The BEST OFAFRICAGVPedia.comSuccess, Sustainability and CultureBranding a Continent,a Nation, a City and its PeopleWe brand and build the image of the world’s most excitingeconomic regions to affect a change in the perception of acontinent, a nation, a city and its people by the rest of theworld.Global Village Africa is Africa’s premier platform forshowcasing and networking governments, leadingcompanies and entrepreneurs in business, tourism andlifestyle. The ‘Best of series’ books crisply profile leadingcompanies and innovators, as leaders within their genre.We celebrate the success of countries, individuals andcompanies with ‘the good news’ editorial and pictorialimagery in the highest quality print format available.
Best of South Africa 1International Group Publisher Sven BoermeesterSADC Group Publisher Thapelo LetsholoBest of SA Publisher Gia BischofbergerManaging Editor Rebecca Eb Sales and Marketing Gia Bischofberger, Yvonne Sinclair, La-Toia MaresciaProduction GVPedia Communications ccCreative Direction Shout Factory - Peter BatistichWebmaster Liam DobellContent Manager Agnes Sikhethile ZabaPrinting Creda CommunicationsDisclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the information in The ‘Bestof South Africa’ Vol.7. Neither ‘Best of South Africa’, nor GVPedia Communications cc assumeany responsibility for errors or omissions. The editor reserves the right to amend and alter copyand visual material as deemed necessary. All rights reserved: No part of this publication shall bereproduced, copied, transmitted, adapted or modified in any form or by any means. This publicationshall not be stored in whole or in part in any form in any retrieval system.Contact details: PO Box 391, Paulshof, 2056Tel: +27 11 705 2097 | Fax: +27 86 586 1999Email: firstname.lastname@example.org | www.GVPedia.comGlobal Village Partnerships info@GVPedia.com“Best of South Africa” Volume 7 is a celebration of the country’s role within itsregion and the African continent. This is an exciting time for African growth aswe begin to see intra-African trade coming to the fore through partnershipssuch as BRICS as well as the EAC-COMESA-SADC Tripartite Agreement.South Africa retains the golden key as the gateway into Africa, and as a result,has taken note of the immense growth happening outside its borders.Best of South Africa is a showcase of the success of varied and valuedenterprises in both private and public sectors and sets the benchmark as wegrow our publishing series throughout the continent of Africa. To effectivelybring together the growing Best of Africa series through Global Village Africa,we have launched Proudly African. Hosted at www.proudlyafrican.info, thisinitiative serves as a united platform to showcase and brand Africa.Ultimately we showcase and connect successful governments, companiesand individuals that are spearheading Africa’s incredible growth. We havehad our work cut out for us having to keep up with the rapid pace of SouthAfrica’s developments. There have been a number of significant events whichwarranted attention in this volume of Best of South Africa.Most notable are the developments of Future Of Trade Africa and ProudlyAfrican which have fittingly aligned with SAITEX 2012. Since the concept ofFuture Of Trade Africa was conceptualised in 2011, it has taken off on a globalscale, with future events planned for India, China and the Middle East.The massive infrastructure drive taking place in the country is evidence of thegovernment’s jobs initiative and has seen a number of key developments andpartnerships arise up out of South Africa’s rich soil. Notable growth areas inthe country are Cape Town, Durban, and Ekurhuleni. We also seem to still beon the crest of the wave generated after hosting the 2010 FIFA World Cup, andthe tourism industry has regenerated as a result.Our hope is that Best of South Africa will inspire further success for the country– and generate more stories for us to continue sharing.Enjoy our latest treasure.South Africa the Golden KeyThapelo Letsholo Sven Boermeester Gia BischofbergerGVPedia.comSuccess, Sustainability and Culture
Best of South Africa2CHAPTERSBest of South AfricaChapter1 62Gateway to AfricaChapter3 98Hotels, Lodges and SafarisChapter5 128Dining, Nightlife and EntertainmentChapter7 154Corporate ProfilesChapter2 86Moloko Investment GroupChapter4 110Travel, Tours and AviationChapter6 144HealthcareChapter8 172Entrepreneurship
siemens.com/answersEvery day in Africa more and more people are moving tourban areas. This is creating an urgent demand for thedevelopment of better, more sustainable infrastructures.Already we’re at work in major cities like Lagos andAlgiers, helping ensure a reliable electricity supply topower economic growth and infrastructure development.Our efficient rail technologies in Johannesburg aretransporting commuters safely and keeping the economyon track. With our water technologies, more people inDar es Salaam have access to clean drinking water. Andour medical equipment is providing citizens of Nairobiwith affordable healthcare.We’re working with African cities today to create answersthat will last for generations to come.Building cities worthbuilding a future in.Siemens provides answers for Africa‘s rapidly growing cities.
Best of South Africa4182Transport, Logistics and Supply ChainChapter11 210Food, Beverage and HospitalityChapter13 236Future of Trade AfricaChapter10 194AgribusinessChapter12 214Conferencing, Exhibitions and MediaCHAPTERSBest of South Africa
Best of South Africa6South Africa at a GlanceSouth Africa’s continental footprint.Size: 1,219,090 km2CoastlineSouth Africa has a coastline of2500km long stretching around thesouthern tip of Africa from its borderwith Mozambique on the Indian Oceanside, to its border with Namibia on theAtlantic side.Key Economic Sectors Mining, transport, energy,manufacturing, tourism, agriculture.Population: 50,586,757Official languages• English• isiZulu• isiXhosa• isiNdebele• Afrikaans• siSwati• Sesotho sa Leboa• Sesotho• Setswana• Tshivenda• XitsongaGovernment Constitutional multiparty, three-tier(local, provincial, national) democracy.Capitals• Pretoria (administrative)• Cape Town (legislative)• Bloemfontein (judicial)The Constitutional Court is inJohannesburg.
