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Adults with autism training module seven v2


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Adults with autism training module seven v2

  1. 1. The Basics of AutismSpectrum Disorders Training Series RAAC Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders Task Force
  2. 2. Adult Training Series Modules Module One: Autism Defined, Autism Prevalence and Primary Characteristics Module Two: Physical Characteristics of Autism Module Three: Cognition and Learning in Autism Module Four: Autism and Sensory Differences Module Five: Communication and Autism
  3. 3. Adult Training Series Modules Module Six: Behavior Challenges and Autism Module Seven: Understanding Behavior in Persons with Autism Module Eight: Functional Behavior Assessment Module Nine: Autism and Leisure Skills to Teach Module Ten: Special Issues of Adolescence and Adulthood Module Eleven: Safety and Autism
  4. 4. Big IdeaWe must first understand why a behavior occurs before we are able to change it.
  5. 5. Steps to Understanding Reasons for Behavior
  6. 6. Step One: Describe What Was Happening Before the Behavior StartedWho, What, When, Where, and then Why?Where does the behavior happen?When does the behavior happen?Who is there when the behavior occurs?What was happening right before the behavior started?
  7. 7. Step Two: Describe the Behavior Describe the behavior exactly.What did it look like (as if you had a video camera)?Who was involved?How long did it last?What was being said?
  8. 8. Step Three: What Happened Immediately Following the Behavior?What happened to end the behavior?What did the person do?Was someone else involved in ending the behavior?Did the person get what he wanted?What was it?
  9. 9. Big IdeaAll behavior happens fora reason and it ismotivated by something.
  10. 10. Some Reasons Behind Behavior Behaviors are a way of coping with what is happening around us. Behaviors are learned through trial and error. Behaviors that are reinforced are likely to continue. If a behavior continues to occur or it is increasing, it is being reinforced in some way. To change the person’s behavior, we must change what we are doing.
  11. 11. Reinforcement Reinforcement is something that follows a behavior that either makes it occur more often or less often. Examples: a baby says “mama” for the first time and mommy smiles, claps, and yells her excitement. (Positive) loud buzz in some cars when ignition is turned on in order for driver to put on seat belt to eliminate irritating buzz. (Negative) I receive a paycheck every 2 weeks. (Positive)
  12. 12. Reinforcement is Important  We all reinforce ourselves throughout the day. (i.e. an ice cream cone, a break, a favorite television show, praise)  Persons with ASD tend to need a lot of reinforcement throughout their day. - It increases motivation to participate. - Participation can help in learning new things. - Once the behavior is learned, the reinforcement can usually be lessened.
  13. 13. Big IdeaEveryone’s reinforcers aredifferent. We have to find out what works for each person.