Child care training module six updated communication


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  • Child care training module six updated communication

    1. 1. The Basics of AutismSpectrum Disorders Training Series RAAC Training Committee
    2. 2. Child Care Training Series Modules Module One: Autism Defined, Autism Prevalence and Primary Characteristics Module Two: Early Signs of Autism Module Three: Physical Characteristics of Autism Module Four: Cognition and Learning in Autism Module Five: Autism and Sensory Differences Module Six: Communication and Autism
    3. 3. Child Care Training Series Modules Module Seven: Behavior Challenges and Autism Module Eight: Understanding Behavior in Persons with Autism Module Nine: Functional Behavior Assessment Module Ten: Autism and Leisure Skills to Teach Module Eleven: Safety and Autism
    4. 4. Big IdeaCommunication may be verydifficult for the child withASD.
    5. 5. Communication Some children with ASD do not talk They may use sign language to communicate. They may use pictures to communicate. They may use a device that talks for them. Some children with ASD talk but are hard to understand. They may get upset if you don’t understand them.
    6. 6. CommunicationSome children with ASD may repeat what you say. If you say, “do you want juice,” they may repeat what you said. This is called Echolalia. This may be their way of saying yes. It might mean that they did not understand what you said. It may happen more often when the child is nervous or upset.
    7. 7. CommunicationSome children with ASD have a hard timemaking choices.Some children say “yes” to almost every choice you give them, even if they don’t want it.Some children say “no” to almost every choice you give them, even if they want it.Some children almost always choose the last thing you said to them. For example: if you say, “do you want crackers or cookies,” they may say “cookies” even when they want crackers.
    8. 8. Big Idea For children who have difficultymaking choices, we need to help themby showing them pictures, drawings, logos or the actual items.
    9. 9. Communication Just because the child can say something, it doesn’t always mean they understand what they are saying. Just because the child with ASD has done something before, doesn’t mean that they will be able to understand what is going to happen the next time. Children with ASD usually need pictures to help them understand what is going to happen.
    10. 10. CommunicationSome children with ASD have trouble understanding certain words time words such as “later,” “tomorrow,” “after while.” feeling words such as “share” or “be nice.” sayings such as “shake a leg.” slang words such as “cool.”We have to “watch our language” and make sure the child understands what we are saying.
    11. 11. Communication Tips• Use visuals – such as pictures to help the child understand.• Say things using simple words.• Don’t talk too fast.• Never talk about behaviors with the child while they are upset.• Never talk about the child with ASD to someone else, as if the child weren’t there or as if they can’t understand what you are saying.
    12. 12. Big IdeaWe could be the communicationproblem. We need to watch what we say and how we say it.