Toys & development unit 3 assignment 1


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Toys & development unit 3 assignment 1

  1. 1. Play & Learning In The Home
  2. 2. <ul><li>Aim </li></ul><ul><li>Unit 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Assignment 1 </li></ul><ul><li>22 nd April 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>3a) Identify appropriate and safe toys for children aged 1 to 3 years old </li></ul><ul><li>3b) List the reasons for choosing the toys </li></ul><ul><li>3c) Explain what a child will learn from playing with the toy </li></ul>
  3. 3. How we are going to achieve the aims? <ul><li>Read about the areas of development </li></ul><ul><li>Look at toys and activities that can help with development </li></ul><ul><li>Become involved in activities to help our understanding of the areas of development </li></ul>
  4. 4. Child Development <ul><li>What skills are being developed in this picture? </li></ul>The babies are playing with keys Babies are sitting up. One baby is touching another’s hair
  5. 5. Physical Development 12 months old <ul><li>Gross Motor skills </li></ul><ul><li>Can get into sitting position and sit alone indefinitely </li></ul><ul><li>Pulls themselves to stand and walk around the furniture </li></ul><ul><li>Can stand alone for short periods </li></ul><ul><li>May crawl, bottom shuffle or walk with help </li></ul><ul><li>Fine motor skills & visual competence </li></ul><ul><li>Looks for objects that are out of sight </li></ul><ul><li>Uses a pincer grasp </li></ul><ul><li>Throws toys deliberately and watches them fall </li></ul><ul><li>Likes to look at pictures, books and points at familiar objects </li></ul><ul><li>Can bang cubes together </li></ul><ul><li>Claps hands </li></ul>
  6. 6. Physical Development 2 years old <ul><li>Gross motor skills </li></ul><ul><li>Begin to show awareness of how they relate to others and object (spatial awareness) </li></ul><ul><li>Run safely </li></ul><ul><li>Walk up and down stairs holding on </li></ul><ul><li>Ride a trike, pushing it along with their feet </li></ul><ul><li>Fine motor skills & visual competence </li></ul><ul><li>Holds a pencil and attempts drawing circles, lines and dots </li></ul><ul><li>Uses fine pincer grasp with both hands </li></ul><ul><li>Builds a tower of six bricks </li></ul><ul><li>Uses preferred hand </li></ul><ul><li>Likes books, recognises and enjoys things in their favourite pictures. </li></ul><ul><li>Can turn pages one at a time </li></ul>
  7. 7. Physical Development 3 years old <ul><li>Gross motor skills </li></ul><ul><li>Stand, walk and run on tiptoes </li></ul><ul><li>Walk upstairs with one foot one each step and downstairs with both feet on each step </li></ul><ul><li>Ride a tricycle using the pedals </li></ul><ul><li>Fine motor skills & visual competence </li></ul><ul><li>Thread large wooden beads on to a lace </li></ul><ul><li>Controls a pencil in preferred hand </li></ul><ul><li>Build a tower of nine bricks </li></ul><ul><li>Select small pieces of materials using thumb and first finger </li></ul><ul><li>Enjoys painting with large paint brushes </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>To master their gross motor skills </li></ul><ul><li>Toddlers should be encouraged to engage in activities that offer them the chance to walk, run, jump, and throw – outdoor activities are particularly suited to these skills . </li></ul><ul><li>To master their fine motor skills </li></ul><ul><li>Toddlers should be encouraged to participate in indoor activities such as cutting paper, writing, drawing, zipping and buttoning. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Social & Emotional Development <ul><li>12 months </li></ul><ul><li>Enjoy ‘Peek-a-boo’ games </li></ul><ul><li>Shows stranger fear </li></ul><ul><li>They like to look at themselves in the mirror </li></ul><ul><li>Know and respond to their name </li></ul><ul><li>Love to have an audience </li></ul><ul><li>They imitate people e.g. clapping hands </li></ul><ul><li>They become more aware of other peoples feelings </li></ul><ul><li>They understand the word ‘no’ </li></ul><ul><li>1-2 years </li></ul><ul><li>They begin to show they have a mind of their own </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a sense of identity </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a longer memory </li></ul><ul><li>Begin to express need </li></ul><ul><li>They enjoy doing things for themselves </li></ul><ul><li>They love to be praised </li></ul><ul><li>They become aware of the fears other people have for them e.g. playing to near the top of the stairs, playing in the kitchen </li></ul>
  10. 10. Social & Emotional Development <ul><li>2-3 years </li></ul><ul><li>They imitate others, symbolic play – pretending to be someone else, rehearsing adult roles e.g. cooking dinner, fixing the car, being a Dr </li></ul><ul><li>Children begin to explain how they feel </li></ul><ul><li>They want to try things for themselves </li></ul><ul><li>They get upset when doing something that isn’t going well e.g. fastening their coats, putting on their shoes </li></ul>
