Truth about-crystalmeth-booklet-en

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Crystal Meth Rehab

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Truth about-crystalmeth-booklet-en

  1. 1. The truth aboutCrystal Meth and Methamphetamine Ice Tina Chrissy Speed Tweak Meth ss Gla drugfreeworld.org
  2. 2. WHY THIS BOOKLETWAS PRODUCEDT here is a lot of talk about drugs in the world—on the streets, at school, on the Internet and TV. Some of it is true, some not.Much of what you hear about drugs actually comes from those selling them.Reformed drug dealers have confessed they would have said anything toget others to buy drugs.Don’t be fooled. You need facts to avoid becoming hooked on drugs andto help your friends stay off them. That is why we have prepared thisbooklet—for you.Your feedback is important to us, so we look forward to hearing fromyou. You can visit us on the web at drugfreeworld.org and e-mail usat info@drugfreeworld.org.
  3. 3. What is Crystal Meth?C rystal meth is short for crystal methamphetamine. It is just one form The first experience might involve some pleasure, but from the start,of the drug methamphetamine. methamphetamine begins to destroy the user’s life.Methamphetamine is a white crystallinedrug that people take by snorting it (inhalingthrough the nose), smoking it or injecting itwith a needle. Some even take it orally, butall develop a strong desire to continue usingit because the drug creates a false sense ofhappiness and well-being—a rush (strongfeeling) of confidence, hyperactiveness andenergy. One also experiences decreasedappetite. These drug effects generally lastfrom six to eight hours, but can last upto 24 hours. 3
  4. 4. What is Methamphetamine?M ethamphetamine is an illegal drug in the same class as cocaine and (See page 7 for a list of street names.) Crystal meth is used by individuals of allother powerful street drugs. It has many ages, but is most commonly used as a “clubnicknames—meth, crank, chalk or speed drug,” taken while partying in night clubsbeing the most common. or at rave parties. Its most common street names are ice or glass. It is a dangerous and potent chemical, and as with all drugs, a poison that first acts as a stimulant but then begins to systematically destroy the body. Thus it is
  5. 5. associated with serious health conditions,including memory loss, aggression,psychotic behavior and potential heart andbrain damage.Highly addictive, meth burns up thebody’s resources, creating a devastatingdependence that can only be relieved bytaking more of the drug. Meth user in 2002 . . . and 2 1/2 years laterCrystal meth’s effect is highly concentrated,and many users report getting hooked(addicted) from the first time they use it.“I tried it once and BOOM! I was addicted,” I started using crystal meth when I was a senior in high school. Before my firstsaid one meth addict who lost his family, semester of college was up, meth becamefriends, his profession as a musician and such a big problem that I had to dropended up homeless. out. I looked like I had chicken pox, from hours of staring at myself in the mirrorConsequently, it is one of the hardest drug and picking at myself. I spent all my timeaddictions to treat and many die in its grip. either doing meth, or trying to get it.” — Anne Marie 5
  6. 6. What does Methamphetamine Look Like? M ethamphetamine usually comes in the form of a crystalline white powder that is odorless, bitter-tasting and dissolves easily in water or alcohol. Other colors of powder have been observed, including brown, yellow-gray, orange and even pink. It can also be compressed into pill form. As covered earlier, it can be snorted, smoked or injected. Crystal meth comes in clear chunky crystals resembling ice and is most commonly smoked.
