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Diaspora as Postcolonial context

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Diaspora as Postcolonial context

  1. 1. Diaspora Presentation By Ali Rahmat
  2. 2. Overview of the Presentation 1) Diaspora? 2) Diasporic Writing? 3) What is Temporal and Spatial Move in diasporic literature? 4) Diasporic authors and their books. 5) Features and themes of Diasporic Culture/Literature . 6) Them of Nostalgia, memory, Imaginary homelands with example, lost home has two main forms in diasporic literature. (i) ‘Home’ and the poetics of ‘return’ (ii) Dislocation, relocation, memo- realization
  3. 3. The word Diaspora derives from the Greek word meaning “to disperse”. Diaspora is simply the displacement of a community/culture into another geographical and cultural region. Robin Cohen defines: Diaspora as “communities living together in one country who acknowledge that the old country – a nation often buried deep in language, religion custom or folklore- always has some claim on their loyalty and emotion … a member’s adherence to a diasporic community is demonstrated by an acceptance of an inescapable link with their pass migration history and a sense of co-ethnicity with others of similar background” Diaspora?
  4. 4. 2. Spatial Move? The spatial move involves two things: de-territorialization (the loss of territory. It is both geographical and cultural) and a re-teritorialization (restructuring of a place or territory that has experienced de-territorialization 1. Temporal Move? The temporal move is looking back at the past (analepsis) and looking forward at the future (prolepsis). Meena Alexander defines as; “writing in search of a homeland” Diasporic writing  Two main moves in diasporic writing;
  5. 5. Diasporic authors and their books An Area of Darkness (Naipaul)  The Rainbow (Hanif Kurishi) The Famished Road (Ben Okri), The Nowhere Man (Markandaya)  Brick Lane (Monica Ali)  The House of a Thousand Doors (Alexander)  The Calcutta Chromosome (Ghosh).
  6. 6. Features of Diasporic Culture/Literature would Include: The shift, Contrast, and relation between centre and periphery The memory - details of childhood landscapes, historical events, people The sense of alienation in new society/culture/land Features of homeland- language /rituals, forms of behavior Reclamation of history of the homeland and childhood spaces Ambivalence between seeking acceptance/assimilation in the new cultures
  7. 7. The previous features and themes can be reorganized following three themes: 1) Nostalgia, memory, Imaginary homelands 2) Hybridities and new identities 3) Globalization and cosmopolitanism
  8. 8. Nostalgia, memory, Imaginary homelands  Exile and displacement narratives frequently combine a sense of disquiet with their nostalgia and longing. For example: Margaret Atwood writes. “Ii is my clothes, my way of walking, The things I carry in my hand ……………………………….. This space cannot hear”
  9. 9. (i)‘Home’ and the poetics of ‘return’ Meena Alexander writes in Manhattan Music (1997) ‘She [Sandhya] kept returning to her childhood home, a house with a red-tiled roof and a sandy courtyard where the mulberry bloomed’ “Did my uncles ride on camels?.. Did my cousins, so like me in other ways, squat down in the sand like little Mowglis, half-naked and eating with their fingers? .... Sories to help me see my place in world and give me a sense the past which could go into making a life in the present and the future. Hanif Kurishi mentions in his essay ‘The Ranbow’ as; Hanif KurishiMeena Alexander

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