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Harnessing Synergies Between
Climate Change Adaptation and
Disaster Risk Reduction: Pertinent
Issues, Success Cases and Wa...
Session Objectives
• To discuss the current conceptual understanding on
synergies and differences between disaster risk
re...
Change in Extremes
IPCC, 2012
Addressing Vulnerability and
Exposure
IPCC, 2012
CCA & DRR: Synergies along
the time scales
Recognition of Need For
Synergistic Approaches
• “Promote the integration of risk reduction
associated with existing clima...
Recognition of Need for Synergistic
Approaches
• Climate Change Texts: Largely avoids using disaster
risks terminology!
CO...
Range of Adaptation Projects are
Designed
Serendipitous
Climate-
proofing
Discrete
adaptation
WRI, 2008
Business As Usual
...
How CCA & DRR Manifests in Projects?
Author Project DRR Elements CCA Elements
Davies et
al., 2011
Combining DRR
with socia...
Two Communities, Different
Means and A Common Goal
• Exposure
• Vulnerability
• Resilience
Disaster Risk
Reduction
Climate...
Benefits of Promoting DRR-
CCA Synergistic Approaches
• Reduces costs: Synergies and complementarities
• Capacity building...
What does it mean
Mainstreaming CCA into
DRR?
Introducing disaster risk management elements in
an area with no such interv...
Issues with Current Disaster
Risk Reduction Approaches
• Largely response oriented (rescue and relief) with poorly
develop...
What Mainstreaming
CCA into DRR means?
Domain of current
DRR plans
Current Risks
Future risks
related to
climate change
Do...
Complete Integration of Climate
Change into DRR Planning
Prabhakar et al., 2009
What Mainstreaming CCA into DRR
Means: Addressing Uncertainties
Disasterrisks
Time
X1 X2 X3 X4 X5X0
P1 P2 P3 P4 P5
Uncover...
Questions for Discussion
• What are the synergies between climate change adaptation
and disaster risk reduction? How can w...
Thank You!
prabhakar@iges.or.jp
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Harnessing synergies between climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction: Pertinent Issues, Success Cases And Way Forward

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The presentation discusses the synergies between climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction and introduces the discussion points for the round table session on the topic of harnessing synergies between disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation. The presentation emphasizes that both the CCA and DRR communities have the same aim of reducing vulnerabilities and risks and increasing the resilience but they achieve these objectives through different interventions and keeping different time scales in view. To this extent, the text of Hyogo Framework of Action and the several negotiation texts under UNFCCC differ in the way they recognise and interpret disaster risks emanating from climate variability and change. He indicated that most CCA projects consider traditional DRR measures as CCA interventions while mainstreaming CCA into DRR entails that the future risks and vulnerabilities are taken into consideration while designing the current DRR interventions. The current project level experiences suggest that the DRR elements are often comprised of infrastructure interventions and related to vulnerability assessments and disaster management plans while climate change adaptation interventions are often related to livelihoods and strengthening related social and economic elements. Concepts such as redundancy or precautionary actions may need to be viewed with more caution since that they entail higher costs that may not appeal to most policymakers. Often, there is limited interaction between CCA and DRR communities leading to lack of mutual understanding on the issues concerned to each other.

https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sv_R_K_Prabhakar/publication/264744550_Harnessing_Synergies_Between_Climate_Change_Adaptation_and_Disaster_Risk_Reduction_Pertinent_Issues_Success_Cases_and_Way_Forward/links/53edc08f0cf26b9b7dc5fa3a?origin=publication_detail

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Harnessing synergies between climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction: Pertinent Issues, Success Cases And Way Forward

