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Biosocial research framework

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biological research framework, biological research methodologies and biosocial research framework

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Biosocial research framework

  1. 1. Biosocial Research: Some methodological considerations Tarani Chandola NCRM, University of Manchester Acknowledgements: UKHLS Understanding Society Biomarker Team
  2. 2. Methodological considerations • Biosocial research framework • Biological data quality issues • Missing data in biosocial research
  3. 3. What is biosocial research • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LxUEXc8ylzU • Professor Michaela Benzeval
  4. 4. Methodological considerations • Methodological issues relevant methods in biosocial research are the same as in biological or social science research • Some standard methodological issues get highlighted in particular because of the nature of biosocial data
  5. 5. Why combine biological and social data? 1) Using biomarkers as an objective measure of health, physical functioning and illness 2) Using biomarkers to understand the pathways by which social factors are associated with health 3) Using biomarkers to understand how the biological factors such influence social outcomes 4) Using biomarkers to understand gene- environment interactions
  6. 6. Some biosocial frameworks Biomarkers Self-Report 1) Objective marker of health Social 2) Pathways to health health 3) Biomarkers as causes 4) Biomarkers as effect modifiers Biomarkers health Biomarkers Social health healthSocial Biomarkers
  7. 7. Using biomarkers as an objective measure of physical functioning, health and illness • Biomarkers and self reported health data may differ considerably • Self report bias • Perceptions of health • Awareness of illness/disease
  8. 8. Measuring stress: Self-Report How stressed are you feeling? Very/Some/A little/Not at all
  9. 9. Neuro-endrocrine biomarkers: - Adrenaline - Nor-adrenaline - Cortisol - Cortisone - DHEA Sympathetic/Parasympathetic nervous system: - Heart-Rate Variability Biomarkers related to stress
  10. 10. Biomarkers related to recovery process are just as important as those related to the acute stress response Physiological stress levels
  11. 11. Biomarkers related to the Genetics (G), Phenotypes (P), and associations with Social Environments (SE) and distal outcomes (y) G P SE 1) Genes as independent additive cause G P ySE 2) Genes as effect modifiers G P SE y y 3) Genes as distal cause 3) Genes as confounders G P SE y
  12. 12. Biosocial research framework: methodological considerations • In each of the biomarker examples, the association between the social and biological data needs careful consideration within a relevant (theoretical) framework • Danger of p-hacking, multiple comparisons, non- reproducible results • Need for interdisciplinary research teams

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