Geosharing 2013
Bern
geo.admin.ch
Geoportal of the Swiss
Confederation
3 years of successful
data sharing for the masses –...
SHARING
in science ???
one study (alawi 2011): 9% of
paper AUTHORS studied
MADE DATA AVAILABLE
has science a CREDIBILITY crisis ?
1
GEO

SHARING
it is about

OPENDATA
OPEN DATA is data that can be
freely used, SHARED and built-on
by anyone, anywhere, for any
purpose.
http://blog.okfn.org/...
not a new
CONCEPT
for science…
rooted in

SCEPTICISM
transparancey , knowledge
transfer
TECHNOLOGY
has
CHANGED nature of
experimentation, data and communication
imporatance of open

OPEN CODE
“really REPRODUCIBLE research”
(Claerbout)
more by @victoriastodden
http://new.livestream.com/accounts/5389255/okcon
is Swiss

GOVERNMENT
sharing?
OPENDATA.ADMIN.CH

pilot
several federal agencies
e-gov strategy
movement
GEO

is delivered by the federal
spatial data infrastructure
FSDI
2

GEO
SHARING
CHALLENGES
for
YOU
as a user?
4 frictions

FORMAT
PRICE
RIGHTS
ACCESSIBILITY
@twbell http://strata.oreilly.com/2013/10/the-four-frictions.html
the
SWISS WAY
to deal with it
FEDERAL ACT ON GEOINFORMATION (GEOIG), 1. July 2008

Art. 1 Aim
This Act has the aim of ensuring that geodata relating to ...
realized with
GEO.ADMIN.CH
the geoportal of the Swiss Confederation
geodata are
NOT yet OPEN
but
FREELY ACCESIBLE
300,000

VISITORS last 3 years

250,000
200,000

DESKTOP

150,000
100,000
50,000

0

MOBILE
2011 vs 2012
map
mobile
wms
wmts

.geo.admin.ch

+45%
+360%
+43%
+132%
visitors

.map.geo.admin.ch

.geo.admin.ch

.geo.ad...
LESSONS
learned?
3
MAP

LITERACY
DATA logger/book
!=
GIS dataset
!=
screen PRESENTATION
a MAP is
ONE FORM
of geodata
REPRESENTATION
/sharing
EFFECTIVE
but has its

CAVEATS
not only
« SHARING DATA »

but
« SHARING INFORMATION »
agency: « we need to publish DATA »
INTERNET : « geodata are MAPS »
CITIZEN : « I need an INFORMATION »
GOV
Is the PRODUCER able to CREATE a map ?
Is the USER able to READ a map ?
http://s.geo.admin.ch/c50ed2b85
«same same but different?»

http://s.geo.admin.ch/e3cd650e6
reduce
COMPLEXITY
with
STORYTELLING
http://storymaps.geo.admin.ch/storymaps/storymap1/
http://storymaps.geo.admin.ch/storymaps/storymap4/
MAP LITERACY

interpreting information behind a map
4
SHARING
DATA MEANS
ALSO …
OPEN SOURCE
SOFTWARE
and OPEN CODE
« your data will stay but your software will go away »
OPEN STANDARDS
to ensure

INTEROPERABILITY
open METADATA
to ensure

« SOURCE CRITICISM »
…data is useless without it…
5
DOWNLOAD
OR SERVICE
both

BUT
47
EVERYTHING
is a
CACHE
as long as you are not the owner of
the data
48

http://blog.ping13.net/open-data-services.html
It’s about
data consumer
RESPONSIBILITY
and
ETHOS
49
attribute
REFERENCE
TIME STAMP
and
UPDATE
third party published data
50
access to
GEO.ADMIN.CH

data ?
51
99% SERVICE
1% DOWNLOAD
52
1

2

3

OPENDATA.

OPENACCESS.

MAP LITERACY.

4

5

!

METADATA.

CACHE.

SHARE.
THANK YOU
www.geo.admin.ch
map.geo.admin.ch

api.geo.admin.ch
info@geo.admin.ch

Twitter: @swiss_geoportal
http://www.slid...
geo.admin.ch: 3 years of successful data sharing for the masses – best practice of services, software and standards
geo.admin.ch: 3 years of successful data sharing for the masses – best practice of services, software and standards
geo.admin.ch: 3 years of successful data sharing for the masses – best practice of services, software and standards
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geo.admin.ch: 3 years of successful data sharing for the masses – best practice of services, software and standards

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Since 2010, geospatial data of Swiss Gov. agencies
can be viewed and accessed over geo.admin.
ch in a fast, free and state of the art manner.
Over 200 datasets are accessed by up to
50’000 users daily.
To initialize a spatial data infrastructure, key
constraints are data management methodologies:
establishment of uniform standards for
data capture and dissemination as well as in the
modeling and archiving of data and metadata.
Those are the fundamentals for interdisciplinary
and international collaboration.
After 3 years of operation, lessons learned
cover Open Source Software: no license cost,
short time to market, scalable, innovative, user
driven, and cost /benefit effective. Open Standards:
interoperability with existing and future
solutions guaranteed. Open Access: Access is
where all content (data) is going. Where ever
possible data, data services and application
programming interface including sources were
made public available – open government data
portal opendata.admin.ch. In the talk we will leverage why open data & code is crucial to
science. Technology has changed the nature of
experimentation, data, and communication. On
the other hand we will show how to deal with
the main barrier: Copyright of Gov. data and
data generated by scientist.

