Sittannavasal – A proposal for preserving its paintings

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Significance of the Pudukkottai district; Importance of preservation of Sittannavasal monuments; state of its paintings; aims od Project Sittannavasal – building a replica od cave shrine and designing pavilions to showcase development of paintings (Chitram), temple architecture (Mandiram) and Indian scripts (Aksharam) and Jaina contribution to Tamil culture. A presentation by Prof. Subramanian Swaminathan

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Sittannavasal – A proposal for preserving its paintings

  1. 1. Click anywhere to start the presentation<br />
  2. 2. PROJECT <br />SITTANNAVASAL<br />By<br />S. Swaminathan<br />(sswami99@gmail.com)<br />With<br />Murugapandian & MV Kiran<br />
  3. 3. PUDUKKOTTAI<br />occupies a significant place <br />as a cultural centre<br />With its wealth of <br />temple archaeology, <br />sculpture and <br />painting,<br />it is of interest for the historian, the archaeologist and the connoisseur in the field of art.<br />
  4. 4. Pudukkottai is famous for its cave temples <br /> and those in <br /> Sittannavasal, <br /> Kudumiyamalai, <br /> Tirugokarnam and <br /> Tirumayam <br /> are cultural monuments<br />
  5. 5. Pudukkottai region has a great Jaina tradition<br />It was <br />one of the most important Jaina centres <br />in Tamilnadu, in the past<br />There are a number of Jaina vestiges<br />found scattered <br />throughout the district<br />The district can boast of <br />having the highest number of centrally protected <br />Jaina relics/monuments in Tamilnadu <br />
  6. 6. SITTANNAVASAL <br />World-famous for its mural paintings <br />in a Jaina cave temple<br />Next to Ajanta paintings, <br />these paintings hold an important place <br />in the art history of India<br />These are <br />some of the earliest frescoes in South India <br />and only examples of early Jaina frescoes <br />
  7. 7. Originally, <br /> the entire cave temple <br /> was plastered and painted, <br /> except the floor<br />But today, <br /> we can see only patches, <br /> here and there<br />Even these arebarely visiblenow<br />thanks to the ravages wrought by time and nature and vandalism<br />
  8. 8. The most painful fact is that <br /> most damage was man-made<br /> and in the last 50 years or so.<br />Here is a photograph of the painting <br /> taken in black and white in 1940s. <br />Now, <br />only traces remain<br />Then<br />
  9. 9. The complex can boast of Tamil Inscriptions <br />from 3rd century BC to 13th century AD<br />Man made markings have obliterated <br /> many of the precious inscriptions and marred the rest<br />
  10. 10. If this rate of decay continues, <br />these priceless treasures,<br /> which withstood for about 1200 years, <br />will be completely lost for ever <br /> in the next few decades. <br />
  11. 11. We, <br />the inheritors of a great heritage, <br />need to protect ours from further deterioration<br />We also need to create awareness among people <br />
  12. 12. PROJECT <br />SITTANNAVASAL<br />is conceived towards this.<br />
  13. 13. PROJECT SITTANNAVASAL: Objectives<br />The project aims at<br />building a full-scale replica of<br />the cave temple with its painting recreated to its original state<br />to offer an opportunity to appreciate <br /> our lost glory and <br />to preserve the monument, particularly <br /> the paintings, from further damage<br /> by keeping the original cave <br /> under controlled conditions<br />
  14. 14. PROJECT SITTANNAVASAL: Objectives<br />And, <br />building thematic pavilions <br />around the recreated Arivar Koil<br />that highlights those features of Indian heritage for which the Sittannavasal monuments are famous for<br />to improve awareness of our heritage<br /> among the public<br />
  15. 15. PROJECT SITTANNAVASAL: Objectives<br />Also,<br />setup in the complex <br />a Centre for Jainology<br />for undertaking <br /> research, <br /> documentation and publication<br />
  16. 16. PROJECT SITTANNAVASAL: Objectives<br />And,<br />incorporating features for attracting <br /> tourists<br /> cultural troupes and <br />corporatehouses<br />
  17. 17. PROJECT SITTANNAVASAL: An Artist’s View<br />Recreated Arivar Koil<br />
  18. 18. PROJECT SITTANNAVASAL: An Artist’s View<br />In-door pavilion<br />
  19. 19. PROJECT SITTANNAVASAL: An Artist’s View<br />The recreated temple and the pavilions<br />
  20. 20. PROJECT SITTANNAVASAL: An Artist’s View<br />The complex with <br />the recreated temple<br />Recreated Arivar Koil<br />
  21. 21. PROJECT SITTANNAVASAL: An Artist’s View<br />The complex with <br />Our-door pavilions<br />
  22. 22. PROJECT SITTANNAVASAL: An Artist’s View<br />The complex with <br />the recreated temple<br />in-door and out-door <br />pavilions<br />
