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Steve Vitto Challeng of the Children Breaking Down the Walls

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Steve Vitto's presentation at the 2011 Challenge of the Children Conference at Hope College in Holland Michigan
Strategies for Defiant Students
svitto@muskegonisd.org

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Steve Vitto Challeng of the Children Breaking Down the Walls

  1. 1. BREAKING DOWN THE WALLS Strategies for Defiant Students Presented by: Steven Vitto, M.A., CCII., CTCI., MIBLSI Coach, Behavior Specialist, Muskegon Area ISD
  2. 2. <ul><li>The key to controlling someone else is teaching them how to control you!! </li></ul>
  3. 3. DEFIANCE What it looks like…
  4. 4. The Grocery Store
  5. 5. Positive Parenting
  6. 6. Lets begin at the end of the journey:Adulthood YOUR CHILDREN <ul><li>What are your dreams for them? </li></ul><ul><li>What do you want them to be like? </li></ul><ul><li>What qualities to you hope they will possess? </li></ul><ul><li>What lifes skills do you believe they will need? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the most important gift you can give them? </li></ul><ul><li>What kind of relationship do you want them to have with you? </li></ul>
  7. 7. Hopeful Responses <ul><li>Character </li></ul><ul><li>Caring </li></ul><ul><li>Confident </li></ul><ul><li>Decent </li></ul><ul><li>Law Abiding </li></ul><ul><li>Assertive </li></ul><ul><li>Trustworthy </li></ul><ul><li>Honest </li></ul><ul><li>Healthy </li></ul><ul><li>Drug Free </li></ul><ul><li>Happy and Well Adjusted </li></ul><ul><li>Successful </li></ul>
  8. 8. What influences the way you parent? <ul><li>The way you were parented. </li></ul><ul><li>What you feel is right. </li></ul><ul><li>How someone has told you to parent. </li></ul><ul><li>What the research says </li></ul><ul><li>What healthy adults say </li></ul><ul><li>What unhealthy adults say </li></ul>
  9. 9. The research is clear. In over 10,000 studies conducted all over the world the most common variable associated with a child having a healthy social emotional adjustment is: a. strict discipline and limit b. consistent punitive consequences for bad behaviors c. being your child’s friend d. rewarding good behavior e. believing that they are loved
  10. 10. The research is clear. In over 10,000 studies conducted all over the world the most common variable associated with a child having a hearty social emotional adjustment is: <ul><li>: </li></ul> e. believing that they are loved by you!!
  11. 11. So how do we get there???? <ul><li>We walk the talk. </li></ul><ul><li>We model the behavior we want to see in them. </li></ul><ul><li>We learn how to listen. </li></ul><ul><li>We learn how to forgive. </li></ul><ul><li>We teach and guide rather than punish and control. </li></ul><ul><li>We are consistent and fair </li></ul><ul><li>We are firm </li></ul><ul><li>We are fun </li></ul>
  12. 12. Always show your child that they come first, that they are the most import thing in your life <ul><li>&quot;To the world you might be one person, but to one person, you might be the world.&quot; -Anonymous </li></ul>
  13. 13. But surely their needs to be consequences, but…. <ul><li>Consequences should be viewed as an opportunity to teach </li></ul><ul><li>Punitive Consequences are the least effective way to change “bad” behavior </li></ul><ul><li>So what changes bad behavior? </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching, loving, guiding, listening, relating, investing time, loving, and enforcing limits that are fair and built on trust!!!! </li></ul>
  14. 14. What about spare the rod??? “The Rod” was intended to be a symbol of guideness. There is no record of Jesus EVER encouraging parents to hit their children!!! <ul><li>What message do we send kids when we hit them? </li></ul><ul><li>Do we want our children to fear us or turn to us for guidance? </li></ul><ul><li>Will hitting them when they make a mistake increase the liklihood of coming to us with a problem??? </li></ul><ul><li>Absolutely NOT!!! </li></ul>
  15. 15. STRATEGIES FOR DEFIANCE
  16. 16. The Conflict Cycle DO WE FEED INTO THE CONFLICT CYCLE?
