How to use a digital multimeter


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How to use a digital multimeter

  1. 1. Digital Multimeter
  2. 2. Multimeters are designed and mass produced. The simplest and cheapest types may includefeatures which are not likely to use. Digital meters give an output innumbers, usually on a liquid crystal display.
  3. 3. Switched
  4. 4. Autoranging
  5. 5. What do meters measure?A meter is a measuring instrument. Anammeter measures current, a voltmetermeasures the potential difference(voltage) between two points, and anohmmeter measures resistance. Amultimeter combines these functions, andpossibly some additional ones as well, intoa single instrument.
  6. 6. Multimeter as a AmmeterTurn Power Off before connectingmultimeterBreak CircuitPlace multimeter in series with circuitSelect highest current setting, turn poweron, and work your way down.Turn power offDisconnect multimeter.Reconnect Circuit
  7. 7. Ammeter mode measures current in Amperes. To measure current you need topower off the circuit, you need to break the circuit so that the ammeter can beconnected in series. All the current flowing in the circuit must pass through theammeter. Meters are not supposed to alter the behavior of the circuit, so theammeter must have a very LOW resistance. The diagrams below show theconnection of a multimeter to measure current.
  8. 8. Multimeter as a VoltmeterTo use a multimeter as a voltmeter it is connected in parallel between the two points where the measurement is to be made. The voltmeter provides a parallel pathway so it needs to be of a high resistance to allow as little current flow through it as possible. Voltage measurements are the most common measurements. Processing of electronic signals is usually thought of in voltage terms. Voltage messurements are easy to do because you do not need to change the original circuit you only need to touch the points of interest.
  9. 9. Mutimeter as a VoltmeterSelect the DC or AC VoltsIf not a auto-ranging mutimeter then startat the highest volts scale and work yourway down.Be very careful to not touch any otherelectronic components within theequipment and do not touch the metal tips.
  10. 10. Mutimeter as a Voltmeter
  11. 11. Multimeter as a OhmmeterPower always has to be offComponent has to be removed fromcircuitStart at lowest Ohm setting
  12. 12. Multimeter as a Ohmmeter
  13. 13. Multimeter as a Ohmmeter
  14. 14. ReviewA meter capable of checking for voltage, current, andresistance is called a multimeter,As voltage is always relative between two points, avoltage-measuring meter ("voltmeter") must beconnected to two points in a circuit in order to obtain agood reading. Be careful not to touch the bare probe tipstogether while measuring voltage, as this will create ashort-circuit!Remember to always check for both AC and DC voltagewhen using a multimeter to check for the presence ofhazardous voltage on a circuit. Make sure you check forvoltage between all pair-combinations of conductors,including between the individual conductors and ground!
  15. 15. ReviewWhen in the voltage-measuring ("voltmeter") mode,multimeters have very high resistance between theirleads.Never try to read resistance or continuity with amultimeter on a circuit that is energized.Current measuring meters ("ammeters") are alwaysconnected in a circuit so the electrons have to flowthrough the meter.When in the current-measuring ("ammeter") mode,multimeters have practically no resistance between theirleads. This is intended to allow electrons to flow throughthe meter with the least possible difficulty. If this were notthe case, the meter would add extra resistance in thecircuit, thereby affecting the current.