The Populist Movement 1880s – 1890s
The Presidents in the 1890s Grover Cleveland (1837 – 1908) 24 th  1893 - 1897 William McKinley (1843 – 1901) 25 th  1897 -...
The Nature of the 1890s The “Gay 90s” <ul><li>The 90s were neither lighthearted nor frivolous </li></ul><ul><li>Tensions o...
<ul><li>There was a money crisis as gold in the treasury dwindled causing fear for the future </li></ul><ul><li>There was ...
James B. Weaver (1833 – 1912)   Populist Party candidate, election of 1892
The Populist Platform <ul><li>Free silver </li></ul><ul><li>Graduated income tax </li></ul><ul><li>Public ownership of rai...
Mary Elizabeth Lease (1850 – 1933) “Queen Mary” or “Mary Yellin” Populist political activist
In Reality <ul><li>Populists were not folk heroes </li></ul><ul><li>The were coming up with new ideas to return America to...
L. Frank Baum (1856 – 1919) author of The Wizard of OZ
The Wizard of Oz as  Political Allegory
The characters and who they represent
Dorothy represents the American people
The Scarecrow represents the western farmers (Populists)
The Tin Woodsman represents the eastern workers, victims of mechanization
The Cowardly Lion represents William Jennings Bryan (1860 – 1925): Bryan, a Democrat, ran for the presidency in 1896 and l...
Bryan  and the Cross of Gold <ul><li>“ If they dare to come out in the open field and defend the gold standard as a good t...
The Wicked Witch of the East Represents the eastern banking interests
=
The Wizard of Oz William McKinley (1843 – 1901) 25 th  President of the United States (1897 – 1901) Marcus A. Hanna (1837 ...
Oz The abbreviation for an ounce of gold or silver
The Yellow Brick Road and  Silver (not ruby!)Slippers
The bimetallism ratio 16:1 <ul><li>16 oz. of silver is equal to 1 oz of gold </li></ul><ul><li>This has fluctuated over th...
Balance achieved? Only with a proper coalition of industrial and agrarian interests, but it never happened
The Panic of 1893
The Cause <ul><li>2-20:  The Philadelphia and Reading Railway Company went bankrupt. </li></ul><ul><li>5-5:  The National ...
Poster for a melodrama, presented at the Chestnut St. Opera House, Philadelphia, 1895
Coxey’s Army Jacob S. Coxey (1854 – 1951), Ohio businessman led a march on Washington in 1894 to urge the government to pr...
The Panic Ends <ul><li>Congress passed a high protective tariff and the Gold Standard Act in 1897 </li></ul><ul><li>Recove...
<ul><li>Europe recovered from the depression before the U.S.  </li></ul><ul><li>European industries could not keep up with...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

The populist movement

8,314 views

Published on

Published in: News & Politics
0 Comments
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
8,314
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
6,140
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
65
Comments
0
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Poster for a melodrama, presented at the Chestnut St. Theatre, Philadelphia, 1895
  • The
  • The populist movement

