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International human rights and international humanitarian law both work to protect individuals from abuse. While human rights apply at any and all times, however, international humanitarian law applies only during armed conflicts. To discuss this divide, and to explore what happens when armed, non-state groups involved in conflicts challenge international law treaties, UC Berkeley law professor Kirk Boyd introduces the concepts of international human rights and international humanitarian law and explains how, in times of armed conflict, both apply in complementary ways. Boyd is the founder of the 2048 Project, an effort to draft an international framework for enforceable human rights.
To illustrate the challenge presented by non-state actors, Annyssa Bellal and Gilles Giacca from the Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights (ADH), analyze the applicability of and issues related to humanitarian law in the Afghanistan conflict. They describe the Rule of Law in Armed Conflict (RULAC) project, a publicly accessible website that serves as an independent and apolitical source of information on conflicts around the world and their status with regard to international law.