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DISEASES
DURING
MONSOONS
AND THEIR
PREVENTION
Common Diseases During Rainy Season
• Mosquito Borne
–Dengue
–Malaria
• Water borne
–Diarrhoeal Diseases
–Liver Infections
Diseases during rainy season
• Viral infections
–Viral fevers
–Eye infections
• Skin Diseases
–Fungal infections
Mosquito Borne Diseases
• Dengue
Aedes Mosquito
(Tiger mosquito)
Day biter
• Malaria
Anopheles mosquito
Evening and early
...
Dengue Fever
• Fever within 4-7 days of mosquito bite
• Sudden High grade fever
• Loss of appetite
• Rash on 3rd or 4th da...
Dengue
Dengue fever
Treatment of Dengue Fever
• Adequate rest
• Medicines to reduce fever- Paracetamol (Crocin)
only
• NO PAIN KILLER OR DISPR...
Malaria
• Fever with chills
• Generally occurring every 24 or 48 or 72 hrs
depending on type of infection
• May present wi...
Treatment of Malaria
• Chloroquine tablets
• Injectable medicines – given in hospital setting
Preventing Dengue and Malaria
• Full sleeves clothes
• Mosquito repellant
• Avoid stagnation of water in
pots, buckets, di...
Water Borne Diseases
• Diarrhoeal Illnesses
• Loose motions
• Vomiting
• Stomach pain
• Fever
• Dehydration
• Kidney failu...
Hepatitis
• Icterus (Jaundice)
• Yellow colour of white
of eye
• Yellow colour of urine
Prevention of water borne infections
• Avoid eating in unhygienic places
• Proper washing of hands after visiting the toil...
Viral Coryza
• Fever
• Cough
• Running Nose
• Headache
• Spreads via air and secretions
• Generally becomes okay afetr
5-7...
Prevention of coryza
• Avoid contact with infected person
• Drink plenty of water
Eye Infections (Conjunctivitis)
• Spreads via secretion (water) from eye
• Irritation, redness of eye
• Self limiting
• Tr...
Fungal infections
Athlete Foot
Tinea infections
Fungal infections
• In moist regions- webs of
feet, armpits, groin,nape of neck, skin folds
• Prevention is by keeping are...
Take Home Message
• Prevent stagnation of water
• Use mosquito repellants
• Sun Down, Sleeve Down
• Clean surroundings, ut...
Diseases During Monsoons
Diseases During Monsoons
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Diseases During Monsoons

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The presentation has been designed for non-medical people. Overview of few common diseases with preventive strategies. Diseases covered- Malaria, Dengue,Diarrhoeal diseases, Hepatitis,Viral Coryza,Conjunctivitis and Fungal Infections of Skin.

Published in: Health & Medicine
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Diseases During Monsoons

  1. 1. DISEASES DURING MONSOONS AND THEIR PREVENTION
  2. 2. Common Diseases During Rainy Season • Mosquito Borne –Dengue –Malaria • Water borne –Diarrhoeal Diseases –Liver Infections
  3. 3. Diseases during rainy season • Viral infections –Viral fevers –Eye infections • Skin Diseases –Fungal infections
  4. 4. Mosquito Borne Diseases • Dengue Aedes Mosquito (Tiger mosquito) Day biter • Malaria Anopheles mosquito Evening and early morning biter
  5. 5. Dengue Fever • Fever within 4-7 days of mosquito bite • Sudden High grade fever • Loss of appetite • Rash on 3rd or 4th day • Pain behind eyes • Severe pain in joints and muscle (Break Bone fever) • Bleeding from gums, nose ****
  6. 6. Dengue
  7. 7. Dengue fever
  8. 8. Treatment of Dengue Fever • Adequate rest • Medicines to reduce fever- Paracetamol (Crocin) only • NO PAIN KILLER OR DISPRIN • Drink lot of water • Blood and platelet may be required in complicated cases
  9. 9. Malaria • Fever with chills • Generally occurring every 24 or 48 or 72 hrs depending on type of infection • May present with diarrhoea, jaundice • If it affects brain (Falciparum malaria) – Seizures (fits) – Unconciousness – Altered sensorium
  10. 10. Treatment of Malaria • Chloroquine tablets • Injectable medicines – given in hospital setting
  11. 11. Preventing Dengue and Malaria • Full sleeves clothes • Mosquito repellant • Avoid stagnation of water in pots, buckets, ditches • Anti mosquito and anti larval measures- sprays, fish breeding (Gambusia) • Spray walls with insecticide
  12. 12. Water Borne Diseases • Diarrhoeal Illnesses • Loose motions • Vomiting • Stomach pain • Fever • Dehydration • Kidney failure if very severe disease • Liver Infections • Jaundice • Loss of appetite • Pain in stomach • Fever • Indigestion
  13. 13. Hepatitis • Icterus (Jaundice) • Yellow colour of white of eye • Yellow colour of urine
  14. 14. Prevention of water borne infections • Avoid eating in unhygienic places • Proper washing of hands after visiting the toilet • Wash hands properly before eating • Use Clean utensils, cups, plates • DO NOT TAKE GLUCOSE DURING DIARRHOEA • USE ONLY ORS
  15. 15. Viral Coryza • Fever • Cough • Running Nose • Headache • Spreads via air and secretions • Generally becomes okay afetr 5-7 days • No antibiotics required
  16. 16. Prevention of coryza • Avoid contact with infected person • Drink plenty of water
  17. 17. Eye Infections (Conjunctivitis) • Spreads via secretion (water) from eye • Irritation, redness of eye • Self limiting • Treated with antibiotics • Avoid exposure to sunlight (Dark glasses)
  18. 18. Fungal infections Athlete Foot Tinea infections
  19. 19. Fungal infections • In moist regions- webs of feet, armpits, groin,nape of neck, skin folds • Prevention is by keeping area dry • Dusting with powder- menthol based, clotrimazole powder • Frequent changing of socks, undergarments • Use Cotton Fabrics
  20. 20. Take Home Message • Prevent stagnation of water • Use mosquito repellants • Sun Down, Sleeve Down • Clean surroundings, utensils, clean hands • Plenty of oral fluids • Beware of warning signs of diseases • No self medication

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