  17. 17. Stress Model of Crisis TCI TRAINING [5]
  18. 18. THE VERBAL ESCALATION CONTINUUM <ul><li>Questioning </li></ul><ul><li>Refusal </li></ul><ul><li>Release </li></ul><ul><li>Intimidation </li></ul><ul><li>Tension Reduction </li></ul>
  19. 19. All Students need Boundaries <ul><li>What happens whe we are inconsistent? </li></ul><ul><li>What happens when we blame others? </li></ul><ul><li>What happens we make excuses? </li></ul><ul><li>(an “ability” persperctive)? </li></ul><ul><li>What happens when we are divided? </li></ul><ul><li>How do we advocate therapeutically? </li></ul>
  20. 20. Authoritarian Parenting Style <ul><li>Rigid, controlling </li></ul><ul><li>Demanding </li></ul><ul><li>Punitive </li></ul><ul><li>Unreasonable expectations </li></ul><ul><li>Adult-like job, chores </li></ul><ul><li>Parent always right </li></ul><ul><li>Parent makes decisions </li></ul><ul><li>Little affection, warmth </li></ul><ul><li>Unexpressed ideas, feelings </li></ul><ul><li>Parent in control </li></ul><ul><li>Little encouragement, praise </li></ul>Building Strong Families – Positive Discipline Overhead #1 Minimally Effective and more likely to create defiance in children
  21. 21. Permissive Parenting Style <ul><li>Parent avoids control </li></ul><ul><li>High level of nurturing, communication </li></ul><ul><li>Few rules, guidelines </li></ul><ul><li>Inconsistent </li></ul><ul><li>Parent easily frustrated </li></ul><ul><li>Few expectations </li></ul><ul><li>Few demands </li></ul><ul><li>Few social rules </li></ul><ul><li>Parent behaves as friend </li></ul><ul><li>Obedience not encouraged </li></ul><ul><li>NOT EFFECTIVE </li></ul>
  22. 22. Authoritative Parenting Style <ul><li>Parent clearly in charge </li></ul><ul><li>Firm guidelines </li></ul><ul><li>Flexible boundaries </li></ul><ul><li>High level of communication </li></ul><ul><li>Respects ideas, feelings, emotions </li></ul><ul><li>Mutual respect </li></ul><ul><li>Teamwork, give and take </li></ul><ul><li>Parent accepts uniqueness </li></ul><ul><li>Allows for mistakes </li></ul><ul><li>Reasonable expectations </li></ul><ul><li>Appropriate responsibilities </li></ul><ul><li>Healthy role modeling </li></ul><ul><li>Encourages independence </li></ul><ul><li>Affectionate </li></ul>MOST EFFECTIVE PARENTING STYLE Page 4
  23. 23. The Origin of Defiance
  24. 24. <ul><li>In general, parents who are very rule-oriented or rigid are more apt to set up monumental power struggles with the defiant child. </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>When they also often take the child's behavior personally, seeing his negativity as aimed directly at them instead of as an attempt to organize his world, the situation is compounded. &quot;He's just doing that to make me angry </li></ul>
  26. 26. Behavior Mantra : “ It is easier to prevent a behavior from occurring than to deal with it after it has happened.” The best intervention is prevention!! Bausano & Vitto, 2007 Slide 18
  27. 27. Learn your child’s triggers Contra-Indicated Behaviors Strategies for the Oppositional Student <ul><li>Ultimatums </li></ul><ul><li>Strict Boundaries: Drawing the Line in the Sand </li></ul><ul><li>Counts, Warnings, Threats </li></ul><ul><li>Being touched </li></ul><ul><li>Prolonged Eye-Contact </li></ul><ul><li>Infringing on Personal Space </li></ul><ul><li>Social Disapproval </li></ul><ul><li>Judgmental Responses </li></ul><ul><li>Response Cost and Punishment </li></ul><ul><li>Strict Boundaries or Contracts </li></ul>
  28. 28. Are response cost systems contributing to defiance and aggression?
  29. 29. The Parenting Tips Booklet Positive Approaches for Challenging Behaviors   Developed by Susan Mack, MA Steven Vitto, MA MAISD Behavioral Consultants A POSITIVE BEHAVIORAL SUPPORTS PROJECT
  30. 30. Basic Principles of Positive Behavior Support <ul><li>“ If you know why, you can figure out how….” </li></ul><ul><li>All behaviors meet needs </li></ul><ul><li>Positive approaches teach children a better way to meet needs </li></ul><ul><li>One of the best ways of teaching desired behaviors is by modeling them </li></ul><ul><li>When it comes to children, we need to “walk the talk.” </li></ul>
  31. 31. Recognize that all behaviors meet needs. The needs are: <ul><li>To obtain or avoid: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Attention </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Task or Activity </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Item </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Person </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Power and Control </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sensory </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  32. 32. WHAT CAN I DO TO GET THAT KIND OF REACTION AGAIN?
