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Ed Schools


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Ed Schools

  1. 1. Image: Tree in Meadow (00442826.jpg
  2. 2. EATING DISORDERS – A RESOURCE FORTEACHERS This is a resource to support teachers who work with adolescents some of whom may be affected by an eating disorder Image: Hands holding Seedling (00433167.jpg)
  3. 3. EATING DISORDERS – A RESOURCE FORTEACHERS Jamie is 17. He is lonely and scared. He is suffering from anorexia. For a long time he felt in control of his body, his food intake and his hunger. Now his eating disorder controls him. Yes he likes being thin but he yearns to be better. Now he can‟t stop. He arranges his life around every morsel he eats. He must eat alone and anyway its difficult to be with people so he avoids every social situation. His psychologist thinks its because he was bullied in primary school. “I hate that fat child”.
  4. 4. EATING DISORDERS – A RESOURCE FOR TEACHERS Eating Disorders are • Not a form of dieting • Not “all about food” • Not a phase • Not a choice ( Image: Hands holding Seedling (00433167.jpg)
  5. 5. EATING DISORDERS – A RESOURCE FOR TEACHERS Eating Disorders • Are a very serious and complex mental disorder : • Can be fatal • Effect males and females • Are about unmanageable feelings • Are a coping strategy • Begin mostly in adolescence Image: Hands holding Seedling (00433167.jpg)
  6. 6. EATING DISORDERS – A RESOURCE FOR TEACHERS • BUILIDING RESILIENCE • DETECTIONEating Disorders at School • SUPPORT • INTERVENTIONS Image: Hands holding Seedling (00433167.jpg)
  7. 7. EATING DISORDERS – A RESOURCE FOR TEACHERS Dynamic mental health policy Mental Health Programme integrated into curriculumFosteringresilience Fostering positive mental health attitudes and behaviours Modelling inclusiveness Promoting self-awareness, resilience and autonomy Image: Hands holding Seedling (00433167.jpg
  8. 8. EATING DISORDERS – A RESOURCE FOR TEACHERS An Effective Mental Health Strategy : • Promotes positive caring relationships • Promotes students emotional development fostering tolerance and resilience • Improves ability to cope with adversity • Creates a positive school environment socially and educationally • Increases learning achievements and expectations (Buckley et al 2009)Image: Ian Kahn / With Friends
  9. 9. EATING DISORDERS – A RESOURCE FOR TEACHERS Being informed Detectin g the An awareness of potential triggers signs Understanding symptoms and signsImage: Hands holding Seedling (00433167.jpg)
  10. 10. EATING DISORDERS – A RESOURCE FOR TEACHERSCauses aremultifactori Geneticsal and Familial personality factors Social and Cultural Eating Disorders
  11. 11. EATING DISORDERS – A RESOURCE FOR TEACHERSTRIGGERSDURING CHALLENGESADOLESENC exams,E relationships LIFE TRANSITIONS TRAUMAS social, emotional bereavement and developmental family break-up, bullying, abuse EATING DISORDERS
  12. 12. EATING DISORDERS – A RESOURCE FOR TEACHERS ANOREXIA Skewed relationship with food NERVOSA Refusal to maintain body weightcharacteristics Body starved of vital nutrients Irrational appraisal of body shape and food intake Distorted thinking
  13. 13. EATING DISORDERS – A RESOURCE FORTEACHERS Food Restriction Feeling of control Weight Loss – Distorted body Reinforces image worsens behaviour Anorexia Cycle of Self-Abuse Malnutrition Stomach sustains shrinks and fixated beliefs protrudes Fear of fatness Distortions reinforced
  14. 14. EATING DISORDERS – A RESOURCE FOR TEACHERS • Low Self Esteem • Denial of dieting, hunger, Psychological Effects craving • Deception of Anorexia • Irritability, conflict, inflexibility • Obsessive, ritualistic behaviours • Distorted thinking • Depression/Anxiety/OCDImage: Hands holding Seedling (00433167.jpg)