  7. 7. STREET NAMES FOR MethamphetamineMethamphetamine (meth) and crystal methamphetamine are referred to by many names:METH • Speed CRYSTAL METH• Beannies • Tick tick • Batu• Brown • Tweak • Blade• Chalk • Wash • Cristy• Crank • Yaba (Southeast Asia) • Crystal• Chicken feed • Yellow powder • Crystal glass• Cinnamon • Glass• Crink • Hot ice• Crypto • Ice• Fast • Quartz• Getgo • Shabu• Methlies Quik • Shards• Mexican crack • Stove top• ervitin (Czech P • Tina Republic) • Ventana• Redneck cocaine 7
  8. 8. What is Meth Made From?M ethamphetamine is a synthetic (man-made) chemical, unlike These dangerous chemicals are potentially explosive and because the meth cooks arecocaine, for instance, which comes from a drug users ­ hemselves and disoriented, they tplant. are ­ ften severely burned and disfigured or o killed when their preparations explode. SuchMeth is commonly manufactured in illegal, a ­ ccidents endanger others in nearby homeshidden laboratories, mixing various forms or buildings.of amphetamine (another stimulant drug) orderivatives with other chemicals to boost its The illegal laboratories create a lot ofpotency. Common pills for cold remedies are toxic waste as well—the production ofoften used as the basis for the production one pound of methamphetamine producesof the drug. The meth “cook” extracts five pounds of waste. People exposed toingredients from those pills and to increase this waste material can become poisonedits strength combines the substance with and sick.chemicals such as battery acid, draincleaner, lantern fuel and antifreeze.8
  9. 9. W elfare money was not enough to pay for our meth habit andsupport our son so we turned our rentedhome into a meth lab. We stored the toxicchemicals in our refrigerator not knowingthat the toxins would permeate [go into] A crystal meththe other food in the icebox. laboratory“When I gave my three-year-old sonsome cheese to eat, I did not knowthat I was giving him poisoned food. Iwas too stoned on meth to notice, until12 hours later, that my son was deathlyill. But then I was so stoned it took metwo hours to figure out how to get himto the hospital five miles away.By the time I gotto the emergencyroom my boy waspronounced deadof a lethal dose of ammoniahydroxide—one of the chemicalsused to make meth.” — Melanie
  10. 10. A WorldwideEpidemic of AddictionT he United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime estimated the worldwide reported using methamphetamine at least once in their life.production of amphetamine‑type stimulants, In the United States, the percentagewhich includes methamphetamine, at nearly of drug treatment admissions due to500 metric tons a year, with 24.7 million methamphetamine and amphetamineabusers. abuse tripled from 3% in 1996 to 9% inThe United States government reported 2006. Some states have much higherin 2008 that approximately 13 million percentages, such as Hawaii, wherepeople over the age of 12 have used 48.2% of the people seeking help formethamphetamine—and 529,000 of drug or alcohol abuse in 2007 werethose are regular users. methamphetamine users.In 2007, 4.5% of American high school It is a drug widely abused in the Czechseniors and 4.1% of 10th grade students Republic. There it is called Pervitin and10
  11. 11. is produced in small hidden laboratories and alimited number of larger ones. Consumption isprimarily domestic but Pervitin is also exportedto other parts of Europe and Canada. The CzechRepublic, Sweden, Finland, Slovakia andLatvia reported amphetamines andmethamphetamine as accountingfor between 20% and 60%of those seeking drug abusetreatment.In Southeast Asia, themost common form ofmethamphetamine is a smallpill—called a Yaba in Thailandand a Shabu in the Philippines. The toxic ingredients in meth lead to severe tooth decay known as “meth mouth.” The teeth become black, stained, and rotting, often to the point where they have to be pulled. The teeth and gums are destroyed from the inside, and the roots rot away. 11
  12. 12. The Deadly Effects of Meth The short-term and long-term impact on the individualW hen taken, meth and crystal meth create a false sense of well-being Because continued use of the drug decreases natural feelings of hunger, users canand energy, and so a person will tend to push experience extreme weight loss. Negativehis body faster and further than it is meant to effects can also include disturbed sleepgo. Thus, drug users can experience a severe patterns, hyperactivity, nausea, delusions“crash” or physical and mental breakdown of power, increased aggressiveness andafter the effects of the drugs wear off. irritability. The hideous look of crystal meth shows on the scarred and prematurely aged faces of those who abuse it.1979 1989 1991 2001 1998 2004
  13. 13. Other serious effects can include insomnia, Meth Harmconfusion, hallucinations, anxiety and Short-term effects • iver, kidney and Lparanoia.* In some cases, use can cause • Loss of appetite lung damageconvulsions that lead to death. • ncreased heart rate, I • estruction D blood pressure, body of tissues inLong-range Damage temperature nose if sniffedIn the long term, meth use can cause • Dilation of pupils • espiratory R • isturbed sleep D (breathing)irreversible harm: increased heart rate and patterns problems if smokedblood pressure; damaged blood vessels • Nausea • nfectious diseases Iin the brain that can cause strokes or an • izarre, erratic, B and abscessesirregular heartbeat that can, in turn, cause sometimes violent if injected behavior • alnutrition, Mcardiovascular† collapse or death; and liver, • allucinations, H weight losskidney and lung damage. hyper‑excitability, • evere tooth decay S irritability • isorientation, DUsers may suffer brain damage, including • Panic and psychosis apathy, confusedmemory loss and an increasing inability to • onvulsions, seizures and C exhaustiongrasp abstract thoughts. Those who recover death from high doses • trong psychological Sare usually subject to memory gaps and dependence Long-term effects • Psychosisextreme mood swings. • ermanent damage to P • Depression blood vessels of heart • amage to the D and brain, high blood brain similar to* paranoia: suspicion, distrust or fear of other people. pressure leading to Alzheimer’s disease,‡† cardiovascular: related to both the heart and blood vessels.‡ Alzheimer’s disease: a disease affecting some older people heart attacks, strokes stroke and epilepsy that is accompanied by memory loss. and death
