Everything You Ever Wanted to Know About the LHC - Elizabeth Clements from FERMILAB

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To better understand the LHC and how the basic physics it studies can benefit society, join experts at swissnex San Francisco for LHC 101. Malika Meddahi, a physicist at CERN, describes what the collider is and how it works. Ian Hinchliffe, the US physics coordinator for the ATLAS detector, explains what scientists hope to discover from the LHC, including the illusive Higgs Boson particle. Elizabeth Clements, a senior science communicator at Fermilab, explains how the LHC and other particle accelerators contribute to innovation and therefore to the world economy in unexpected ways by advancing electronics, data storage, magnets, even tunneling technology.

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Everything You Ever Wanted to Know About the LHC - Elizabeth Clements from FERMILAB

  1. 1. PET scans and radial tires: adding up the benefits of particle physics Elizabeth Clements Fermilab April 1, 2010
  2. 2. Accelerators are making headlines swissnex - April 1, 2010
  3. 3. … making it in Hollywood swissnex – April 1, 2010
  4. 4. … even making music <ul><li>Hector Berlioz, “Les Troyens”, opera in five acts </li></ul><ul><li>Valencia, Palau de les Arts Reina Sofia, 31 Oct. -12 Nov. 2009 </li></ul>swissnex - April 1, 2010
  5. 5. Behind the headlines <ul><li>Roughly 30,000 particle accelerators can be found in factories, ports, hospitals and laboratories today. </li></ul>swissnex – April 1, 2010
  6. 6. Behind the headlines <ul><li>All the products that are processed, treated or inspected have a collective annual value of more than $500 billion. </li></ul>swissnex – April 1, 2010
  7. 7. From science to society <ul><li>“ By research in pure science I mean research made without any idea of application to industrial matters but solely with the view of extending our knowledge of the Laws of Nature. I will give just one example of the ‘utility’ of this kind of research, one that has been brought into great prominence by the War - I mean the use of X-rays in surgery…. </li></ul>swissnex – April 1, 2010
  8. 8. From science to society <ul><li>… Now how was this method discovered? It was not the result of a research in applied science starting to find an improved method of locating bullet wounds. This might have led to improved probes, but we cannot imagine it leading to the discovery of the X-rays. No, this method is due to an investigation in pure science, made with the object of discovering what is the nature of Electricity.” </li></ul><ul><li>JJ Thomson </li></ul><ul><li>1916 </li></ul>swissnex – April 1, 2010
  9. 9. From the first cyclotron…. swissnex – April 1, 2010
  10. 10. … to today’s most powerful accelerator swissnex – April 1, 2010
  11. 11. … there are many in between swissnex – April 1, 2010
  12. 12. Applications for industry <ul><li>Semi-conductors </li></ul><ul><li>Radial tires </li></ul><ul><li>Surface coating </li></ul><ul><li>and printing </li></ul><ul><li>Wire/cable insulation </li></ul><ul><li>Shrink wrap </li></ul>swissnex – April 1, 2010
  13. 13. Applications for medicine <ul><li>Sterilization of medical </li></ul><ul><li>equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Wound dressings </li></ul><ul><li>Cancer therapy </li></ul><ul><li>Medical diagnostics </li></ul><ul><li>Pharmaceutical research </li></ul>swissnex – April 1, 2010
  14. 14. Applications for security, energy and the environment <ul><li>Cargo scanning </li></ul><ul><li>Nuclear energy </li></ul><ul><li>Clean air and water </li></ul>swissnex – April 1, 2010
  15. 15. Clean air and water swissnex – April 1, 2010 Studies show that blasts of electrons from a particle accelerator are an effective way to clean up dirty water, sewage sludge, and polluted gases from smokestacks.
  16. 16. Flue gas treatment swissnex – April 1, 2010
  17. 17. Wastewater treatment swissnex – April 1, 2010
  18. 18. Shrink wrap swissnex – April 1, 2010 Industry uses particle accelerators to produce the cross-linked shrink film that keeps many items in the grocery store fresh, such as turkeys, produce and baked goods.
  19. 19. Medical diagnostics for breast cancer swissnex – April 1, 2010 Scientists are using technology developed for the CMS experiment at CERN in clinical trials for a new kind of PET scan that will better detect breast cancer and avoid unnecessary biopsies.
  20. 20. Addressing global challenges <ul><li>Health </li></ul><ul><li>Wealth </li></ul><ul><li>Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul><ul><li>National security </li></ul><ul><li>Particle physics has a role to play in the list that is at the top of every nation’s challenges. </li></ul>swissnex – April 1, 2010

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