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  1. 1. Thepopulation of yemen 20 millionAnd outside nearly two million There aredistriboutorsin the world, their origin back to yemen.
  2. 2. history of yemen Yemeni Sculpture from 75 BC Yemen has long existed at the crossroads of cultures. It linked some of the oldest centres of civilization in the Near East by virtue of its location in South Arabia. Between the 12th century BC and the 6th century AD, it was home of the Minaean, Sabaean, Hadhramaut, Qataban, Ausan, and Himyarite kingdoms, which controlled the lucrative spice trade, and later came under Byzantine and Persian rule.[10] In the 5th century AD, the Himyarite king Abu-Karib Assad converted to Judaism after expanding his kingdom to include most of the Arabian peninsula and parts of East Africa. Following intervention by the Byzantines and the Ethiopians, Christianity was briefly re- established in the kingdom under the leadership of Abraha. In the 7th century, Islamic caliphs began to exert control over the area. After this caliphate broke up, Yemen cameunder the control of many dynasties who ruled part, or often all, of South Arabia Mecca and most of Oman and even some parts of Gujarat in India during the rule of Queen Arwa al- Sulayhi. Imams – descendants of prophet Muhammad also known assayyids – ruled Yemen intermittently for 980 years, establishinga theocratic political structure that flourished and covered at itspinnacle all the area south of Mecca to Dhoffar in Oman and all the way to Aden and the African coast of the Red sea, Gulf of Aden and parts of the Indian ocean adjacent to the Arabian Peninsula and strongly influencing and sometimes controlling sharifs of Hejaz. It survived until modern times. "Bronze man" found in Al Bayda (ancient Nashqum), dated 6th–5th century BCE. Egyptian Shia caliphs occupied much of Yemen throughout the 11th century but were resisted by the Imams. By the 16th century and again in the 19th century, Yemen was part of the Ottoman Empire (first as the
  3. 3. Customs and tradition of Yemen
  4. 4. Yemen is located in Western Asia, in the southern half ofthe Arabian Peninsula, bordering the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Aden, and the Red Sea. It lies south of Saudi Arabia and west of Oman, between latitudes 12 and 19 N and longitudes 42 and 55 E. A number of Red Sea islands, including the Hanish Islands, Kamaran, and Perim, as well as Socotra in the Arabian Sea, belong to Yemen. Many of the islands arevolcanic; for example Jabal al-Tair had a volcanic eruption in 2007 and before that in 1883.
  5. 5. The cl i m e i n Yem i s var i ous and depends on t he di f f er ent al t i t udes at en of t he r egi ons. Ther e ar e no di st i nct i ve l i m t s bet w i een t he seasons. G ener al l y t her e ar e t w m n seasons (sum er and w nt er ). D i ng sum er t he cl i m e i s o ai m i ur m at hot w t h hi gh hum di t y dom nat i ng i n t he coast al ar ea. i i i I n w nt er t he cl i m e i n t he coast al ar ea i s r el at i vel y m i at oder at e. O ccasi onal r ai ns i n t he sum er ar e caused by t he m m onsoon com ng f r om i t he I ndi an O cean. These r ai ns decr ease t he hi gh t em at ur es i n t he per coast al ar ea dur i ng t he sum er m
  6. 6. Throne of queen blqees in century 9-10 BC Bridge chahara in Hajja city which built 1905 M
  7. 7. It is a basin to store water when rainfallAnd distributed to the population in a way beautiful geometric Architecture surprised scientists Engineering And one of the leading tourist attractions and historical
  8. 8. Queen Arwa was the first queen in Islam
  9. 9. Saleh mosque A cave on the island of Socotra
  10. 10. Aden PortIs one of the major seaports and important in the Gulf of Aden, which is located in Aden in Yemen The port of Aden one of the largest natural harbors in the world and during the fifties of the last century has been Ranked as the second port in the world after New York bunkering.
  11. 11. Yemeni Arabs have been able to perform an important role intrade since the fifteenth century in the South East Asia region, and when he managed Mr. Stamford (Sir Stamford) of the discovery of Singapore in the year 1819 AD, the attracting Arabs to the new city. By the year 1824 AD, there were 15 Arab citizens out of a citys population of 10.683 inhabitants
  12. 12. Religion in Yemen . There are mixedconsists primarily communities in the of two principal larger cities. About 1 Islamic religious percent of Yemenisgroups; 53% of the are non-Muslim, Muslim adhering to population is Christianity, Judaism, Sunni and 45% is Hinduism, orShiite according to Atheism.In the the UNHCR. Yemenite city of Aden, Sunnis are there is still a primarily Shafii significant population but also include of Hindus howeversignificant groups some have left due to
  13. 13. Repeat, O World, my song. Echo it over and over again. Remember, through my joy, each march. Clothe him with the shining mantles Of ourfestivals. Repeat, O World, my song. In faith andlove am I part of mankind. An Arab am I in all my life. My heart beats in tune with Yemen. No foreignerSumayyah Al-sharafi shall dominate over Yemen Kind regards ; 342 ID; 120007943