www.DiplomatAfrica.orgAFRICAVolume 4 • 2012PROMOTING ECONOMIC GROWTH AND SUSTAINABILITY THROUGH LEADERSHIP, DIPLOMACY AND ...
“No man is an island; every man is a piece of a continent”(John Donne, 1572 – 1631)The African Century is dawning.Diplomat...
siemens.com/answersEvery day in Africa more and more people are moving tourban areas. This is creating an urgent demand fo...
CREDITSConTaCT DETaIlSGVPedia Publishing (Pty) LtdPo Box 26382 Gaborone, BotswanaPlot 119 Unit 2G Gaborone International F...
88 Botswana well-positioned for dawn of the AfricanCentury12 Future Visions Mauritius16 Future Visions Seychelles20 Future...
CHAPTER 1:FOREIGN POLICY,DIPLOMACY ANDRELATIONS26 Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma electedas African Union Chair27 Proudly African28...
CHAPTER 4:TRAVEL ANDHOSPITALITY62 Hospitality Marketplace Africa64 Regional Branding andCommunication Strategy forSouthern...
International capital is increasingly flowingaway from developed markets and intoemerging economies. Of the African states...
primary drivers of Botswana’s economy, with governmentusing the revenues to direct growth mainly to national socialdevelop...
roll-out of key agencies such as the Citizen EntrepreneurialDevelopment Agency, Local Enterprise Authority, BotswanaExport...
the various factors influencing the country’s globalcompetitiveness.Part of the motivation has been that the secondaryecon...
The economic landscape of Mauritius hasundergone a major transformation. It haschanged from an agricultural economy toan i...
of Mauritius offsets prolonged adverse circumstancesthat seem to shackle the world market, in particular theuncertainties ...
green and sustainable island-State, keeping its ecologicalstewardship at heart.HistoryMauritius’ known history extends bac...
Future overall growth will rely in some part on thecapacity of Mauritius to tackle:•	 fiscal	and	current	account	deficits•...
One thousand miles from the African coastin the western Indian Ocean at the crossroadof Asia and Africa, the 115 islands o...
islands were occasionally used by pirates until the Frenchbegan to take control in 1756 when a Stone of Possessionwas laid...
result there is very limited cultivable land as well as noknown mineral resources. Its main resource, is its beauty,which ...
noticing the main challenges for investment in Seychelleswas that focus was solely on the two main sectors of theeconomy –...
Lesotho is a democratic, sovereign andindependent country which is locatedin southern Africa. The name Lesothotranslates i...
Republic of MauritiusCapital: MaseruLocation: The only independent state in the worldlying entirely above 1,000 metres ine...
Development StrategyThe Government of Lesotho has adopted a private sectordriven economic development and an export led in...
strategic importance to the economy.The LTDC deals with identification and promotionof investment opportunities in the tou...
CHAPTER 1:FOREIGN POLICY, DIPLOMACYAND RELATIONS
Southern Africa celebrated on 15 July2012 as South African politician DrNkosazana Dlamini-Zuma was elected asthe new Chair...
Proudly African is an initiativeof Global Village Africawhich is a marketing andbusiness platform gearedtowards showcasing...
For the first time in 14 years, Lesothowelcomed a new Prime Minister to govern themountain kingdom, as Motsoahae ThomasTha...
Mr Virendra Gupta is also concurrently accredited to theKingdom of Lesotho. Born on August 19 1954, he obtainedhis Masters...
Lieutenant General Masire, the 4th Commander of theBotswana Defence Force, graduated from the East AfricanSchool of Aviati...
Botswana Export Development and Investment Authority(BEDIA) and Botswana International Financial ServicesCentre (IFSC) wer...
Salif Keita was born in thevillage of Djoliba in Mali onthe 25th of August, 1949.He is an afro-pop singer-songwriter uniqu...
Itumeleng ‘Tumi’ Dlamini has been appointed executivedirector of Master Builders South Africa (MBSA) – the firstwoman, and...
Legwaila was born in a little village calledMathathane in North-Eastern Botswana on2 February, 1937. The fifth child ofMor...
Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Botswanato the United Nations.On his return to New York in early 1990 at thecon...
When Moise Chapwe Katumbi announced he was quittinghis position as Katanga province governor in October 2011,seas of peopl...
2007 when he became governor. The protesting multitudestold Katumbi he was going nowhere. His role was to repairthe rattle...
The African Presidential Roundtable 2012:A 21st Century Energy Agenda for Africawas held from May 23-25, at the University...
Over 200 public and private sector leaders participatedin the deliberations, forums, and functions.The following Heads of ...
The perfect farm takesdedication, passion and AFGRI!"#$%"#&"%"#()%#$**#+),%#($%-./0#/""123#4%)-#5)%*167*$22#"8,.9-"/&:#&$....
CHAPTER 2:TRADE AND INVESTMENT
42 | Diplomat Africa
Diplomat Africa | 43
Situated in the heart of the Gauteng province,South Africa, the City of Ekurhuleni is poisedto become the first Aerotropol...
electricity grids and telecommunications, rivals that of manycities in developed Europe and America. This infrastructuresu...
Botswana Development Corporation (BDC)and its 100% subsidiary, CommercialHoldings, have marked yet another milestoneby inv...
the central (focal point of the precinct) having an array ofshops and open cafes, hence providing a vibrant “streetarchite...
It was all glitter and glamour for the Botswana GeneralCertificate of Secondary Education (BGCSE) top tenachievers and a g...
Award goodies in addition to a laptop, Awards T-Shirt andabove all a government scholarship in one of the prestigiousUnive...
Debswana Jwaneng Mine’sapproach to sustainablepartnership is captured intheir commitment to livingup to diamonds. The Mine...
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Diplomat africa 4

  1. 1. www.DiplomatAfrica.orgAFRICAVolume 4 • 2012PROMOTING ECONOMIC GROWTH AND SUSTAINABILITY THROUGH LEADERSHIP, DIPLOMACY AND TRADEDIPLOMATAFRICAVolume4•2012•www.DiplomatAfrica.orgBITC:Introducing the restructuredBotswana Investment & TradeCentreAfrican Union:New era with Dlamini-ZumaProudly African Initiative:Uniting the continentwww.ProudlyAfrican.info
  2. 2. “No man is an island; every man is a piece of a continent”(John Donne, 1572 – 1631)The African Century is dawning.Diplomat Africa has become a documentation of continued African growthover the past year. We have explored the diversity of the southern Africanregion and uncovered the unique methods of diplomacy in various countries.After focussing on Intra-African trade in our last issue, the above quote frompoet John Donne seems hugely relevant to our continent.Inter-African unity is being solidified through the ushering in of the newAfrican Union chair, Dr Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma. This momentous electionis sure to see continental integration. The launch of the Proudly AfricanInitiative shares the same crest of the Africa unity wave in this new era forAfricanism.African countries are starting to work together for the greater good of Africaas a whole. This could not be more timeous as it coincides with the interestof international capital which has come with worldwide focus on Africa, inwhat is dubbed as the “African Century”.Our four featured countries for this issue of Diplomat Africa are Mauritius,Seychelles, Lesotho, and Botswana. The two island nations are part of theexciting Vanilla Islands grouping, which is anticipated to bring huge globaltourist attention to our eastern shores. Lesotho has just ushered in a newera which is poised to bring economic growth to the mountain kingdom.Botswana is all set to take advantage of the rise of the African Century,through the newly restructured Botswana Investment & Trade Centre (BITC)in association with Brand Botswana. These exciting developments arepositioning Botswana as a diversified economy and showcasing Botswana’spride.In this issue, we are also excited to share an intricate look at the lives ofsome of Africa’s prominent icons and diplomats.With this, our profile of Future Visions in the SADC region which we haveexplored in these first four issues, are wrapped up. We look forward toexploring the endless well of sectors of development in Africa in our nextissues.We are excited to be sharing all these growth stories with you as theydevelop.Thapelo LetsholoPublisherPUBLISHER’S FOREWORDMain SponsorsBotswana Investment& Trade Centre (BITC)2 | Diplomat Africa
  3. 3. siemens.com/answersEvery day in Africa more and more people are moving tourban areas. This is creating an urgent demand for thedevelopment of better, more sustainable infrastructures.Already we’re at work in major cities like Lagos andAlgiers, helping ensure a reliable electricity supply topower economic growth and infrastructure development.Our efficient rail technologies in Johannesburg aretransporting commuters safely and keeping the economyon track. With our water technologies, more people inDar es Salaam have access to clean drinking water. Andour medical equipment is providing citizens of Nairobiwith affordable healthcare.We’re working with African cities today to create answersthat will last for generations to come.Building cities worthbuilding a future in.Siemens provides answers for Africa‘s rapidly growing cities.