  14. 14. How Methamphetamine Affects People’s LivesW hen people take methamphetamine, it takes over their lives in varying them to receive a more intense dosedegrees. There are three categories of abuse. of the drug and experience a stronger “rush”LOW-INTENSITY METH ABUSE: that is psychologically addictive. They are onLow-intensity abusers swallow or snort the verge of moving into high-intensity abuse.methamphetamine. They want the extrastimulation methamphetamine provides HIGH-INTENSITY METH ABUSE: so they can stay awake long enough to The high-intensity abusers are the addicts,finish a task or a job, or they want the often called “speed freaks.” Their wholeappetite‑suppressant effect to lose weight. existence focuses on preventing the crash, thatThey are one step away from becoming painful letdown after the drug high. In order to“binge” (meaning uncontrolled use of a achieve the desired “rush” from the drug, theysubstance) abusers. must take more and more of it. But as with other drugs, each successive meth high is lessBINGE METH ABUSE: than the one before, urging the meth addictBinge abusers smoke or inject into a dark and deadly spiral of addiction.methamphetamine with a needle. This allows14
  15. 15. The Stages of the Meth “Experience”1 The Rush—A rush is the initial response the abuser feels when smoking or injecting 2 The High—The rush is followed by a high, sometimes called “themethamphetamine. During the rush, the shoulder.” During the high, the abuser oftenabuser’s heartbeat races and metabolism,* feels aggressively smarter and becomesblood pressure and pulse soar. Unlike the argumentative, often interrupting otherrush associated with crack cocaine, which people and finishing their sentences. Thelasts for approximately two to five minutes, delusional effects can result in a user becomingthe methamphetamine rush can continue for intensely focused on an insignificant item, suchup to 30 minutes. as repeatedly cleaning the same window for several hours. The high can last 4-16 hours.* metabolism: the processes in the body that convert food into energy. 15
  16. 16. 3 The Binge—A binge is uncontrolled use of a drug or alcohol. It refers to the under his skin. Unable to sleep for days at a time, the abuser is often in a completelyabuser’s urge to maintain the high by smoking psychotic state and he exists in his own world,or injecting more methamphetamine. The seeing and hearing things that no one elsebinge can last 3-15 days. During the binge, can perceive. His hallucinations are so vividthe abuser becomes hyperactive both that they seem real and, disconnected frommentally and physically. Each time the reality, he can become hostile and dangerousabuser smokes or injects more of the drug, to himself and others. The potential forhe experiences another but smaller rush until, self‑mutilation is high.finally, there is no rush and no high.4 Tweaking—A methamphetamine 5 The Crash—To a binge abuser, the crash happens when the body shuts  abuser is most dangerous when down, unable to cope with the drug effectsexperiencing a phase of the addiction called overwhelming it; this results in a long period“tweaking”—a condition reached at the end of sleep for the person. Even the meanest,of a drug binge when methamphetamine no most violent abuser becomes almost lifelesslonger provides a rush or a high. Unable to during the crash. The crash can last one torelieve the horrible feelings of emptiness and three days.craving, an abuser loses his sense of identity.Intense itching is common and a user canbecome convinced that bugs are crawling 6 Meth Hangover—After the crash, the abuser returns in a deteriorated state,16
  17. 17. starved, dehydrated and utterly exhaustedphysically, mentally and emotionally. Thisstage ordinarily lasts from 2 to 14 days. Thisleads to enforced addiction, as the “solution”to these feelings is to take more meth.7 Withdrawal—Often 30 to 90 days can pass after the last drug use beforethe abuser realizes that he is in withdrawal.First, he becomes depressed, loses his energyand the ability to experience pleasure. Thenthe craving for more methamphetaminehits, and the abuser often becomes suicidal.Since meth withdrawal is extremely painfuland difficult, most abusers revert; thus, 93%of those in traditional treatment return toabusing methamphetamine. 17
  18. 18. History of MethamphetamineM ethamphetamine is not a new drug, although it has become more their ­ uicide missions. And after the war, s methamphetamine abuse by injectionpowerful in recent years as techniques for its reached epidemic proportions when suppliesmanufacture have evolved. stored for military use became available to the Japanese public.Amphetamine was first made in 1887 inGermany and methamphetamine, more In the 1950s, methamphetamine waspotent and easy to make, was developed prescribed as a diet aid and to fightin Japan in 1919. The crystalline powder depression. Easily available, it was used as awas soluble in water, making it a perfect non-medical stimulant by college students,candidate for injection. truck drivers and athletes and abuse of the drug spread.Methamphetamine went into wide useduring World War II, when both sides used This pattern changed markedly in the 1960sit to keep troops awake. High doses were with the increased availability of injectablegiven to Japanese Kamikaze pilots before methamphetamine, worsening the abuse.18
