TheMetropolitian Museum of Art approached ARTstor about distrubting, for scholarly publications, images from the museums collection FREE OF CHARGE. The MET wanted their works to reach scholars and quality work.
A 1997 report stated: It is conservatively estimated that a semester long art history course may use 2000 slides… At a mid-sized institution where there are 10 art history courses being taught each semester, professors will use 40,000 slides a year. –Wagner articleWho took care of these slides? Visual Resource Curator or librarian or “slide librarians”
ARTstor works with artists, scholars, photograhpers, colleges, universities and archives to create collections.Available by subscription to non-profit organizations. 1.3 million images
Over half a million images thus far. Content Selection Curators throughout NYPL have identified and nominated materials to be included in NYPL Digital Gallery. Emphasizing pictorial and artifactual significance when making their selections, these experts focused on holdings that met one or more of the following criteria:materials already in high demand by the publicunique or very rare treasures too vulnerable for routine availabilityunwieldy or brittle artifacts that are difficult to servekey holdings in particular collection strengths identified with The Librarylittle-known but important items from the collections deemed worthy of discoveryhttp://digitalgallery.nypl.org/nypldigital/dgabout.cfm
You can buy the print, but it is free to use for person and educational uses.
Three main internet image search engines: Google, Bing, Yahoo.These images are taken “crawled” from webpages and users can connect to webpages from the images contained inside. Webpages can label the images for http://images.google.com/support/bin/answer.py?hl=en&answer=112512&ctx=cb&src=cb&cbid=-z6ie9c9pcr8rhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google_ImagesBlakeman, Karen. "Finding the Right Image on the Internet." Online 34, no. 6 (November 2010): 15-18. Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost (accessed November 20, 2011).
Google is a great and fast way to search for images but there are large issues with Google’s copyright on images.In the Advanced Search you can limit your search to reuse, but goolge advices the user: Before reusing content that you've found, you should verify that its license is legitimate and check the exact terms of reuse stated in the license. For example, most licenses require that you give credit to the image creator when reusing an image. Google has no way of knowing whether the license is legitimate, so we aren't making any representation that the content is actually or lawfully licensed.
Catalog information such as size, where the image is housed, year, artists, etc.
Digital Image Libraries
Digital Image Libraries Origins and Functions
Black Place I, 1944, Oil on Canvas (Accessed from ArtStor)
What is an image library?• An image library, database or depository is meant for sharing digital image collections in the visual arts.• Allows access for education and exposure to the arts.• For publishing of images it becomes more accessible and cost effective.
Issues with image libraries?• Copyright!• Ownership and subscriptions to database.• Large amount of images can be hard to navigate.
Manet, Bar at the Folie-Bergere, 1881 Full size image Close up: Manet?
ARTstor• A non-profit organization that makes available image library for educators’ needs in the arts and humanities.• Collections are used for teaching and study in a wide range of subject areas, including art, architecture, music, religion, anthropology, literature, world history, American Studies, Asian Studies, Classical Studies, Medieval Studies, Renaissance Studies, and more.
New York Public Library Digital Gallery• NYPL’s image database is an open access collection from their diverse collection.• Collections include New York City 5th Avenue photographs, 16th century maps and drawings, etchings and lithographs from artists, and many more.
West 13th St. No. 72 - Princess Corsets - Ed. Pinaud, perfumerie - West 14thSt. -No. 86 S.N. Wood & Co. (c1911) (Accessed from New York PublicLibrary Digital Gallery).
Sistine Chapel Virtual Tour• The Sistine Chapel virtual tour is a form of a digital library.• It was created by photographing panoramic views to create a 360° image of the chapel.• Partnership between the Vatican and Villanova University • Sistine Chapel Virtual Tour
Google Image Search• Starting July 2001 Google implemented a image search through keywords.• After many interfaces and changes the newest feature from Google, October 2011, “Search by Image”
Conclusion• Image art libraries (databases) are usually images only and contain description and catalog information.• Multiple types of institutions and companies can have image libraries.• Web-based image collections, such as Google, use images from webpages.• Be conscious of copyright and image quality for educational and professional purposes.
Resources• University of Hawaii @ Manoa – “Find Images” LibGuide by Kanako Iwase the Visual Resource Librarian Image Resources - Art Research Guide - LibGuides at University of Hawaii at Manoa