Best of South Africa 7Provinces• Free State• Eastern Cape• Gauteng• KwaZulu-Natal• Limpopo• Mpumalanga• Northern Cape• North West• Western CapeCurrency: Rand (ZAR).Time: GMT +2 hoursTransportationExcellent roads, rail and air facilities(domestic and international).TelecommunicationsInfrastructure world-class; internetaccess wide; four cellular networks.Value-added tax: Levied at 14%.Health• Top-quality throughout the country(basic in rural areas).• Inoculations only requiredfrom yellow-fever areas; somemalaria areas.South Africa has enjoyed thebenefits of its unique positioning atthe bottom of the African continent,sharing borders with six othercountries as well as the advantageof two oceans – the Atlantic and theIndian. As the base of the African
Best of South Africa8continent, South Africa has taken onthe role as the foundation of Africantrade and industry. Positioningas well as foreign relations havecontributed to South Africa’sgateway status, with further growthand investment opportunities in thepipeline. The time for Africa is nowand the call for intra-African trade isbeing heard.The tip of AfricaThis does not necessarily meanthat South Africa dictates tradespecifications on the continent, butas the gateway to Africa, SouthAfrica has paved the way for futuregrowth and prosperity. This is largelydue to its exposure which it has usedto change the perception of businessand development in Africa. SouthAfrica’s footprint is firmly cementedin African soil, which is evident inthe number of heavyweight SouthAfrican companies with expansionplans in Africa.South Africa’s authoritative voiceis respected in African economicsand politics and it enjoys numerous
Best of South Africa 9mutually beneficial relationships withfellow African countries. Foreignpolicy is imperative to the SouthAfrican economy – most vital inthis are relations within Africa asthis position entices trade andinvestment from even further afield.The current drive is to increase intra-African trade as African countrieshave much to benefit from oneanother.Africa’s next movePast patterns have seen Africarelying on foreign trade andinvestment. Africa is realising thatcollectively, they hold all the cards toeconomic growth through numerousresources. The success will be instrengthening the hand by playingthe cards together. Africa’s currentrole is as dealer of the most desiredresources in the world and needsto be careful of relinquishing themcompletely. But Africa is also ina unique position where they candecide whether or not to deal outtheir resources to the world in returnfor other necessary commodities,such as infrastructure, or Africa canbecome completely self-sufficient. Inorder to embark on the latter path,Africa needs a regulator – which iswhere South Africa could potentiallystep in, not as dictator, but asnegotiator and mediator.BRICSThis may be even more necessarywith the BRICS group now gainingdirect access to the continent throughSouth Africa. Africa is the third fastestgrowth region behind China and Indiawith a $2.6-billion revenue opportunityas identified by McKinsey. Thecontinent has a wealth of unexploitedminerals as well as 60% of theworld’s uncultivated agricultural land.As South Africa is the 27thbiggesteconomy in the world with a GDP of$354-billion according to the IMF. Asa first-tier emerging market, SouthAfrica’s inclusion in BRICS presentsthe group with the opportunity ofrepresenting the emerging world in thegreatest sense. The main differencebetween South Africa and the rest ofthe BRICS members is that
Best of South Africa10South Africa is still emerging, whilethe others have now achieved moreestablished markets. This accoladespeaks volumes about South Africa’spotential and has essentially linked thecountry to over 1-billion consumers inthe member regions.Future VisionsSouth Africa has set up its ‘NewGrowth Path’ to maintain themomentum gained since democracywas born. The vision is to create acompetitive, fair and socially beneficialeconomy with employment at thecentre of the policy. The New GrowthPlan is also responsible for identifyinginvestments which align with the planfor advancement in infrastructure.Through the provision of large scalesustainable job creation, trade,innovation and economic growthwill emerge with a target of 7% peryear, further cementing South Africa’sposition as an attractive investmentdestination.Favourable investment conditionsSouth Africa enjoys a stabledemocracy which is supported bystringent financial policies. SouthAfrica offers world class businessmodels as well as modern financialsystems which present a more thanadequate gateway for investmentsinto Africa. Out of Africa’s 10 largestcompanies, eight are South Africanbased. It’s rating as a top-20 economyfor foreign direct investment furthersupports this positioning. Thecountry’s stable outlook can beattributed to its slick recovery fromrecession as well as its vast mineralwealth. South African soil guardssome of the largest deposits of gold,chromium, platinum and manganesein the world. Business conditions inSouth Africa are made even morefavourable through its high qualityinstitutions, stringent protection ofintellectual property as well as thestability and regulation of the financialsector.Improved competitivenessSouth Africa is unique for investorsin Africa as it offers them the stabilityof a developed country but alsoa nurtured growth climate of anemerging market. It is also the most
Best of South Africa 11competitive country in the region.The Global Competitiveness Indexfor South Africa was shown to haveimproved to 50thin rankings at theWorld Economic Forum. Out of the142 countries, South Africa cameout first in exchange regulationand second in bank soundness.Overall, South Africa came out topsin sub-Saharan Africa and secondin Africa after Tunisia. Among theBRICS partners, South Africa cameout second to China. This regaincan be attributed to the movementsin private institution accountability,investor protection and technology;proving that there is trust in SouthAfrica.The country was ranked:• 1st for regulation of securitiesexchange.• 1st for strength of auditing andreporting standards.• 2nd for soundness of banks.• 2nd for efficacy of corporateboards.• 3rd for protection of minorityshareholders’ interests.• 3rd for availability of financialservices.• 4th for financing through the localequities market.• 7th for effectiveness of anti-monopoly policy.• 8th for legal rights.
