Psychology Erich Fromm (Neo Freudian Theorist) Sunwoo Park


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Psychology Erich Fromm (Neo Freudian Theorist) Sunwoo Park

  1. 1. Erich Fromm Sunwoo Park
  2. 2. Who is Erich Fromm? <ul><li>March 23, 1900 – March 18, 1980 </li></ul><ul><li>Born in Frankfut, Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Social psychologist, psychoanalyst, and humanistic philosopher </li></ul><ul><li>From religious family </li></ul><ul><li>Had his career during depression </li></ul>
  3. 3. Humanistic Philosophy <ul><li>Adam and Eve’s exile </li></ul><ul><li>Distinguish between good and evil </li></ul><ul><li>Separate from nature = evolved into human beings </li></ul><ul><li>Conscious of m o rality and no longer united with the universe </li></ul>
  4. 4. Escape from Freedom <ul><li>Escaping your separate identity </li></ul><ul><li>Central characteristic of human nature </li></ul><ul><li>Psychological conflicts </li></ul>
  5. 5. Escape from Freedom <ul><li>Three Escape Mechanism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Authoritarianism – To be controlled by another </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Automaton conformity – Hiding within an authoritarian hierarchy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Destructiveness – Try to eliminate others or the world as a whole </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Families <ul><li>Affects the type of the escapes from freedom </li></ul><ul><li>Two kinds of unproductive families </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Symbiotic Families </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Withdrawing Families </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Families <ul><li>Symbiotic Families </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Swallowed up” by other members </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Withdrawing Families </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Parents are very demanding of their children (Rules are more important than people) (Cold version) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No real adult guidance </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. The Social Unconsciousness <ul><li>Our way of doing things is the only way </li></ul><ul><li>All the actions have all become unconscious </li></ul><ul><li>Best understood by examining five personality types (orientations) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Five Orientations <ul><li>All efforts at life </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The receptive orientation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The exploitative orientation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The hoarding orientation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The marketing orientation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The productive orientation </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Five Orientations <ul><li>The receptive orientation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expecting to get what they need </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peasant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Freud’s oral passive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Submissive and accepting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peasant </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Five Orientations <ul><li>The exploitative orientation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expecting to have to take what they need </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Upper classes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Freud’s oral aggressive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aggressive and conceited (-) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Proud and captivating (+) </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Five Orientations <ul><li>The hoarding orientation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expecting to keep </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bourgeoisie </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Possessions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Freud’s anal retentive type </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stubborn, stingy, and unimaginative (-) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Steadfast, economical, and practical (+) </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Five Orientations <ul><li>The marketing orientation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expecting to sell </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sell myself, package myself, and advertise myself </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Modern industrial society </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Freud’s vague phallic personality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Opportunistic and childish (-) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Purposeful and social (+) </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Five Orientations <ul><li>The productive orientation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Without a mask </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Without rejecting nature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Yet no society </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Humanistic communitarian socialism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Altruism </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. The Having Mode <ul><li>Focus on consuming, obtaining, and possessing </li></ul><ul><li>Receptive, Exploitative, Hoarding, and Marketing orientation </li></ul>
  16. 16. The Being Mode <ul><li>Defined by your actions in this world </li></ul><ul><li>Live without a mask, experiencing life, and being yourself </li></ul><ul><li>Productive orientation </li></ul>
  17. 17. Orientation Society Family Escape from Freedom Receptive Peasant society Symbiotic (passive) Authoritarian (masochistic) Exploitative Aristocratic society Symbiotic (active) Authoritarian (sadistic) Hoarding Bourgeois society Withdrawing (puritanical) Perfectionist to destructive Marketing Modern society Withdrawing (infantile) Automaton conformist Productive Humanistic communitarian socialism Loving and reasoning Freedom and responsibility acknowledged and accepted
  18. 18. Biophilous & Necrophilous <ul><li>Biophilous </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Life-loving </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trying to cope with life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Receptive, Exploitative, Hoarding, Marketing, and Productive orientation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eros </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Necrophilous </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The lovers of death </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To destroy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thenatos </li></ul></ul>
  19. 20. Human Needs <ul><li>Go far beyond the basic needs </li></ul><ul><li>To find an answer to his existence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Relatedness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transcendence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rootedness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sense of identity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A frame of orientation </li></ul></ul>
  20. 21. Relatedness <ul><li>Aware of our separateness from each other and seek to overcome it </li></ul><ul><li>Relationships with others, care, respect, knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Narcissism </li></ul>
  21. 22. Creativity <ul><li>Desire to overcome being passive creatures </li></ul><ul><li>Creators </li></ul><ul><li>Creativity, develop a loving and interesting life. </li></ul><ul><li>Can lead to destruction </li></ul>
  22. 23. Rootedness <ul><li>Need to feel at home (safe environment) </li></ul><ul><li>Feeling of belonging </li></ul><ul><li>Schizophrenia </li></ul>
  23. 24. Sense of Identity <ul><li>Need to have a sense of identity, of unique individuality </li></ul><ul><li>Narcissism </li></ul>
  24. 25. A Frame of Orientation <ul><li>Need to understand the world and our place in it </li></ul><ul><li>Our society attempts to provide attempts to provide us with this understanding. </li></ul>
  25. 26. Fromm’s Research <ul><li>Freud = Sexual </li></ul><ul><li>Observation method and clinical practice </li></ul><ul><li>Karen Horney, Karl Jung </li></ul><ul><li>Marx = Social economic </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural variations, history, social conditions </li></ul>
  26. 27. Bibliography <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>