  4. 4. CREDITSConTaCT DETaIlSGVPedia Publishing (Pty) LtdPo Box 26382 Gaborone, BotswanaPlot 119 Unit 2G Gaborone International Finance ParkTel: +267 3951363 (Gaborone)+27 117052097 (Johannesburg)Email General: info@gvpedia.comEmail Editor: rebecca@gvpedia.comWebsite africa: www.Diplomatafrica.orgwww.Proudlyafrican.infoWebsite Global: www.GVPedia.comTHE TEaMPublisher: Thapelo letsholoEditor: Rebecca EbProject Manager: Gia BischofbergerProduction: GVPedia CommunicationsCreative Direction: iMedi8 CreativePrinter: Creda CommunicationsWebsite Development: liam DobellPublic Relations: RedPepper PR & CommunicationConsultancy (Botswana)Sales Team: Yvonne Sinclair (South africa),Tshiamo Mhlanga, KaboGarebakwena, BalepengMontwedi (Botswana)International Group Publisher:Sven BoermeesterUltimately we look forward toshowcasing and connecting all thesuccessful governments, companiesand individuals that are spearheadingafrica’s incredible growth.GVPedia Communications:Managing DirectorGia BischofbergerDisclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of theinformation in “Diplomat africa”. neither “Diplomat africa”, Red Pepper PR &Communication Consultancy nor GVPedia Communications cc assume anyresponsibility for errors or omissions.The editor reserves the right to amend and alter copy and visual material asdeemed necessary.all rights reserved: no part of this publication shall be reproduced, copied,transmitted, adapted or modified in any form or by any means. Thispublication shall not be stored in whole or in part in any retrieval system.Proudly AfricanBoosting inter-trade & culturalrelations across the continentwww.ProudlyAfrican.info4 | Diplomat africa
  5. 5. 88 Botswana well-positioned for dawn of the AfricanCentury12 Future Visions Mauritius16 Future Visions Seychelles20 Future Visions Lesotho1216 20IN THIS ISSUEFUTURE VISIONSDiplomat Africa | 5
  6. 6. CHAPTER 1:FOREIGN POLICY,DIPLOMACY ANDRELATIONS26 Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma electedas African Union Chair27 Proudly African28 Lesotho welcomes The RightHonourable Motsoahae ThomasThabane as its newPrime Minister29 High Commissioner of India inSouth Africa Virendra Gupta30 Lieutenant General Tebogo CarterMasire31 Board Chairperson Mr VictorSenye Introduces the BotswanaInvestment & Trade Centre (BITC)32 Salif Keita33 Restructured MBSA appoints newexecutive director34 Legwaila Joseph Manson JohnLegwaila36 Moise Chapwe Katumbi38 The African PresidentialRoundtable 2012CHAPTER 2:TRADE ANDINVESTMENT42 Botswana Investment and TradeCentre44 City of Ekurhuleni, Place of Peace,enters into own new era46 Fairscape Precinct, A mixed-useconcept for Fairgrounds48 Botswana Examinations Council50 Debswana Jwaneng MineCHAPTER 3:AFRI-INDIA54 Confederation of Indian Industry inSouth Africa56 INDIALLIA 201258 Successful Indian Companies inSouth Africa50 56IN THIS ISSUE6 | Diplomat Africa
  7. 7. CHAPTER 4:TRAVEL ANDHOSPITALITY62 Hospitality Marketplace Africa64 Regional Branding andCommunication Strategy forSouthern Africa66 Introducing the Vanilla Islands – atourist’s Indian Ocean dream68 Rani ResortsCHAPTER 5:BUILDING AFRICA72 Master Builders South Africa74 African Federation of ConstructionContractors’ Associations (AFCCA)76 Infrastructure is on South Africa’smain agenda78 Lesotho Highlands Water ProjectCHAPTER 6:GROWTH ANDDEVELOPMENTAFRICA82 Future of Trade at BRICS Africa201284 NEPAD – Advancing Agricultureand Food Security in Africa86 Africa Frontiers Forum88 PAMRO Conference 201290 The Sugar Industry Mauritius92 Europe, Middle East and Africa(EMEA) regional meeting held inAfrica 201294 BA ISAGO: A University College inTransition and Transformation6678 94Diplomat Africa | 7
  8. 8. International capital is increasingly flowingaway from developed markets and intoemerging economies. Of the African statesbidding to host this capital, all indicatorspoint to Botswana as the most strategicallypositioned to benefit.While many believe the country’s journey to this point startedin the late 1960s with the discovery of diamonds in theOrapa/Letlhakane area, Botswana’s history as an extractiveeconomy began with gold mining, albeit on a small-scale, inthe late 1800s.Large-scale extractive activities around diamonds, coal,soda ash, copper, and nickel were explored in the late1950s, laying the foundation for the establishment of world-famous operations such as Jwaneng and Orapa diamondmines, Morupule Colliery, Botash, and BCL Mine.The resource boom of the late 1960s and 1970sallowed extractive industries to outpace agriculture as theBotswana well-positioned for dawnof the African Century8 | Diplomat AfricaFUTURE VISIONS
  9. 9. primary drivers of Botswana’s economy, with governmentusing the revenues to direct growth mainly to national socialdevelopment endeavours such as education, health, andprimary infrastructure.While Botswana is most well known worldwide for thisresource miracle, a lesser acknowledged but greatly moresignificant marvel was the government’s use of economicpolicy to carry the momentum of the wealth-boom towardsbroader economic development.While the resource boom exceedingly createdemployment, raising incomes and living standards, it wasgovernment policy that ensured this increased demandresulted in the creation of secondary industry such asfinancial services, manufacturing, hospitality and tourism,aviation, and other sectors.Economic diversificationSince the 1980s, government’s economic diversificationpolicy has seen the deployment of the burgeoning mineralrevenues towards the growth and deepening of nationwideInformation Communication Technologies, transportnetworks, and more recently, robust efforts towards self-sufficiency in energy generation.It is from these efforts that secondary industry hasblossomed and deepened, with the result that theconsumer demand originally built by mineral revenues, hasbecome complimented by new and transformed economicpathways.In addition, these government social developmentpolicies, such as the billions of Pula spent on tertiaryeducation investment, have transformed consumer demandtowards more complex products, allowing market space forproduction of more specialised and modern products andservices.From the 1980s when the Financial Assistance Policyfirst marked government’s attempts at countrywideindustrialisation of the mineral revenues, economicpolicy since the millennium has been aimed at providingsupporting infrastructure and policy conducive to the privatesector.This two-pronged policy has seen the development andDiplomat Africa | 9FUTURE VISIONS
  10. 10. roll-out of key agencies such as the Citizen EntrepreneurialDevelopment Agency, Local Enterprise Authority, BotswanaExport Development and Investment Authority, InternationalFinancial Services Centre, and others.In the last four years, critical modern economy agenciessuch as the Competition Authority, Financial IntelligenceAgency, and the Non-Bank Financial Institutions RegulatoryAuthority have emerged, closing policy loopholes andbuilding confidence for investors.Over the same period, government has embarkedon the most aggressive infrastructure outlay sinceIndependence, with billions of Pula invested in roadand air infrastructure, dam construction, power stationdevelopment and extension of the transmission grid.In addition, government and the Bank of Botswana havedeveloped a regular and high value domestic debt issuanceprogramme chiefly designed to boost the development ofcapital markets.The result of this comprehensive approach bygovernment over the years, has seen greater Foreign DirectInvestment (FDI) with more moving into non-mining sectors,thus raising non-extractives’ contribution to the economy.A recent Ernst & Young survey suggested Botswanaattracted approximately US$13.5-billion (P99-billion) in FDIbetween 2003 and 2011, placing it among the continent’stop 15 targets for foreign capital.While minerals accounted for more than a third of thisFDI (part of the reason being the attendant high capitalcosts), foreign capital also targeted financial services,communications, real estate, hotels, and tourism.With key infrastructure slowly moving into place andthe safety net of investor and support agencies graduallycommingling, government has lately begun addressing10 | Diplomat AfricaFUTURE VISIONS
  11. 11. the various factors influencing the country’s globalcompetitiveness.Part of the motivation has been that the secondaryeconomy (manufacturing/industrial economy feeding offthe primary, raw material, activities) is growing rapidly.Further impetus is required in order to fill the space currentlyoccupied by imports.At present, it could be argued that Botswana’s economyhas more elements of primary and tertiary economy andfewer of secondary economy, with an annual merchandiseimport bill estimated at nearly a fifth of the Gross DomesticProduct.Global competitiveness and relationsThe focus on competitiveness, as seen by the establishmentof a select Cabinet committee on the issue, is seeing thetargeting of eight policy areas identified by investors andenunciated by the World Economic Forum’s annual report,as problem areas.Besides these, Botswana as a member of the SouthernAfrican Customs Union (SACU) is also engaged in inter-regional industrialisation negotiations to ensure greaterdomestic capacity building from the value created within theunion.In addition, the country has penned an interimEconomic Partnership Agreement with the European Unionand is in the process of finalising a more comprehensivearrangement, among the raft of international trade andtax protocols it has in place to enhance the domesticeconomy’s industrial allure.Indicators already exist that these policies have placedBotswana at the heart of the African Century.Already, the Botswana Stock Exchange, the agencywith its pulse on foreign capital flows, has reported heavieruptake of local counters by foreign companies andindividuals, as global focus shifts to Africa.The Botswana Stock Exchange was the eighth bestperforming market in the world last year and this year, thelocal bourse expects to further improve its performance.Given the goodwill in the highest political offices, thesupport of policy and infrastructure as well as the robustinvestor agencies, sovereign credit rating, developedfinancial services, and skilled labour force – Botswana iswell poised for the African Century.Diplomat Africa | 11FUTURE VISIONS
  12. 12. The economic landscape of Mauritius hasundergone a major transformation. It haschanged from an agricultural economy toan innovation-driven economy focusingon emerging sectors such as knowledge,healthcare and life sciences, financialservices, sea-food, logistics, propertydevelopment, ICT, and renewable energy in2012.The island nation of Mauritius is world renowned as atropical holiday destination with crisp white sands andturquoise warm Indian Ocean waters. The culture, vibrancy,and tourism infrastructure, make Mauritius one of Africa’smost beautiful and desirable island destinations. But it tooka strategic economic diversification plan to get Mauritiusto where it is today. Its growth regardless of its diminutivesize, tells one of Africa’s greatest success stories. Mauritianindustry has maintained its strength even in the face ofeconomic turmoil worldwide – proving there’s a lot more tothis spectacular island than agriculture and tourism.As proof that Mauritius is an attractive investmentlocation, the country achieved nearly MUR10-billion in FDIfor the year 2011 amidst growing global uncertainty. Inmost sectors of activity, namely financial services, hospitalityand property development, construction, healthcare andmanufacturing, Mauritius has in fact had an increase in theflow of investments.Ken Poonoosamy, the Managing Director of Board ofInvestment Mauritius, explains this was achieved largely byadopting a targeted approach to further consolidate existingmarkets, the identification and tapping of new and emergingmarkets, and a focus on Greenfield projects in order toboost investments.The new Repo rate set at 4,9% augurs well forthe economy as a whole and allows a new windowof opportunity for investors. The initiative of the BankFuture Visions Mauritius12 | Diplomat AfricaFUTURE VISIONS
  13. 13. of Mauritius offsets prolonged adverse circumstancesthat seem to shackle the world market, in particular theuncertainties in Europe. The lowering of the interest rateoffers a boost to investors’ confidence.This year, Mauritius celebrated the 44th anniversaryof its independence. To mark the occasion, the Boardof Investment (BOI) in Mauritius looked back over theeconomic growth of 40 years, whilst looking to the futureby maintaining their resolve to promote Mauritius as aRepublic of MauritiusCapital: Port-LouisLocation: Island 500 miles east of Madagascar, inthe Indian OceanArea: 2,040 sq. km. (787 sq. mi.)Population: 1,286,340 (including Rodrigues,Agalega, and St. Brandon)Language: Creole (common), French, English(official), Hindi, Urdu, Hakka, BhojpuriIndependence: March 12, 1968 (became a republic in1992)Government: Parliamentary RepublicActing President Monique OhsanBellepeauPrime Minister NavinchandraRamgoolamCurrency: Mauritian rupee (MUR)Terrain: Volcanic island surrounded by coralreefs and a central plateau rimmed bymountainsClimate: Tropical; cyclone season mid-December-AprilGDP: $19.276 billion (2011)Agriculture: 4.5%Industry: 24%Services: 71.4%Diplomat Africa | 13FUTURE VISIONS
