Wren the scientist. The greatestBritish architect of all time wasborn in East Knoyle, Wiltshire, in1632, the son of the rector ofKnoyle. Christopher Wrenattended Westminster Schooland Wadham College, Oxford,where he graduated with amasters degree in 1651.
At this stage Wren was a purescientist focusing on astronomy,physics, and anatomy. Heexperimented with submarine design,road paving, and design oftelescopes. At the tender age of 25 hewas offered the Chair of Astronomy atGresham College, London. In 1660Wren was one of the foundingmembers of the Society ofExperimental Philosophy. In 1662,under the patronage of Charles II, thisbody became known as the RoyalSociety. Wren died in 1723.
It was not until 1663that Wren tried hishand at architecture,and his firstcommission wasliterally the result ofnepotism. His uncle,then Bishop of Ely,got him the job ofdesigning PembrokeCollege Chapel atCambridgeUniversity.
Next was the This wasSheldonian the workTheatre in that madeOxford, based on Wrensthe classical reputationdesign of the as anRoman Theatre architectof Marcellus..
The Great Fire of London was a majorconflagration that swept through the Cityof London from September 2 toSeptember 5,1666, and resulted more orless in the destruction of the city. Beforethis fire, two early fires in London , in1133/1135 and 1212, both of whichdestroyed a large part of the city, wereknown by the same name. Later, theLuftwaffe’s fire-raid on the City on 29thDecember 1940 became known as TheSecond Great of London
The fire of 1666 was one of the biggestcalamities in the history of London. Itdestroyed: The Royal Exchange St Paul’s Cathedral The Bridewell Palace The Guildhall 87 Paris churches
On 2nd September, 1666, theGreat Fire of Londondestroyed a large area of thecity including St. PaulsCathedral. Sir ChristopherWren was given the task ofdesigning and rebuilding St.Pauls - a task that was to takehim thirty-five years tocomplete. The most dramaticaspect of St. Pauls was itsgreat dome. It was the secondlargest dome ever built.
The cathedral is built of Portland stone in a late Renaissance to Baroque style.Its impressive dome was inspired by St Peter’sBasilica in Rome, rising 108 metres, making it a famous London landmark.
The Monument to It is located atThe Great Fire of the junction ofLondon, more Monument Streetcommonly known and Fish Streetas The Monument Hill, 61 metresis a 61-metre from where the(202-foot) tall Great Fire ofstone Roman London started indoric column in 1666.the City ofLondon, near tothe northern endof London Bridge.
It consists of a large fluted Doric column builtof Portland stone topped with a gilded urn offire, and was designed by Christopher Wrenand Robert Hooke. The west side of the baseof the Monument displays an emblematicalsculpture; with King Charles II, and hisbrother, James, the Duke of York surroundedby Liberty, Architecture, and Science, givingdirections for its restoration.
Its 61-metre heightmarks themonumentsdistance to the siteof ThomasFarynor, the kingsbakers shop inPudding lane,where the firebegan. At the timeof construction(between 1671 and1677) it was thetallest freestandingstone column inthe world.
Flamsteed House, thehoused not only the scientific instruments to It original part ofthe Observatory, was be used by John Flamsteed in his work on designed by SirChristopher Wren and stellar tables, but over time also added a was the firstpurpose-built scientific researchof additional duties such as the number facilityin Britain. keeping of time and later Her Majestys Nautical Almanac Office
The Wren Building is a highly notable building on the campus of the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg,Virginia. Construction began August 8, 1695 and was completed in 1700. The Wren Building is the oldest continually used academic building in the U.S. According to tradition, the building wasdesigned by famous British architect Christopher Wren. The building is constructed out of red brick and contains classrooms, offices, and a chapel.
On the top of the building is a weather vane with thenumber 1693, the year the college was founded. Posted onthe building is the colleges honor code, attributed toThomas Jefferson, who at one point in time, attendedcollege in the Wren Building himself. The Wren Buildingwas the first major building
The Wren Library is thelibrary of Trinity Collegein Cambridge. It wasdesigned by ChristopherWren in 1676 andcompleted in 1695. It iscredited as being one ofthe first libraries to bebuilt with large windowsto give comfortable lightlevels to aid readers.
The library is a single large room built over anopen colonnade on the ground floor of NevilesCourt. The floor of the library proper within theupper storey lies several feet below theexternal division between the two storeys,reconciling the demands of use with theharmony of architectural proportion. Thisdevice prefigures the inner, middle and outerdomes at St Pauls Cathedral.
Building Year of builtThe Monument to Between 1671The Great Fire of and 1677LondonTrinity College After The Great Fire of LondonWren Building 1700Wren Library 1695St. Paul’s 1708CathedralRoyal Observatory 1675