Best of South Africa12Africa’s momentAfrica was the centre of attention atthe WEF in Davos, Switzerland andwas identified as a key player in globaltransformation, especially after morediversified economies are createdthroughout Africa. A free trade areais expected to be running in Africaby 2017, known as the “ContinentalFree Trade Area” (CFTA). This wassigned to life by the African Unionand will be achieved through a three-step plan. This area will be made upof a tripartite agreement of the EastAfrican Community, the COMESA, andSADC, which will then be united withthe other African trade blocs. Anothermajor indicator of Africa’s resilience isin its evident market soundness in theface of global economic recession.South Africa has indicated itsnecessary commitment to increasingintra-African trade as well as throughtrade with other developing countries.According to the IMF, Africa’seconomy is set to grow by more than5% before 2014. There have beenmany predictions that Africa willbecome the next major area of growthworldwide. This is achievable throughincreased partnerships between thepublic and private sectors. As a result,South Africa is spearheading plans todevelop the much needed north-southcorridor, which will create endlessinvestment opportunities.The hub of AfricaSouth Africa has emerged as thehub for serving African markets.Many international companies useSouth Africa as their base to expandinto the region. Other hubs areemerging in East, West and NorthAfrica so as to ensure wide scaleinfiltration. These hubs are workingtogether more and more. Thecapabilities of South African systems
Best of South Africa 13have allowed the development ofmultinationals to launch into Africaand its opportunities. The platformSouth Africa provides is as aresult of its market size, economicdevelopment, regulations and skills.The infrastructure offered is the bestin the region. With over 25% of thecontinent’s GDP and 70% of leadingAfrican businesses, South Africa isthe gateway to Africa. One of themajor benefits of South Africa’sexpansion of companies into Africawas to highlight and uncover thevast opportunities present on thecontinent. This has ensured thatgrowth strategy has become highlyAfrica-centric. The main sectors of theAfrican economy which led the way ofexpanding in Africa are mining, retail,construction, manufacturing, financial,telecommunications and tourism.Johannesburg Stock ExchangeSouth Africa is also home to thebiggest stock exchange on thecontinent. The Johannesburg StockExchange (JSE) has the 14th largestequities exchange in securitiesin the world, with a total marketcapitalisation of R2.3-trillion.Key institutionsSouth Africa is a member of theInternational Monetary Fund (IMF),
Best of South Africa14the World Bank, the World TradeOrganisation, the United Nations,G20, Southern African DevelopmentCommunity, and the African Union.South Africa’s role in helping shapegovernance and trade extendsbeyond the continent.ProvincesSouth Africa has nine provinces ofvarying size. Gauteng is the smallestbut has the most people per squarecapita and is highly urbanised. Thelargest province is the NorthernCape, taking up almost a third ofthe total land area of the country;however it is arid and mostly empty.BordersSouth Africa shares borders withNamibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe,Mozambique, Swaziland andLesotho. The mountainous countryof Lesotho is an enclaved countrywhich is completely surrounded
Best of South Africa 15by South Africa – one of only threesovereign countries in the world tocarry this status.CitiesAlthough Pretoria is the ultimatecapital city, South Africa has threecapital cities. Cape Town in theWestern Cape is the legislativecapital and is where Parliamentresides. Bloemfontein in the FreeState is the judicial capital andhouses the Supreme Court ofAppeal. Pretoria in Gauteng isthe administrative Capital andhouses the Union Buildingsand the majority of civil service.Johannesburg is the mostprominent of South Africa’s cities asit is considered to be the economicheart of the country. Durban andPietermaritzburg in Kwa-Zulu Natalas well as Port Elizabeth in theEastern Cape are also importantSouth African cities.
Best of South Africa16Climate and topographyThe climate and topography of SouthAfrica varies widely, although it isclassified as semi-arid. There areseven major biomes or ecologicaltypes in South Africa. By definition,each one has distinctive climateconditions and relative flora and fauna.The dry Karoo region is a vast inlandplateau of scrubland and rocky hills.The extreme contrast to the lusheastern coastline as well as the lesssub-tropical Garden Route is whatmakes South Africa so unique. Buteven the coastlines vary widely inclimate – the windy south-westerncoast is Mediterranean in climate withwet summers and hot dry winters. Theflat semi-arid Free State landscape isa stark contrast to the Drakensburg
Best of South Africa 17Mountains of South Africa’s easternescarpment. The cooler Highveldreceives slightly more rain than theFree State. The Lowveld is significantlyhotter and is known for its Bushveldwhich is the habitat of South Africa’sfamous wildlife.The coldest place in South Africais the town Sutherland in the westernRoggeveld Mountains, which canreach lows of -15ºC in midwinter. Thehottest places are found in the deepinterior where the Kalahari enters thecountry, having reached 51.7 ºC nearUpington in the Northern Cape in1948.Oceans and riversNeighboured by both the Atlantic andthe Indian Oceans, South Africa’socean territory includes Marion Islandand Prince Edward Island which are1,769 km south-east of Port Elizabethin the sub-Antarctic Indian Ocean. Thecountry’s climate is greatly affected bythe two ocean currents which sweepup the coastline. The cold planktonrich Benguela current moves up theAtlantic coast, creating some of theworld’s best fishing grounds. Thewarm waters of the Mozambique/Agulhas current sweep down the
Best of South Africa18east coast and determine the rainfallpatterns from its vast amounts ofready evaporation.Richard’s Bay and Durban inKwaZulu-Natal are the country’s (andtwo of Africa’s) busiest harbours. Inthe Eastern Cape there is also EastLondon and Port Elizabeth, while inthe Western Cape there is Mossel Bayand Cape Town.There are numerous rivers inSouth Africa but the main rivers arethe Limpopo and the Orange (and itstributary, the Vaal). Dams and irrigationare extremely important in the dryinteriors of the country. The largestdam is the Gariep on the Orange River.South Africa’s physical beauty,positioning at the tip of Africa, andmany assets and resources make itan ideal investment destination. It iseasy to understand the excitementsurrounding the country’s envisionedfuture and growth.
