ceu tb CNA.pptx


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ceu tb CNA.pptx

  1. 1. Tuberculosis Information 2ceu
  2. 2. Purpose and Objectives <ul><li>The purpose of this course is to provide information about Tuberculosis. </li></ul><ul><li>1. Describe TB in the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Describe the reasons for recent increases in TB. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Describe how TB is spread. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Describe how TB is diagnosed. </li></ul><ul><li>5. Describe why TB is important in patients with </li></ul><ul><li>HIV. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Introduction <ul><li>Many people think tuberculosis (TB) is a disease of the past. But TB is still a leading killer of young adults worldwide. Some 2 billion people � one-third of the world's population � are infected with TB, which is a chronic bacterial infection . It is spread through the air and usually infects the lungs. Most persons that are infected with TB harbor the bacterium without symptoms but many develop active TB disease. Each year, 8 million people worldwide develop active TB and 3 million die from TB each year. </li></ul>
  4. 5. Status of TB Today
  5. 7. True or False? People who are HIV positive have a higher risk of TB
  6. 8. <ul><ul><li>True! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People with HIV are particularly vulnerable to TB </li></ul></ul>
  7. 10. <ul><ul><li>True or False? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TB is spread through skin to skin contact </li></ul></ul>
  8. 11. <ul><ul><li>False! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TB is an airborne disease and is spread through coughing, sneezing etc. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 13. <ul><ul><li>True or False? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If the body�s resistance is low, there is greater chance of developing active TB. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 14. <ul><ul><li>True! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low resistance can be caused by aging, infections like HIV, poor nutrition, or for other reasons, can lead to development of active TB </li></ul></ul>
  11. 15. What is &quot;Active&quot; Disease?
  12. 16. <ul><li>A person with latent TB is not contagious. </li></ul>
  13. 17. <ul><ul><li>True or False? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Early symptoms of TB include a severe, hacking cough. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 18. <ul><ul><li>False! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Early symptoms may not include a cough, but do include weight loss, fever, night sweats, and loss of appetite. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 19. Symptoms of TB infections <ul><li>Persistent and productive cough, weight loss, bloody sputum, night sweats, fever, and anorexia are common symptoms of TB infection. </li></ul>
  16. 20. How is TB Diagnosed?
  17. 22. <ul><ul><li>True or False? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TB is a curable disease. </li></ul></ul>
  18. 23. <ul><ul><li>True! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>With appropriate treatment, TB is curable in 9 out of 10 patients. </li></ul></ul>
  19. 24. Importance of Completing Treatment
  20. 25. <ul><ul><li>True or False? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If a patient does not complete all his anti-TB medications, he is more likely to develop multi-drug resistant TB (MDR- TB). </li></ul></ul>
  21. 26. <ul><li>True! </li></ul><ul><li>The TB bacteria goes stronger if medication doses are missed or if the course of antibiotics is not completed. </li></ul>
  22. 27. Can MDR-TB be Treated?
  23. 28. How is TB Prevented?
  24. 29. <ul><ul><li>True or False? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Using appropriate isolation precautions when working with a TB patient helps prevent the spread of TB. </li></ul></ul>
  25. 30. <ul><ul><li>True! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Precautions include masks, ultraviolet lights, special filters, and special respirators </li></ul></ul>
  26. 31. Is There a Vaccine for TB?
  27. 32. <ul><ul><li>True or False? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>BCG Vaccine is recommended only for babies in the US, as it is not very effective in adults. </li></ul></ul>
  28. 33. <ul><ul><li>False. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>BCG Vaccine is not recommended for general use in adults or babies in the United States. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is There a Vaccine for TB? </li></ul></ul>
  29. 34. How is M. tuberculosis Infection Different in People with HIV Infection?
  30. 35. <ul><ul><li>True or False? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TB cannot be prevented in patients who are HIV positive. </li></ul></ul>
  31. 36. <ul><ul><li>False! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TB can be both prevented and treated in patients with HIV. </li></ul></ul>
  32. 37. TB Infection in HIV Patients
  33. 38. Conclusion
  34. 39. <ul><li>Click here to start your TB post test questions </li></ul>