Staced Villas+

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Staced Villas+

  1. 1. [Stacked villas +] zero energy housing [intro] [vision] [parameters] [urban] [architecture] [energy] [project view] a&d msc8 ark8 2010 Lasse Christensen + Ausrine Bredulyte + Michael Glad + Lasse Rodhe + Dovile Puraite + Tina Bredgaard
  2. 2. [Initial problem] Demands: Design = a zero energy housing complex [intro] Density = 80-120% (20% other functions) initial problem Height = 3 stories sustainability project site Primary user = famillies (2 adults + 2 children) [vision] Apartment type = 110 m (3 bedrooms + 20 m ourtdoor area) 2 2 [parameters] [urban] [architecture] [energy] [project view]
  3. 3. [Sustainability] Zero energy housing complex: [intro] initial problem sustainability Environmental Diversity in usergroups project site (culture/social) Healthy lifestyle [vision] [parameters] Solar (technology) PV cells [urban] [architecture] Low-energy 85 kWh/m2 Primary energy [energy] (climate) 15 kWh/m2 Space heat [project view]
  4. 4. [Godsbanearealet - qualities] [intro] initial problem sustainability project site [vision] [parameters] History Easy acces Edge of the city [urban] [architecture] [energy] [project view] Railroad tracks, østerå Public transport, shops, school etc. Flow from city to suburbs
  5. 5. [Godsbanearealet- challenges] [intro] initial problem sustainability project site [vision] [parameters] Traffic Shadows Suburban qualities [urban] [architecture] [energy] [project view] Noise, pollution Kennedy Arkaden Privacy, safety, green areas
  6. 6. V [intro] [vision]ision [parameters]The vision of the project is to design a sustainable housing project that willfulfil zero energy as well as aesthetical and functional requirements. The [urban]future housing complex must encourage healthy lifestyle and conscious ap- [architecture]proach to the nature and surroundings. The goal is to create a synergy be-tween sustainable strategies such as: cultural, social, solar and zero energy. [energy] [project view]
  7. 7. [Design parameters] [intro] Link Heights [vision] Link city project site suburban [parameters] HIGHTOLOW [urban] PRIVATE [architecture] PRIVATE PRIVATE [energy] SEMI-PRIVATE PUBLIC PUBLIC [project view] Zoning
  8. 8. [Design parameters] Total energy: 47,4 kwh/m2 year Compactness Total energy: 67,3 kwh/m2 year Climate and surroundings Total energy: 58 kwh/m2 year Total energy: History 52,5 kwh/m2 year Connections [intro] traffic noise + pollution [vision] Reducing the surface per Reducing the surface per Reducing the surface per floor area with 20 % floor area with 12,5 % floor area with 25 % wind protection ventilation [parameters] solar cells Total energy: 47,4 kwh/m2 year [urban]Reducing the surface perfloor area with 25 % [architecture] sun (south) [energy] [project view]
  9. 9. [Urban concept] [intro] [vision] [parameters] DENSE CITY STACKED VILLAES OPEN CITY [urban] concept master plan flow base Apartments zoning Apartments PRIVATE SPACE Traffic noise [architecture] SEMIPRIVATE SPACE Shop Storage Parking Office Recreational area PUBLIC SPACE [energy] Polluted ground [project view]
  10. 10. [Master plan] [intro] [vision] [parameters] [urban] concept master plan flow base zoning [architecture] [energy] [project view]
  11. 11. [Flow] [intro] Acces by foot or bike: [vision] [parameters] [urban] concept master plan flow base zoning [architecture] [energy] Acces by car: [project view]
  12. 12. [Base -mixed functions] [intro] [vision] [parameters] Offices [urban] Shops concept master plan Cafees flow base zoning [architecture] 20 % other functions Public functions -clearly visible [energy] [project view]
  13. 13. [Public space - level 0] [intro] [vision] [parameters] [urban] concept master plan flow base zoning [architecture] [energy] [project view]