  23. 23. PROJECT SITTANNAVASAL: An Artist’s View<br />The complex with <br />the recreated temple<br />in-door and out-door <br />pavilions<br />Chithram – <br />In-door pavilion<br />
  24. 24. PROJECT SITTANNAVASAL: An Artist’s View<br />The complex with <br />the recreated temple<br />in-door and out-door <br />pavilions<br />Gnanam – <br />In-door pavilion<br />
  25. 25. PROJECT SITTANNAVASAL: An Artist’s View<br />The complex with <br />the recreated temple<br />in-door and out-door <br />pavilions<br />Souvenir Sales<br />
  26. 26. PROJECT SITTANNAVASAL: The Heritage Complex <br />Recreated ARIVAR-KOIL<br />Recreated Arivar Koil, with its paintings done as much as possible true to the original<br />
  27. 27. PROJECT SITTANNAVASAL: The Heritage Complex <br />Thematic Pavilions<br />Mandiram: Temple Architecture Pavilion<br /> for Arival Koil is a link in this<br />Chithram: Indian Paintings Pavilion<br /> for the cave temple houses <br /> one among the precious paintings of the country<br />Aksharam: Indian Scripts Pavilion<br /> for the complex contains inscriptions <br /> from the 3rd century BC to the 13th century AD, <br /> a unique feature<br />Gnanam: Jain contribution to Tamil Culture<br /> for this aspect is scarcely appreciated<br /> and Sittannavasal is an appropriate focus <br />
  28. 28. PROJECT SITTANNAVASAL: The Heritage Complex <br />MANDIRAM <br />Temple Architecture Pavilion<br />Tracing the development <br /> from cave temples<br /> through monoliths<br /> to structural temples<br />Exhibits in bold relief, <br /> in stucco on granite blocks<br /> positioned in open air<br /> along a winding path<br />
  29. 29. Temple Architecture Pavilion; Bold Relief and Model<br />Cave Temples<br />Lomas-rishi<br />Ajanta<br />Tirugokarnam<br />Monoliths<br />Mamallapuram<br />Ellora<br />Structural temples<br />Mamallapuram<br />Kodumbalur<br />Thanjavur<br />
  30. 30. PROJECT SITTANNAVASAL: The Heritage Complex <br />CHITHRAM<br />Indian Paintings Pavilion<br />Exhibits forming a rich pageantry of paintings<br /> from rock-art till date<br />Representative specimens<br />laminated, framed, mounted and put up in-doors<br />
  31. 31. Indian Paintings Pavilion<br />Kanchipuram(Pallava/ 7c-9c. AD)<br />Sittannavasal (Pandya/ 7c-9c. AD)<br />Pre-historic rock-art<br />Ajanta2c.BC-6c.AD<br />Moghul15-19c. AD<br />Thanjavur(Chozha/9-13c. AD)<br />Lepakshi14-17c. AD<br />Bengal School20c. AD<br />Nayak17-18c.AD<br />Jain miniature paintings on palm leaves (11-15c. AD)<br />
  32. 32. PROJECT SITTANNAVASAL: The Heritage Complex <br />AKSHARAM<br />Indian Scripts Pavilion<br />Tracing the history of Indian scripts<br /> from Indus Valley<br /> through Brahmi, <br /> to scripts for modern Indian languages<br /> and many Asian languages<br />Samples written in stucco on granite block <br /> with suitable legends<br /> organised as an open-air pavilion<br />
  33. 33. Indian Scripts Pavilion<br />BrahmiSamudragupta<br />BrahmiAsoka<br />Indus Script<br />BrahmiSittannavasal<br />NagariPallava<br />Southern Brahmi/Battiprolu<br />GranthaMamallapuram<br />TamilTirugokarnam<br />BrahmiBhattiprolu<br />VattezhuththuAnaimalai<br />
  34. 34. PROJECT SITTANNAVASAL: The Heritage Complex <br />GNANAM<br />Jain contribution to Tamil Culture<br />Focussing on the theme through suitable means<br />arranged in-doors<br />
  35. 35. PROJECT SITTANNAVASAL: The Heritage Complex <br />Incorporation of <br />A CENTRE FOR JAINOLOGY<br />for research, documentation and information<br />equipped with<br /> library, DTP, reprography<br /> lecture/talk/meditation halls<br /> office<br /> boarding-lodging<br />
  36. 36. PROJECT SITTANNAVASAL: The Heritage Complex <br />Development of such a heritage complex<br />along with tourists attractions like <br /> heritage garden<br /> camping and picnic areas<br /> retreats for corporate houses <br /> and cultural troupes<br /> arranging heritage tours <br /> souvenir sales<br />is expected to make the project commercially viable<br />
  37. 37. PROJECT SITTANNAVASAL<br />The Project Sittannavasal is to be executed jointly by<br />Research Foundation for Jainology, Chennai,<br /> an organisation of the Jaina community,<br /> which is assisting research on Jainology and<br /> spreading the message of the Faith<br />and<br />Sudharsanam, <br /> a Pudukkottai-based centre for arts and culture<br /> that is documenting the legacy of Pudukkottai and<br /> offering opportunities to the youth <br /> in appreciating Indian culture.<br />
  38. 38. Thank You<br />
  39. 39. A presentation by…<br />Sudharsanam<br />A centre for Arts and culture<br />2 Palace Nagar<br />Pudukkottai 622005<br />Tamilnadu, India.<br />Tel:+91-4322-230666<br />www.pudukkottai.org<br />www.sudharsanam.org<br />sudharsanam@pudukkottai.org <br />

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