Geopolitical importance of hot water.pptx

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Geopolitical importance of hot water.pptx

  1. 1. GEOPOLITICAL IMPORTANCE OF WARM WATER IN SCENARIO OF HOT GUNS
  2. 2. Geopolitics Warm waters Hot guns
  3. 3. Importance of warm waters The Indian Ocean Geopolitical importance of Indian ocean ports
  4. 4. Major issues in Indian ocean region  Energy enriched central Asia  Middle east  The Suez canal  Oil trade route
  5. 5. 2011-ME-149 SYED KAMRAN ALI KAZMI
  6. 6. Peoples republic of china
  7. 7. Name Peoples republic of china Population 1,344,130,000 (2011) GDP 7.318 trillion USD (2011) Government Single-party state, Presidential system, Communist state. Military 2.3 million active troops UNO Permanent member of security council (veto power) COUNTRY’S INTRODUCTION
  8. 8. * ECONOMIC INDEXES
  9. 9. The world’s 2nd largest economy The world’s biggest manufacturer Huge current-account surplus Negative budget balance ( -2.4% of GDP ) CHINA’S ECONOMY
  10. 10. GEOPOLITICAL IMPORTANCE OF WARM WATER IN SCENARIO OF CHINA
  11. 11.  silk road  Khunjerab pass  Karakorum high way ARABIAN SEA ROUTE
  12. 12. KARAKORAM HIGH WAY
  13. 13.  Friendship _Mutual interests  Trade route  Sea ports _ Karachi and port qasim  Gawadar PAKISTAN-CHINA
  14. 14. Built by china’s collaboration Strategic importance GAWADAR-PAKISTAN
  15. 15.  Deep sea port_ capability of handling any size of ship GAWADAR-PAKISTAN
  16. 16. Shortest route for china GAWADAR-PAKISTAN
  17. 17.  Strategic importance _ eye on American navy in Bahrain  Oil trade route GAWADAR-PAKISTAN
  18. 18. Future plains Sino-Pak railway Naval base in gawadar Oil refinery in gawadar GAWADAR-PAKISTAN
  19. 19.  Hamantota – Srilanka o facilitate the oil trade o Chinese Naval base o Counter to Diego Garcia(American naval base) OTHER PORTS IN INDIAN OCEAN
  20. 20. • Counter to America • To make influence in region • Look after the shipping routes • Protect ships from pirates STRATEGIES IN INDIAN OCEAN
  21. 21. Marao (Maldives) Seychelles( Africa) Madagascar(Africa) Great coco islands( Burma) Chittagong ( Bangladesh) OTHER PORTS/NAVAL BASES IN INDIAN OCEAN
  22. 22. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
  23. 23. Name United states of America Population 314,987,000 GDP $15.094 trillion Government Federal presidential constitutional republic, Two-party Military 1,129,283 total UNO Permanent member of security council (veto power) UNITED STATES(US)
  24. 24. Super power… UNITED STATES(US)
  25. 25.  Middle east  War against Muslim (terrorism)  Cold war/Energy enriched central Asian states  f-pak….  Diego Garcia GEOPOLITICAL IMPORTANCE OF WARM WATERS IN SCENARIO OF USA
  26. 26. Israel-Palestine dispute MIDDLE EAST-US
  27. 27.  Resent Gaza strikes  The killing of thousand of innocents  Obama’s policy statement “Israel have right to make him secure” …..So the American policy is the security and survival of bloody Jewish state of Israel… and that’s it! MIDDLE EAST-US
  28. 28. GAZA…
  29. 29. GAZA…
  30. 30.  In 2001, the US had started the war against terrorism after 9/11 WAR AGAINST MUSLIMS/ TERRORISM
  31. 31.  Afghan war  America, NATO, and ISAF WAR AGAINST MUSLIMS/ TERRORISM
  32. 32.  NATO and American supply route. Options??? i. through Iran ii. Through central Asian states iii. by air iv. through PAKISTAN AFGHAN-WAR
  33. 33. Pakistan has provided there ports and land for NATO supply o because it is least expensive NATO-AMERICAN SUPPLY
  34. 34.  future energy hubs  total oil and gas deposits  barrier for Russian quest of warm water port COLD WAR/CENTRAL ASIAN STATES
  35. 35. Future is of central asia. CENTRAL ASIAN STATES
  36. 36.  Two American navy fleets are in Indian ocean 1. Persian gulf 2. Diego Garcia “All for maintain influence in the region and stops the Russia and china to make influence in the region” AMERICAN FLEETS IN INDIAN OCEAN
  37. 37. Introduction History:  It was founded in 12th century. Later it emerged as super power in the form of USSR. After the brutal Rule of Joseph Stalin ,who strengthened Russian of the Soviet Union, and General Mikhail Gorbachev’s attempt to modernize Communism ,USSR splintered into 15 independent republics. Since then Russia has Struggled in its efforts to build a democratic political system and market economy. Geography: The geography of Russia describes the geographic features of Russia, a country extending over much of northern Eurasia. It is the world’s largest country in total area. The country's 17.1 million square kilometers include one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area. World’s longest border of 57,792 kilometers having boundaries with 14 countries. Coastline of 37,653 km
  38. 38. Geography: Sea-Ports: Major sea ports of Russia are:  Rostov-on Don on the Azov Sea.  Astrakhan and Makhachkala on the Caspian sea.  Kaliningrad and St Petersburg on the Baltic  Arjhangelsk on white sea.  Murmansk on Barents sea.  Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky on Pacific Ocean.
  39. 39. Geography:
  40. 40. Quest for Warm-Water Ports Need: Russia need warm water ports because;  Her sea-communications in Europe is land-locked and partially ice- locked .  To compete with the world’s emerging powers and challenges.  To enhance its trade route, as most of the country’s oil exports are transported through pipelines, tankers, rail and road transport, not through seaports.  To keep its Navy in better condition.  To ensure its security and economy.  Geopolitical interests in Middle East and Central Asia.
  41. 41. Quest for Warm-Water Ports Barriers: The “cruel geography” of Russia denies its access to warm waters as;  In the north, her access to the world is frozen in winter.  In the West, Europe blocks her entry into the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.  In the south, Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan deny her passage to the Arabian Sea.  In the east, China and Korea separate her from the South China Sea.  While Vladivostok, her sole warm water port, is "neutralized" by South Korean and Japanese domination of the strait of Tsushima. Her problems were uncomfortably accentuated by the fact that her principal adversaries were the world's dominant sea powers, first Great Britain, then the United States.
  42. 42. Quest for Warm-Water Ports
  43. 43. Quest for Warm-Water Ports Grand design: The soviet invasion of Afghanistan in search of warm waters,to reach Indian Ocean and seizing oil of Persian Gulf.
  44. 44. Geo-Politics in Indian Ocean Russia The erstwhile USSR had its permanent presence in the Indian Ocean to maintain its steady supply of oil and maintaining the balance of power in the region with US. Russian economic and security interests include:  Central Asian States  Middle East  Pakistan  India  The New Great Game
  45. 45.  Supremacy in the world is for who got max influence in the Indian ocean Warm water port is God’s one of the best gift to a nation  All the three countries must have proper policies to attain there objectives. CONCLUSION
  46. 46. ANY QUESTION???

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