  14. 14. green and sustainable island-State, keeping its ecologicalstewardship at heart.HistoryMauritius’ known history extends back over five centuries.The first historical evidence was on a map by Italiancartographer Alberto Cantino in 1502. Even thoughMauritius was discovered and visited by the Portuguesebetween 1507 and 1513, it was the Dutch who first laidbase there. The legacy the Dutch left, besides eliminatingthe Dodo and giant tortoise populations and much of theebony heartwood forests, was to lay the foundations ofindustry with the introduction of sugarcane in the 1600s.They also contributed the name of the country after themain vessel in the fleet which first made landfall.After the Dutch abandoned their colony in 1710, theFrench developed a colony on the island in 1715, leavingan indelible and lasting mark on the island’s infrastructureand culture. It was also the French, under Governor Mahéde La Bourdonnais, who successfully developed the sugarindustry. The island population was slowly grown anddeveloped through each of the colonies as slaves werebrought over from the mainland and Madagascar, formingthe Creole population today. The impact of sugar on thepopulation is evident in the indentured labourers broughtover from India. The British took over in 1810 and ruled untilindependence in 1968.Present economic situationSince independence, Mauritius has worked tirelessly tobuild on these foundations through the diversification ofthe economy. Currently, Mauritius is striving to add toits ‘four-pillar’ economy, namely sugar, textile, tourismand financial services. This is to make it more resilient toshocks, enhance productivity and competitiveness, andsimultaneously support growth and job creation. Theeconomy grew at an estimated 4% in 2011 driven by aresurgent textile industry, and a strong performance by thefinancial sector.In 2011, tourist arrivals were estimated at about965,000 compared to 871,000 in 2009 and 2011 tourismearnings were estimated at about MUR43-billion, up fromMUR35.7-billion in 2009. Gross foreign direct investment(FDI) stood at MUR9.5-billion in 2011, 10.6-billion in 2010and MUR8.8-billion in 2009. The investment went mainlyto sectors like health, real estate, finance, manufacturing,aquaculture, and the agro industry.Apart from infrastructure development, Mauritius isgiving priority to the small and medium enterprise (SME)sector, which has been the main source of employmentcreation during the financial and economic crises. Thegovernment is also increasing its support to export-orientedindustries, especially textile and clothing which have beenunder severe stress in the crisis.Indicators show that primary sector activities, mainlyrelated to agriculture, grew by 2.5% in 2011. Sugarcanegrew by only 0.6% while “other agriculture activities”expanded 3.7% in 2011. Mauritian banks are healthy,profitable, well-capitalised and resilient with an overallcapital adequacy ratio well up with international standards.14 | Diplomat AfricaFUTURE VISIONS
  15. 15. Future overall growth will rely in some part on thecapacity of Mauritius to tackle:• fiscal and current account deficits• high dependency on traditional export partners• high import-dependenceFuture prospects of the economyWith the lack of visibility on how the international businessscene will be evolving in the future, the Vice Prime Ministerand Minister of Finance and Economic Development,Honourable Xavier Duval presented a prudently optimisticbudget for 2012 which builds on the momentum createdby bold economic reforms as well as the buoyancy of anempowered population to pave the way for Mauritius toemerge as a world class city-State by the 2020s whileplaying a significant role in the development of Africa.It is of paramount importance for Mauritius to gather theright impetus to fulfil its economic potential whilst creatingand unlocking opportunities.To achieve its full potential, the key sectors of theeconomy such as manufacturing and financial services needto shift gear to a new level of value addition while emergingsectors such as education and healthcare need to cementtheir role in the development of the economy.The future prospects of the Mauritian economy seem tobe resistant to the shocks of the world economic scene. Aconcrete example is the Mauritian manufacturing sector.Mauritius has the right combination of factors such asan increasing industrial capacity, research potential and apowerful drive for innovation for sectors which are criticalto its future development such as biotechnology, medicaldevices, nanotechnology, environmental technology andenergy to play its major role as a manufacturing hub forAfrica.Other sectors such as ICT are expected to provide newvalue-added services, for example cloud computing, whilefinancial services such as fund management and investmentbanking are part of the logical way forward for the financialindustry to position itself as the International FinancialCentre for Africa.The Government has undertaken broad measures toensure an overhaul and upgrade of key infrastructuresof Mauritius. Growth prospects of the economy will bedependent on the improvement in infrastructure levelssuch as high quality of logistics, utilities, connectivity, andtransportation costs capable of supporting the emergenceof a highly modernised country. These improvements,coupled with the right education system, are key toensuring that Mauritius meets its economic prospects andpositions itself as the gateway to Africa.Board of InvestmentLevel 10, One Cathedral Square Building16 Jules Koenig StreetPort LouisMauritiusTel: +230 203 38 00Fax: +230 208 29 24Email: contact@investmauritius.comDiplomat Africa | 15FUTURE VISIONS
  16. 16. One thousand miles from the African coastin the western Indian Ocean at the crossroadof Asia and Africa, the 115 islands ofSeychelles just below the equator, offer adiverse range of experiences in their whitesandy beaches and verdant mountains andforests. Seychelles has retained a soulful wayof life which is vibrant and captivating, yetstill authentic.This archipelago of legendary natural beauty comprises 41of the oldest mid-oceanic granitic islands on earth, whichtogether, constitute the Inner Islands. The most prominentare Mahé (the principal island and home to the capitalVictoria), together with its close neighbours Praslin and LaDigue.Seychelles has two UNESCO World Heritage Sites:‘Aldabra’ the largest raised coral atoll on earth; and Valléede Mai where the Coco-de-Mer nut grows on ancientpalms, which once earned Seychelles the reputation forbeing the site of the Garden of Eden.Seychelles’ culture is a melting pot of various ethicstrains of the original European settlers of 1770 andtheir retainers – African slaves and Indian and Chinesemigrants who form the well-integrated Seychellois societyof today.HistoryIt is believed that Austronesian seafarers (and later Maldivianand Arab traders) were the first to visit the uninhabitedSeychelles. Remains of Maldivian mariner presence fromthe 12th century were discovered on Silhouette Island. Theearliest recorded sighting by Europeans took place in 1502by the Portuguese Admiral Vasco da Gama, who passedthrough the Amirantes and named them after himself(islands of the Admiral).A transit point for trade between Africa and Asia, theFuture Visions Seychelles16 | Diplomat AfricaFUTURE VISIONS
  17. 17. islands were occasionally used by pirates until the Frenchbegan to take control in 1756 when a Stone of Possessionwas laid by Captain Nicholas Morphey. The islands werenamed after Jean Moreau de Séchelles, Louis XV’s Ministerof Finance.ClimateSeychelles enjoys an average of seven hours of sunshineevery day. March and April are the hottest months withtemperatures in the shade rarely exceeding 30°C. Duringthe cooler months of July and August, the temperature getsas low as 21°C.The south-east trade winds blow regularly from Mayto October when the temperature is slightly lower andthe atmosphere less humid due to the mild sea-breezes.The north-west monsoon prevails from December toMarch, which is the hottest and wettest time with humidityaveraging 65%.EconomySeychelles is one of the smallest independent countriesin the world. The islands of the archipelago are scatteredover one-million square kilometres of sea with a total landarea of only 455 square kilometres (177 square miles). As aRepublic of SeychellesCapital: VictoriaLocation: An island country spanning anarchipelago of 115 islands in the IndianOcean, 1,500 kilometres (932 mi) eastof mainland Africa, northeast of theisland of Madagascar.Area: 451 km2 (174 sq mi)Population: 85,525 (smallest population in Africa)Language: French, English, Seychellois CreoleIndependence: June 29, 1976 (from the UnitedKingdom)Government: Unitary representative presidentialrepublicPresident James MichelVice President Danny FaureCurrency: Seychellois rupee (SCR)Terrain: 115 islands fall under two groups: 43tall granite Inner Islands; and 72 low-lying coral cays, atolls and reef OuterIslands. The Outer Islands are dividedinto five groups: Amirantes, SouthernCoral Group, Alphonse Group, FarquharGroup, and Aldabra Group.Climate: Equable although quite humid; mostlylying outside the cyclone beltGDP: $2.245-billion (2011)Agriculture: 1.9%Industry: 18.7%Services: 79.3%Diplomat Africa | 17FUTURE VISIONS
  18. 18. result there is very limited cultivable land as well as noknown mineral resources. Its main resource, is its beauty,which has been well capitalised on in a successful tourismindustry.Despite its constraints of limited resources,the economic situation of Seychelles is one thatmany developing countries could envy. Even at US$2,053,000,000 GDP in 2010, its GDP per capita is thesecond highest in Africa, after Equatorial Guinea.TourismThe natural beauty and uniqueness of Seychelles hasalways attracted vast numbers of tourists, placing thetourism industry as the biggest sector of the economy.Factors such as globalisation, competitiveness, and theeconomic downturn worldwide have resulted in Seychelleshaving to refocus their marketing campaign.This led to the formation of a highly resourceful tourismbody under the leadership of Minister for Tourism andCulture, Alain St.Ange. When Prince William and hisnew wife, Duchess Catherine, chose Seychelles as theirhoneymoon destination, it sparked a worldwide trend. TheSeychelles tourism board were quick to market the countryas the ‘Honeymoon Destination’ of the world. Seychelles isnow understandably one of the first choice destinations forhoneymooners.The Seychelles International Carnival of Victoria isan annual celebration which attracts numerous touristsas well as communities from all over the Indian Ocean.The Carnival for 2012 became an initiative of the VanillaIslands organisation and was jointly hosted by Seychellesand La Réunion, and was a great success in drawingattention by celebrating this unique region. The VanillaIslands organisation is a joint marketing concept betweenSeychelles, Comoros, Madagascar, La Réunion, Mauritius,and Mayotte. Seychelles Tourism Minister Alain St.Ange hasbeen elected to be the first President of the Vanilla Islandsorganisation. This exciting concept has opened up theregion for inter-travel.EnvironmentThe Seychelles government is finding alternative ways tosustain themselves. A new energy bill has been passedwhich allows sustainable energy producers to sell back theirenergy to the main power supply company. Photovoltaiccells would do very well in Seychelles given the number ofhours of sunshine per day, and are also becoming moreaffordable.Eco capital of the worldSeychelles aims to position itself as the Eco Capital of theWorld with standards which will be judged and measured.Almost 50% of the land area of these 115 islands in themiddle of the Indian Ocean is under strict conservationand a host of eco-practices were announced as part of theSeychelles2020 Initiative.La Digue has been chosen as the repository of thisambition, but other islands such as Silhouette, North,Fregate, Conception and Cousin have already got their ownprogrammes.Foreign DiplomacyIn foreign relations, Seychelles’ representation is expandingwith plans to cover five continents, namely North America,South America, Africa, Asia, and Europe. This is visiblethrough the opening of new diplomatic missions in Rome,Beijing, Pretoria and India, in addition to those already inexistence in New York, Paris and Brussels, which all playa result-oriented role in bilateral, regional and internationalaffairs.As a small nation, the government saw the need to gainmore visibility and credibility in the international arena. Theytook the unprecedented move of inviting former Diplomatsto Seychelles in a bid to set up an association of “Friends ofSeychelles”.Key achievementsPresident James Michel stressed the importance ofdiversifying the economy as soon as he took office after18 | Diplomat AfricaFUTURE VISIONS