  33. 33. Behaviors Meet Needs
  34. 34. Behaviors Meet Needs
  35. 35. The Use of Rewards <ul><li>5:1 Positives to Negatives </li></ul><ul><li>Always pair with Relationship </li></ul><ul><li>Do not use rewards to punish or control </li></ul><ul><li>Concrete and Immediate Depending on Child’s Age </li></ul><ul><li>Intermittent Schedule </li></ul>
  36. 36. <ul><li>An explanation of the diagram can be found on the slides that follow. </li></ul>
  37. 37. What are the triggers or antecedents of your child’s behavior? <ul><li>Given a group or individual direction </li></ul><ul><li>Given a demand to perform a task or routine </li></ul><ul><li>Expectation to follow a rule or expectation </li></ul><ul><li>(keep hands to self, wait your turn, sit quietly) </li></ul><ul><li>The removal or reduction of direct adult supervision </li></ul><ul><li>(recess, cafeteria, alone time) </li></ul><ul><li>Limited access to a preferred item or activity </li></ul><ul><li>Expectation to terminate a desired activity </li></ul><ul><li>Being told “no” or “not now” </li></ul><ul><li>Behavior targets peers and/or adults </li></ul>
  38. 38. Consequences What are the consequences when your child engages in the problem behavior <ul><li>Ignoring </li></ul><ul><li>Reprimands and social disapproval </li></ul><ul><li>Looses privileges or rewards at school or at home </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of credit or bad grades </li></ul><ul><li>Time out </li></ul><ul><li>Forced compliance </li></ul><ul><li>Gets attention from adults and peers </li></ul><ul><li>Gets different reactions from different adults </li></ul><ul><li>Sent to office or suspended </li></ul><ul><li>Phone call home </li></ul><ul><li>Spanked or punished at home </li></ul><ul><li>Gets Status or Attention from other Students </li></ul><ul><li>Gets out of school work or non-preferred tasks or activities </li></ul><ul><li>Other </li></ul>
  39. 39. Setting Events <ul><li>What are the causes of defiant behavior? </li></ul>
  40. 40. What is Oppositional Defiance Disorder?
  41. 41. Definition of ODD <ul><li>Oppositional Defiant Disorder is the persistent pattern (lasting for at least 6 months) of disobedient, hostile, negativistic, and defiant behavior in a child or teen without serious violation of the basic rights of others (mentalhealth.com). </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If a student displays the same kinds of behavior that DOES violate the basic rights of others it is often labeled conduct disorder. Children with ODD often become adults with conduct disorder if the right steps aren’t taken to control the behavior. (Bailey and Northey and Silverman and Wells 2003) </li></ul></ul>
  42. 42. Understanding Aggressive Behaviors <ul><li>Reactive Aggression </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Affective or expressive aggression </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Loss of control and emotional flooding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emotions are dominant </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Proactive Aggression </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Instrumental or operant aggression </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Goal oriented </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cognitions are dominant </li></ul></ul>TCI TRAINING [11]
  43. 43. Scott
  44. 44. How does a student with ODD think? (Frank et al. ) <ul><li>I am the equal of those in authority- no one has the right to tell me what to do. </li></ul><ul><li>Yes, I sometimes do the wrong thing, but it is usually your fault. </li></ul><ul><li>When you punish or reward me, I feel that you are trying to control or manipulate me. </li></ul><ul><li>Because I know how much you want me to change, I will be very stubborn about changing behaviors. In spite of experiencing your intended punishments and/or rewards, if I change, it will be on my time and for me. </li></ul><ul><li>My greatest sense of control comes from how I make others feel. </li></ul>
  45. 45. The Evolution of Adversarial Relationships and Subversion <ul><li>As aberrant behaviors begin to surface an unhealthy communication paradigm emerges </li></ul><ul><li>A phone call home, a detention slip, a suspension </li></ul><ul><li>THE STAGE IS SET </li></ul>
  46. 46. “ If you know why, you can figure out how….” W. Edward Deming
  47. 47. What is the Function or Motivation of Defiant Behavior? <ul><li>Obtain … </li></ul><ul><li>Peer Attention </li></ul><ul><li>Adult Attention </li></ul><ul><li>Items/Activities (tangible) </li></ul><ul><li>Sensory (seeking) </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid… </li></ul><ul><li>Peer(s) </li></ul><ul><li>Adult </li></ul><ul><li>Task or Activity </li></ul><ul><li>Sensory (defensive) </li></ul>
  48. 48. What is the motivation or function of defiance? <ul><li>Most adults say it is “control.” </li></ul><ul><li>But is reality is avoidance of being controlled by others? </li></ul><ul><li>In many instances the defiant student is resisting the control of the adult, not trying to make the adult do something they don’t want to do. </li></ul><ul><li>In many instances the defiant student is resisting the agenda of the adult or authority figure </li></ul>
  49. 49. We all like to be in control of our lives. It’s how we meet that need that sets us apart.