Best of South Africa20Tourism in South AfricaA guide to the attractions of South Africa’s provinces.GautengWith one of the best climates in theworld, Gauteng is a prime destinationto visit all year round. Attractionsrange from the vibrant Johannesburgand Pretoria city centres, fantasticnightlife, numerous markets, sprawlingparks, botanical gardens, nature andwildlife reserves, and museums.• The Soweto townshipexperience includes the HectorPetersen memorial, NelsonMandela’s old Orlando residence,a local ‘Shebeen’ food and drinkexperience, and the ApartheidMuseum.• Gold Reef City Amusementpark offers a mix of family andadventure entertainment.
Best of South Africa 21• Africa’s shopping Mecca: SandtonCity, Nelson Mandela Square, Mallof Rosebank, Eastgate, GreenstoneMall, Hyde Park, Cresta, MelroseArch, Northgate, Southgate, TheGlen, Clearwater Mall, MaponyaMall, Dobsonville, Fourways Mall,Westgate and Carlton Centre.• Museum Africa and MarketTheatre complex are steeped inSouth African cultural history.• Constitution Hill including the newConstitutional Court on the site ofthe Old Fort Prison.• The Nelson Mandela Bridge joinsConstitution Hill to Newtown as asymbol of hope and renewal.• The Cradle of Humankind is aWorld Heritage Site and home tothe Sterkfontein Caves where nearlyhalf the world’s hominoid fossilshave been discovered includingMrs Ples, the first identified“missing link”.• The Wonder Cave is two billionyears-old.• The Rhino and Lion NatureReserve and The Ann van DykCheetah Centre are popularplaces to view Africa’s big catsand the endangered rhino.• The Union Buildings are anarchitectural masterpiecedesigned by Sir Herbert Baker inPretoria, or the ‘Jacaranda City’.• The Voortrekker Monument wascompleted in 1949 as a tribute tothe pioneering Boer families.• Pretoria’s National ZoologicalGardens is home to 4,300animals from every continent.• The Tswaing Meteorite Crateris a salty wetland conservationarea and home to numerousbird, plant and small mammalspecies.• The FNB Stadium, also knownas ‘Soccer City’, is an impressivestadium that was the home ofthe 2010 FIFA World Cup.www.gauteng.net
Best of South Africa22North WestThe North West Province is theheritage destination of South Africaand is a haven for geology andarchaeology. It also offers the contrastof solitude and adventure. TheMadikwe Game Reserve in the farnorth is one of the province’s jewels.• The Anglo Boer War began fromwhat was then the Transvaal. Thenotorious Jameson Raid waslaunched from Mahikeng.• Museums abound in the NorthWest, such as Klerksdorp andMafikeng.• Arts and Crafts can be foundin wide variety at The NorthWest Craft and Design Institute,Amogelang, and the Art Factory,among many others.• The Rant van Tweedepoort andthe Dwarsberg Mountains areideal for Big Five viewing.• Pilanesberg Game Reserveis part of the wave of hills froman enormous volcanic eruptionmillions of years ago and is idealfor Big Five viewing.• Reserves abound with 13located in the province, offeringspectacular game viewing andbirding.• The Vredefort Dome is a WorldHeritage Site of the oldest andlargest known meteorite impactarea on earth.• Sun City is renowned for its hotelswhich form an oasis includinggolf courses, Valley of the Waves,Animal World, dining, nightlife,theatre, movies, a casino, andnumerous outdoor activities.• Golf is ideal considering theperfect climate and weatherexperienced in the provincethroughout the year.• The world’s longest zip slideis one of many adventures to befound in the province, as well asthe Magaliesburg Canopy Tour.• The Taung Heritage Site is thesite of the famous Taung Skullfound in 1924.• Groot Marico, Mafikeng, andLesedi Cultural Village areworthwhile towns to visit.• Hartbeestport Dam is a perfectweekend getaways and watersports enthusiasts nestled in anideal location with access to manymajor attractions.• The Modern industrial parks andcommercial centres complimentedby sophisticated banking andfinancial services have made theNorth West an ideal investmentdestination.www.tourismnorthwest.co.za
Best of South Africa 23LimpopoThe most northerly province in SouthAfrica is steeped in ancient historyand culture. Fossils conjure up lifeas it was over three million years agoand relics have been dated back tothe Stone and Iron Ages. Limpopo isthe eco-tourism destination of SouthAfrica with its many parks.• Africa’s Big Five occur in many ofthe game and nature reserves inLimpopo.• There are 50 national, provincialand Transfrontier parks inLimpopo.• Kruger National Park is world-renowned and ranks among thebest parks in Africa as well as oneof the oldest and largest, and is theflagship of South Africa’s parks.• Thohoyandou is theadministrative, commercial andlegislative capital of the Vendacommunity.• Venda artwork is renowned andincludes wood carvings, pottery,and weaving basket ware.• The Soutpansberg is ideal forclimbing, hiking, hunting, viewingindigenous cycads and baobabs,and 4x4 adventure drives.• Bela-Bela in the WaterbergRegion is famous for its hotsprings.