  19. 19. noticing the main challenges for investment in Seychelleswas that focus was solely on the two main sectors of theeconomy – tourism and fisheries.His plan was to try to create more visibility, awarenessand interest in other sectors of the economy, involving otherservices to support the industry. He started with a proactivepromotion programme which organised investment forumsin other countries to open up the other sectors. Thispublicised the offshore industry of Seychelles and its stablejurisdiction with favourable tax rates and conditions.Seychelles has potential for financial services and thebanks are very profitable, with space for more financialintermediaries. There is also scope for development inthe ICT sector. One of the visions of the country is tomove towards a knowledge economy. The workforce ishighly educated with a 98% literacy rate and the newlyopened University of Seychelles offers a vehicle for this.The submarine cable is also one of the enablers as theconnection opens many windows of opportunity. Particularareas of interest include e-commerce and business processoutsourcing.Seychelles’ social indicators are good by internationalstandards. The country’s success in improving the socialconditions of its population is partly rooted in the welfare-state role assumed by the government over the last twodecades. There is a comprehensive social safety net,whereby the government has sought to minimise incomedisparities. This is through subsidised housing, access tohealthcare and education, and minimum income for theelderly, unemployed and the poor. Life expectancy hasincreased and infant mortality rates have been reduced.Competitive advantagesSeychelles is unique because of its political, social, andeconomic stability. Since its reform, the country has hada strong economy, with inflation contained to single digitsand built up reserves. The legal framework in place allowssecurity and ease for new businesses and banks.The Seychelles environment is well placed for corporateglobal positioning, with access to networking with theMiddle East, Asia and Africa. The access to Africa isheightened by Seychelles’ membership with SADC andCOMESA, with direct flights to South Africa, Kenya, andEthiopia – making Seychelles the perfect stepping stone.Vision 2020President Michel’s vision to transform Seychelles has beentangibly illustrated to his citizens through the annual ‘Touchthe Future’ 2020 Expo, which highlights how these goalscan become reality. The Vision was conceptualised througha thorough process of investigation of various sectors ofsociety and their aspirations. Vision 2020 has been inter-woven to Aspiration 2013, which focused on the youth, andStrategy 2017, which focused on developing the economy.The Vision notes innovation as the key to Seychelles’success in the future.Ministry of Foreign Affairs Seychelles:www.mfa.gov.scVirtual Seychelles: www.virtualseychelles.comDiplomat Africa | 19FUTURE VISIONS
  20. 20. Lesotho is a democratic, sovereign andindependent country which is locatedin southern Africa. The name Lesothotranslates into “the land of the people whospeak Sotho”.Formerly a British protectorate until independence inOctober 1966, the Kingdom of Lesotho is one of the threeremaining monarchies in Africa.The country has a land area of approximately 30,355km², roughly the size of Belgium or Taiwan, or the Americanstate of Maryland. Located at the southern tip of Africa,Lesotho is completely outside the tropics and enjoys a cool,temperate climate. Often referred to as the “Switzerland ofAfrica”, it is blessed with a beautiful, often snow-cappedrange of mountains, the Maluti. The Kingdom’s centralposition in the heart of Africa’s most developed economy -the Republic of South Africa, is well served by air, rail androad links to all its major centres.The capital, Maseru, is only 600 km away from SouthAfrica’s busiest harbour, Durban, and is one-hour’s drivefrom Bloemfontein, a judicial and academic centre. It isalso only 45 minutes by air or four hours by road fromJohannesburg.Lesotho is home to the largest and most ambitiouscivil engineering project in the whole of Africa, the LesothoHighlands Water Project (LHWP), which has harnessed andcommercialised her upstream surplus water resources –often referred to by Basotho as their “White Gold”.Lesotho enjoys a high literacy rate at 82% that has beenfurther enhanced by the free primary education programintroduced by the government in 2000. There are over1200 Primary schools in Lesotho placing every child withinwalking distance to a school.The economy is divided into three sectors: primary,secondary and tertiary, contributing 12.75%, 29.48% and57.77% respectively. The manufacturing sector contributes17.3% to GDP.Future Visions Lesotho20 | Diplomat AfricaFUTURE VISIONS
  21. 21. Republic of MauritiusCapital: MaseruLocation: The only independent state in the worldlying entirely above 1,000 metres inelevation. It has an altitude of 3,400metres at its highest, and its lowestpoint of 1,400 metres is the highest inthe world. Lesotho is the southernmostlandlocked country in the world andentirely surrounded by South Africa.Area: 30,335 sq. kmPopulation: 2-millionLanguage: Sesotho & EnglishIndependence: October 4, 1966 (from Britishprotection)Government: Unitary Parliamentary ConstitutionalMonarchy under King Letsie III andPrime Minister Tom Thabane.Currency: Loti, plural Maloti; par with SouthAfrican Rand (ZAR).Terrain: Mountainous highland with plateausand hills with abundant water andgrazing lands.Climate: The high altitude keeps Lesotho coolthroughout the year with most rainfalling in summer thunderstorms.Temperatures in summer can reach30ºC in the lowlands and as low as -7ºCin winter and -18ºC in winter. Snow iscommon from May to September.GDP: $3.672 billion (5.2% 2011)Agriculture: 7.5%Industry: 33.1%Services: 59.4%Diplomat Africa | 21FUTURE VISIONS
  22. 22. Development StrategyThe Government of Lesotho has adopted a private sectordriven economic development and an export led industrialgrowth strategy. An essential part of the economy is anindustry that comprises diamond mining and quarrying,construction, manufacturing of textiles, garments andfootwear, assembly of electronics and electrical appliances,trout breeding and fishing, water bottling and foodprocessing.Lesotho’s trade and investment framework provides fora duty-free and concessionary access of Lesotho madeproducts into the Southern African Customs Union (SACU),Southern African Development Community (SADC), the USunder Africa Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA), and tothe EU under the SADC Economic Partnership Agreement(EPA). Other significant markets include:• Preferential market access of Lesotho originating products into the Australian market (22 millionconsumers), affording them duty-free access or reducedrates of duty.• Duty-free access for a large list of products except for dairy, poultry and egg products granted by Canada (34million consumers) under the GSP system.• A preferential treatment agreement between SACU and MERCOSUR (comprising Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay,and Uruguay (385 million consumers) grants tradepreferences on specific products originating fromLesotho as member of SACU.• The SACU EFTA gives SACU originating industrial and fish products duty-free and quota free access toSwitzerland, Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein.• 99% of Lesotho’s industrial products, including textiles and clothing can be exported duty- and quota-free toJapan (127 million consumers).• Lesotho’s products are eligible for duty-free access to New Zealand, under a GSP scheme introduced in 1972.• Turkey provides Lesotho’s industrial products duty free access under a GSP scheme.IndustriesLesotho’s main exports to these markets comprise crudematerials (diamonds, wool and mohair), manufacturedgoods (garments, electronics and electrical appliances,footwear) and water (under the Lesotho Highlands WaterProject).One of the first initiatives undertaken by governmentafter independence in 1966 was the formation of theLesotho National Development Corporation (LNDC) andthe Lesotho Tourism Development Corporation (LTDC) in2002. Both institutions are government’s arm to encourageinvestment and to assist in the development of tourism,commerce and industry.The key responsibility of the LNDC is to contribute tonational economic growth and development by promotingLesotho as an attractive and a preferred investment locationto both foreign and local investors. LNDC offers a widerange of investment supportive services. These includeserviced industrial sites; factory buildings; business supportservices; aftercare services; financial assistance to supportjoint ventures with local investors; and where possible,limited equity participation in projects considered to be of22 | Diplomat AfricaFUTURE VISIONS
  23. 23. strategic importance to the economy.The LTDC deals with identification and promotionof investment opportunities in the tourism sector. TheCorporation also plays an advisory role to the privatesector and tourism programs in collaboration with tourismorganisations.The LNDC and LTDC together with the Governmentand the business community of Lesotho are constantlypromoting investments that combine natural resources withthe existing skills. An example of this synergy is Lesotho’swool and mohair products including jerseys, scarves,blankets and tapestries. A lucrative investment opportunityexists in the establishment of a vertically integrated industrythat can process the abundant wool and mohair to themore value added stage of yarn.As is the case with many emerging economies, asubstantial amount of capital has been channelled to labourintensive activities such as clothing, footwear, tourism,and electronics assembly. While Lesotho is very strong inthese labour intensive activities with special reference to theclothing and textile sector, investment opportunities exist inother activities such as:• Garment industry integration (knitted fabric mill, accessories and packaging materials);• Automotive components;• Leather and footwear;• Assembly of consumer electrical and electronic appliances;• Food processing and water bottling;• Mining – resource based projects e.g. sandstone, ceramic ware and brick making;• Renewable energy and environmental projects such as water recycling and solid waste management;• Pharmaceuticals; and• Infrastructure development.Investments in these priority sectors are supported bya healthy government administered incentive packageincluding:• 0% tax on income generated from exporting manufactured goods outside of the Southern AfricanCustoms Union (SACU);• A permanent maximum manufacturing tax rate of 10% on profits;• Training subsidy allowable at 125% for tax purposes; and• No withholding tax on dividends distributed by manufacturing firms to local or foreign shareholders.Vision 2020In 2000 the country took a policy decision to formulatea vision to provide a long-term perspective within whichnational short to medium-term plans could be formulated.The specific objectives of the Lesotho Vision 2020 are to:establish a long-term vision for Lesotho by looking beyondthe short-term plans and adjustments; explore the optionsfor economic, political and human development to the year2020; identify alternative development strategies suitablefor the Lesotho situation; promote a process of opendialogue and consultation with socio-economic groupscountrywide; create an environment whereby Basothowill actively participate in achieving the Vision 2020; and,develop a focus along the horizon in the direction of whichdevelopment plans could be rolled out.Lesotho’s Vision 2020 document identifies sevenpillars of development. These are democracy, unity, peace,education and training, economic growth, managementof the environment, and advancement in technology. Witha new government and numerous exciting developmentprojects in the pipeline, Lesotho is setting its owndevelopment agenda, which looks sure to see the countryrise up to new heights.For more information contact:Lesotho National Development CorporationBlock A, Development HouseKingsway Street, Maseru, LesothoPrivate Bag A96, Maseru 100, LesothoTel: (+266) 22 312 012 | Fax: (+266) 22 310 038Email: info@lndc.org.ls | Website: www.lndc.org.lsYOUR STRATEGIC PARTNER IN INVESTMENTDiplomat Africa | 23FUTURE VISIONS
  24. 24. CHAPTER 1:FOREIGN POLICY, DIPLOMACYAND RELATIONS