  19. 19. Then, in 1970, the US government Kamikaze pilotsmade it illegal for most uses. After that, were given methamphetamineAmerican motorcycle gangs controlled before their suicidemost of the production and distribution missions.of the drug. Most users at the time livedin rural communities and could notafford the more expensive cocaine.In the 1990s, Mexican drug traffickingorganizations set up large laboratoriesin California. While these massive labsare able to generate 50 pounds of thesubstance in a single weekend, smallerprivate labs have sprung up in kitchensand apartments, earning the drug oneof its names, “stove top.” From thereit spread across the United States andinto Europe, through the Czech Republic.Today, most of the drug available in Asiais produced in Thailand, Myanmar andChina. 19
  20. 20. The Truth About DrugsD rugs are essentially poisons. The amount taken determines the effect. Drugs block off all sensations, the desirable ones with the unwanted. So, while providing short-term help in the relief of pain, they also wipe out abilityA small amount acts as a stimulant (speeds you and alertness and muddy one’s thinking.up). A greater amount acts as a sedative (slowsyou down). An even larger amount poisons and Medicines are drugs that are intended to speedcan kill. up or slow down or change something about the way your body is working, to try to make it workThis is true of any drug. Only the amount needed better. Sometimes they are necessary. But theyto achieve the effect differs. are still drugs: they act as stimulants or sedatives,But many drugs have another liability: they and too much can kill you. So if you do not usedirectly affect the mind. They can distort the user’s medicines as they are supposed to be used, theyperception of what is happening around him or can be as dangerous as illegal drugs.her. As a result, the person’s actions may be odd,irrational, inappropriate and even destructive.20
  21. 21. The real answer is toget the facts and notto take drugs in thefirst place. 21
  22. 22. why do people take drugs? People take drugs because they want to They think drugs are a solution. But change something in their lives. eventually, the drugs become the problem. Here are some of the reasons young people have given for taking drugs: Difficult as it may be to face one’s problems, the consequences of drug use • To fit in are always worse than the problem one • To escape or relax is trying to solve with them. The real answer is to get the facts and not to take • To relieve boredom drugs in the first place. • To seem grown up • To rebel • To experiment22
  23. 23. REFERENCES Youth Risk Behavior Millions of copies of booklets such as Surveillance System 2007European Monitoring Centre study, Centers for Disease this have been distributed to peoplefor Drugs and Drug Addiction,Statistical Bulletin 2008 Control and Prevention around the world in 22 languages. AsInterpol report on U.S. Drug Enforcement new drugs appear on the streets and more Administration report onMethamphetamine, Methamphetamine, information about their effects becomes27 September 2005 October 2005 known, existing booklets are updated and“Methamphetamine Facts Figures,” Office of National U.S. National Institute new ones created.Drug Control Policy, 2008 on Drug Abuse report on Methamphetamine, May 2005 The booklets are published by theNarconon Internationalinformation on United Nations Office on Drugs Foundation for a Drug-Free World, amethamphetamine, and Crime World Drug Reportwww.narconon.org 2008 nonprofit public benefit organizationNewsweek, “The Meth “National Methamphetamine headquartered in Los Angeles, California.Epidemic: Inside America’s New Threat Assessment 2008,”Drug Crisis,” 8 August 2005 National Drug Intelligence The Foundation provides educational Center, U.S. Department ofState of Hawaii, Office of Justice materials, advice and coordination for itsLt. Governor news release, PHOTO CREDITS: international drug prevention network.31 October 2007 Page 2: Corbis; Page 3: It works with youth, parents, educators,“County knocks meth use,” istock.com/Lou Oats; Page 5:9 July 2008, Faces of Meth; Page 6: DEA/ volunteer organizations and governmentSignonSanDiego.com bottom right: crystal meth; Page 12: Courtesy Attorney agencies—anyone with an interest inSubstance Abuse and Mental General’s Office, Taswell helping people lead lives free from drugHealth Services Administration County, Illinois/right: methnews release, 15 February 2008 user 1998-2004. abuse.United Nations Office ofDrugs and Crime report onMethamphetamine, 1998 23
  24. 24. FACTS YOU NEED TO KNOWThis booklet is one in a series of publications that cover the facts about marijuana, alcohol,Ecstasy, cocaine, crack cocaine, crystal meth and methamphetamine, inhalants, heroin,LSD and prescription drug abuse. Armed with this information, the reader can make thedecision to live a drug‑free life. For more information or to obtain more copies of this or other booklets in this series, contact: Foundation for a Drug‑Free World 1626 N. Wilcox Avenue, #1297 Los Angeles, CA 90028 USA drugfreeworld.org • e‑mail: info@drugfreeworld.org TM Phone: 1‑888 NO TO DRUGS (1‑888‑668‑6378)© 2008 Foundation for a Drug‑Free World. All Rights Reserved. The Foundation logo is a trademark owned by theFoundation for a Drug‑Free World. Item #C6231 US-ENG

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