Best of South Africa24• Makuya Park Game Reserveis home to the largest baobab at2000 years-old.• Lapalala Wilderness is anextensive privately owned reserve.• Nysvlei Nature Reserve floodplainis a RAMSAR site and a treasuretrove for bird-watchers.• African Ivory Route is one of thebest eco-adventures in SouthernAfrica and includes a number ofcamps to choose from. The routegoes through five mountain rangesin remote and stunning wilderness,and vibrant local villages.• Mythology and legends aboundin Limpopo, which is the home offabled Rain Queen Modjadji andprotected by the python god offertility.• Limpopo is the gateway into therest of Africa with access to theborders of Botswana, Zimbabweand Mozambique.• The Limpopo and Shashe Riversconverge in Limpopo.• The great ruins of Mapungubweare an archaeological destinationand World Heritage Site.• The Makapan Caves in MakapanValley is the only cultural heritagesite of its kind. It has a history ofthe Ndebele people and resistancewars dating back 151 years.• Amarula Cream Liqueur comesfrom Limpopo and the AmarulaLapa is a promotional tasting andtourist visitor centre situated 10 kmoutside Phalaborwa. www.golimpopo.comMpumalangaSoutheast of Limpopo and knownas the “place where the sun rises”,Mpumalanga is situated on a loftyescarpment with rolling grasslandsand lush wetlands. This land with itsmagnificent views has been dubbed“God’s own country”.• The Highlands Meander is amajor tourist attraction of rivers,dams, and quaint villages.• Ruins of forts and soldiers’graves abound near Dullstroomand are reminders of the Anglo-Boer War.• Verloren Vallei Nature Reserve isan international RAMSAR wetlandssite that shelters three of theworld’s endangered crane species.• The Oosterlijyn Express Trainruns between Machadodorp andWaterval Boven.• From Mpumalanga’s extensive
Best of South Africa 25cliffs, paragliding, hang-gliding,abseiling, and rock climbing isavailable.• The Museum of the LydenbergHeads is home to mysteriouspottery masks.• Belfast and Waterval Onder aretowns worth a visit.• The Panorama Route includesGod’s Window, Bourke’s LuckPotholes and the Three Rondawels.• Blyde River Canyon is the world’sbiggest green canyon of cascadingwaterfalls, offering White Riverrafting, bungee jumping, hot airballooning, and walking trails.• Mac-Mac Falls and Lisbon Fallsare spectacular sightings.• Pilgrim’s Rest is a picturesquemuseum town.• Known as the Cultural Heartland,Ndebele beadwork and craftsabound.• Nyani Shangaan Cultural Villageand Matsulu Village offer authenticShangaan cuisine.• Kruger National Park also falls inMpumalanga’s territory.• Bushman rock paintings andarchaeological sites abound inMpumalanga.• Known as Cosmos Country,Mpumalanga’s landscape is paintedpink and white with these autumnflowers.• Chrissiesmeer is South Africa’slargest true freshwater lake and thesurrounding area is known as SouthAfrica’s ‘Lake District’ and is abreeding ground for Flamingos.• The Le Goya ruins are 1,000 year-old ruins of the first inhabitants ofthe area.• The Sudwala caves are the oldestknown caves in the world andare next to the Dinosaur Park. Amonthly crystal tour is arranged2000 metres into the cave to acrystal chamber.www.mpumalanga.comKwaZulu-NatalThe Zulu Kingdom is flanked by thewarm Indian Ocean and soaringpeaks of the majestic DrakensburgMountains. Its tropical climate andwide variety of coastal resorts makesthis province perfect for beach holidaysall year round – which is why it is thedomestic tourism leader in SouthAfrica.• The Elephant Coast alongZululand is the big game country ofKwaZulu Natal
Best of South Africa26• The Greater St Lucia WetlandsPark is a World Heritage Site onthe Lake St Lucia estuary.• Hluhluwe-Umfolozi Park andPhinda Game Reserve arepopular game reserves to visit.• Shakaland and Gingindlovu lie atthe heart of Zululand.• The Vukani Collection Museumin Eshowe houses a collection ofZulu art.• Zulu king Cetshwayo’s royalkraal reconstruction gives insightinto Zulu history, customs andculture.• Sodwana Bay is a warm-waterhaven for scuba divers.• Durban is a melting pot ofcultures, theatres and musicvenues.• Ushaka Marine World is apopular Aquarium and Wet ’n Wildamusement park• Durban harbour is the Africa’sbusiest general cargo ports andone of the largest and busiestcontainer terminals in the Southernhemisphere.• Gateway Theatre of Shopping isDurban’s entertainment centre andincludes The Wave House (world’sonly double Point Break wave), TheRock (world’s highest free-standingindoor climbing wall), 4D MotionSimulator, arcades, cinemas,theatre, and the ScienCentre.• The North Coast or DolphinCoast, nestled along sugarcountry, is a popular beach
Best of South Africa 27destination with the town of Ballitomaintaining a unique small-townfeel in contrast to its massivegrowth.• The South Coast features anannual spectacle known as theSardine Run, which is one ofnature’s mysteries.• The Natal Midlands is popularfor its scenic Midlands Meanderand proximity to the Drakensburg,battlefield tours, hiking, horseriding and trout fishing.• Pietermaritzburg is the capitalof the province, known as thebest-preserved Victorian city inthe country and home to MahatmaGhandi’s statue in commemorationof his refusal to leave his train’sfirst-class ‘white’s only’compartment in 1893.• The Drakensberg is the highestmountain range in southern Africa.Known as the ‘Barrier of Spears’,uKhahlamba-Drakensberg ParkWorld Heritage Site is adornedwith Stone Age cave paintings.www.zulu.org.zaThe Free StateAt the heart of South Africa, thefarmlands of The Free State areseparated by vast prairie sprinkled withsleepy towns. It is steeped in history,has good infrastructure and a lowcrime-rate. Harvest celebrations andfestivals are important dates on thecalendars of locals and visitors alike.