  1. 1. Harnessing Synergies Between Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction: Pertinent Issues, Success Cases and Way Forward SVRK Prabhakar Institute for Global Environmental Strategies, Hayama, Japan
  2. 2. Session Objectives • To discuss the current conceptual understanding on synergies and differences between disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation • To evaluate the current experiences of operationalizing these synergies between DRR and CCA in actual implementation • To discuss existing bottlenecks and way forward for harnessing the synergies between CCA and DRR, and • To identify crucial research questions to be addressed and methodologies to be followed in this field
  3. 3. Change in Extremes IPCC, 2012
  4. 4. Addressing Vulnerability and Exposure IPCC, 2012
  5. 5. CCA & DRR: Synergies along the time scales
  6. 6. Recognition of Need For Synergistic Approaches • “Promote the integration of risk reduction associated with existing climate variability and future climate change into strategies for the reduction of disaster risk and adaptation to climate change, which would include the clear identification of climate related disaster risks, the design of specific risk reduction measures and an improved and routine use of climate risk information by planners, engineers and other decision-makers.” HFA, UNISDR (2005)
  7. 7. Recognition of Need for Synergistic Approaches • Climate Change Texts: Largely avoids using disaster risks terminology! COP Text DRR related entry COP 19, Warsaw ADP text, 2013 • Reduce [climate change] vulnerability and building resilience of developing countries… COP 18, Doha, Qatar, 2012 • Reduce [climate change] vulnerability and building resilience of developing countries… • Adaptation to adverse effects of climate change… COP 17, Durban, 2011 • Adaptation to adverse effects of climate change… COP 16, Cancun Agreements, 2010 • Enhancing climate change related disaster risk reduction strategies, taking into consideration the Hyogo Framework for Action where appropriate, early warning systems, risk assessment and management, and sharing and transfer mechanisms such as insurance… COP 15, Copenhagen Accord, 2009 • Adaptation actions aimed at reducing vulnerability and building resilience…
  8. 8. Range of Adaptation Projects are Designed Serendipitous Climate- proofing Discrete adaptation WRI, 2008 Business As Usual Adaptationonly Majority of projects Climate change adaptation communities tend to see more synergies between CCA and DRR than the DRR community! e.g. introducing disaster risk reduction plans where there were none
  9. 9. How CCA & DRR Manifests in Projects? Author Project DRR Elements CCA Elements Davies et al., 2011 Combining DRR with social protection for CCA in agriculture  Immediate disaster compensation  Vulnerability assessment and mapping  Financial instruments were used for resilient economies and livelihoods  Diversifying livelihoods towards more climate resilient options  Increasing the economic resilience by introducing micro-insurance and other social protection schemes  Combining DRR and social protection in order to expand time horizons increasing the relevance to long term CCA Binh, 2010 DRR and CCA to combat salinity intrusion in agriculture  Infrastructure (e.g. embankments) was built to reduce hazard exposure  Livelihood diversification  Migration and changes in crop calendar Holder, 2011 Hurricane preparedness, mitigation and response in agriculture  Immediate relief to farmers  Provide water and enhance drainage  Financial risk management tools  Natural resource management with emphasis on soil management  Livelihood diversification Gero et al., 2010 Reducing disaster vulnerability through poverty reduction  Immediate relief  Build infrastructure  Bottom up approaches for resilience building  Climate change elements incorporated into disaster management plans
  10. 10. Two Communities, Different Means and A Common Goal • Exposure • Vulnerability • Resilience Disaster Risk Reduction Climate Change Adaptation Prepare, respond and recover Livelihoods
  11. 11. Benefits of Promoting DRR- CCA Synergistic Approaches • Reduces costs: Synergies and complementarities • Capacity building: conscious process • Helps in maturing the concepts and identify knowledge and practice gaps • Better interaction between CCA and DRR stakeholders • Generates ownership among a wide range of stakeholders • Lead to robust risk reduction
  12. 12. What does it mean Mainstreaming CCA into DRR? Introducing disaster risk management elements in an area with no such interventions can have adaptation benefits. However, what could be done in areas where there are already some plans in place?
  13. 13. Issues with Current Disaster Risk Reduction Approaches • Largely response oriented (rescue and relief) with poorly developed mitigation and preparedness • Aimed at reducing current disaster risks • Severely limited in looking into the future risks and vulnerabilities even without taking into consideration the climate change • Risk assessments are based on past data and in a changing climate past trends could mean no relevance for the future • Risk management plans are often static and are not regularly revised
  14. 14. What Mainstreaming CCA into DRR means? Domain of current DRR plans Current Risks Future risks related to climate change Domain of an ideal DRR plan Current risks related to climate change and a part that we know for sure will change in the future Prabhakar et al., 2009
  15. 15. Complete Integration of Climate Change into DRR Planning Prabhakar et al., 2009
  16. 16. What Mainstreaming CCA into DRR Means: Addressing Uncertainties Disasterrisks Time X1 X2 X3 X4 X5X0 P1 P2 P3 P4 P5 Uncovered risks A. Exponentially growing risks and DRR planning. B. Planning with built in redundancy. Prabhakar et al., 2009
  17. 17. Questions for Discussion • What are the synergies between climate change adaptation and disaster risk reduction? How can we characterize them? • What these synergies mean for DRR and CCA planning and processes and what indicators will help capture these synergies? [Each participant may want to provide an example project and list some indicators that helps in attributing the project effectiveness in terms of CC and DRR] • To what extent these synergies are being captured in the ongoing interventions in CCA and DRR? • What bottlenecks are limiting the full realization of these synergies and how they can be overcome? • What are the important policy research questions to be addressed in this area and what methodological approaches could be utilized for this purpose? • Q&A if any and warp up
  18. 18. Thank You! prabhakar@iges.or.jp

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