Grammar book

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Grammar book

  1. 1. Grammar Book<br />By: Sydney DiMilia<br />2nd Period<br />12-6-10<br />
  2. 2. Table of Contents<br />Ser<br />Estar<br />Hacer Expressions<br />Verbs like Gustar<br />Pretartio<br />Trigger Words<br />-car, -gar, -zar<br />Spock verbs<br />Cucaracha verbs<br />Snakes<br />Snakeys<br />Commands<br />DOPs<br />Irregulars<br />IOPs<br />‘Se’ impersonal<br />
  3. 3. Ser<br />
  4. 4. Estar<br />
  5. 5. Hacer Expressions<br />Present Tense: Since and For<br />Preterit Tense: Ago<br />HACE+ TIME+ QUE+ VERB<br />Example: Hace un problemas con Pedro per tresdías. <br />
  6. 6. Verbs Like Gustar<br />Dolar(o-ue): to hurt<br />Fascinar: to facinate<br />Molestar: to bother<br />Encantar: to love<br />Faltar: to lack, to be in need of<br />Importar: to be important to<br />Disgustar: to discust<br />
  7. 7. Pretérito<br />- A definite time in the past with a beginning and/or ending. <br />
  8. 8. Trigger Words<br />Ayer: yesterday<br />Anteayer: day before yesterday <br />A lasocho: at 8 o’clock<br />El Miércoles: on Wednesday<br />El día anterior: the day before<br />El Lunespasado: last Monday<br />El fin se semanapasado: last weekend<br />Ayer por la mañana: yesterday morning<br />El otrodía: the other day<br />Unavez: one time/once<br />Estatarde: this afternoon<br />Estanoche: tonight<br />Entonces: then<br />Desede el primer momento: for the moment<br />Durante dos siglos: during 2 centuries<br />En esemomento: in the moment/then<br />Hace dos días: two days ago<br />
  9. 9. -Car, -Gar, -Zar<br />
  10. 10. Spock Verbs<br />Ir/Ser<br />Fui<br />Fuiste<br />Fue<br />Fuimos<br />Fueron<br />Hacer<br />Hice<br />Hicite<br />Hizo<br />Hicimos<br />Hicieron<br />S<br />E<br />R<br />D<br />A<br />R<br />V<br />E<br />R<br />I<br />R<br />Dar<br />Di<br />Diste<br />Dio<br />Dimos<br />Dieron<br />Ver<br />Vi<br />Viste<br />Vio<br />Vimos<br />Vieron<br />HACER<br />
  11. 11. Cucaracha Verbs<br />Andar<br />Estar<br />Poder<br />Poner<br />Querer<br />Saber<br />Tener<br />Vener<br />Anduv-<br />Estuv-<br />Pud-<br />Pus-<br />Quis-<br />Sup-<br />Tuv-<br />Vin-<br /><ul><li>E
  12. 12. Iste
  13. 13. O
  14. 14. Imos
  15. 15. Istes
  16. 16. Eron</li></ul>Conducir<br />Producir<br />Traducir<br />Conduj-<br />Produj-<br />Traduj-<br />Drop “I” for “ieron”<br />Decir<br />Traer<br />Dij-<br />Traj-<br />
  17. 17. Snakes y Snakeys<br />I to Y in 3rd person<br />Leer, creer, oir<br />
  18. 18. Object Pronoun Rules<br />DOP<br />IOP<br />Reflexive Pronouns<br />ONLY ATTACHES TO ADVERB IN 3 INSTANCES<br />Infinitive<br />Positive command<br />Gerund<br />
  19. 19. Commands<br />Put the verb in “yo” form<br />Change it to the opposite vowel<br />Positive add DOP<br />Negative precedes the congregated verb<br />
  20. 20. DOP<br />Answers the question of what is receiving direct action of the verb.<br />Example:<br />I gave it to her.<br />Se lo di.<br />
  21. 21. Irregulars<br />T- tenga<br />V- venga<br />D- de<br />I- vaya<br />S- sea<br />H- haga<br />E- este<br />S- sepa<br />
  22. 22. IOP<br />Answers the question of to whom or for whom.<br />Example:<br />She gave it to me.<br />Me lo dio.<br />
  23. 23. ‘Se’ Impersonal<br />Use se to avoid specifying a person who is doing the action of the verb.<br />1. Se vendefruta en la frutería.<br />When using se, the verb is always in the 3th person. <br />1.Aquí se hablaespañol.<br />Se can be used in all tenses. <br />Se hizo mucho.<br />Se habíahecho.<br />

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