Lesson integrating literature and grammar


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Lesson integrating literature and grammar

  1. 1. Edith Hamilton (an abridged short story from the original novel “The Odyssey” by Homer.)
  2. 2. Unlocking Vocabularies 1. Prophetess (‘pra-fe-tes) - a female prophet 2. Fleet (flit) – warship 3. Sacked (saekt) – captured 4. Arrogance (‘ae-ro-gence) – boastfulness 5. Voyage (vo-ij’) - journey / trip
  3. 3. The Greek literature is one of the oldest yet popular literary resources that has ever made. It reflects the ingenuity and the creativity of the people during the ancient era.
  4. 4. Plot Greek fleet journeys back to Sparta. Athena gets angry because Ajax hurt Cassandra. Poseidon and Athena conjured to send big waves to sweep Greek fleet and destroy them. Ajax was killed. Menelaus has gone to Egypt and Odysseus was alive but wandered for 10 years. I II III IV V VI VII
  5. 5. Plot In Ithaca, Penelope is pursued by suitors across the land. She hated them and contrives a strategy to prolong their wait. Telemachus asked helped from Athena. Athena disguised as seafarer and told him to build a ship. He was jeered by the suitors and went to the sea and prayed again. This time Athena disguised as Mentor. They left at night and went to Nestor. III III IV V VI VII
  6. 6. Plot They arrived at Nestor’s abode but he doesn’t know any news about Odysseus. He told them to go to Menelaus. They arrived at Sparta afterwards and attended a banquet. Menelaus told a story about Menelaus and Helen saw that Telemachus look like Odysseus. Telemachus asked Menelaus about his father. Menelaus told him that he was in Calypso’s Island. IIII II IV V VI VII
  7. 7. Plot Meanwhile, upon Zeus’ command to free Odysseus, Hermes told Calypso to build a ship and send him away. Odysseus sailed home but Poseidon saw him and he sent big waves. Odysseus woke up and saw that he was in an island. He saw women bathing and asked help to Nausicaa. She told him to go to his father alone and asked for help. There, he told his story about his journey. IVI II III V VI VII
  8. 8. Plot His journey started from sailing 9 days in the sea and arrived at Lotus Eaters – Cyclops Polyphemus – Country of Winds (King Aeolus) – Country of Laestrygons – Aeaea (Circe’s lair) – Erebus (Persephone and Hades) – Sirens – Scylla and Charybdis – The Island of the Sun – Calypso’s Island – Country of Phaenicians VI II III IV VI VII
  9. 9. Plot Odysseus sailed home and successfully arrived at Ithaca. Athena talked to him and turned him as a poor man. Eumaea helped him went to his house. Telemachus headed home and went to Eumaea and saw his father. They went home and saw Penelope’s suitor. VII II III IV V VII
  10. 10. Plot Penelope told that if anyone sent straight the arrow from the holes of twelve rings. Odysseus shot the suitors and he all killed them. Penelope rejoined with Odysseus. VII II III IV V VII
  11. 11. Elements of A Short Story o Characters – is a person, sometimes even an animal who takes part in the action of a short story or other literary work. o Setting – is the time and place in which the story happens. o Plot – is a series of events and character actions that relate to the central conflict. o Conflict – is a struggle between people or things in a story. o Theme – is the central idea or belief in a short story.
  12. 12. You have to remember that... An act of heroism and a valiant soul will always prevail and conquer everything that hinders you to be successful.
  13. 13. Gerunds are one of the three classification under verbals. These are verbs forms that functions as nouns. In forming the gerund, you should always remember the formula: main verb + ing For example: journey + ing = journeying believe + ing = believing destroy + ing = destroying
  14. 14. 4 Functions of Gerunds in a Sentence Gerunds functions as subjects in the sentence. Example: o Voyaging back home took Odysseus forever. o Caring for Odysseus is the passion of Calypso. o Talking to Teiresias warned Odysseus about the sacred oxen. Subject
  15. 15. 4 Functions of Gerunds in a Sentence usually follows after the transitive verb and answers the question who or what. Example: o Odysseus kept waiting for a sail homebound. o Telemachus cannot bear seeing her mother weep. o Poseidon detests looking for Athena. Direct Object
  16. 16. 4 Functions of Gerunds in a Sentence usually follows after a linking verb /auxiliary verb. Example: o Polyphemus’ revenge is prolonging the journey of Odysseus. o Circe’s evil magic is weakening the assembly of Odysseus. o Athena’s plan is helping Odysseus find a way. Subject Complement
  17. 17. 4 Functions of Gerunds in a Sentence usually follows after a preposition. Example: o Ino, the sea-goddess, succeeded in helping Odysseus. o By using his eternal prowess, Odysseus sent straight the arrows. o Athena encouraged Telemachus about voyaging. Object of the Preposition
  18. 18. Directions: Find the gerund word and identify its function in the sentence. 1. Athena hated seeing Telemachus cry out of loneliness. 2. Calypso’s love for Odysseus was preventing her to set him free. 3. Penelope missed spending her day with Odysseus. 4. Longing was Odysseus’ hardest trial. 5. Nausicaa finds happiness in doing the laundry. Direct Object Subject Complement Direct Object Subject Ob of the Preposition
  19. 19. 6. Odysseus’ journey involves fighting a lot of monsters. 7. Menelaus kept narrating about the war. 6. In keeping with his tradition, Telemachus honored Menelaus. 7. Penelope’s suitors were jeering Telemechus. 6. Crying was the only resort of Odysseus to ease his pain. Direct Object Direct Object Ob of the Preposition Subject Complement Subject
  20. 20. Thank You for Listening  Prepared by: Kristine P. Canaya BSEd-English 4A