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Autism Defined, Autism Prevalence and Primary Characteristics
The Basics of AutismSpectrum Disorders Training Series Regional Autism Advisory Council of Southwest Ohio (RAAC-SWO) Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders Task Force
Adult Training Series Modules Module One: Autism Defined, Autism Prevalence and Primary Characteristics Module Two: Physical Characteristics of Autism Module Three: Cognition and Learning in Autism Module Four: Autism and Sensory Differences Module Five: Communication and Autism
Adult Training Series Modules Module Six: Behavior Challenges and Autism Module Seven: Understanding Behavior in Persons with Autism Module Eight: Functional Behavior Assessment Module Nine: Autism and Leisure Skills to Teach Module Ten: Special Issues of Adolescence and Adulthood Module Eleven: Safety and Autism
Autism Spectrum Disorder Defined An Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a brain-based or neurobiological disorder of development. ASD causes differences in the way the brain processes ASD affects understanding and use of language to interact and communicate with people.
Big IdeaASD is a brain-based disorderthat results in differences in theway individuals understand andinteract with their world.
Effects of ASD on IndividualsASD affects:• the way a person relates to people, events, and objects in the environment.• the way a person responds to sensory stimuli such as pain, hearing, taste, smell, etc.• the way a person learns and thinks.
Autistic DisorderBiggest Challenges: • Difficulties with social interaction. • Difficulties with communication. • Restricted interests and activities that they like to do over and over again. • Repetitive behaviors, such as rocking or arm flapping.
Autistic Disorder ContinuedOther Characteristics: • Usually behaviors can be seen by three years of age. • Some children develop regularly the first years, then begin to lose their learned skills.
Asperger SyndromeBiggest Challenges: • Difficulty with social interactions. • Individuals appear to understand directions even when they don’t. For example, we may think they are being uncooperative. • Individuals like to talk a lot about things that really interest them.
Asperger Syndrome ContinuedOther Characteristics: Intelligence ranges from average to well above average, so they may appear really smart, but cannot do everyday things independently.
PDD-NOS (Pervasive Developmental Disorder - Not Otherwise Specified) Diagnosis often made when a person does not meet the criteria for a specific diagnosis (i.e. Autism, Asperger).• There is generally an overall impairment in communication, social interactions, and individuals may have restricted interests.
Who Gets ASD? All races, nationalities and socioeconomic groups Boys are more likely to be diagnosed with ASD More common within families
Prevalence of ASDLeukemia 1 in 25,000Muscular Dystrophy 1 in 20,000Pediatric Aids 1 in 8,000Childhood Cancer 1 in 7,000Polio (1952 peak rate) 1 in 4,000Hearing Impairment 1 in 900Visual Impairment 1 in 800Down Syndrome 1 in 800Juvenile Diabetes 1 in 500Cerebral Palsy 1 in 400Autism (per Centers for Disease Control (CDC) March 1 in 1102011)
Why are more people diagnosed today? Better rules for diagnosis Asperger Syndrome added to ASD in 1994 Increased awareness of ASD People believe there are more services for an individual if the person has a diagnosis of ASD. Wrong diagnosis
There are no two persons with autism exactly alike “If you’ve met one person with autism, you’ve met one person with autism.” Stephen Shore, Adult with Autism
Quick Facts about Autism Autism is the most common developmental disability, affecting 1 in 110 births … most recent March 2011 Centers for Disease Control (CDC) study. A decade ago the rate was thought to be 4-5 in 10,000. 4 children with autism are born in the USA every hour … 35,000 per year. Autism is 4 times more common in boys than in girls. Autism is often under-diagnosed in children – typically diagnosed by age 3-7.
Autism Facts Continued Autism is the fastest growing serious developmental disability in the US, growing 10-17% per year. Cost of autism is estimated at $35-$90 billion – 90% of that is spent on adult services. Recent estimate (by Harvard) is that cost is $3.2M/person over their lifetime. The costs are expected to more than double in the next decade. For more information, see: www.autism-society.org or www.autismspeaks.org. “The greatest underserved disability group”