    1. 1. The Populist Movement 1880s – 1890s
    2. 2. The Presidents in the 1890s Grover Cleveland (1837 – 1908) 24 th 1893 - 1897 William McKinley (1843 – 1901) 25 th 1897 - 1901 Benjamin Harrison (1833 – 1901) 23 rd 1889 - 1893
    3. 3. The Nature of the 1890s The “Gay 90s” <ul><li>The 90s were neither lighthearted nor frivolous </li></ul><ul><li>Tensions of the 90s were predicated on economic outcomes, even on the debate for war, i.e. how would war affect the economy? </li></ul><ul><li>The decade experienced the worst and longest economic depression to that time </li></ul><ul><li>Almost all groups were affected by economic problems </li></ul><ul><li>There were labor problems: Homestead Strike, 1892 and Pullman Strike, 1894 </li></ul>
    4. 4. <ul><li>There was a money crisis as gold in the treasury dwindled causing fear for the future </li></ul><ul><li>There was political protest: The Populist Party was led by angry farmers; the party threatened to upset the two-party system </li></ul><ul><li>There was a war which divided the nation on the debate for empire </li></ul><ul><li>Tensions of the 90s were predicated on economic outcomes. Even on the debate for empire, i.e. how would empire effect the economy? </li></ul>
    5. 5. James B. Weaver (1833 – 1912) Populist Party candidate, election of 1892
    6. 6. The Populist Platform <ul><li>Free silver </li></ul><ul><li>Graduated income tax </li></ul><ul><li>Public ownership of railroads, telegraphs and telephones </li></ul><ul><li>Restricted immigration </li></ul><ul><li>8 hour workday </li></ul><ul><li>Women suffrage </li></ul><ul><li>Secret ballot </li></ul><ul><li>Direct election of senators </li></ul>
    7. 7. Mary Elizabeth Lease (1850 – 1933) “Queen Mary” or “Mary Yellin” Populist political activist
    8. 8. In Reality <ul><li>Populists were not folk heroes </li></ul><ul><li>The were coming up with new ideas to return America to its agrarian past (negative reform) </li></ul><ul><li>Populism represented a class movement that was based on racism, anti-Semitism and sectionalism, but not nationalism </li></ul><ul><li>They turned to the city only for labor support </li></ul>
    9. 9. L. Frank Baum (1856 – 1919) author of The Wizard of OZ
    10. 10. The Wizard of Oz as Political Allegory
    11. 11. The characters and who they represent
    12. 12. Dorothy represents the American people
    13. 13. The Scarecrow represents the western farmers (Populists)
    14. 14. The Tin Woodsman represents the eastern workers, victims of mechanization
    15. 15. The Cowardly Lion represents William Jennings Bryan (1860 – 1925): Bryan, a Democrat, ran for the presidency in 1896 and lost to William McKinley; thus Bryan had a load roar, but no power.
    16. 16. Bryan and the Cross of Gold <ul><li>“ If they dare to come out in the open field and defend the gold standard as a good thing, we shall fight them to the uttermost, having behind us the producing masses of the nation and the world. Having behind us the commercial interests and the laboring interests and all the toiling masses, we shall answer their demands for a gold standard by saying to them, you shall not press down upon the brow of labor this crown of thorns. You shall not crucify mankind upon a cross of gold.” </li></ul>Bryan favored bimetallism Bryan's Cross of Gold Speech, Recording
    17. 17. The Wicked Witch of the East Represents the eastern banking interests
    18. 18. =
    19. 19. The Wizard of Oz William McKinley (1843 – 1901) 25 th President of the United States (1897 – 1901) Marcus A. Hanna (1837 – 1904) or
    20. 20. Oz The abbreviation for an ounce of gold or silver
    21. 21. The Yellow Brick Road and Silver (not ruby!)Slippers
    22. 22. The bimetallism ratio 16:1 <ul><li>16 oz. of silver is equal to 1 oz of gold </li></ul><ul><li>This has fluctuated over the years, but the standard remains between 14:1 and16:1 </li></ul>
    23. 23. Balance achieved? Only with a proper coalition of industrial and agrarian interests, but it never happened
    24. 24. The Panic of 1893
    25. 25. The Cause <ul><li>2-20: The Philadelphia and Reading Railway Company went bankrupt. </li></ul><ul><li>5-5: The National Cordage Company went bankrupt. </li></ul><ul><li>The bankruptcies of these two companies due to rash stock market speculation caused the collapse of the entire stock market. </li></ul>
    26. 26. Poster for a melodrama, presented at the Chestnut St. Opera House, Philadelphia, 1895
    27. 27. Coxey’s Army Jacob S. Coxey (1854 – 1951), Ohio businessman led a march on Washington in 1894 to urge the government to provide assistance. The government was unresponsive, Coxey was arrested and the marchers disbanded.
    28. 28. The Panic Ends <ul><li>Congress passed a high protective tariff and the Gold Standard Act in 1897 </li></ul><ul><li>Recovery began before passage of either act </li></ul><ul><li>External factors: </li></ul><ul><li>Increase in European demand on wheat: European wheat crop was reduced by 1/3 for 1897. . . U.S. exported more wheat; farmers were assuaged </li></ul><ul><li>European money flowing into U.S. stopped the drain on gold, and new discoveries of gold in ’96 helped ease the gold problem </li></ul>
    29. 29. <ul><li>Europe recovered from the depression before the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>European industries could not keep up with product demand </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. began to export goods – this meant more work for U.S. industries and workers </li></ul><ul><li>By 1900 prosperity was back </li></ul>

    ×