1850s road tosecession

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1850s road tosecession

  1. 1. The 1850s: Road to Secession By: Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY
  2. 2. Problems of Sectional Balance in 1850 <ul><li>California statehood. </li></ul><ul><li>Southern “fire-eaters” threatening secession. </li></ul><ul><li>Underground RR & fugitive slave issues: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal liberty laws </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prigg v. Pennsylvania (1842) </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Compromise of 1850
  4. 4. Harriet Beecher Stowe (1811 – 1896) So this is the lady who started the Civil War. -- Abraham Lincoln
  5. 5. Uncle Tom’s Cabin 1852 <ul><li>Sold 300,000 copies in the first year. </li></ul><ul><li>2 million in a decade! </li></ul>
  6. 6. Uncle Tom’s Cabin, 1852
  7. 7. The “Know-Nothings” [The American Party] <ul><li>Nativists. </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-Catholics. </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-immigrants. </li></ul>1849  Secret Order of the Star-Spangled Banner created in NYC.
  8. 8. 1852 Presidential Election √ Franklin Pierce Gen. Winfield Scott John Parker Hale Democrat Whig Free Soil
  9. 9. 1852 Election Results
  10. 10. Kansas-Nebraska Act, 1854
  11. 11. “ Bleeding Kansas” Border “Ruffians” (pro-slavery Missourians)
  12. 12. “ The Crime Against Kansas” Sen. Charles Sumner (R-MA) Congr. Preston Brooks (D-SC)
  13. 13. John Brown: Madman, Hero or Martyr? Mural in the Kansas Capitol building by John Steuart Curry (20 c )
  14. 14. Birth of the Republican Party, 1854 <ul><li>Northern Whigs. </li></ul><ul><li>Northern Democrats. </li></ul><ul><li>Free-Soilers. </li></ul><ul><li>Know-Nothings. </li></ul><ul><li>Other miscellaneous opponents of the Kansas-Nebraska Act. </li></ul>
  15. 15. 1856 Presidential Election √ James Buchanan John C. Frémont Millard Fillmore Democrat Republican Whig
  16. 16. 1856 Election Results
  17. 17. Dred Scott v. Sanford , 1857
  18. 18. What caused the Panic of 1857?? What were its affects on the nation?
  19. 19. The Lincoln-Douglas (Illinois Senate) Debates, 1858 A House divided against itself, cannot stand.
  20. 20. Stephen Douglas & the Freeport Doctrine Popular Sovereignty?
  21. 21. John Brown’s Raid on Harper’s Ferry, 1859
  22. 22. 1860 Presidential Election √ Abraham Lincoln Republican John Bell Constitutional Union Stephen A. Douglas Northern Democrat John C. Breckinridge Southern Democrat
  23. 23. Republican Party Platform in 1860 <ul><li>Non-extension of slavery [for the Free-Soilers. </li></ul><ul><li>Protective tariff [for the No. Industrialists]. </li></ul><ul><li>No abridgment of rights for immigrants [a disappointment for the “Know-Nothings”]. </li></ul><ul><li>Government aid to build a Pacific RR [for the Northwest]. </li></ul><ul><li>Internal improvements [for the West] at federal expense. </li></ul><ul><li>Free homesteads for the public domain [for farmers]. </li></ul>
  24. 24. 1860 Election: 3 “Outs” & 1 ”Run!”
  25. 25. 1860 Election: A Nation Coming Apart?!
  26. 26. 1860 Election Results
  27. 27. Crittenden Compromise: A Last Ditch Appeal to Sanity Senator John J. Crittenden (Know-Nothing-KY)
  28. 28. Secession!: SC  Dec. 20, 1860
  29. 29. Fort Sumter: April 12, 1861

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