  25. 25. Southern Africa celebrated on 15 July2012 as South African politician DrNkosazana Dlamini-Zuma was elected asthe new Chairperson of the African UnionCommission (AU) at its 19th session, inAddis Ababa, Ethiopia.The victory came after three rounds of voting in whichDlamini-Zuma received 60% of the votes against outgoingchair since 2008, Jean Ping of Gabon. The momentousresult means that Dlamini-Zuma becomes the first womanto lead the organisation.Nkosazana Clarice Dlamini-Zuma was born on 27January, 1949 in Kwa-Zulu Natal and fought in the struggleagainst Apartheid. Dlamini-Zuma received honorary Doctorof Law degrees from the University of Natal (1995) and theUniversity of Bristol (1996).She served as democratic South Africa’s Minister ofHealth from 1994 to 1999 as well as the Minister of ForeignAffairs from 1999 to 2009. She then became Minister ofHome Affairs in 2009 – having served four Presidents intotal: Nelson Mandela, Thabo Mbeki, Kgalema Molanthe(interim), and ex-husband Jacob Zuma.The first election for the AU Chair in January 2012resulted in a deadlock with neither opponent able to securethe necessary two-thirds majority, meaning that Ping’sterm was extended by six months. Throughout the votingprocess, Dlamini-Zuma has maintained that her stance asleader would not be determined by her region as she hopesto avoid polarisation on the continent in order to maintainglobal credibility for the whole of Africa.Many believe that her history as a freedom fighter bideswell for the organisation, which will ensure that the bestinterests of African democracy will always be first priorityand remain unhindered by bureaucracy.Dlamini-Zuma’s appointment brings a peaceful endto the succession battle, preserving the AU’s unity. WhatSouth Africa hopes to achieve after its active pursuit of thisposition, is empowerment for the AU through finding Africansolutions for African problems. Dlamini-Zuma aims to chairas an inclusive leader and avoid division at all costs. Hercompetency in her ministerial roles have spoken volumes forher ability at the helm of the organisation.Memorable achievements include Dlamini-Zuma’sshuttle diplomacy in ending the war in the DemocraticRepublic of Congo as Minister of Foreign Affairs, introducinglegislation which gave equal access to free basic care asMinister of Health, and turning around a troubled HomeAffairs ministry which then received its first clean audit in 16years. Through her leadership and managerial efficiency,Dlamini-Zuma has promised to make the AU a moreeffective organisation, as she aims to consult all regions inimplementation of programmes.As the new AU chair, Dlamini-Zuma is expected tostress economic growth and development, and women’srights. This includes setting priorities for improving andbuilding infrastructure, peace building, greater involvementof women in politics, and strengthened relations betweenNorth Africa and sub-Saharan Africa.Nkosazana Dlamini-Zumaelected as African Union Chair26 | Diplomat AfricaFOREIGN POLICY, DIPLOMACY AND RELATIONS
  26. 26. Proudly African is an initiativeof Global Village Africawhich is a marketing andbusiness platform gearedtowards showcasingand harmonising Africa’sdevelopment, trade andcultural diversity to a globalaudience.This is where the BEST OF AFRICAin business, government and non-profit organisations unite, promotingtheir vision and best practice inorder to find the right customers,partnerships and joint ventures- in order to grow alongside thecontinent’s indisputable economicpotential.The initiative has an unstoppablemagnetic presence with its evergrowing country and sectoral windowalready in over 20 African states.We invite all leaders in businessand government across Africa toshowcase and integrate their visionsand activities so as to promoteinter-Africa trade, investment andtechnology transfer from around theglobe.We also invite all Africa’s media,trade exhibitions, conferences andbusiness chambers to use theplatform to gain mutually beneficialexposure.Fully unlocking Africa’s promiserequires greater continent-wideeconomic integration and inter-trade;such as in Europe, where integrationhas enabled the continent to becomethe world’s single biggest market.Integration and inter-trade is not onlyurgent, but also indispensable tounlock economies of scale and propelAfrica’s competitiveness in the globaleconomy, thus aligning the continentwith the global flows of trade andfinance as an equal partner.Africa’s massive economic potentialstill lies largely untapped - but not formuch longer. The world is comingand so is the dream of a more unitedAfrica. We need to make sure wemaximise on the growth for the benefitof all of Africa and its people.www.ProudlyAfrican.infoProudly AfricanBoosting Trade, Development andCultural Relations across AfricaThapelo Letsholo, Proudly AfricanProudly AfricanBoosting inter-trade & culturalrelations across the continentwww.ProudlyAfrican.infoDiplomat Africa | 27FOREIGN POLICY, DIPLOMACY AND RELATIONS
  27. 27. For the first time in 14 years, Lesothowelcomed a new Prime Minister to govern themountain kingdom, as Motsoahae ThomasThabane was sworn in on 8 June, 2012.Born as the eldest in a family of eight in Maseru on May28, 1939, Thabane’s parents Isaiah and Malekhooa GraceNkoya wanted their children to acquire the best education.Thabane has a BA degree in Political Science and Englishfrom Puis VII University and a PH from Morija TeacherTraining College.As a young man, he was determined to graduateuniversity at all costs and marry the girl of his dreams,Judith Fobo. Succeeding against all odds, Thabane’sculture of resilience, honesty and optimism was nurtured.He is now not only the father of five children, but the newfather of a nation.Having been in government employment in variousroles since 1965, Thabane’s recent prolific political careersaw him serve as Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1998 to2003, Minister of Home Affairs and Public Safety from 2003to 2005, and Minister of Communications, Science andTechnology from 2005 to 2006.He also served as the Chairman of Council of Ministersin the Organisation of African Union, before it became theAfrican Union. In the 1990s he led the negotiating team thataided the return of political exiles that fled the country in1970.Thabane’s achievements include winning the2006 Best ICT Minister in Africa Award, chairing theCommittee of Ministers in the East African SubmarineCable System Project, pioneering the expansion of ruraltelecommunications networks in rural Lesotho, chairingthe National Refugee Committee, chairing the NationalDemocratisation Committee, and part-time consulting forthe World Health Organisation on Primary Health CareImplementation in sub-Saharan Africa.Thabane’s resignation from Lesotho Congress forDemocracy (LCD) on 9 October, 2006 to form his AllBasotho Convention (ABC) party was driven by his desire tounite all Basotho. It was seen by many as the start of a newpolitical dawn to lead Lesotho into economic development.The momentous transition of power from Mosisili toThabane marked the first time in Lesotho’s history thatthe vote brought about a change in regime. The legislativeelection of May 26 saw Mosisili’s LCD fail to secure themajority. Thabane’s ABC then teamed up to share powerwith LCD and the Basotho National Party, thereby oustingMosisili.Thabane’s appointment received wide support, with thegovernments of South Africa and France extending theircongratulations. France lauded it as a “sign of Lesotho’sexemplary system of alternating political power”.Thabane believes being Prime Minister requires usingone’s power and influence to help the citizens to push forthe country’s wholesome development. Seen as the ‘manof all seasons’, it is hoped that Thabane’s term will see abetter life for every one of Lesotho’s citizens.Lesotho welcomes The RightHonourable Motsoahae ThomasThabane as its new Prime Minister28 | Diplomat AfricaFOREIGN POLICY, DIPLOMACY AND RELATIONS
  28. 28. Mr Virendra Gupta is also concurrently accredited to theKingdom of Lesotho. Born on August 19 1954, he obtainedhis Masters degree in Physics from the University ofAllahabad. After briefly working at the State Bank of India,he joined the Indian Foreign Service in 1977.He has served as Director General, Indian Council forCultural Relations, New Delhi. He was also posted atIndian Missions in Kathmandu, Lagos, New York (wherehe served as Rapporteur of the UN Special Committeeagainst Apartheid), Permanent Mission of India to the UnitedNations, as well as Tel Aviv and Cairo in various capacities.He then served as High Commissioner of India in Dar-es-Salaam (1998-2001) and Port of Spain (2001-2005).In his capacity as High Commissioner of India in SouthAfrica, he has dealt with wide-ranging issues includinginternational security, southern Africa, disarmament, tradeand investment promotion, energy security, and multilateralaffairs.Under his guidance, the Indian High Commission in SouthAfrica launched a new website to promote bilateral relations.Through this, High Commissioner Gupta expressed hisbelief that South Africa and India’s trade relationship is tobe defined by economic growth in the next few years, andthat job creation, value addition and government policy onbeneficiation will further influence this relationship.He is married and has two children. His hobbies includeGolf and Bridge.India is South Africa’s sixth largest trading partner withbilateral trade between the two countries reaching $10-billion a year. An increase of $5-billion has been targetedfor 2014. High Commissioner Gupta also feels that SouthAfrica serves as India’s anchor on the African continent.This central status of South Africa in India’s policy in Africaarose from the countries’ shared position on the cusp ofbecoming developed countries.The bilateral relationship between India and South Africahas a strong base through the hand of peace first extendedby the iconic ‘Father of the Nation’, Mohandas ‘Mahatma’Gandhi. This relationship has been continually upheld by thesignificant South African Indian community.High Commission of India, Pretoria852, Schoeman StreetCnr of Schoeman Street and Eastwood StreetArcadia – 0083Telephone: +27 12 342 5392Facsimile: +27 12 342 5310www.indiainsouthafrica.comHigh Commissioner of India inSouth Africa, Mr Virendra GuptaDiplomat Africa | 29FOREIGN POLICY, DIPLOMACY AND RELATIONS
  29. 29. Lieutenant General Masire, the 4th Commander of theBotswana Defence Force, graduated from the East AfricanSchool of Aviation, in 1975 and the US Airforce Commandand Staff College in 1988. He also holds a BSc Degreefrom Troy State University and an MBA from University ofSouthern Queensland.He first worked at the Department of Civil Aviation as anAir Traffic Controller before joining the Military in 1977, whenthe Botswana Defence Force was formed. He holds therecord of being the only member of the first intake of 1977still in the BDF thirty-five years on.During his 35 years of an illustrious military career,Lt. Gen. Masire has held various operational, staff andcommand appointments: one of them being the Chief VIPPilot. He has the honour and privilege of being the only BDFPilot to have flown all the four Presidents of the Republicof Botswana to over thirty countries. The General was thelongest serving Air Arm Commander starting in 1989 until2006. He has over 4000 flying hours and was inducted intothe International Honour Roll by the US Air University in1993.Lt. Gen. Masire reached the pinnacle of his career in2006, when he was promoted to the rank of LieutenantGeneral and appointed the Commander, BDF in the sameyear. Some of the major developments and highlights ofhis command in the BDF include: the induction of thefirst female officers into the Defence Force in 2007; andthe construction and completion of the premier DefenceCommand and Staff College which is scheduled for officialopening on 26 July 2012 – the eve of his retirement.Furthermore, in his wisdom and foresight, he pioneered therestructuring of the Defence Force Formations to enhancethe force’s capability to meet new challenges posed byoperations such as international peacekeeping and peacesupport as well as developments in technology.He is a decorated General, who has been bestowedwith the Duty Code Oder (DCO), Distinguished ServiceMedal (DSM) and Grand Officer of Meritorious Order of theInternational Military Sports Council (GOM).General Masire was born in Kanye. He did his primaryeducation in Mochudi and moved to Gaborone in 1968where he completed his secondary education at GaboroneSecondary School. He married Orefitlhetse in 1984 and theyare blessed with three daughters: Phatsimo, Tuduetso andMagadi.In his spare time the General is a keen football fan and apart-time farmer.Lieutenant General Tebogo Masire30 | Diplomat AfricaFOREIGN POLICY, DIPLOMACY AND RELATIONS
