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  1. 1. Agriculture Name- Mandisha saini Class- 8th - B 23
  2. 2. <ul><li>Agriculture in India has a long history dating back to ten thousand years. </li></ul><ul><li>Today, India ranks second worldwide in farm output. Agriculture and allied sectors like forestry and logging accounted for 16.6% of the GDP in 2007, employed 52% of the total workforce[1] and despite a steady decline of its share in the GDP, is still the largest economic sector and plays a significant role in the overall socio-economic development of India. </li></ul>Agriculture...
  3. 3. <ul><li>India is the largest producer in the world of milk, cashew nuts, coconuts, tea, ginger, turmeric and black pepper. </li></ul><ul><li>It also has the world's largest cattle population (281 million) . </li></ul><ul><li>It is the second largest producer of wheat, rice, sugar, groundnut and inland fish. </li></ul>Indian agriculture..
  4. 4. <ul><li>It is the third largest producer of tobacco. </li></ul><ul><li>India accounts for 10% of the world fruit production with first rank in the production of banana and sapota. </li></ul><ul><li>India's population is growing faster than its ability to produce rice and wheat. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Slow agricultural growth is a concern for policymakers as some two-thirds of India’s people depend on rural employment for a living. </li></ul><ul><li>Poorly maintained irrigation systems and almost universal lack of good extension services are among the factors responsible. </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers' access to markets is hampered by poor roads, rudimentary market infrastructure, and excessive regulation </li></ul>Problems..
  6. 6. <ul><li>The low productivity in India is a result of the following factors . </li></ul><ul><li>lliteracy, general socio-economic backwardness, slow progress in implementing land reforms and inadequate or inefficient finance and marketing services for farm produce. </li></ul>Problems..
  7. 7. <ul><li>Indian agriculture began by 900 BC as a result of early cultivation of plants, and domestication of crops and animals </li></ul><ul><li>Settled life soon followed with implements and techniques being developed for agriculture. </li></ul><ul><li>Double monsoons led to two harvests being reaped in one year </li></ul>History
  8. 8. <ul><li>Indian products soon reached the world via existing trading networks and foreign crops were introduced to India. </li></ul><ul><li>Plants and animals—considered essential to their survival by the Indians—came to be worshiped and venerated </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>There are nine types of agriculture in India. Shifting agriculture, subsistence farming, intensive agriculture, extensive agriculture, commercial agriculture, plantation agriculture, mixed farming, monoculture, and dry farming. </li></ul>Types of agriculture in India..
  10. 10. <ul><li>Main crops of India. </li></ul><ul><li>Tobacco </li></ul><ul><li>Cotton </li></ul><ul><li>Squash </li></ul><ul><li>Corn </li></ul><ul><li>Beans. </li></ul>Main crops..
  11. 11. <ul><li>How are the methods used in traditional agriculture different than the methods used in subsistence agriculture and intensive traditional agriculture????? </li></ul>?????
  12. 12. <ul><li>In traditional agriculture, they used animal and manpower, along with hand tools and simple machines. </li></ul><ul><li>In subsistence agriculture, the farmer only grows enough food to support his own family. </li></ul>ANS. ANS. ANS.
  13. 13. <ul><li>In intensive traditional agriculture, they use more technology such as pesticides and more advanced machines, without using fossil fuels, to produce not just for the family, but excess to be sold in markets. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Without agriculture, there is no culture. Agriculture produces the house you live in, the chair you sit on, the clothes you wear, the food you eat, and the job where you work. The agricultural industry directly employs 20 percent of America's workforce, or approximately 21 million people. </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Why is agriculture important? The concept of 'food security' is fundamentally important, and for that reason, agriculture is important. The task of feeding its people has been perhaps the first priority of its rulers throughout history. As such, agriculture is considered to be the very basis of political and social stability of a nation since times immemorial. </li></ul>Why is agriculture important ????
  16. 16. Mandisaha 8th - B 23