 2009
  31. 31. © Imam Abū Ḥanīfa Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars In 763, al-Mansur, the Abbasid monarch offered Abu Hanifa the post of “Chief Judge of the State” (Qadi Al-Qadat) Chief Judge of the State Saturday, May 23, 2009
  32. 32. © Imam Abū Ḥanīfa Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars ..but he declined to accept the offer, choosing to remain independent. Chief Judge of the State Saturday, May 23, 2009
  33. 33. © Imam Abū Ḥanīfa Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars His student Abu Yusuf was appointed Chief Judge of the State of al-Mansur regime instead of himself. Chief Judge of the State Saturday, May 23, 2009
  34. 34. © Imam Abū Ḥanīfa Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars Abu Hanifa excused himself by saying that he did not regard himself fit for the post. Chief Judge of the State Saturday, May 23, 2009
  35. 35. © Imam Abū Ḥanīfa Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars Al-Mansur, who had his own ideas and reasons for offering the post, lost his temper and accused Abu Hanifa of lying. Chief Judge of the State Saturday, May 23, 2009
  36. 36. © Imam Abū Ḥanīfa Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars “If I am lying,” - Abu Hanifa said, Chief Judge of the State Saturday, May 23, 2009
  37. 37. © Imam Abū Ḥanīfa Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars “then my statement is doubly correct. How can you appoint a liar to the exalted post of a Chief Qadi (Judge)?” Chief Judge of the State Saturday, May 23, 2009
  38. 38. © Imam Abū Ḥanīfa Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars Incensed by this reply, the ruler had Abu Hanifa arrested, locked in prison and tortured. Prison Saturday, May 23, 2009
  39. 39. © Imam Abū Ḥanīfa Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars In 767, Abu Hanifa died in prison. Prison Saturday, May 23, 2009
  40. 40. © Imam Abū Ḥanīfa Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars It was said that so many people attended his funeral that the funeral service was repeated six times. Prison Saturday, May 23, 2009
  41. 41. © Imam Abū Ḥanīfa Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars Later, after many years, a mosque, the Abu Hanifa Mosque in the Adhamiyah neighborhood of Baghdad, was built in honor of him Prison Saturday, May 23, 2009
  42. 42. © Imam Abū Ḥanīfa Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars Abu Hanifa Mosque Public Domain License Saturday, May 23, 2009
  43. 43. © Imam Abū Ḥanīfa Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars Wallahu ‘alam Saturday, May 23, 2009
  44. 44. © Imam Abū Ḥanīfa Biography of Imam’s & Islamic Scholars More slides on islam at http://syukran.org tell a friend Saturday, May 23, 2009

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