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Colonizationofthe americas


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Colonizationofthe americas

  1. 1. By: Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY The European Conquest of the Americas
  2. 2. Christófo Colón [1451-1506]
  3. 3. Columbus’ Four Voyages
  4. 4. Ferdinand Magellan & the First Circumnavigation of the World: Early 16c
  5. 5. European Explorations Looking for “El Dorado”
  6. 6. Fernando Cortés The First Spanish Conquests: The Aztecs Montezuma II vs.
  7. 7. The Death of Montezuma II
  8. 8. Mexico Surrenders to Cortés
  9. 9. Francisco Pizarro The First Spanish Conquests: The Incas Atahualpa vs.
  10. 10. Why would the 'Columbian Exchange' be considered the tsunami of unintentional "bio-terrorism"?? Docs. 1- 4
  11. 11. The “Columbian Exchange” <ul><li>Syphilis </li></ul><ul><li>MAIZE </li></ul><ul><li>Vanilla </li></ul><ul><li>TOMATO </li></ul><ul><li>Peanut </li></ul><ul><li>POTATO </li></ul><ul><li>Cassava </li></ul><ul><li>Pineapple </li></ul><ul><li>Cocoa </li></ul><ul><li>Quinine </li></ul><ul><li>Tobacco </li></ul><ul><li>Pumpkin </li></ul><ul><li>Turkey </li></ul><ul><li>Sweet Potatoes </li></ul><ul><li>Peppers </li></ul><ul><li>Avocado </li></ul><ul><li>Squash </li></ul><ul><li>Whooping Cough </li></ul><ul><li>Diptheria </li></ul><ul><li>Malaria </li></ul><ul><li>Measles </li></ul><ul><li>Typhus </li></ul><ul><li>Flu </li></ul><ul><li>Smallpox </li></ul><ul><li>Pigs </li></ul><ul><li>Sheep </li></ul><ul><li>Cattle </li></ul><ul><li>HORSE </li></ul><ul><li>Wheat </li></ul><ul><li>Pear </li></ul><ul><li>Citrus Fruits </li></ul><ul><li>Oats </li></ul><ul><li>SUGAR CANE </li></ul><ul><li>Peach </li></ul><ul><li>Grape </li></ul><ul><li>Barley </li></ul><ul><li>Honeybee </li></ul><ul><li>Turnip </li></ul><ul><li>Onion </li></ul><ul><li>Rice </li></ul><ul><li>Banana </li></ul><ul><li>COFFEE BEAN </li></ul><ul><li>Olive </li></ul><ul><li>GUNS </li></ul><ul><li>Liquor </li></ul><ul><li>Trinkets </li></ul>
  12. 12. Cycle of Conquest & Colonization Explorers Conquistadores Missionaries Permanent Settlers Official European Colony!
  13. 13. Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade
  14. 14. Slave Ship
  15. 15. “ Coffin” Position Below Deck
  16. 16. African Captives Thrown Overboard
  17. 17. Slaves Working in a Brazilian Sugar Mill
  18. 18. Sacrifice of the First-Born by Theodore de Bry
  19. 19. Mercantilism <ul><li>The economy and trade are essential to the health and safety of the nation. </li></ul><ul><li>Get as much gold and silver as you can. </li></ul><ul><li>Establish a favorable balance of trade . </li></ul><ul><li>Get colonies. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Treasures from the Americas!
  21. 21. The Colonial Class System Peninsulares Creoles Mestizos Mulattos Native Indians Black Slaves
  22. 22. The Influence of the Colonial Catholic Church Guadalajara Cathedral Our Lady of Guadalupe Spanish Mission
  23. 23. The Treaty of Tordesillas, 1494 & The Pope’s Line of Demarcation
  24. 24. Father Bartolomé de Las Casas <ul><li>New Laws --> 1542 </li></ul>
  25. 25. European Empires in the Americas