  30. 30. Botswana Export Development and Investment Authority(BEDIA) and Botswana International Financial ServicesCentre (IFSC) were merged on the 1st April, 2012 tobecome a single entity – the Botswana Investment andTrade Centre (BITC).I am pleased to note that the transition process isprogressing well. We continue to receive support from theMinistry of Trade and Industry who are our principals andimplementing partners. We are also grateful for the businesscommunity’s understanding during this transition period.Special mention goes to the BITC staff that havebeen at the core of the process of change. I urge themto continue being diligent and endeavour to make BITCthe best Investment Promotion Agency (IPA) in the region.Keeping in mind that with change comes the opportunity tobecome more efficient, agile and competitive.As the Board of Directors we have resolved to holdmonthly meetings to ensure we expedite the migrationprocess in a timely manner. In order to minimise disruptionto business, the two former entities will continue to functionas normal and be accommodated as they are until suitableaccommodation for the BITC is secured.The process of systems and process integration is beingsystematically managed to ensure that by the 1st October,2012 the basic systems and processes are in place and arefully functional.The recruitment process involved implementing theBITC CEO and populating the BITC organisational structurewith employees thereafter. An appropriate, fair andtransparent recruitment process was followed to ensurethat the right employees with the required competencies areselected and placed in the right jobs.We anticipate that due to the merger there will beshorter turn-around times, more targeted investmentpromotion initiatives leading to improved service delivery.Our objective as the Board of Directors is that the BITCshould be best placed to stimulate both local and foreigninvestment as well as position Botswana as a destinationof choice for investment. I would like to urge all of youto partner with us as we endeavour in this journey thatwill diversify our economy, create jobs for Batswana andcontribute towards the realisation of Botswana’s Vision2016.In conclusion, I wish to take this opportunity to assure allBITC stakeholders that services provided by former BEDIAand IFSC will continue to be rendered to them accordingly.We urge you all to feel free to contact us if you requireclarity or further details about the change we are currentlyembarking on.Contact Person: Ms W. MakwinjaTitle: BITC Care Taker Chief Executive OfficerTel: +267 3601435Fax: +267 3971539Email: wmakwinja@yahoo.comBoard Chairperson Mr VictorSenye Introduces the BotswanaInvestment & Trade Centre (BITC)Diplomat Africa | 31FOREIGN POLICY, DIPLOMACY AND RELATIONS
  31. 31. Salif Keita was born in thevillage of Djoliba in Mali onthe 25th of August, 1949.He is an afro-pop singer-songwriter uniquely knownfor his reputation as the“Golden Voice of Africa” aswell as his albinism. He isalso a direct descendantof the founder of the MaliEmpire, Sundiata Keita.Keita’s music is a combinationof traditional West African musicstyles with European and Americaninfluences. His overall style is Islamicusing instruments such as Balafons,djembes, guitars, koras, organs,saxophones, and synthesisers.Early lifeKeita was cast out by his family andcommunity because his albinismwas seen as a sign of bad luck inMandinka culture. He began hismusical career in 1967 when he left forBamako and joined the governmentsponsored Super Rail Band deBamako. He then joined the group LesAmbassadeurs in 1973. Together, thegroup fled to Abidjan in Côte d’Ivoireduring the mid-1970’s political unrestin Mali. They changed their name to“Les Ambassadeurs Internationaux”.Their reputation achieved internationalstatus. Keita received a National Orderaward from the president of Guinea in1977.CareerKeita moved to Paris in 1984. Hefound success in Europe as an Africanstar of world music. He returned toBamako in Mali to live and recordin the early 2000s. His 2002 albumMoffou was hailed as his best albumin many years. He built a recordingstudio in Bamako where he recordedM’Bemba, in 2005. In 2004, he wasnamed United Nations Ambassadorfor Music and Sports and dedicatedhimself to causes like Malaria, AIDSand the plight of Albinos in Mali andaround the world.Keita’s album, La Différence,was produced in 2009 and recordedbetween Bamako, Beirut, Paris,and Los Angeles. He dedicated itto the struggle of the world albinocommunity, for whom Keita hasalways championed. La Differencewon Keita the Best World Music 2010at the Victoires de la musique.Salif Keita’s first major USmainstream breakthrough was afeature on the soundtrack to WillSmith’s movie Ali. In 2010, Keitabecame Peace Ambassador for theAfrican Union to end fighting in conflictzones and raise awareness about theplight of the African Albino.Keita has received multipleGrammy Award nominations. He hasreleased a total of 19 albums since1982.The Salif Keita Global FoundationWith an Olympic medal winning albinoniece, an albino child, and havinglost his albino sister to skin cancer,Keita founded The Salif Keita GlobalFoundation in 2005 to raise awarenessand money for free healthcare andeducational services, for the care andintegration, for Albinos in Africa. Thefoundation brings media attentionto the global plight of people withalbinism and advocates their rightsand social integration. The organisationis headed by Keita’s Malian-Americanwife, journalist and activist, CoumbaMakalou.www.salifkeita.usSalif Keita32 | Diplomat AfricaFOREIGN POLICY, DIPLOMACY AND RELATIONS
  32. 32. Itumeleng ‘Tumi’ Dlamini has been appointed executivedirector of Master Builders South Africa (MBSA) – the firstwoman, and first black person, to become executive headof MBSA in its 108 year history.She joined MBSA on 1 March, 2012 as part ofMBSA’s new strategic restructuring plan which involvesthe appointment of an executive director as the executivehead of the organisation, and the creation of the new postof operations director, which will be filled by Pierre Fourie,former CEO of MBSA.Tumi Dlamini holds a BSoc Sci degree with majors inIndustrial Sociology and African Politics as well as an LLBdegree, both from the University of Cape Town. She joinsMBSA with an impressive and diverse career history. Sheis an admitted attorney of the High Court of South Africaand was the first black female partner at international lawfirm, Bowman Gilfillan, where she practiced corporate andcommercial law.After 10 years in legal practice which included time atthe firm’s London offices, she joined the 2010 FIFA WorldCup Organising Committee South Africa. There she heldvarious key senior positions, including Manager in the Officeof the CEO where she was responsible for organisationaland executive management, as well as operational planning.She later served as the Head of African Legacyand Strategic Stakeholders, also part of the 2010 FIFASoccer World Cup project and, in this position, engaged,networked and negotiated with key national and provincialgovernment leaders, as well as business leaders in SouthAfrica and Africa. She was also responsible for facilitatingprivate and public partnerships for the delivery of the 2010FIFA Soccer World Cup Legacy projects, one of whichwas the development of SMMEs to unlock and applyparticipation by SMMEs in the procurement spend of theWorld Cup projects.Master Builders South Africa President Danie Hattinghcomments: “We are delighted about Tumi Dlamini’sappointment to our organisation. Her appointmentmarks the implementation of the next phase of MasterBuilders South Africa’s strategic plan and will strengthenthe organisation’s liaison with Government and industrystakeholders. She will be responsible for implementing thenew growth strategy adopted by the MBSA Board.”“Over and above her leadership and executivemanagement role, Tumi’s main focus will be to cultivateand strengthen strategic relationships with national andprovincial governments, as well as key industry role players,to unlock investment and development within the buildingindustry.”The new MBSA executive director says she islooking forward to working with Master Builders SouthAfrica and achieving its strategic goals. “I will use myaccumulated experience to lead the organisation towardsthe advancement of its priorities for the greater good of theindustry,” she added.Restructured MBSA appoints newexecutive directorDiplomat Africa | 33FOREIGN POLICY, DIPLOMACY AND RELATIONS
  33. 33. Legwaila was born in a little village calledMathathane in North-Eastern Botswana on2 February, 1937. The fifth child ofMorongwa and Madome Legwaila, he wasnamed in honour of the Legwaila Clan.His professional career started fifty-four years ago as ateacher. In 1968, Legwaila was offered a scholarship tostudy in Canada. As he was doing a teacher’s course atSerowe Teachers Training College, his sponsors expectedhim to pursue a degree in education – which he did forone year at the University of Calgary in Canada. He thendecided to change to History and Political Science. Hisappetite for international diplomacy was whetted when thiscourse at the University of Alberta in Canada paid specialemphasis on the study of international organisations, andhe began to envision a career with the United Nations.In his final year, he received an unsolicited job offer inthe Office of President Sir Seretse Khama. On returningto Botswana he was placed in the Department of ExternalAffairs as an Assistant External Affairs Officer. In 1974 hewas appointed Private Secretary to the President – sealinghis fate as a diplomat.In 1980 Legwaila was appointed by President SirSeretse Khama to represent Botswana at the UnitedNations in New York as Ambassador Extraordinaryand Plenipotentiary and Permanent Representative.Concurrently, he was also accredited to Jamaica andGuyana as High Commissioner and Cuba as Ambassador.His work at the United Nations did not go unnoticedby the Secretaries General of the world body. In 1989 hewas appointed by the Secretary General Peres de Cuellarto serve as his Deputy Special Representative in Namibiato assist in the implementation of the United Nations Planleading to the independence of Namibia.His stint in Namibia as a peace-keeper and peace-maker was the beginning of a new career in the internationalarena assisted by continued service in New York asLegwaila Joseph MansonJohn Legwaila34 | Diplomat AfricaFOREIGN POLICY, DIPLOMACY AND RELATIONS
  34. 34. Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Botswanato the United Nations.On his return to New York in early 1990 at theconclusion of the U.N. Mission in Namibia, Legwaila lookedforward to resuming his duties as permanent representativeand the government decided to keep him in New York.In 1992 he was borrowed once again, by the SecretaryGeneral of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU), tolead the OAU Mission in South Africa during the country’stransition from Apartheid to a non-racial democracy. Thisincluded observing the CODESA negotiations for a newSouth Africa, which took place at the International TradeCentre in Kempton Park, Johannesburg.As the representative of the OAU it was Legwaila’sresponsibility to serve as a conduit between the SouthAfrican liberation movement and the Headquarters of theOAU, and as the eyes and ears of the OAU SecretaryGeneral and the Chairman of the Organisation. Under hisleadership more than one hundred election observers fromall over Africa (including Botswana) monitored the electoralprocess, which culminated in the election of Mr NelsonMandela as the first democratically elected President ofSouth Africa in April 1994.Botswana had bid for membership of the UN SecurityCouncil for 1995-1996 and Legwaila was to remain inhis post at the Mission in New York to lead Botswana’sdelegation on the Security Council. Longing to return toBotswana, he remained in New York even after officiallyretiring from the Civil Service in 1997.In November 2000 Legwaila was again borrowedby the UN Secretary General to serve as his SpecialRepresentative in Ethiopia and Eritrea where he headed theUnited Nations Mission (UNMEE) for five and a half years,whose mandate was to monitor a ceasefire between thetwo East African nations after a war over the border.He was then requested to return to Headquarters inNew York, to take an assignment as Special Advisor onAfrica for Secretary General Kofi Annan in the last year ofhis stewardship of the U.N. This prominent assignmentprovided the most fitting way to wrap up an eventful careeras a diplomat in the service of both his beloved country andthe United Nations.He was touched to have seen Namibians and SouthAfricans taste freedom after centuries of suffering andhopelessness; and witnessing war ravaged villages inEthiopia and Eritrea and having to dodge mine fields, madeLegwaila realise the fortune of coming from a peacefulcountry like Botswana.His twenty-year stint at the world body was his mostfulfilling and he was honoured to represent his countryand people at a global body such as the United Nations.Legwaila sees no comparable profession as fulfilling, asennobling and as exciting as diplomacy – particularly theaspect of it which involves peacekeeping and peacemaking.Ambassador and Permanent Representative of BotswanaDiplomat Africa | 35FOREIGN POLICY, DIPLOMACY AND RELATIONS
