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history, types and poets

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  1. 1. Group 4
  2. 2. What is Poetry? • It is the art by which a poet projects feeling and experience on an imaginative plan, in rhythmical words, to stir the imaginations and emotion (Banaag, et. Al. 2005)
  3. 3. POETRY THROUGH HISTORY Poetry is an art form that predates literacy
  4. 4. Ancient Poetry • Three caterogies: epic, comic, and tragic • Greek philosophers began to develop rules for poetry • Seperated from prose • Added new genre: lyrical
  5. 5. Lyrical Poetry • The development of literacy gave rise to more personal, shorter poems intended to be sung. • These are called lyrics, which derives from the Greek lura or lyre. • Easy to be remembered • Performed
  6. 6. Homer • Iliad and Odyssey • Epic poems • Huge influence on modern writing and story themes • Oral tradition
  7. 7. Importance of Poetry • Used as medium of revolution • Artistic expression of troubles - American colonists wrote poetry as away to express their disapproval of british rule - Slaves had their own song (poems) to express their trials - Poetry shows the troubles of the the time or is a medium to express revolutionary or scandalous ideas
  8. 8. Revolutionary Poetry • Poets are often inspired by revolutions • French Revolution, American Revolution, Arab Spring
  9. 9. • Lyric Poetry Sonnet Elegy Ode • Narrative Poetry Epic Ballad Social • Dramatic Poetry Dramatic Monologue Soliloquy Character Sketch Oration • Special Types Haiku Cinquin Limerick Name poem
  10. 10. Lyric poem • Is a short poem which has the characteristics of song. • It pertain to a single mood or feeling.and is more personal in nature.
  11. 11. Sonnet • The name sonnet derives from Italian word sonnet which means little song. • Is a relatively short poem consisting of merely fourteen lines. It is known to follow a strict pattern of rhyme. • Classified into Petrarchan, Shakespeare, Spenserian and Miltonic sonnets.
  12. 12. Sonnet 116 By William Shakespeare Let me not to the marriage of true minds Admit impediments. Love is not love which alters when it alteration finds, Or bend with the remover to remove: O no! it is an ever fixed mark That looks on tempests and is never shaken; It is the star to every wandering bark, Whose worth’s unknown, although his height be taken. Love’s not time’s fool, though rosy lips cheeks Within his bending sickle’s compass come: Love alters notwith his brief hours and weeks, But bears it out even to the edge of doom If this be error and upon me proved, I never writ, nor no man ever loved.
  13. 13. Elegy • This is a lyric poem which expresses lament and mourning of the dead, feeling of grief and melancholy. • The theme of this poem is death.
  14. 14. Lycidas By John Milton Yet once more, O ye Laurels, and once more Ye Myrtles brown, with Ivy never- sear, I com to pluck Berries harsh and crude, And with forc’d fingers rude, Shatter your leaves before the mellowing year. Bitter constraint, and sad occasion dear, Compels me to disturb your season due: For Lycidas is dead, dead ere his prime.
  15. 15. Ode • This is a poem of nobling feeling, expressed with dignity and praises for some persons, objects, events or ideas. • It is exalted in tone and formal in structure and content.
  16. 16. Narrative Poetry • Types of poet that narrates a story through the use of poetic diction either real or imaginary. • Narrative poem have special appeal. • This form of poetry describes events in a vivid way, using some of the elements as short stories, plot characters and dialogue
  17. 17. Epic • This is a long and narrative poem that normally tells a story about a hero or an adventure. • Epics can be oral stories or can be poems in written form. 1. Popular or Ancient Poetry - Is usually without definite author and slow in the development. 2. Modern Epic Poetry - Has definite author
  18. 18. Ballad • It also tells a story, like epic poems however, ballad poetry is often based on a legend or a folk tale • Most ballad are written in a four-six stanzas and has a regular rhytms and rhyme schemes. • A ballad often features a refrain a regular repreated line or group of lines.
  19. 19. The Mermaid By Unknown author Oh the ocean waves may roll, And the stormy winds may blow, While we poor sailors go skipping aloft And the land lubbers lay down below, below, below And the land lubbers lay down below.
  20. 20. Social • This is either purely comic or tragic and pictures the life of today. • It may aim to bring changes in social conditions.
  21. 21. Dramatic Poetry • Has elements related closely to the drama. • It uses a dramatic technique and may unfold a story. • It emphasize the character rather than the narrative.
  22. 22. Dramatic monologue • This is a combination of drama and poetry. • It presents some line or speech of single character in a particular but complicated situation and sometimes in dilemma. Character Sketch This is a poem which the writer is concerned less with the elements of story. He presents his observations and comments to a particular individual
  23. 23. Soliloquy • The speaker of the poem or the character in a play delievers a passage. • The thoughts and emotions are heard by the author and the audience as well. Oration This is a formal address elevated in tone and usually delivered on some notable occasion.
  24. 24. Special Types • Haiku -It is the shortest type of poem and often, the most difficult to understand and originated in Japan. Consists of three lines that generally do not rhyme. The lines should have 5-7-5 syllables in them. • Cinquain -This a five line poem which also originated in Japan. • Free Verse -A loosest type of poem. It consists as many lines as the writer wants and either rhyme or not and has no fixed metrical pattern. It is also called as “Poem with no rules”. • Name Poem -It belongs to a descriptive poetry that use an adjective to describe person that begins with each letter of the person’s name.
  25. 25. Old Pond By Basho Fu- ru- i- ke ya (5) Ka- wa- zu to- bi- ko- mu (7) Mi- zu no o- to (5) (Translation) Old pond . . . A frog leaps in Water’s sound Haiku (example)
  26. 26. Name Poetry (example)
  27. 27. Famous Poets
  28. 28. • William Shakespeare Venus and Adonis Romeo and Juliet A Fairy Song Bridal song • William Wordsworth Lucy Gray The kitten at Play • William Blake Jerusalem Night The Sick Rose • Matthew Arnold Forsaken Merman East London