U.S. History  Top 100 What every student should know to pass the U.S. History EOC. Goal 4
Goal 4: The Great West and the Rise of the Debtor (1860-1896) <ul><li>The learner will evaluate the great westward movemen...
Motivation for Westward Movement <ul><li>Government Incentives </li></ul><ul><li>Pacific Railway Acts </li></ul><ul><li>Mo...
Challenges of Westward Movement <ul><li>Lack of resources; wood and water </li></ul><ul><li>Severe weather, bugs, floods, ...
Improvements in Agriculture <ul><li>Mechanized reaper – reduced labor force </li></ul><ul><li>Steel plow – cut through den...
Transcontinental Railroad, 1869 <ul><li>Union Pacific began in Omaha in 1865 and went west. Central Pacific went east from...
Dawes Act, 1887 <ul><li>It tried to dissolve Indian tribes by redistributing the land. Designed to forestall growing India...
Helen Hunt Jackson <ul><li>A muckraker whose book exposed the unjust manner in which the U.S. government had treated the I...
Cross of Gold Speech, 1896 <ul><li>Given by William Jennings Bryan, he said people must not be &quot;crucified on a cross ...
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U.s.goal4 eoc reviewpowerpoint

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U.s.goal4 eoc reviewpowerpoint

  1. 1. U.S. History Top 100 What every student should know to pass the U.S. History EOC. Goal 4
  2. 2. Goal 4: The Great West and the Rise of the Debtor (1860-1896) <ul><li>The learner will evaluate the great westward movement and assess the impact of the agricultural revolution on the nation. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Motivation for Westward Movement <ul><li>Government Incentives </li></ul><ul><li>Pacific Railway Acts </li></ul><ul><li>Morrill Land-Grant Act </li></ul><ul><li>Homestead Act </li></ul><ul><li>Private Property </li></ul><ul><li>Miners </li></ul><ul><li>Cattle ranchers </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers </li></ul>
  4. 4. Challenges of Westward Movement <ul><li>Lack of resources; wood and water </li></ul><ul><li>Severe weather, bugs, floods, prairie fires, dust storms, drought </li></ul><ul><li>Conflicts with Native Americans </li></ul>
  5. 5. Improvements in Agriculture <ul><li>Mechanized reaper – reduced labor force </li></ul><ul><li>Steel plow – cut through dense sod </li></ul><ul><li>Barbed wire – kept cattle off crops </li></ul><ul><li>Windmills – powers irrigation systems </li></ul><ul><li>Hybridization – allowed greater yields </li></ul>
  6. 6. Transcontinental Railroad, 1869 <ul><li>Union Pacific began in Omaha in 1865 and went west. Central Pacific went east from Sacramento and met the Union Pacific Railroad at Promontory Point, Utah. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Dawes Act, 1887 <ul><li>It tried to dissolve Indian tribes by redistributing the land. Designed to forestall growing Indian poverty, it resulted in many Indians losing their lands to speculators. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Helen Hunt Jackson <ul><li>A muckraker whose book exposed the unjust manner in which the U.S. government had treated the Indians. Protested the Dawes Severalty Act. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Cross of Gold Speech, 1896 <ul><li>Given by William Jennings Bryan, he said people must not be &quot;crucified on a cross of gold&quot;, referring to the Republican proposal to eliminate silver coinage and adopt a strict gold standard. </li></ul>

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