  35. 35. When Moise Chapwe Katumbi announced he was quittinghis position as Katanga province governor in October 2011,seas of people poured into the streets of the mineral richcity of Lubumbashi to protest the decision.His popularity at home and abroad has impressively soaredplacing the 47-year-old businessman high in the echelonof the political history of DR Congo which is now on thepath to recovery. Children, women, youths and the generalpopulous in DR Congo adore Katumbi.His appearance in public is greeted with chants of “Moise!Moise! Moise!”.Moise is the Swahili name for Moses and as a result,his loyalists say in their native Swahili ‘Uyu ni Moise wamubible’ [This is the Moise of the bible], to draw parallelsbetween his leadership of the vast mineral endowedcountry after decades of war, poverty and civil strife – andthe biblical Moses. Coincidentally, his father was an Israeliimmigrant to DR Congo.Katumbi has endeared himself with the people partlybecause of their shared passion of football. Katumbi’saffection for Congolese giants TP Mazembe football club,a team he has lifted out of oblivion, has further endearedthe charming politician to the masses beyond his territorialboundary.That is why when invisible political pressure was thrust onhim to exit his position last year, Katanga virtually came toa standstill. In fact, at the time, he said he was quitting sohe could concentrate on his businesses and his belovedTP Mazembe, Africa’s four-time continental championsand the first club from African soil to reach the finals of theprestigious FIFA World Club championships.As president of TP Mazembe, Katumbi has expanded togive Katanga their sporting prestige by investing in thewhite-and-black shirted men revered as the ‘Crocodile’ ofthe region. His presence at the team was immediately felt.After just two-years in charge, Mazembe was back on thecontinental scene winning back-to-back CAF ChampionsLeague titles in 2009 and 2010. Mazembe went a stepfurther to become the continent’s first side to reach the FIFAClub World Cup final losing to the Italian side in Abu Dhabi.Stade de Kibassa Maliba, the current home of Mazembe,is filled to capacity whenever the Lubumbashi outfit is inaction. Katumbi’s presence in his traditional white appareland a black cowboy hat creates wild cheers from the fans.Under Katumbi, Mazembe’s brand new home-ground isnear completion with an investment of over US $20-million;and he has further bought two planes for the team and forthe fans to transport them to matches within and outsideDR Congo.A snap-shot of the activities of October 10, 2011 when asolidarity march demanded Katumbi stay in office, atteststo the incredible popularity built around his leadership sinceMoise Chapwe Katumbi36 | Diplomat AfricaFOREIGN POLICY, DIPLOMACY AND RELATIONS
  36. 36. 2007 when he became governor. The protesting multitudestold Katumbi he was going nowhere. His role was to repairthe rattled image Katanga had endured in decades of war.Katumbi promised to re-think his decision following theimmense show of solidarity from his people.Since February 2007 when he returned from exile to beelected governor of the country’s southern region, Katumbihas dedicated his service to bettering the lives of his people.The road network, schools and factories are back to life andKatumbi has overseen a rapid and steady economic activity.The electrification of major parts of Katanga has also beenrapid, the township road network, has been Katumbi’spassion too. The majority of Congolese people appreciatedKatumbi’s commitment to lift not only Katanga, but the restof the country out of its dark state.The densely populated townships of Kenya, Katuba,Kalubwe Kamalondo and upmarket areas like Golf andCarrefour have all received attention. Kolwezi and Likasi,other than Lubumbashi, are some cities in which Katumbi’ssupervised projects are slowly but surely sprouting.His immediate policies upon taking over political office –including the ban on exporting raw ore, the ban onunnecessary dismissals in mining companies, anddeveloping the energy sector – are credited for the revivalof Katanga. Further, Katumbi has identified agriculture asone of the country’s other sectors that could support thecountry’s economy, instead of relying on mining.He discourages his compatriots from relying on importedmaize, whose flour forms part of the country’s stable food,particularly in Katanga. To lead by example, Katumbi hashimself engaged heavily in farming.Katumbi’s popularity is sometimes equalled to that of MoiseTshombe, the leader of Katanga in the early 60s; andLaurent Desire Kabila – the man who rescued DR Congofrom Mobutu Sese Seko’s 30-year dictatorial rule; as well asthe great Patrice Emery Lumumba.Diplomat Africa | 37FOREIGN POLICY, DIPLOMACY AND RELATIONS
  37. 37. The African Presidential Roundtable 2012:A 21st Century Energy Agenda for Africawas held from May 23-25, at the Universityof the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg,South Africa. The Roundtable was a multi-continental conversation involving formerAfrican heads of state and government,diplomats, industry leaders, internationaldignitaries, and students and faculty from theUnited States, Europe, and Africa.The Roundtable marked the 10th Anniversary of the AfricanPresidential Roundtable and coincided with the University ofWitwatersrand’s 90th Year Celebrations. It was a follow-up to the Balaclava Summit held in Mauritius in 2011,which also focused on energy security in Africa. The focusof this meeting was the charge received in Balaclava toreconvene to refine the recommendations and expand thestakeholders in the conversation.The Roundtable deliberations were lead by experts inthe public and private sector, from institutions such as theWorld Energy Council, USAID, CAMAC Energy, the EnergyPower Group, Uranium One, the World Bank, the Ministriesof Energy of Niger, South Africa, and Mozambique; BostonUniversity and the University of the Witwatersrand.The African Presidential Roundtable 2012Witwatersrand Communiqué: A 21st Century EnergyAgenda for Africa(L-R): Ambassador Charles R. Stith, Director, African Presidential Center; His Excellency Nicéphore Dieudonné Soglo, formerPresident of Benin; His Excellency Amani Abeid Karume, former President of Zanzibar; His Excellency Ali Hassan Mwinyi,former President of Tanzania; His Excellency Thabo Mbeki, former President of South Africa; His Excellency OlusegunObasanjo, former President of Nigeria; His Excellency Pedro Pires, former President of Cape Verde; His Excellency BenjaminMkapa, former President of Tanzania; His Excellency Rupiah Bwezani Banda, former President of Zambia.38 | Diplomat AfricaFOREIGN POLICY, DIPLOMACY AND RELATIONS
  38. 38. Over 200 public and private sector leaders participatedin the deliberations, forums, and functions.The following Heads of State and Government wereco-conveners of the Roundtable:• His Excellency Nicéphore Dieudonné Soglo former President of the Republic of Benin,• His Excellency Pedro Pires former President of Cape Verde,• His Excellency Joaquim Chissano former President of the Republic of Mozambique,• His Excellency Olusegun Obasanjo former President of the Republic of Nigeria,• His Excellency Thabo Mbeki former President of the Republic of South Africa, • His Excellency Benjamin Mkapa former President of the Republic of Tanzania, • His Excellency Ali Hassan Mwinyi former President of the Republic of Tanzania, • His Excellency Rupiah Banda former President of the Republic of Zambia, and• His Excellency Amani Abeid Karume former President of Zanzibar.This year’s African Presidential Roundtable focused on how governments, institutions, and individuals can aid in bringing Africa closer to achieving energy security. If the challenge of achieving energy security for Africa is solved, it has the potential to drive development on the continentto unprecedented levels. This year’s African Presidential Roundtable focused on how governments, institutions, and individuals can aid in bringing Africa closer to achieving a resolution to this pressing dilemma.The deliberations explored ways to maximise the value/potential of Africa’s renewable, non-renewable, and sustainable energy resources; and the importance of mobilising its human resources in order to reach its potential. The Roundtable discussions also addressed the demand for qualified energy-sector personnel on the continent to meet the demands of Africa’s energy needs for the next fifty years, and stressed the importance of more young people committing to scientific courses of study so as to contribute to the solution of this pressing problem.Africa is becoming the next World Energy Hub because it is strategically situated and has a wealth of natural resources. Africa has at least an 8-10% share of the proven global world oil and gas reserves, and has already overtaken the Middle East as the major oil supplier to the U.S.Africa’s ability to attain energy security rests on political leadership, policy, and its people. The Roundtable encouraged political leaders at every level to lead the necessary country and continental dialogue, which must take place if energy security is going to get the sustained attention it needs to be achieved.The uniqueness of the Roundtable is the contrast of past African leaders exchanging and sharing information with future leaders – such as the students in attendance. A surprising outcome of this however, was that the information was shared both ways. This is a positive indication of the independent and analytical thinking being nurtured in such high-level institutions.The tangible benefits of engaging past leaders are that they have call power, they impact on public opinion due to their profiles, and they have vast wisdom and experience.There was also mention of valuing African resources for controlled usage. This concept of natural capital was also one of the focuses of The Summit for Sustainability in Africa held in Gaborone Botswana from 24 – 25 May. Natural Capital prescribes to the notion that everything in our ecosystem is given a value so as to ensure economic growth does not damage the environment and similarly, that the protection of the environment is not to the detriment ofthe economy. This is especially important in Africa where resources are needed to pull populations out of poverty. Such key discussions are leading the way to defining this delicate balance of growing Africa sustainably.Photos courtesy of Thabane Maja of Maja Entertainment.(L) Dr Malcolm McCulloch and (R) His Excellency NicéphoreDieudonné Soglo, former President of Benin(R-L): 1. Dr Latsoucabé Fall, Regional Manager, Africa,World Energy Council, 2. Ambassador Charles R. Stith,Director of the African Presidential Center, 3. His ExcellencyAli Hassan Mwinyi, former President of Tanzania, 4. HisExcellency Amani Abeid Karume, former President ofZanzibar, 5. His Excellency Nicéphore Dieudonné Soglo,former President of Benin, 6. His Excellency Pedro Pires,former President of Cape Verde, 7. Verity Norman, ProgramDevelopment Manager, African Presidential Center, 8.(obscured) Dr Linda Heywood, Director, African-AmericanStudies, Boston University, 9. Ambassador Robin R.Sanders, former U.S. Ambassador to Nigeria.Diplomat Africa | 39FOREIGN POLICY, DIPLOMACY AND RELATIONS
  39. 39. The perfect farm takesdedication, passion and AFGRI!"#$%"#&"%"#()%#$**#+),%#($%-./0#/""123#4%)-#5)%*167*$22#"8,.9-"/&:#&$.*)%6-$1"#(./$/7"#$/1#./2,%$/7"#&)#2)9.2&.7$&"1#0%$./#-$/$0"-"/&#$/1#9%)1,7&2#5.7#./7*,1"#$/.-$*#(""12:#9%)7"22"1#"1.;*"#).*#$/1#9),*&%+#9%)1,7&23#<4=>?#.2#&,2#+),%#$**6"/7)-9$22./0#(%."/1#./#&"#($%-./0#$/1#())12#@$*,"#7$./3#?&A2#/)#5)/1"%#&"/:#&$&#5"/#+),#0%)5:#5"#0%)5#&)0"&"%3www.afgri.co.za
  40. 40. CHAPTER 2:TRADE AND INVESTMENT
  41. 41. 42 | Diplomat Africa
  42. 42. Diplomat Africa | 43
  43. 43. Situated in the heart of the Gauteng province,South Africa, the City of Ekurhuleni is poisedto become the first Aerotropolis in Africa.An Aerotropolis is a type of urban form comprising aviation-intensive businesses and related enterprises extendingoutward from major airports. It has an Airport City at itscore and is surrounded by clusters of aviation-relatedenterprises. It is similar in form and function to a traditionalmetropolis, which hosts commuter-linked suburbs.From December 1991 to November 1992, South Africanpolitical leaders met at the World Trade Centre in KemptonPark for the negotiation of a new South African nation,known as the Conference for a Democratic South Africa(CODESA).It is a fitting tribute that the place in which South Africa’sfuture was decided would be incorporated into one of onlysix metropolitan municipalities at the time, serving highdensity population areas in South Africa. Today there areeight metropolitan municipalities across the country.On 5 December 2000, seven years after the historicCODESA negotiations, the local government authorities ofthe nine cities and towns east of Gauteng entered their ownnew era with the formation of the Ekurhuleni MetropolitanMunicipality.The municipalityThe region of Ekurhuleni, formerly known as the EastRand, was home to a number of good sized towns thathad developed around the mines, and whose chartersdated back nearly a century. Nine local administrationsamalgamated to form Ekurhuleni – Alberton, Benoni,Boksburg, Brakpan, Edenvale, Germiston, KemptonPark/Tembisa, Nigel, and Springs – along with two othercouncils, the Khayalami Metropolitan Council and theEastern Gauteng Services Council.EconomyThe economy of the Ekurhuleni region is larger and morediverse than that of many countries in Africa. It accounts fornearly a quarter of the Gauteng province’s economy which,in turn, contributes over one third of the national GrossDomestic Product.Ekurhuleni contributes about 7% to the country’sspending power and another 6.2% to its production. In themajority of indicators of economic activity, namely per capitaincome, unemployment, poverty, average wages, as well asother indicators of human development, it is similar to therest of Gauteng.It has the largest concentration in Africa of industryfor the production of goods and commodities; which iswhy Ekurhuleni is often referred to as ‘Africa’s workshop’.Manufacturing in Ekurhuleni accounts for 32% of its totalproduction output, and 26% of the GDP of Gauteng.InfrastructureThe network of roads, airports, rail lines, telephones,City of Ekurhuleni, Place of Peace,enters into own new eraCity ofEkurhuleni44 | Diplomat AfricaTRADE AND INVESTMENT
