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The mongolians


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The mongolians

  1. 1. The MongoliansBy Sarah Wyczawski
  2. 2. In the 13th Century there was a little boy named Bataar. Bataar was soproud of his name because it means hero and he wanted to grow up tobecome just that.
  3. 3. He would practice his wrestling every day with the other children and hewas a great learner. Pretty soon Bataar was the best wrestler of all theother children and this made his father very proud.
  4. 4. When Bataar’s father saw the great potential in him to be a warrior, hedecided to teach Bataar everything he knew about the Mongolian army.
  5. 5. Bataar’s father decided to begin by explaining the decimal system. This was the systemof command of the Mongolian Army. The men of the army from 14 to 60 years oldwere put into groups of 10 then 100 then 1000 and finally 10000. Each group had aspecific name and was under an individual leader who ruled as he felt was best.
  6. 6. After Bataar fully understood the decimal system, Bataar’s father moved on tothe mobility of the units which was of the utmost importance. Each soldierowned 3 or 4 horses which would allow the fastest transportation times asthey could switch from horse to horse when one needed a break.
  7. 7. Bataar’s father told Bataar of the intense training that the warriors must gothrough before they are initiated into the army. He said that individual combatsuch as jousting was emphasized more heavily than group combat tactics.
  8. 8. Bataar’s father then continued to explain the intense and utmost loyaltythat members of the army had to one another. The system of the warriorswould completely shut down if any one turned out to be a traitor. Bataarknew immediately that to become a hero he would have to be the mostloyal and most obedient warrior in the whole army.
  9. 9. To practice their fighting tactics the Mongols would drive their cattle into thecenter of a huge circle that would be made of all the warriors riding on theirhorses. Once the command was given by the lead warrior the men would begintheir slaughter. Even though Bataar was sad about the deaths of the animals heknew that they must be killed in order to practice obedience.
  10. 10. Next Bataar’s father explained to him the cavalry that made up the Mongolianunits. He explained that in each unit of ten their were six men who were lightcavalry horse archers and the other four men were heavily suited and armedlancers.
  11. 11. Bataar was most excited to hear about the weapons that the Mongolian armyused in battle. His father told him that Scimitars were used. Bataar had no ideawhat a scimitar was so his father explained that scimitars were just like axes.
  12. 12. Other weapons that are used are the Mongol Bow which was a recurve bowthat was known for its accuracy, force, and reach. Also the sword is a powerfulweapon for slashing. Bataar’s father pulled out his sword and Bataar washonored to even be able to touch its magnificence.
  13. 13. Bataar’s father told him that Siege Machines and Catapults are also affectiveways to slaughter the opponents. He also explained to Bataar the use ofKharash which took captives and made them run in front of the warriors totake the initial round of arrows. Bataar thought that was very smart.
  14. 14. “We also use psychological warfare,” said Bataar’s father. He explained thatthe Mongolians instill great fear into their opponents and so before they goand take over their city they allow the people to surrender and instead paytribute to the Mongolians.
  15. 15. The last tactics that Bataar’s father explained to his was the flanking ideawhere the Mongolians would split up into different groups to encircle thecity so that no one could escape. Also, he explained that the Mongolianswere well practiced in the feigned retreat were they would fake defeat andthen surprise the opponents when they attacked again.
  16. 16. Bataar was fascinated by the whole procedure, but wondered if it reallyworked like his dad said it did. His dad answered with an of course and toldBataar that they had captured almost all of continental Asia, the MiddleEast, and parts of Eastern Europe.
  17. 17. Bataar was truly amazed and when he went to bed that night hedreamed of the day when he would be able to become a warrior just likehis father.