What is Poetry?
• It is the art by which a
poet projects feeling
and experience on an
imaginative plan, in
rhythmical words, to stir
the imaginations and
emotion (Banaag, et. Al.
Poetry is an art form that predates literacy
• Three caterogies: epic, comic, and tragic
• Greek philosophers began to develop rules for poetry
• Seperated from prose
• Added new genre: lyrical
• The development of literacy gave rise to more personal, shorter
poems intended to be sung.
• These are called lyrics, which derives from the Greek lura or
• Easy to be remembered
• Iliad and Odyssey
• Epic poems
• Huge influence on modern writing and story themes
• Oral tradition
Importance of Poetry
• Used as medium of revolution
• Artistic expression of troubles
- American colonists wrote poetry as away to express their
disapproval of british rule
- Slaves had their own song (poems) to express their trials
- Poetry shows the troubles of the the time or is a medium
to express revolutionary or scandalous ideas
• Poets are often inspired by revolutions
• French Revolution, American Revolution, Arab Spring
• Is a short poem which has the characteristics
• It pertain to a single mood or feeling.and is
more personal in nature.
• The name sonnet derives from Italian word sonnet which means little
• Is a relatively short poem consisting of merely fourteen lines. It is
known to follow a strict pattern of rhyme.
• Classified into Petrarchan, Shakespeare, Spenserian and Miltonic
By William Shakespeare
Let me not to the marriage of true minds
Love is not love which alters when it alteration finds,
Or bend with the remover to remove:
O no! it is an ever fixed mark
That looks on tempests and is never shaken;
It is the star to every wandering bark,
Whose worth’s unknown, although his height be taken.
Love’s not time’s fool, though rosy lips cheeks
Within his bending sickle’s compass come:
Love alters notwith his brief hours and weeks,
But bears it out even to the edge of doom
If this be error and upon me proved,
I never writ, nor no man ever loved.
• This is a lyric poem which expresses lament and
mourning of the dead, feeling of grief and
• The theme of this poem is death.
By John Milton
Yet once more, O ye Laurels, and once more
Ye Myrtles brown, with Ivy never- sear,
I com to pluck Berries harsh and crude,
And with forc’d fingers rude,
Shatter your leaves before the mellowing year.
Bitter constraint, and sad occasion dear,
Compels me to disturb your season due:
For Lycidas is dead, dead ere his prime.
• This is a poem of nobling feeling, expressed with dignity and
praises for some persons, objects, events or ideas.
• It is exalted in tone and formal in structure and content.
• Types of poet that narrates a story through the use
of poetic diction either real or imaginary.
• Narrative poem have special appeal.
• This form of poetry describes events in a vivid way,
using some of the elements as short stories, plot
characters and dialogue
• This is a long and narrative poem that normally
tells a story about a hero or an adventure.
• Epics can be oral stories or can be poems in
1. Popular or Ancient Poetry
- Is usually without definite author and slow in the
2. Modern Epic Poetry
- Has definite author
• It also tells a story, like epic poems however,
ballad poetry is often based on a legend or a folk
• Most ballad are written in a four-six stanzas and
has a regular rhytms and rhyme schemes.
• A ballad often features a refrain a regular
repreated line or group of lines.
By Unknown author
Oh the ocean waves may roll,
And the stormy winds may blow,
While we poor sailors go skipping aloft
And the land lubbers lay down below, below, below
And the land lubbers lay down below.
• This is either purely comic or tragic and
pictures the life of today.
• It may aim to bring changes in social
• Has elements related closely to the drama.
• It uses a dramatic technique and may unfold a
• It emphasize the character rather than the
• This is a combination of
drama and poetry.
• It presents some line or
speech of single character in
a particular but complicated
situation and sometimes in
This is a poem which the writer is
concerned less with the elements
He presents his observations and
comments to a particular
• The speaker of the poem or
the character in a play
delievers a passage.
• The thoughts and emotions
are heard by the author and
the audience as well.
This is a formal address
elevated in tone and usually
delivered on some notable
• Haiku -It is the shortest type of poem and often, the most
difficult to understand and originated in Japan. Consists of three
lines that generally do not rhyme. The lines should have 5-7-5
syllables in them.
• Cinquain -This a five line poem which also originated in Japan.
• Free Verse -A loosest type of poem. It consists as many lines as
the writer wants and either rhyme or not and has no fixed
metrical pattern. It is also called as “Poem with no rules”.
• Name Poem -It belongs to a descriptive poetry that use an
adjective to describe person that begins with each letter of the
Fu- ru- i- ke ya (5)
Ka- wa- zu to- bi- ko- mu (7)
Mi- zu no o- to (5)
Old pond . . .
A frog leaps in
• William Shakespeare
Venus and Adonis
Romeo and Juliet
A Fairy Song
• William Wordsworth
The kitten at Play
• William Blake
The Sick Rose
• Matthew Arnold