• The Maluti Route is a scenic routethrough the highlands into Lesotho.• Fouriesburg is famous for itsCherry picking and the annualAsparagus Festival.• The Diamond and Wine Routeis a trail of the histories of theLejweleputswa gold mines anddiamond prospectors.• The Jagersfontein’s diamondmine entrance surpassesKimberley’s Big Hole in size.• Landzicht and Wilreza’s winecellars are worth a visit in thecharming Jacobsdal area.• The Anglo-Boer War battlefieldsare home to monuments, warmuseums and concentrationcamps.• Thabo Mofutsanyana is known forits archaeological treasures, snow-capped mountains and fertile valleyhiking trails.• Clarens is a scenic and arty townon the Maluti mountain range andis close to dinosaur fossils.• The BBT Heritage Route linksBloemfontein, Botshabelo andThaba Nchu.• The Capital Bloemfontein isknown as the “City of Roses” andhas spectacular Botanical Gardens.• The Basotho Cultural Villagelies in the heart of the spectacularQwaqwa National Park.• The Steam Train Route offersenthusiasts a trip along the historicBethlehem-Bloemfontein Railroad.• Golden Gate Highlands NationalPark consists of brilliant sandstonecliffs and is home to The SentinelRock, which is the most northernpoint of the Drakensburg and thesource of the Tugela River.
Best of South Africa28• Gariep Dam Nature Reserves isthe province’s largest reserve andis a popular fishing and boatingattraction.• Free State Goldfields is home tothe country’s largest gold-miningcomplex.• Sterkfontein Dam lies in thefoothills of the Drakensburg and isan extensive conservation area.• The Vaal Dam is a popular holidayarea with fishermen and boaters.www.freestatetourism.orgNorthern CapeLand of desert and diamonds,the Northern Cape is home to theregion’s oldest inhabitants, the San orBushman tribes of the Kalahari Desert.Prolific rock-art in the area depictstheir hunting trips and expeditions.• San or Bushman tribes of theKalahari Desert were the oldestinhabitants of South Africa andKhoisan Rock Art is prolificthroughout the Karoo.• Cairns and graves are prolific andleft behind from the Stone Age.• The Roaring Kalahari Routeis the best way to get close tothe peace and tranquillity of thisunique desert.• The Red Dune Route, namedafter the red sands of the NorthernCape, traverses a beautiful yetremote area.• The Eye of Kuruman is the largestnatural fountain in the southernhemisphere.• The Kimberley Big Hole is thelargest man-made excavation sitein the world at 215m deep and1,6km across, having wielded2722kgs of diamonds between1871 and 1914.• The Belgravia historic walktakes visitors through Kimberly’sVictorian architecture.• The Green Kalahari is anexpansive tract of shimmeringdesert sand and the RiemvasmaakDesert Wilderness and hot springis one of its gems.• The Orange River is popular with
Best of South Africa 29white-water river rafters and is avineyard oasis.• Kgalagadi Transfrontier Parkis home to the honey badger,pangolin and bat-eared fox.• The Namaqualand is home toover 4,000 plant species and theNamakwa flowers are a uniquespectacle in spring throughoutthe Namaqua National Park.• Springbok near the GoegapNature Reserve is a popularflower route in the Hester MalanWildflower Reserve.• The Richtersveld Culturaland Botanical Landscape isa World Heritage Site and is amountainous desert owned andmanaged by descendents of theKhoi-Khoi people.• Augrabies Falls National Parkis where the thunderous OrangeRiver plunges an estimated 60metres.• Vaalharts Valley is part of thegrowing Agri-tourism movementand is one of the largest irrigationschemes in the world as itscanals water over 1000 farms.• Vanderkloof Dam is SouthAfrica’s second biggest dam andhas the highest dam wall but isalso a holiday resort.• The South African AstronomicalObservatory makes use of theNorthern Cape’s clear starlit skiesand will be home to SALT, theworld’s largest telescope.www.northerncape.org.zaEastern CapeThe province of contrasts offersisolated beaches, mountain forestsand Karoo plains. The tradition andheritage resonates with the naturalbeauty of the land as culture andnature work seamlessly together.• The Amatola Mountains has anumber of beautiful trails throughthe Hogsback forest.• Camdeboo National Park’sValley of Desolation is famousfor its unique rock formations.• Steve Biko and Nelson Mandelawere both born in the EasternCape.• Blaauwkrans Bridge offers theworld’s highest bungee jump.• The Karoo Heartland contrastswith the Storms River Villageleading to the Sunshine Coast.• The Addo Elephant Park offersa malaria free African experience.• Mountain Zebra National Parkhas been significant in conservingnumbers of the unique mountainzebra and is hailed as aconservation success story.• Shamwari Game Reserve is aprivate and luxurious option ofgame viewing.• Seaview Lion Park has asuccessful white lion breedingproject.• Activities in the province includewild trout fishing, boating, snowskiing at Tiffindell (Africa’s onlyski resort), hiking, hunting, andviewing rock-art and engravings.• Port Elizabeth is renownedfor its surfing, bodysurfing,windsurfing and waterskiing.• Grahamstown is a frontier townwhich hosts its world-famousNational Arts Festival• Jeffrey’s Bay is a famous surfspot.• East London has South Africa’sonly river port.• The Garden Route includes thescenery along St. Francis Bay,Oyster Bay and Mossel Bay.• Kenton-on-Sea and PortAlfred are holiday towns offeringfantastic swimming, surfing,sailing, water-skiing, boardsailing,and boating.• Xhosa cultural rites andceremonies can be viewed inKhaya La Bantu Culture Village.
