Objectives• Primary prevention of cancers• Secondary prevention• Tertiary prevention
Evolution of NCCP• 1975-76 : National Cancer Control Programme was launched• 1984-85 : The strategy was revised and stress was laid on primary prevention and early detection of cancer cases. Prepared by Ms.Sabeena Sasidharan
• 1990-91 : District Cancer Control Programme was started in selected districts (near the medical college hospitals).• 2000-01 : Modified District Cancer Control programme initiated
• 2004 : Evaluation of NCCP was done by National Institute of Health & Family Welfare, New Delhi.• 2005 : The programme was further revised after evaluation.
Schemes Under Revised ProgrammeRegional Cancer Centre Scheme Existing regional centres are being further strengthened to act as referral centres
Oncology wing development schemeStarted to fill up geographical gaps in the availability of cancer treatment facilities in the country
District Cancer Control Programmelarge number of cancer cases can be prevented with suitable health education and early detection
Decentralized NGO Scheme Meant for IEC activities and early detection of cancer
IEC activities at central levelWider publicity given about anti tobacco legislation
Research and TrainingTraining programmes, monitoring and research activities will be organized at the central level
National Cancer Registry Programme (NCRP)Commenced by the Indian Council ofMedical Research (ICMR) in December 1981.
Objectives• To generate reliable data on the magnitude and patterns of cancer• Undertake epidemiological studies based on results of registry data• Help in designing, planning, monitoring and evaluation of cancer control activities under the National Cancer Control Programme (NCCP)• Develop training programmes in cancer registration and epidemiology
Cancer Atlas: Under national registry programme, Indian council of medical research has developed an atlas of cancer in India
Tobacco Control Legislation Cigarettes and other Tobacco Products [Prohibition of Advertisement and Regulation ofTrade and Commerce, Production, Supply and Distribution] Act waspassed by Govt of India Apr 2003and noticed in Gazette of India on 25th Feb 2004
Important Provisions of Prohibition• Prohibition of smoking in public places• Prohibition of direct and indirect advertisement of cigarette and other products• Prohibition of sale of cigarette and other tobacco products to a person below the age of 18 years
• Mandatory depiction of statutory warning on tobacco packs• Mandatory depiction of tar and nicotine contents along with maximum permissible limits on tobacco packs
Achievements• Regional Cancer Centre Scheme: 27 regional cancer centres including 6 NGO’s.• Oncology wing development scheme: 246 institutions with radiotherapy facilities.• IEC activities: health magazine ‘kalyani’• District Cancer Control Programme: 28 districts
• National cancer awareness day• Onconet-India: telemedicine services including tele- consultations, tele- referral, tele-pathology etc• Membership of IARC: India has become a member of the International Agency for Research in Cancer
Health Ministers Cancer Patient Fund under "RAN" The "Health Ministers Cancer Patient Fund" (HMCPF) within the Rashtriya Arogya Nidhi (RAN) Scheme has also been set up in 2009.