Essential QuestionEssential Question
 What were the importantWhat were the important
events of the Reagan andevents of th...
1980s1980s
Ronald ReaganRonald Reagan
 Former actorFormer actor
 Two term governorTwo term governor
of Californiaof California
 El...
Reagan PoliticsReagan Politics
 ““In this present crisis,In this present crisis,
government is not thegovernment is not t...
U.S. EconomyU.S. Economy
 Economy sufferingEconomy suffering
from highfrom high
unemployment,unemployment,
high inflation...
Supply-Side EconomicsSupply-Side Economics
 The economy isThe economy is
weak becauseweak because
taxes are too hightaxes...
ReaganomicsReaganomics
 ““Trickle-downTrickle-down
economics”economics”
 Keep interest ratesKeep interest rates
highhigh...
ReaganomicsReaganomics
 Accepted a budgetAccepted a budget
deficit in order todeficit in order to
cut taxes and buildcut ...
Growth of the MilitaryGrowth of the Military
 American buildupAmerican buildup
might pressuremight pressure
Soviets to fo...
Reagan DoctrineReagan Doctrine
 U.S. shouldU.S. should
support guerillasupport guerilla
groups fighting togroups fighting...
AfghanistanAfghanistan
NicaraguaNicaragua
GrenadaGrenada
Iran-Contra AffairIran-Contra Affair
 Government officialsGovernment officials
sold weapons to Iran insold weapons to Ira...
Star WarsStar Wars
 Strategic DefenseStrategic Defense
Initiative (SDI)Initiative (SDI)
 Development ofDevelopment of
we...
Mikhail GorbachevMikhail Gorbachev
 New Soviet leaderNew Soviet leader
(1985)(1985)
 Summit meetings withSummit meetings...
Election of 1988Election of 1988
 Republican –Republican –
George BushGeorge Bush
Sr.Sr.
 Democrat –Democrat –
MichaelMi...
Cold War EndsCold War Ends
 Late 1980s – SovietLate 1980s – Soviet
economy in collapseeconomy in collapse
 Gorbachev all...
Cold War EndsCold War Ends
 Nov. 9, 1989 –Nov. 9, 1989 –
guards at the Berlinguards at the Berlin
Wall opened theWall ope...
Persian GulfPersian Gulf
WarWar
 August 1990 –August 1990 –
Saddam HusseinSaddam Hussein
invaded Kuwaitinvaded Kuwait
 J...
Persian Gulf WarPersian Gulf War
 Six weeks ofSix weeks of
missilemissile
bombardmentbombardment
 Massive groundMassive ...
1992 Election1992 Election
 Democrat –Democrat –
Bill ClintonBill Clinton
 Republican –Republican –
George BushGeorge Bu...
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Reaganbush

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Reaganbush

  1. 1. Essential QuestionEssential Question  What were the importantWhat were the important events of the Reagan andevents of the Reagan and Bush (the Elder)Bush (the Elder) presidencies?presidencies?
  2. 2. 1980s1980s
  3. 3. Ronald ReaganRonald Reagan  Former actorFormer actor  Two term governorTwo term governor of Californiaof California  Elected in 1980Elected in 1980
  4. 4. Reagan PoliticsReagan Politics  ““In this present crisis,In this present crisis, government is not thegovernment is not the solution to oursolution to our problem.problem. Government is ourGovernment is our problem.”problem.”  Americans need toAmericans need to believe in themselvesbelieve in themselves
  5. 5. U.S. EconomyU.S. Economy  Economy sufferingEconomy suffering from highfrom high unemployment,unemployment, high inflationhigh inflation
  6. 6. Supply-Side EconomicsSupply-Side Economics  The economy isThe economy is weak becauseweak because taxes are too hightaxes are too high  Remove taxes,Remove taxes, businesses wouldbusinesses would invest in expansioninvest in expansion
  7. 7. ReaganomicsReaganomics  ““Trickle-downTrickle-down economics”economics”  Keep interest ratesKeep interest rates highhigh  Massive tax cutsMassive tax cuts
  8. 8. ReaganomicsReaganomics  Accepted a budgetAccepted a budget deficit in order todeficit in order to cut taxes and buildcut taxes and build a strong militarya strong military  Economy goingEconomy going strong by 1984strong by 1984
  9. 9. Growth of the MilitaryGrowth of the Military  American buildupAmerican buildup might pressuremight pressure Soviets to followSoviets to follow and collapseand collapse communismcommunism
  10. 10. Reagan DoctrineReagan Doctrine  U.S. shouldU.S. should support guerillasupport guerilla groups fighting togroups fighting to overthrowoverthrow communistcommunist governmentsgovernments
  11. 11. AfghanistanAfghanistan
  12. 12. NicaraguaNicaragua
  13. 13. GrenadaGrenada
  14. 14. Iran-Contra AffairIran-Contra Affair  Government officialsGovernment officials sold weapons to Iran insold weapons to Iran in exchange for theexchange for the release of Americanrelease of American hostageshostages  Profits from the salesProfits from the sales sent to the contrassent to the contras (counterrevolutionaries(counterrevolutionaries in South America)in South America)
  15. 15. Star WarsStar Wars  Strategic DefenseStrategic Defense Initiative (SDI)Initiative (SDI)  Development ofDevelopment of weapons that couldweapons that could intercept andintercept and destroy incomingdestroy incoming missilesmissiles
  16. 16. Mikhail GorbachevMikhail Gorbachev  New Soviet leaderNew Soviet leader (1985)(1985)  Summit meetings withSummit meetings with ReaganReagan  Believed the USSRBelieved the USSR must reform itsmust reform its economy or collapseeconomy or collapse
  17. 17. Election of 1988Election of 1988  Republican –Republican – George BushGeorge Bush Sr.Sr.  Democrat –Democrat – MichaelMichael DukakisDukakis  Victory for BushVictory for Bush
  18. 18. Cold War EndsCold War Ends  Late 1980s – SovietLate 1980s – Soviet economy in collapseeconomy in collapse  Gorbachev allowedGorbachev allowed greater freedomsgreater freedoms  DemocraticDemocratic governments ingovernments in Eastern EuropeEastern Europe
  19. 19. Cold War EndsCold War Ends  Nov. 9, 1989 –Nov. 9, 1989 – guards at the Berlinguards at the Berlin Wall opened theWall opened the gatesgates  1990 - East and1990 - East and West GermanyWest Germany reunitedreunited
  20. 20. Persian GulfPersian Gulf WarWar  August 1990 –August 1990 – Saddam HusseinSaddam Hussein invaded Kuwaitinvaded Kuwait  Jan. 16, 1991 –Jan. 16, 1991 – launch of Operationlaunch of Operation Desert StormDesert Storm
  21. 21. Persian Gulf WarPersian Gulf War  Six weeks ofSix weeks of missilemissile bombardmentbombardment  Massive groundMassive ground attack – 100 hoursattack – 100 hours until Kuwaituntil Kuwait declared liberateddeclared liberated
  22. 22. 1992 Election1992 Election  Democrat –Democrat – Bill ClintonBill Clinton  Republican –Republican – George BushGeorge Bush  IndependentIndependent – Ross Perot– Ross Perot

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