  50. 50. What can a Child Control <ul><li>Items and Things-e.g., Video Games </li></ul><ul><li>Others-peers and adults </li></ul><ul><li>Choosing to follow adult expectations </li></ul><ul><li>Choosing to participate or engage </li></ul><ul><li>Appearance and Hygiene </li></ul><ul><li>Eating and toileting </li></ul>What can we control???
  51. 53. Attention, Sensory or Escape Avoidance Control
  52. 54. Possible Functions of Defiance <ul><li>Escape/Avoidance </li></ul><ul><li>Attention </li></ul><ul><li>Sensory-Power Control </li></ul>
  53. 55. Behavior Mantra: “ It is easier to prevent a behavior from occurring than to deal with it after it has happened.”
  54. 56. The Tough Get Tougher <ul><li>“ Getting tough ” with persistently defiant, non-compliant kids is counter productive. </li></ul><ul><li>These youngsters don’t succumb to coercion. </li></ul><ul><li>Rather, they are incited by it. </li></ul><ul><li>If our penalties are harsh and repeatedly applied, we might possibly be able to subdue the rebellion and create a non-motivated, withdrawn kid </li></ul>
  55. 57. Setting Limits <ul><li>Present the expected behavior and logical consequence as a decision and place responsibility on the student. </li></ul><ul><li>Always lead with the positive outcome that will occur if the student make the choice to calm down or follow directions. </li></ul><ul><li>Allow a few seconds for the student to decide. </li></ul><ul><li>Withdraw from the student and attend to other students. Limit direct eye-contact. </li></ul><ul><li>Follow though with limits established. </li></ul>
  56. 58. What ?! Me Change?! <ul><li>THEY’RE </li></ul><ul><li>the problem. </li></ul><ul><li>(not me) . </li></ul>START HERE
  57. 59. Reconnaissance 101 <ul><li>Gather information on your adversary. </li></ul><ul><li>Use this information to inform your actions. </li></ul><ul><li>Sun Tzu: ( The art of war ). The greatest victory is to win without ever having battled . </li></ul><ul><li>Tom McIntyre: The sweetest victory is one in which both sides are winners . </li></ul>
  58. 60. SETTING EVENT STRATEGIES
  59. 61. Setting Event Strategies <ul><li>Building a connection or positive relationship </li></ul><ul><li>Designing the physical space </li></ul><ul><li>Established a predictable agenda </li></ul><ul><li>Established classroom expectations </li></ul><ul><li>Meaningful Incentive Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Meaningful Instruction </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunity for choices </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Establishing a positive home school partnership </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-arranged consequences </li></ul>
  60. 62. <ul><li>Children can feel a greater sense of ownership when they are invited to contribute to their behavior management plan. Children also tend to know better than anyone else what triggers will set off their problem behaviors and what strategies they find most effective in calming themselves and avoiding conflicts or other behavioral problems. </li></ul>Have the Student Participate in Creating a Behavior Plan (Walker, Colvin, & Ramsey, 1995).