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geo.admin.ch: 3 years of successful data sharing for the masses – best practice of services, software and standards

  1. 1. Geosharing 2013 Bern geo.admin.ch Geoportal of the Swiss Confederation 3 years of successful data sharing for the masses – best practice David.Oesch@swisstopo.ch Federal Office of Topography swisstopo
  2. 2. SHARING in science ???
  3. 3. one study (alawi 2011): 9% of paper AUTHORS studied MADE DATA AVAILABLE
  4. 4. has science a CREDIBILITY crisis ?
  5. 5. 1 GEO SHARING
  6. 6. it is about OPENDATA
  7. 7. OPEN DATA is data that can be freely used, SHARED and built-on by anyone, anywhere, for any purpose. http://blog.okfn.org/2013/10/03/defining-open-data/
  8. 8. not a new CONCEPT for science…
  9. 9. rooted in SCEPTICISM transparancey , knowledge transfer
  10. 10. TECHNOLOGY has CHANGED nature of experimentation, data and communication
  11. 11. imporatance of open OPEN CODE
  12. 12. “really REPRODUCIBLE research” (Claerbout) more by @victoriastodden http://new.livestream.com/accounts/5389255/okcon
  13. 13. is Swiss GOVERNMENT sharing?
  14. 14. OPENDATA.ADMIN.CH pilot several federal agencies e-gov strategy movement
  15. 15. GEO is delivered by the federal spatial data infrastructure FSDI
  16. 16. 2 GEO SHARING
  17. 17. CHALLENGES for YOU as a user?
  18. 18. 4 frictions FORMAT PRICE RIGHTS ACCESSIBILITY @twbell http://strata.oreilly.com/2013/10/the-four-frictions.html
  19. 19. the SWISS WAY to deal with it
  20. 20. FEDERAL ACT ON GEOINFORMATION (GEOIG), 1. July 2008 Art. 1 Aim This Act has the aim of ensuring that geodata relating to the territory of the Swiss Confederation is made available for general use to the authorities of the Confederation, the cantons and communes, the private sector, the public and to academic and scientific institutions in a sustainable, up-todate, rapid and easy manner, in the required quality and at a reasonable cost.
  21. 21. realized with GEO.ADMIN.CH the geoportal of the Swiss Confederation
  22. 22. geodata are NOT yet OPEN but FREELY ACCESIBLE
  23. 23. 300,000 VISITORS last 3 years 250,000 200,000 DESKTOP 150,000 100,000 50,000 0 MOBILE
  24. 24. 2011 vs 2012 map mobile wms wmts .geo.admin.ch +45% +360% +43% +132% visitors .map.geo.admin.ch .geo.admin.ch .geo.admin.ch requests requests visitors
  25. 25. LESSONS learned?
  26. 26. 3 MAP LITERACY
  27. 27. DATA logger/book != GIS dataset != screen PRESENTATION
  28. 28. a MAP is ONE FORM of geodata REPRESENTATION /sharing
  29. 29. EFFECTIVE but has its CAVEATS
  30. 30. not only « SHARING DATA » but « SHARING INFORMATION »
  31. 31. agency: « we need to publish DATA » INTERNET : « geodata are MAPS » CITIZEN : « I need an INFORMATION » GOV
  32. 32. Is the PRODUCER able to CREATE a map ? Is the USER able to READ a map ?
  33. 33. http://s.geo.admin.ch/c50ed2b85
  34. 34. «same same but different?» http://s.geo.admin.ch/e3cd650e6
  35. 35. reduce COMPLEXITY with STORYTELLING
  36. 36. http://storymaps.geo.admin.ch/storymaps/storymap1/
  37. 37. http://storymaps.geo.admin.ch/storymaps/storymap4/
  38. 38. MAP LITERACY interpreting information behind a map
  39. 39. 4 SHARING DATA MEANS ALSO …
  40. 40. OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARE and OPEN CODE « your data will stay but your software will go away »
  41. 41. OPEN STANDARDS to ensure INTEROPERABILITY
  42. 42. open METADATA to ensure « SOURCE CRITICISM » …data is useless without it…
  43. 43. 5 DOWNLOAD OR SERVICE
  44. 44. both BUT 47
  45. 45. EVERYTHING is a CACHE as long as you are not the owner of the data 48 http://blog.ping13.net/open-data-services.html
  46. 46. It’s about data consumer RESPONSIBILITY and ETHOS 49
  47. 47. attribute REFERENCE TIME STAMP and UPDATE third party published data 50
  48. 48. access to GEO.ADMIN.CH data ? 51
  49. 49. 99% SERVICE 1% DOWNLOAD 52
  50. 50. 1 2 3 OPENDATA. OPENACCESS. MAP LITERACY. 4 5 ! METADATA. CACHE. SHARE.
  51. 51. THANK YOU www.geo.admin.ch map.geo.admin.ch api.geo.admin.ch info@geo.admin.ch Twitter: @swiss_geoportal http://www.slideshare.net/swiss_geoportal/ Image credits: Erik Johansso Alawi et al (2011), Public Availability of Published Research Data in High-Impact Journal

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