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English as a germanic language

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English as a germanic language

  1. 1. ENGLISH AS A GERMANICLANGUAGEBy Lilian Rivera
  2. 2. ENGLISH AS A GERMANIC LANGUAGE. GERMANIC LANGUAGES FRENCHCELTIC ENGLISH LATIN
  3. 3. ENGLISH AS A GERMANIC LANGUAGE Although English has borrowed much vocabulary from non-germanic languages, particularly French and Latin, it remains a Germanic language not just in its vocabulary but also in sounds and its structure. English shares with other Germanic languages a number of further phonological innovations that differentiate it from the rest of the Indo-European family.
  4. 4. ENGLISH AS A GERMANIC LANGUAGE GRIMM’S LAW Labial Dental Velar LabializedVoiceless stop p t k kwVoiced stop b d g gwAspirated stop bh dh gh ghw Labial Dental Velar LabializedVoiceless f P x xwfricativeVoiceless stop p t g kwVoice fricative/ B/b ð/d &/g &w/gwstop
  5. 5. ENGLISH AS A GERMANIC LANGUAGE A certain Accentual change had a more profund effect: in Proto-Germanic, the accent shifted to the initial syllable in most word classes, but to the root syllable in verbs. A result of the shift of accent is that final and unstressed syllables tended to weaken and dissapear over time, making most mnative English words relatively short by comparison to their cognates.
  6. 6. ENGLISH AS A GERMANIC LANGUAGE Thus, already in the Old English period,English occupied a relatively peripheral positionin the West Germanic division.
  7. 7. ENGLISH AS A GERMANIC LANGUAGE Thus, already in the Old English period, English occupied a relatively peripheral position in the West Germanic division.

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