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Ana M Anca Crisitna G


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Ana M Anca Crisitna G

  1. 1. THE TROUBLES IN NORTHERN IRELAND By Ana Medina Anca Magirescu Cristina Gutierrez
  2. 2. What is “The Troubles”? <ul><li>The Troubles was a period of ethno-political conflict in Northern Ireland. The duration of the Troubles is conventionally dated from the late 1960s and considered by many to have ended with the Belfast “G o od Friday” Agreement in 1998. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Troubles periods <ul><li>1.Background </li></ul><ul><li>2. The 'Troubles' begin </li></ul><ul><li>3. Civil Rights </li></ul><ul><li>4. The Provisional IRA </li></ul><ul><li>5. Direct Rule </li></ul><ul><li>6. Power-sharing </li></ul><ul><li>7. Hunger Strikes </li></ul><ul><li>8. The Anglo-Irish Agreement </li></ul>
  4. 4. Statistics on the trouble’s conflict
  5. 5. Who was fighting and why were they fighting? <ul><li>The principal issues at stake in the Troubles were the constitutional status of Northern Ireland and the relationship between the mainly-Protestant unionist and mainly-Catholic nationalist communities in Northern Ireland. The Troubles had both political and military dimensions. Its participants included politicians and political activists on both sides, republican and loyalist paramilitaries, and the security forces of the United Kingdom and of the Republic of Ireland. </li></ul>IPLO UR INLA RHC Real IRA LVF Continuity IRA UVF Official IRA Ireland UDA Provisional IRA United Kingdom Ulter loyalists Irish Republicans Security Forces
  6. 6. Bloody Sunday <ul><li>Bloody Sunday (sometimes called the Bogside Massacre) was an incident on 30 January 1972 in the Bogside area of Derry, Northern Ireland. Twenty-seven civil rights protesters were shot by the British Army Parachute during a Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association march. Thirteen people, seven of whom were teenagers, died immediately, while the death of another person four months later has been attributed to the injuries he received on the day. Two protesters were injured when they were run down by army vehicles. Many witnesses, including bystanders and journalists, testify that all those shot were unarmed. Five of those wounded were shot in the back. The Provisional Irish Republican Army's (IRA) campaign against the partition of Ireland had begun in the two years prior to Bloody Sunday, but perceptions of the day boosted the status of and recruitment into the organisation enormously. Bloody Sunday remains among the most significant events in the TROUBLES of Northern Ireland, chiefly because it was carried out by the army and not paramilitaries, and in full public and press view </li></ul>
  7. 7. Lyrics “Bloody Sunday” ~ U2. <ul><li>I can't believe the news today Oh, I can't close my eyes and make it go away How long, how long must we sing this song? How long? How long? Cause tonight we can be as one, tonight Broken bottles under children's feet Bodies strewn across the dead end streets But I won't heed the battle call It puts my back up, puts my back up against the wall Sunday, Bloody Sunday Sunday, Bloody Sunday Sunday, Bloody Sunday And the battle's just begun There's many lost but tell me who has won The trench is dug within our hearts And mothers, children, brothers, sisters torn apart Sunday, Bloody Sunday Sunday, Bloody Sunday </li></ul><ul><li>How long, how long must we sing this song? How long? How long? Cause tonight we can be as one Tonight, tonight Sunday, Bloody Sunday Sunday, Bloody Sunday Wipe the tears from your eyes Wipe your tears away Oh, wipe your tears away Oh, wipe your tears away Oh, wipe your blood shot eyes Sunday, Bloody Sunday Sunday, Bloody Sunday And it's true we are immune when fact is fiction and TV reality And today the millions cry We eat and drink while tomorrow they die The real battle just begun to claim the victory Jesus won on Sunday Bloody Sunday Sunday Bloody Sunday </li></ul>
  8. 8. Situation of Northern Ireland nowdays (2010) <ul><li>- 6 January . The UDA announces the completion of the decommisioning of its weapons in accrodance with the rules set out by the Independent International Commission on Decommissioning. </li></ul><ul><li>- 6 February . The Irish National Liberation Army decomissions its weapons in front of independant witnesses </li></ul><ul><li>- 9 February . The Independent International Commission on Decommissioning stands down following the termination of the enabling legislation that allowed it to operate. </li></ul><ul><li>23 February . A car bomb explodes in Newry, Northern Ireland causing extensive damage yet no injuries or deaths. The bombing is believed to be the first time a large car bomb had exploded in Northern Ireland since 2000. </li></ul>
  9. 9. … that in Spain <ul><li>ETA </li></ul><ul><li>Dates of operations : July 31 , 1959 – present. </li></ul><ul><li>Leader : Mikel Kabiboitz Carrera. </li></ul><ul><li>Motives : The creation of an independent socialist Basque Country. </li></ul><ul><li>Active regions : Spain (Basque Country) </li></ul><ul><li>Ideology : Basque nationalism and Marxism-Leninism </li></ul><ul><li>The most important actions : Numerous bombings and assassinations </li></ul><ul><li>Status : </li></ul><ul><li>- Designated as Foreign Terrorist Organization by the U.S. State Department </li></ul><ul><li>Designated as Proscribed Group by the UK Home Office </li></ul><ul><li>- Designated as terrorist group by EU Common Foreign and Security Policy </li></ul>
  10. 10. Project by… <ul><li>Ana Medina (2ºB) </li></ul><ul><li>Cristina Gutiérrez (2ºB) </li></ul><ul><li>Anca Magirescu (2ºA) </li></ul>