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BAQ LAQ SAQ

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BAQ LAQ SAQ

  1. 1. Essay ( BAQ,SAQ, LAQ)type structured Questions their need advantages and disadvantages DR .Swanand S. Pathak MBBS MD DACM IDCR Associate Professor Dept. of Pharmacology JNMC drswanandp@yahoo.co.in
  2. 2. At the end of the session the learner should be able toDefine what is an essay type of questionIdentify the features of different types of essay questionsElaborate on their proper applications and utilization.Construct and critically review examples of various typesof essay questions
  3. 3. Supply type• BAQs/SAQs - restricted response• LAQs OR Essay Type – extended response Simple essay Structured or modified essay PMP ( patient management problem ) MEQ ( modified essay questions )
  4. 4. “A test item which requires a response composed by theexaminee, usually in the form of one or more sentences,of a nature that no single response or pattern ofresponses can be listed as correct, and the accuracyand quality of which can be judged subjectively only byone skilled or informed in the subject”John M. Stalnaker 1951(A psychologist, educator and former president of the corporation thatselects high school students as National Merit Scholars.)
  5. 5. 1. Requires examinees to compose rather than select their response.2. Elicits student responses that must consist of more than one sentence.3. Allows different or original responses or pattern of responses.4. Requires subjective judgment by a competent specialist to judge the accuracy and quality of responses.
  6. 6. • What does it assess ? Knowledge attitude skill• The level of knowledge Knows knows how shows how does• Utility in summative assessment Yes• Validity ( content ) medium• Reliability medium
  7. 7. Advantages• Assessment of higher cognitive function• Promotion of critical thinking• Presentation of ideas in organized and logical manner• Ease of construction
  8. 8. Domain Cognitive Parenteral route
  9. 9. MCQ Which of the following is a parenteral route of drug administration?A. OralB. SublingualC. TopicalD. Intramuscular
  10. 10. Shortcomings• By chance• Cancellation of other alternatives• Very restricted knowledge is tested• Copied very very easily
  11. 11. BAQ• Enumerate four routes of parenteral drug administration
  12. 12. Advantages• Answer in the form of key words.• There is a specificity in the answer• The objectivity is same as that of MCQ type questions• Students need not show any skills in answering the question• Marking system can be validated easily
  13. 13. Disadvantages• Student may not know the subject in depth.• Does not test the reasoning ability.• Can be copied by the students easily
  14. 14. SAQDefine what is parenteral roure . Enumerate fourparenteral routes of drug administration.
  15. 15. Advantages• Answer in the form of key words (partly)• There is a specificity in the answer• Students need not show any skills in answering the question• Marking system can be validated easily
  16. 16. Disadvantages• Student may not know the subject in depth.• The objectivity is less than the MCQ/BAQ type questions• Does not test the reasoning ability.• Can be copied by the students easily
  17. 17. Forming a better SAQ• Clear regarding what you want to test.• Whether SAQ is really required?• Framing of the question should be precise.• The expected answer should be to the point consisting of key words.• Prepare a model answer and the distribution of marks
  18. 18. SAQDefine what is parenteral roure . Enumerate fourparenteral routes of drug administration.
  19. 19. LAQParenteral route of drug administration – 10 mVagueTying the cow to coconut tree phenomenonNo objectivity in evaluation
  20. 20. STRUCTURED LAQWhat are the various routes of drug administration? Discuss the advantages and disadvantages ofparenteral route. What precautions are to be taken whileadministering the drug through the parenteral route?
  21. 21. Advantages• In depth knowledge of the subject is required to answer the question.• Evaluates thinking and reasoning.• Student has to apply the skill to answer the question.• The answer can not be copied easily.• Even if copied one can make out easily.
  22. 22. Disadvantages• Least objectivity• More subjective• Knowledgeable expert required for evaluation• A halo and anti halo effect.• Time consuming scoring system.
  23. 23. Patient Management Problem (PMP)A 32 yrs old male unconscious patient was brought tothe ward with the history of consumption of an organophosphorus poison. You want to administer the drugPralidoxime.What route of drug administration will be preferred in thiscase ? What general precautions are to be taken whileadministering the drugs by this route? In what dosePralidoxime is administered ? What are the adverse drugreactions you suspect with Pralidoxime?
  24. 24. Modified Essay Question (MEQ)A 3yr old boy was given inj. tetanus toxoid by aparamedical worker at PHC.What are the advantages of parenteral route of drugadministration over the oral route?By which parenteral route inj tetanus toxoid is given?What is the commonest site of administration of tetanustoxoid ?Three days later the patient presented in the OPD withthe abscess at the injection site.What are the probable causes of the abscess?What precautions should be taken to prevent thecondition?
  25. 25. How to form a better LAQ• Clarity about the knowledge area to be tested.• Whether to use simple essay questions or patient management problem or modified essay type questions.• Number of small questions rather than only one phrase.• Question should have a proper flow ,time limit• Prepare the model marking system with prior discussions with other experts.• No choice should be given as difficult to construct questions with equal difficulty.
  26. 26. • Avoid the restricted response words like what , when , how instead use compare and contrast , provide argument for• Let the students know the meaning of the words propose, validate, evaluate , compare
  27. 27. At the end of the session the learner should be able toDefine what is an essay type of questionIdentify the features of different types of essay questionsElaborate on their proper applications and utilization.Construct and critically review examples of various typesof essay questions
  28. 28. summary• Well written essay questions are good for assessing the higher cognitive functions• Low reliability• SAQ provide better content coverage• Structured LAQ are more valid than the non structured ones.
  29. 29. It requires more skill to design a question ….than answering it …
  30. 30. THANK YOU….
  31. 31. Presented on• 10-01-2012/ basic workshop met/jnmc• 31-03-2012/basic workshop met/jnmc• 31-03-2012/basic workshop met/ jnmc/nursing college• 7-07-2012 met basic workshop adilabad

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