  61. 63. <ul><li>ANTECEDENT STRATEGIES </li></ul><ul><li>should make the target behavior irrelevant </li></ul>
  62. 64. Contra-Indicated Behavioral Strategies for the ODD Child <ul><li>Ultimatums </li></ul><ul><li>Strict Boundaries: Drawing the Line in the Sand </li></ul><ul><li>Counts, Warnings, Threats </li></ul><ul><li>Prolonged Eye-Contact </li></ul><ul><li>Infringing on Personal Space </li></ul><ul><li>Social Disapproval </li></ul><ul><li>Judgmental Responses </li></ul><ul><li>Response Cost and Punishment </li></ul><ul><li>Strict Boundaries or Contracts </li></ul><ul><li>Suspension and Detention, Progressive Discipline </li></ul>Marion
  63. 65. Defiant Kids: How do I deliver a command without power struggles? <ul><li>You can increase the odds that a child will follow a teacher command by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Approaching the child privately, using a quiet voice. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>establishing eye contact and calling the student by name before giving the command . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>stating the command as a positive ( do ) statement, rather than a negative ( don’t ) statement. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>phrasing the command clearly and simply so the student knows exactly what he/she is expected to do. </li></ul></ul>
  64. 66. Avoiding Triggers <ul><li>ASD Example </li></ul><ul><li>Treating with mutual respect </li></ul><ul><li>Avoiding the three “don’ts” </li></ul>
  65. 67. Defiant Kids: Teacher Command Sequence: Extended Version <ul><li>Make the request. Use simple, clear language that the student understands. If possible, phrase the request as a positive ( do ) statement, rather than a negative ( don’t ) statement. (E.g., “John, please start your math assignment now.” ) Wait a reasonable time for the student to comply (e.g., 5-20 seconds) </li></ul>
  66. 68. <ul><li>An explanation of the diagram can be found on the slides that follow. </li></ul>
  67. 69. RATIONALE DETACHMENT OUR ABILITY TO MAINTAIN A THERAPEUTIC APPROACH
  68. 70. SETTING LIMITS <ul><li>Simple and concise </li></ul><ul><li>Reasonable and Pre-arranged </li></ul><ul><li>Enforceable </li></ul><ul><li>(avoid demands that take physcal </li></ul><ul><li>management to enforce) </li></ul><ul><li>WHERE IS THE LINE? </li></ul><ul><li>THE DEFIANT CHILD SHOULD HAVE VERY CLEAR BOUNDARIES !!! </li></ul>
  69. 71. Antecedent Interventions <ul><li>Deal with Difficult Behaviors </li></ul><ul><li>Provide frequent non-contingent attention and interaction </li></ul><ul><li>“ Fix” difficult tasks </li></ul><ul><li>Build behavioral momentum </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ask for 2-3 likely behaviors before an unlikely behavior. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Prompt incompatible, desired behavior </li></ul>
  70. 72. <ul><li>REPLACEMENT STRATEGIES </li></ul>
  71. 73. REPLACEMENT BEHAVIOR SWEARING ESCAPE TASK DEMANDS (WRITING) Function Behavior R
  72. 74. REPLACEMENT BEHAVIOR SWEARING ESCAPE TASK DEMANDS (WRITING) REQUEST A BREAK X Behavior Function R
  73. 75. REPLACEMENT BEHAVIORS for Defiance <ul><li>Taking leave appropriately </li></ul><ul><li>Refusing in a respectful manner </li></ul><ul><li>Choosing between two task or demands </li></ul><ul><li>Responding to a coded signal </li></ul><ul><li>Taking part in plan development </li></ul><ul><li>Performing three no preferred tasks per day </li></ul><ul><li>Being a class helper </li></ul>
  74. 76. <ul><li>CONSEQUENCE STRATEGIES </li></ul>
  75. 77. Nine things to do instead of Spanking <ul><li>1. Get Calm </li></ul><ul><li>2. Take Time for Yourself </li></ul><ul><li>3. Be kind but firm </li></ul><ul><li>4. Give Choices </li></ul><ul><li>5. Use logical consequences </li></ul><ul><li>6. Do make ups </li></ul><ul><li>7. Withdraw from Conflict </li></ul><ul><li>8. Use kind but firm action </li></ul><ul><li>9. Inform Children ahead of time </li></ul>
  76. 78. I ASSIST <ul><li>I - Isolate the young person </li></ul><ul><li>A - Actively listen </li></ul><ul><li>S – Speak calmly, assertively, respectfully </li></ul><ul><li>S – Statements of understanding precede requests </li></ul><ul><li>I – Invite the young people to consider positive </li></ul><ul><li>outcomes and behaviors </li></ul><ul><li>S – Space reduces pressure </li></ul><ul><li>T – Time helps young people respond to requests </li></ul>TCI TRAINING [43]
  77. 79. The Importance of Pre-arranged consequences
  78. 80. Have a Routine for Responding to Minor Problem Behavior Specific Request If, Compliance Walk Away & wait 5-10 seconds If, Non-Compliance Reinforce! “ Please _________” Request in a calm voice If, Compliance If, Noncompliance Preplanned Consequence Walk away & Wait 5-10 sec . Reinforce!