  14. 14. [Semiprivate green space - level 1] [intro] [vision] [parameters] [urban] concept master plan flow base zoning [architecture] [energy] [project view]
  15. 15. [Private outdoor space - level 1] [intro] [vision] [parameters] [urban] concept master plan flow base zoning [architecture] [energy] [project view]
  16. 16. [Architectural concept] [intro] [vision] “From archetype to stacked villas” [parameters] [urban] [architecture] concept users floor plans daily rhythmTypical single family house Sharing the family house Stacked multifamily house Sloped walls add complexity [energy] [project view]
  17. 17. [Users] [intro] [110] [70] +05 Singles [vision] Staircase Families elderly +04 [110] [80] [parameters] Families Singles elderly +03 [110] [90] [urban] Couples Staircase Families elderly [110] [100] [architecture] +02 Couples Families elderly concept [110] users +01 [110] floor plans Staircase Families Couples elderly daily rhythm 00 Parking Shops Offices [energy] [project view]
  18. 18. N[Floor plans] [intro] living/dining/kitchen 40 sq m bathroom 6.7 sq m corridor 10 sq m master bedroom [vision] 14 sq m evening terrace 19 sq m bedroom 10 sq m morning terrace 15 sq m [parameters] [urban] bedroom 9 sq m [architecture] W E concept bedroom users 10 sq m floor plans bathroom 5.5sq m corridor master bedroom 13 sq m daily rhythm 5 sq m Service spaces [energy] Service spaces [project view] Dinner Wake up Breakfast Living/dining/ Cooking Living spaces evening terrace morning terrace kitchen Living spaces Go work 15 sq m 40 sq m 11 sq m Come Home North S Second floor
  19. 19. [Floor plans] [intro] [vision] [parameters] [urban] [architecture] First floor plan Second floor plan Third floor plan concept users floor plans daily rhythm [energy] [project view] Fourth floor plan Fifth floor plan Sixth floor plan
  20. 20. [Morning] [intro] [vision] [parameters] [urban] [architecture] concept users floor plans daily rhythm [energy] [project view]
  21. 21. [Noon] [intro] [vision] [parameters] [urban] [architecture] concept users floor plans daily rhythm [energy] [project view]
  22. 22. [Afternoon] [intro] [vision] [parameters] [urban] [architecture] concept users floor plans daily rhythm [energy] [project view]
  23. 23. [Energy concept] [intro] Building envelope [vision] [parameters] [urban] [architecture] [energy] concept zero energy indoor climate PV cells Pushing in roof and south facade Pushing down roof end Pushing in east and west facades [project view] - Improved angle for solar cells - Reduce shadows cast - Shelter and privacy on balconies - Balconies act as integrated shading
  24. 24. [Reaching zero energy - Strategy] [intro] [vision] [parameters] Active gains [3] Utilise active gains [urban] - Energy production, pv-cells - Use of heat recovery [architecture] Optimize the envelope [energy] - Reduce losses through the building - Create an air tight envelope - Effective windows [2] Preserve gains concept - Minimize thermal bridges zero energy - Increase insulation indoor climate PV cells Basic design [project view] - Optimize passive gains - Compactness [1] Utilise passive gains
  25. 25. [Basic design] 180 kWh/m 2 [intro] 152 kWh/m 2 [vision] [1] 2 120 kWh/m 152 67 kWh/m 2 Excess electricity [parameters] kWh/m2 2 Basic design 85 kWh/m [urban] 109,5 - Optimize passive gains [architecture] 2 kWh/m - Compactness 74,5 85 2 2 kWh/m kWh/m 2 [energy] 28 kWh/m 10,5 kWh/m 2 10,5 kWh/m 2 concept Example Low-energy house Passive house standard Stacked Villas Zero energy zero energy Stacked Villas+ indoor climate PV cells Total energy consumption [Primary energy] [project view] Space heat demand [Final energy x 0,7] Produced electricity from pv-cells [Primary energy]