  15. 15. EATING DISORDERS – A RESOURCE FOR TEACHERS • Low blood pressure/poor circulation – heart failure • Dry thinning hair/skin Physical effects of • Lanugo hair on face and body Anorexia • Fatigue/restlessness • Loss of fertility • Osteoporosis • Cognitive dysfunctionImage: Hands holding Seedling (00433167.jpg)
  16. 16. EATING DISORDERS – A RESOURCE FOR TEACHERS • Weight loss • Avoidance of eating with others • Breaking food into small pieces and other Anorexia – signs in rituals school • Using bathroom after eating • Social isolation • Not performing to potentialImage: Hands holding Seedling (00433167.jpg)
  17. 17. EATING DISORDERS – A RESOURCE FOR TEACHERS BULIMIA Recurrent episodes of binge eating NERVOSA A sense of lack of control while bingingcharacteristics Compensatory vomiting, laxatives, exercise, fasting etc Distorted thinking Self-worth influenced by weight
  18. 18. EATING DISORDERS – A RESOURCE FOR TEACHERS • Tiredness, insomnia • Calluses on fingers Physical effects of • Husky voice, mouth ulcers, Bulimia tooth erosion, gum disease • Irregular periods, fertility problems • Osteoporosis • Depletion of electrolytes – potential heart failureImage: Hands holding Seedling (00433167.jpg
  19. 19. EATING DISORDERS – A RESOURCE FOR TEACHERS • Preoccupied with dieting • Constantly concerned with Psychological Effects weight, shape, size of Bulimia • Volatile, irritable • Self-loathing, guilt, shame • Feelings of being „out of control‟ • DepressionImage: Hands holding Seedling (00433167.jpg
  20. 20. EATING DISORDERS – A RESOURCE FOR TEACHERS • Low mood / low energy • Decreased concentration • Calluses on fingers / tooth decay Bulimia – signs • Alternating dieting / over-in school eating • Use of bathroom directly after eating • Preoccupation with foodImage: Hands holding Seedling (00433167.jpg
  21. 21. EATING DISORDERS – A RESOURCE FOR TEACHERS SUPPORT • Observe signs, note concerns • Don‟t overact or alarm studentWhat to • Advise counsellordo? • Be supportive, empathic, and caring • Avoid judgement/blame • Avoid comments related to appearance Image: Microsoft (00422532.jpg)
  22. 22. EATING DISORDERS – A RESOURCE FOR TEACHERS SUPPORT• Effective communication Helping the student with• Supportive/safe an Eating environment Disorder• Facilitate needs eg. need to eat alone, avoid canteen etc• Tolerance of symptoms• Limit opportunities for bulimic behaviours Image: iCLIPART Blank Signposts (
  23. 23. EATING DISORDERS – A RESOURCE FOR TEACHERSTreatments • Re-feeding to healthy BMI • Family Therapy, Systemic approach • Counselling • CBT, Gestalt, Behavioural Image: Tree in Meadow (00442826.jpg
  24. 24. EATING DISORDERS – A RESOURCE FOR TEACHERS Teacher/School Counsellor can recommend GP Visit Treatme GP will assess and can nt recommend and/or provide referral to: Services Support Services eg Bodywhys CAMHS Hospital Admission Counsellor/PsychologistImage: Tree in Meadow (00442826.jpg)
  25. 25. EATING DISORDERS – A RESOURCE FOR TEACHERS Post Primary Resource only. Contains guidelines andresources and runs courses on mental health for teachers MentalHealth Matters, a mental health resource pack for 14 – 18 year olds aims to whichcan be delivered as part of a SPHE programme.Bodywhys works with teachers and students to provide an understanding of eatingdisorders, as well as promoting positive body image amongst young peoplethrough the‘Be Body Positive’ schools programme delivered to class groups.Image: Tree in Meadow (00442826.jpgImage: Hands holding Seedling (00433167.jpg)Image: Microsoft (00422532.jpg)Images Other: Authors Own