Best of South Africa30• Fort Hare University is the almamater of Nelson Mandela andOliver Tambo and houses theLiberation Archives.• The Steve Biko Garden ofRemembrance is in KingWilliams Town.• The Wild Coast is a remote andrustic area offering beach horse-rides, scuba diving and angling.• The Nelson Mandela NationalMuseum holds personalartefacts such as a signedboxing glove given to NelsonMandela by Muhammed Ali.www.ectourism.co.zaWestern CapeThe fairest Cape is home to one ofSouth Africa’s most famous touristattractions - the magical city ofCape Town and the backdrop ofTable Mountain. Also known as winecountry, the Western Cape offers adiversity of attractions.• Table Mountain offerspanoramic views of Cape Townand Robben Island and is anatural heritage site due to itsnumerous types of flora andfynbos.• Robben Island is where NelsonMandela spent 18 of his 27 yearsin prison.• Greenmarket Square includes theattractions of the Grand Parade,the Castle of Good Hope, theDistrict Six Museum, St George’sCathedral and the Bo-KaapMuseum.• Victoria and Alfred Waterfront isthe prime shopping and dining areaof the city of Cape Town.• Pristine beaches are renownedin Cape Town, including Clifton,Camps Bay, Muizenberg andKommektjie, while Boulder’s Bay isfamous for its penguins.• Fishhoek, Hout Bay and Kalk Bayare beautiful coastal hamlet towns.• The Cape of Good Hope andCape Hangklip mark either side ofFalse Bay.• Cape Agulhas is the southern-most tip of Africa and marks theplace where the Atlantic Oceanmeets the Indian Ocean, althoughthe shifting currents of the coldBenguela and warm Agulhasensure this occasionally differs.
Best of South Africa 31• Shipwrecks are scattered all theway along the Cape coastline,owing to the nickname the ‘Capeof storms’.• Dyer Island Nature Reserve andGeyser Rock Island• Cage Diving is popular in thenarrow channel known as ‘GreatWhite Shark Capital of the World’.• Hermanus is a coastal town withspectacular Southern Right Whalesightings.• The Cape Winelands is ascenic area whose vineyardshave produced South Africa’sspectacular quality wine.• Stellenbosch, Franschhoek,Darling and Paarl are popular andscenic towns.• Rivers in the wine country includeSwartland, Olifants River andBreede River Valley.• Indigenous flower trails offerfirsthand experience with thisunique biome of flora (Klein andCentral Karoo).• Intriguing Geology can befound in Khoi-San rock-art andfascinating rock distortions such asthe Cango Caves.• The Garden Route travels throughparts of the Western Cape as ithugs the coastline between MosselBay and Storms River mouth,with its greatest attractions beingthe Tsitsikamma National Park,Plettenberg Bay and KnysnaForest.www.capetourism.org
Best of South Africa32Hosting mega-eventsSouth Africa has shown the world how it’s done.With a string of sporting achievementsbehind its name, South Africa hasmore than proven its capability inhosting mega-events. Mega-eventsare mostly sports-centred; and in asport-loving nation like South Africa,one can expect the utmost care andpassion as a host. After successfullybidding to host the 2010 FIFA WorldCup, South Africa proved all its criticswrong in pulling off one of the mostsuccessful and memorable WorldCups in FIFA history. However, thiswas not only an event for South Africa,but also a feather in the cap of Africa.This went to prove that developingcountries can host sustainable mega-events.Mega-events draw hoards ofinternational visitors which directlycontribute to the host country’seconomy. The exposure which camewith hosting the world’s biggestsporting event was invaluable – itdoesn’t hurt either that the SouthAfrican economy was boosted by
Best of South Africa 33R3.6-billion and saw 309,000 visitorspassing through. This is indeed alasting legacy which has imprinteditself in the minds and hearts ofAfricans, as well as on the tourismindustry. The legacy left behind is thatof infrastructure, economic growth,skills, jobs, nation building, andbranding. Since hosting the event,South Africa has gained prestigeand notice – officially putting Africaon the map. Foreign commerce hasincreased as investors took notice ofthe modernisation of the country.South Africa has successfullyhosted a number of sporting events,although on a lesser scale than theFIFA World Cup. These include acombination of international events,such as the Rugby World Cup, Cricket
Best of South Africa34World Cup, A1 Grand Prix, IndianPremier League, World Cups of Golf,Athletics, and Swimming, as well asa number of home-grown events.South Africa was also awarded thehonour of hosting the 2013 AfricaCup of Nations after Libya was forcedto withdraw as hosts. This cementsSouth Africa’s position as leader ofhosting successful major internationalsporting events.The prestigious FIFA World Cuppresented a new opportunity tohighlight South Africa’s positionas the gateway to sub-SaharanAfrica. Exploration of the potential ofSouthern Africa was opened wide.Positive imagery of South Africabombarded people from all over theworld for the majority of 2010. Thisimagery helped coax investmentdecisions – not only in physicalinvestment, but also tourism which isan indirect investment.Industries which immediatelybenefitted from the World Cup wereaccommodation, catering, retailand transport. A major long-lastingbeneficiary was infrastructure.The introduction of the Gautrainhigh speed railway as well as theupgrade of highways and new buslanes has shortened commutingtimes and in return, increasedproductivity. One of the othermajor invaluable benefits was theincitement of national pride andexposure for South Africans. Thiswas also most notable in the 1995
Best of South Africa 35Rugby World Cup which SouthAfrica used to announce its re-emergence into international sport,while simultaneously uniting thecountry. This pride is reaffirmedin the lasting image of PresidentNelson Mandela lifting up theWebb Ellis Cup in the number sixSpringbok jersey. This presented adefining moment for South Africa,and the recent 2010 FIFA World Cupagain stirred these memories.The achievements of the hostwere only fully comprehended onreflection of the 2010 FIFA WorldCup. FIFA President Sepp Blattergave South Africa nine out of 10 asa host. The tournament demandedmassive focus and resourceallocation from national, provincialand city government purses as eachof the nine host cities needed majoradjustments. There were significantimmediate benefits in job increases,advanced technology, world-classfacilities and improved transportsystems. The social benefits initiatedfrom spin-off programmes will alsohave a lasting impact on SouthAfrica. The country has proved thatmega-events can be successfullyhosted in a sustainable way bydeveloping countries. With Africa thefastest growing region in the world,this is reassuring news, as the wayhas been paved.