  26. 26. [Optimizing the envelope] 180 kWh/m 2 [intro] 152 kWh/m 2 [vision] [2] 2 120 kWh/m 152 67 kWh/m 2 Excess electricity [parameters] kWh/m2 2 Optimize the envelope 85 kWh/m [urban] 109,5 - Reduce losses through the building [architecture] 2 kWh/m 74,5 85 - Create an air tight envelope 2 2 kWh/m - Effective windows kWh/m 2 - Minimize thermal bridges - Increase insulation [energy] 28 kWh/m 10,5 kWh/m 2 10,5 kWh/m 2 concept Example Low-energy house Passive house standard Stacked Villas Zero energy zero energy Stacked Villas+ indoor climate PV cells Total energy consumption [Primary energy] [project view] Space heat demand [Final energy x 0,7] Produced electricity from pv-cells [Primary energy]
  27. 27. [3] Active gains[Producing energy] - Energy production from pv-cells - Use of heat recovery 180 kWh/m 2 [intro] 2 152 kWh/m 2 [vision] 120 kWh/m 152 67 kWh/m 2 Excess electricity [parameters] kWh/m2 85 kWh/m 2 [urban] 109,5 [architecture] 2 kWh/m 74,5 85 2 2 kWh/m kWh/m 2 [energy] 28 kWh/m 10,5 kWh/m 2 10,5 kWh/m 2 concept Example Low-energy house Passive house standard Stacked Villas Zero energy zero energy Stacked Villas+ indoor climate PV cells Total energy consumption [Primary energy] [project view] Space heat demand [Final energy x 0,7] Produced electricity from pv-cells [Primary energy]
  28. 28. [Indoor climate] [intro] [vision] 1200 [parameters]24 1100 1000 [urban]18 900 800 700 [architecture] 12 600 500 [energy] 400 6 300 concept 200 zero energy 100 indoor climate 0 jan feb mar apr may jun jul aug sep oct nov dec 0 jan feb mar apr may jun jul aug sep oct nov dec PV cells Minimum temp. Mean indoor temp. Maximum temp. Mean CO2 level indoor [project view] Maximum CO2 level
  29. 29. [PV cells - Integrated with the architecture] [intro] [vision] Slade [parameters] [urban] PV cells [architecture] [energy] concept zero energy indoor climate PV cells [project view]
  30. 30. [Project view - Connecting Aalborg]
  31. 31. [Project view - Connecting Aalborg] Open residential neighbourhoods
  32. 32. [Project view - Connecting Aalborg] Open residential neighbourhoods Enclosed city neighbourhoods
  33. 33. [Project view - Connecting Aalborg] Transition becomes the link! Open residential neighbourhoods Enclosed city neighbourhoods
  34. 34. [Zoom 01 - New communities in the city] [intro] [vision] [parameters] [urban] [architecture] [energy] [project view]
  35. 35. [Zoom 01 - New communities in the city] Connecting link [intro] [vision] [parameters] [urban] [architecture] [energy] [project view]
  36. 36. [Zoom 01 - New communities in the city] [intro] [vision] [parameters] [urban] [architecture] [energy] [project view] Public functions
  37. 37. [Zoom 01 - New communities in the city] [intro] [vision] [parameters] [urban] [architecture] [energy] [project view] City becomes residential
  38. 38. [Zoom 02 - New typology] [intro] [vision] [parameters] [urban] [architecture] [energy] [project view]
  39. 39. [Zoom 02 - New typology] The architecture creates a new identity Gain from the southern sun [intro] [vision] [parameters] [urban] [architecture] [energy] [project view]
  40. 40. [Zoom 03 - Daylight] [intro] [vision] [parameters] [urban] [architecture] [energy] [project view]
  41. 41. [Zoom 03 - Daylight] Light from 3 sides [intro] [vision] [parameters] [urban] [architecture] [energy] [project view]
  42. 42. Stacked Villas+Sustainable zero energy buildings that concern human being
  43. 43. Stacked Villas+Sustainable zero energy buildings that concern human beingIn terms of the urban layout, the apartment designs and the use of energyThe site gives back something to the city, the inhabitans and the global climate
  44. 44. Thank you!

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