  79. 81. Responding to Problem Behavior <ul><li>Clarify across staff and administration what behaviors should be managed in the classroom v. sent to the office </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a continuum of “consequences” with a corrective/ remedial focus, rather than strictly punitive consequences or consequences that remove students from instructional time </li></ul><ul><li>Develop a data collection form that provides essential information for decision making </li></ul>
  80. 82. <ul><li>Punishment </li></ul>The Pitfalls of
  81. 83. <ul><li>Bigger, tougher Consequences is NOT what we mean by a Correction System </li></ul>
  82. 84. Consequence Concerns <ul><li>Repeated loss of anything tends to establish and discount orientation-I don’t care </li></ul><ul><li>The child may start to believe that they can’t be successful and acclimate to a life Being Grounded </li></ul><ul><li>These kids tend to move us to an ultimate consequence philosophy- we tend to up the severity of punishment thinking that a more sever consequence will do the trick </li></ul><ul><li>If the child doesn't want to do something or engage, punishing usually makes things worse </li></ul><ul><li>If we have to raise our voice all the time the child gradually becomes desensitized to authority </li></ul><ul><li>If the behavior is chronic there is a likelihood that something about the consequence may be reinforcing </li></ul>
  83. 85. Reinforcement History <ul><li>Has reinforcement been used as a means of acknowledging approximations of desired behavior? </li></ul><ul><li>Has reinforcement been used as a means of control, leading to resentment, and loss of motivation? </li></ul>
  84. 86. Problems with Reward Systems <ul><li>“What I giveth I can taketh away.” </li></ul><ul><li>The Marion Story </li></ul><ul><li>May not be reinforcing to that child </li></ul><ul><li>May have been used to control bad behavior rather than celebrate good behavior </li></ul>
  85. 87. Setting up Reinforcement Systems <ul><li>A. The child should have input </li></ul><ul><li>B. Delivery should be rich, random, and not tied </li></ul><ul><li>to intervals or activities at clearly defined. </li></ul><ul><li>C. Response Cost Systems should be </li></ul><ul><li>avoided </li></ul><ul><li>D. The reward system should NEVER be </li></ul><ul><li>used to control the child!! </li></ul><ul><li>E. The reinforcer menu needs to vary!! </li></ul><ul><li>F. DO NOT USE EMBARASSMENT WHEN THE STUDENT HAS NOT EARNED A PRIVILEGE OR REWARD. THIS WILL LIKELY CAUSE THE STUDENT TO DISCOUNT YOUR REWARD. </li></ul><ul><li>G. PROVIDE AGREED UPON CELEBRATIONS EVEN IN THE FACE OF INPERFECTION!! </li></ul>
  86. 88. Ross Greene’s Three Basket Method <ul><li>Three goals with this method: </li></ul><ul><li>1. To maintain adults as authority figures. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Teach skills of flexibility and frustration </li></ul><ul><li>tolerance. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Awareness of the child’s limitations. </li></ul>
  87. 89. Three basket method: How it works <ul><li>Behaviors are divided into three baskets. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Basket A -are non-negotiable behaviors- usually fall into the safety and rights of others category. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>These behaviors are those that are important enough to endure a “meltdown” over. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Child must be capable of successfully exhibiting this behavior on a fairly consistent basis. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Basket B - These behaviors are important but can be worked on over time. They are not behaviors worth inducing a “meltdown” over. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Basket C - These behaviors are those that could be ignored without any significant repercussions. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  88. 90. Are you going to finish strong?? (Building Resilience) TEACHING YOUR STUDENTS NOT TO GIVE UP..
  89. 91. FOR MORE INFORMATION <ul><li>http://www.slideshare.net/svittoatmuskegonisd.org/steve-vitto-positive-approaches-for-all-children </li></ul><ul><li>Bridge4kids.com </li></ul><ul><li>PBIS.org </li></ul><ul><li>Casel.org </li></ul><ul><li>eboard.com.michiganpbs </li></ul><ul><li>PositiveParenting.com </li></ul><ul><li>Parentsuccess.com </li></ul><ul><li>Parenting.org </li></ul><ul><li>Kidinfo.com/parent_resources/Parenting_tips.html </li></ul><ul><li>Parentsmart.com </li></ul><ul><li>Kidsourcectdta.org/parenting </li></ul><ul><li>http://muskegonisd.org </li></ul>
  90. 92. GO OUT AND MAKE A DIFFERENCE!! Steve Vitto at Slide Share.com

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