  11. 11. Intellectual or Cognitive Development <ul><li>Development of the mind, the thinking part of the brain used for reasoning, recognition, knowing and understanding. </li></ul><ul><li>A child’s mind is active form birth, as the child grows their mind develops. They learn </li></ul><ul><li>About people and things </li></ul><ul><li>New skills </li></ul><ul><li>To communicated </li></ul><ul><li>Acquire more memory </li></ul><ul><li>Gain more experience </li></ul><ul><li>As the child’s mind develops they become more intelligent. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Intellectual or Cognitive Development <ul><li>Parents should </li></ul><ul><li>Talk to and encourage their child to talk </li></ul><ul><li>Play with their child </li></ul><ul><li>Place their child in a position where they can see what’s going on around them </li></ul><ul><li>Provide toys and objects for their child to handle, investigate and stimulate the imagination </li></ul><ul><li>Allow their child to practise new skills e.g. feed themselves </li></ul><ul><li>Read, tell them stories, show them pictures and encourage their child to read to them </li></ul><ul><li>Provide opportunities for their child to play with other children </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage their child to be curios and ask questions </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage creativity </li></ul>
  13. 13. Intellectual or Cognitive Development <ul><li>Learning by imitation (by copying) </li></ul><ul><li>Children learn a lot by imitating the behaviour of others, for example </li></ul><ul><li>Speaking by copying sound </li></ul><ul><li>Writing by copying letters and words </li></ul><ul><li>Helping in the house and garden by copying adults </li></ul><ul><li>Know the difference between right and wrong (providing those around them tell the truth) </li></ul><ul><li>Show kindness and consideration for others (from adults who behave in this way) </li></ul>
  14. 14. What’s happening in the picture? Baby can hold his head up on his own Arm and leg muscles are developed, baby appears to be crawling Baby is looking at someone and smiling Gross motor skill, physical development Gross motor skill, physical development Social and emotional development Activity One
  15. 15. Choose one of the toys below <ul><li>Activity two </li></ul>3b) List the reasons for choosing the toys 3c) Explain what a child will learn from playing with the toy
  16. 16. Explain what a child will learn from playing with these toys <ul><li>Children can learn the colours, matching colours </li></ul><ul><li>Children can use their imagination </li></ul><ul><li>Children can imitate others </li></ul><ul><li>They can learn control of cutlery, doing things for themselves & motor skills </li></ul><ul><li>Children can learn the colours and shape </li></ul><ul><li>Children will practice motor skills putting puzzle pieces in and out, moving around the puzzle </li></ul><ul><li>Listening skills, it is a sound puzzle </li></ul>
  17. 17. List the reasons for choosing this toy
  18. 18. Look at these toys What age are they suitable for? 1-2 year old Pincer grip needed to put in and take out puzzle pieces Child may enjoy this by themselves and the praise they receive once completed Likes to look at pictures, books and points at familiar objects Uses a pincer grasp to turn pages of the book 12 months old Child can select small pieces of materials using thumb and first finger 2-3 years old Ride a tricycle using the pedals Thread large wooden beads on to a lace
  19. 19. Suitable Activities <ul><li>Talking and singing to babies/toddlers </li></ul><ul><li>Shaking a rattle or other “noisy” object. </li></ul><ul><li>Looking through brightly coloured, soft books. </li></ul><ul><li>Using interesting puppets to capture attention. </li></ul><ul><li>Strolling around the block or a local park on a nice day. </li></ul><ul><li>Playing ‘peek-a-boo’. </li></ul><ul><li>Reading a short story before naptime and bedtime. </li></ul><ul><li>Listening to music during bath time and feedings. </li></ul><ul><li>Stacking items or building with blocks. </li></ul><ul><li>Playing house/family with dolls and action figures. </li></ul><ul><li>Dressing up and pretending to be a character. </li></ul><ul><li>Drawing or “colouring” with crayons. </li></ul><ul><li>Cutting up or tearing paper or magazines. </li></ul><ul><li>Walking and running around, particularly outside. </li></ul><ul><li>Climbing, even on furniture, and bouncing, even on beds. </li></ul><ul><li>Kicking and/or throwing a ball. </li></ul><ul><li>Singing and chatting with adults or other children. </li></ul>Enjoyable and interesting activities that will also allow them to learn about the world and practice the many skills that they are slowly but surely mastering.
  21. 21. F L P D G S R A E T M N C P s B H A T D F N M G Blockbusters D