  44. 44. electricity grids and telecommunications, rivals that of manycities in developed Europe and America. This infrastructuresupports a well established industrial and commercialcomplex.South Africa’s largest railway hub is located inGermiston and this links the city to all the major populationcentres and ports in the southern African region. Many ofthe country’s modern freeways and expressways crisscrossone or other part of Ekurhuleni, connecting it to virtually allprovinces, and many of the country’s major cities.The Maputo Corridor development, South Africa’smost advanced spatial development initiative, connectsEkurhuleni with Maputo, the capital of Mozambique. It isalso linked directly via rail, road and air to Durban, SouthAfrica’s biggest and busiest port.Why Ekurhuleni?• Ekurhuleni is home to OR Tambo International Airport which is used by most of the world’s leading airlines andservices most of the African continent.• The Albertina Sisulu Corridor is a prime investment and development location. Lying on the R21 freewaywhich runs through Ekurhuleni, the corridor linksJohannesburg, OR Tambo International Airport, andPretoria (Tshwane).• Investment opportunities lie in a wide range of sectors including telecommunications, business outsourcing,import, export, manufacturing, processing, transportservices, office and retail space, agriculture, and eco-tourism and conservation industries.• The municipality has devised an urban development structure that creates investment opportunities forbusiness while also contributing to social developmentand upliftment.• Roads, railways and airports service Ekurhuleni well as it has a well developed network of infrastructure as well asstrong telecommunications infrastructure and powerfulelectricity grids.• A modern road network system reaches every part of the municipality and connects all the major towns,offering conveniences and a seamless travel experience.• Roads are well maintained and more than capable of handling the city’s increasing commercial traffic.The N3 from Johannesburg to Durban, the N12 fromJohannesburg to Witbank and the R21 highway, whichjoins OR Tambo International Airport to the rest of theprovince, all meet at Gillooly’s Interchange at the heart ofEkurhuleni.• More than a quarter of Africa’s railway tracks are situated in South Africa and at the heart of this hub isEkurhuleni.Ekurhuleni Metropolitan MunicipalityTel: +27 11 820 4321Fax: +27 11 820 4310www.ekurhuleni.comDiplomat Africa | 45TRADE AND INVESTMENT
  45. 45. Botswana Development Corporation (BDC)and its 100% subsidiary, CommercialHoldings, have marked yet another milestoneby investing in a property developmentinitiative dubbed “The Fairscape Precinct.”Strategically located in the heart of Showground OfficePrecinct, this state of the art development will be uniqueand trend-setting as it will be a mixed development towerstanding at 15 storeys and comprising of rental officespace, retail space, penthouses, a hotel and 884 carparking bays in the basement. BDC found it imperativeto initiate Fairscape Precinct to revitalise Fairgrounds byoffering prospective commercial and retail tenants with aworld class mixed-use property at a total cost ofP466-million.Fairgrounds have since transformed into a major officehub in Gaborone but lack a development that truly placesit as an office location of international stature. BDCtherefore found it imperative to come up with Fairscape.The uniqueness of the development is derived from fivemajor design principles: mixed land use, central piazza,district architectural identity, streetscape character andenvironmental sustainability.This mixed-use concept is the first of its kind to beimplemented in Botswana and is envisaged to bringmodern high-class working and living environment into thecountry. The core concept is to integrate the corporateand private culture into one domain – where businessmeets pleasure. The central aim of the Fairscape Precinctdevelopment is to create an environment which promoteseconomic opportunities and stimulates enterprises witha lot of emphasis on investment sustainability. With a 15storey high tower, the design and structure of the building isto accommodate pedestrian movements and accessibilityto the amenities of the precinct with a piazza formingFairscape Precinct,A mixed-use concept for Fairgrounds46 | Diplomat AfricaTRADE AND INVESTMENT
  46. 46. the central (focal point of the precinct) having an array ofshops and open cafes, hence providing a vibrant “streetarchitecture” where locals and visitors can mingle.Also as a 15 storey high tower, this will make it one of thetallest buildings in Gaborone. The design and constructionwill incorporate modern green building status, which willrender the development to be environmentally friendly andenergy efficient, with a three level basement parking.Moedi, Plot 50380, Gaborone InternationalShowgrounds, Private Bag, 160, Gaborone, BotswanaTel: +267 365 1300Fax: +267 390 3114 or +267 390 4193Email: enquiries@bdc.bwDiplomat Africa | 47TRADE AND INVESTMENT
  47. 47. It was all glitter and glamour for the Botswana GeneralCertificate of Secondary Education (BGCSE) top tenachievers and a glimpse of the allure that awaits them asthey would be preparing for the western world to pursuefurther studies.The Botswana Examinations Council (BEC) 3rd AnnualExcellence Awards in collaboration with the Ministry ofEducation and Skills Development (MOESD) was by allstandards an epic event in the Council’s 2012 calendarof events. The immaculate dress and sometimes glitterycostumes of achievers, parents, teachers and the VIPs; tothe golden adorned table tops and golden reed chairs, allsummed up the mood of the day.When Esther Modise was called onto the stageto receive the Golden Star Award from His ExcellencyPresident Lt. General Seretse Khama Ian Khama, the hallbroke into a rupture of applause and competing flashlightsas media personnel shoved each other to get the best shot.The former Selebi Phikwe Senior Secondary Schoolstudent has outdone herself with eight A+ and an A toput herself in the world stage by unlocking a host ofopportunities, that should she have failed, she wouldprobably only have dreamed about.In the short term she has earned herself a whoopingP20,000, a trophy and certificate as part of the Golden StarBotswanaExaminationsCouncil48 | Diplomat AfricaTRADE AND INVESTMENT
  48. 48. Award goodies in addition to a laptop, Awards T-Shirt andabove all a government scholarship in one of the prestigiousUniversities in the United Kingdom.His Excellency President Lt. General Seretse Khama IanKhama applauded BEC and MOESD for the pivotal role theyplay in meeting the country’s Vision, one of whose pillarsis to be an educated and informed nation by 2016. Hecalled on other students across all schools in the countryto set their footsteps exactly where Esther and other 2011academic top achievers stepped to secure educationalsuccess.His Excellency also implored relevant authorities toreward deserving teachers and invited teachers to cometo state Houses to discuss with him their challenges in arelaxed atmosphere over a cup of tea. He requested theMinistry of Education and Skills Development to facilitate forthis kind of a meeting.Esther Modise was to later go onto the podium toencourage those who are to still go through the BECnational examinations and left them with these words: “Takeyour school work seriously and refrain from anything whichmay distract you from your academics and face all thechallenges as rewards are eminent”.“We are limited only by the mind and thoughts, the restis borne of either one,” echoed the BEC Executive SecretaryDr Serara Moahi earlier on when giving the overview ofthe awards celebrations held at Gaborone InternationalConvention Centre on the 31st May 2012.Dr Moahi pointed out that the words were earlierput across by a former student of Orapa CJSS, KaraboSankoloba. “To derive the meaning from this quote shalltake decades,” she said.The BEC Executive Secretary emphasised thatthe excellence awards are meant to increase learners’confidence, raise their aspirations, improve their motivationfor learning, keep them engaged in education and thatrecognition of achievement can help young people to reflecton their learning and development.She stated that for the 3rd Annual Excellence Awardsa total of 72 students were to be awarded as follows:The Presidential award (highest performance in BGCSE),Ministerial award (second highest performance in BGCSE),top 10 high achievers in BGCSE, top 10 high achievers inJunior Certificate Examination (JCE), top 10 high achieversin Primary School Leaving Examination (PSLE), top twoachievers in special needs category at PSLE, JCE andBGCSE.Dr Moahi also stated that the top achievers at subjectlevel at BGCSE, English, Mathematics and Science at JCEand English, Mathematics and Science combined at PSLEwere also to receive awards.She also stated that the best performing school and itsParents Teachers Association at each level were also to beawarded on the Day.The curtain for the Day was closed with dance andlaughter as Honourable Minister of Education and SkillsDevelopment Pelonomi Venson-Moitoi took to the floor withthe BEC Chairperson Dr Joseph Tsonope to the tunes ofNnunu with her jazz melodies of yesteryears.Plot 54862, KT Motsete RdPrivate Bag 0070, GaboroneTel: +267 3650700 | Fax: +267 318 5011E-mail: enquiries@bec.co.bwwww.bec.co.bwDiplomat Africa | 49TRADE AND INVESTMENT
  49. 49. Debswana Jwaneng Mine’sapproach to sustainablepartnership is captured intheir commitment to livingup to diamonds. The Mine’scommitment to miningand recovering diamondssafely, cost effectively andresponsibly when measuredagainst the highest globalmining standards to deliversuperior value, always sitsat the heart of its businessstrategy.The Mine’s aim is to ensure that itsactivities contribute significantly tothe development and prosperityof Botswana, and community ofJwaneng and surrounding areas.This promise is underpinned byDebswana’s value of Show we Care,which says “The people whoselives we touch, their communitiesand nations and the environmentwe share, all matter deeply to us.We will always think through theconsequences of what we do so thatour contribution to the world is real,lasting and makes us proud.”The responsibility for theproper management of sustainablepartnership is core to the way theyoperate as a business. DebswanaJwaneng Mine works in partnershipwith a broad range of stakeholdersto improve communities in areas ofhealthcare, education, communityupliftment, art and culture, sportsdevelopment and environmentalprotection. Partnering with variousstakeholders ensures that revenuesfrom diamonds are transformed intoeconomic wealth and improved qualityof life and wellbeing for its employees,their families, the community ofJwaneng and surrounding areas,the nation of Botswana and itsshareholders.The Mine’s biggest CorporateSocial Investment project to date isJwaneng Mine Hospital. Funded tothe tune of over P64-million annually,the hospital serves as both a Minehospital and district referral hospitalfor a radius of 200km. The hospitalwhich has been accredited by Councilfor Health Services Accreditationof Southern Africa (COHSASA) has55 beds and consults about 8100public patients and 34,000 privatepatients. In April 2003, Debswanapartnered with the government ofBotswana to set up the InfectiousDisease Care Clinic (IDCC),which provides free antiretroviraltherapy (ART) to members of thecommunity. Debswana is one ofthe few companies in the countrywhich provides free ART to HIVpositive employees and spouses. Inaddition, the Mine recently funded theelectrification of Maokane Clinic at thevalue of P45,000.In 1979, the Mine establishedAcacia Primary School which providesstate-of-the-art pre-primary andprimary education at a nominal fee forMine employees and the community.Since education is the cornerstoneof development in any community,in 2002 Jwaneng Mine started theDEBSWANA JWANENG MINE30 years of sustainable partnership50 | Diplomat AfricaTRADE AND INVESTMENT

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