Best of South Africa36The legacy of Nelson Mandelaand 100 years of ANCAs the African National Congress celebrates its 100th year in 2012, we pay tribute toone of the organisation’s greatest legends. Nelson Mandela, fondly known as Madiba,was the first president of democratic South Africa from 1994 until 1999 when hestepped aside as president of the ANC.Cup when hosts South Africa cameaway as champions and the newpresident made the symbolic gestureof lifting the trophy in celebration.His understanding of human spiritand pride aided him in uniting thepreviously divided country.Over the decades, Mandela hasreceived over 250 awards includingthe Nobel Peace Prize in 1993. InNovember 2009, the United NationsGeneral Assembly declared Mandela’sbirthday “International MandelaDay” to honour his contribution toworld freedom. On this day everyyear, people are asked to spend 67minutes of their day doing communityservice or charitable work. This is inreference to the 67 years of his lifethat Mandela dedicated to freedom.Physical tributes are also part ofHe is a symbol to all of great humilityand reconciliation. Mandela displayedimmense wisdom, strength and gracein his fight against apartheid. Hispursuit of freedom as a militant activistwhich left him imprisoned for 27 years,as well as his care for children andlove of family are endearing valueswhich have left a great example for thehuman race. His legacy will remain forcenturies to come. Nelson RolihlahlaMandela was born on 18thJuly 1918.During his presidency, Mandelafocused on alleviating poverty andinequality through the introduction ofpolicies. These were vital foundationsthat he laid for the future leadershipof South Africa to build on. One of themost captivating and iconic images ofMandela was at the 1995 Rugby World
Best of South Africa 37Mandela’s legacy, such as his statuein Parliament Square, London, thesix metre statue at Nelson MandelaSquare in Sandton Johannesburg,Nelson Mandela Gardens in Leeds,and Nelson Mandela Bridgein Johannesburg.Tied closely to Nelson Mandela’sstory is that of the ANC, whichwas jointly formed in Bloemfonteinon 8thJanuary 1912 by chiefs,representatives of people’sorganisations, churches, andprominent individuals. Startedas a liberation movement, thecentennial milestone of the ANC is anachievement which echoes the effortsof many prominent struggle icons overthe years. The history and heritagebehind the ANC is one which inducesgreat pride in its supporters whofought fearlessly for freedom againstracial oppression. In celebration ofthe centennial year, there has beenreflection of the traditions and valuesof the party. It is important to reflecton these principles so as to rememberto ensure the core values are upheldat the forefront of the party.The ANC’s aim for the centennial isto celebrate the achievements of themovement, leave an imprint on theSouth African consciousness aboutthe role of the ANC as the liberator ofthe South African people, leave oldergenerations and participants in theliberation struggle with memories topass on and keep the memory aliveby offering the younger generationaccess to the story of liberation.The centennial is being observedas a hallmark achievement for South www.anc.org.zaAfrica as well as Africa. In the SouthAfrican context, the ANC is theproduct of the South African struggleand aimed to liberate Africans andto unite all South Africans regardlessof colour, in turn transforming thecountry. In the African context, theANC is a product of the continent’sstruggles for liberation and quest forunity, peace and security. Not onlyis it the continent’s oldest liberationmovement, but also was a foundationand inspiration for most of today’sAfrican liberation movements. Thecontinent offered shelter and securityto many in exile and so played a partin the freedom South Africa nowenjoys.
Best of South Africa38Thapelo Letsholo, Global Village AfricaProudly AfricanBoosting Trade, Development andCultural Relations across Africa.www.ProudlyAfrican.infoProudly African is an initiative ofGlobal Village Africa which is amarketing and business platformgeared towards showcasing andharmonising Africa’s development,trade and cultural diversity to a globalaudience.This is where the BEST OFAFRICA in business, governmentand non-profit organisations unite,promoting their vision and bestpractice in order to find the rightcustomers, partnerships and jointventures - in order to grow alongsidethe continent’s indisputable economicpotential.The initiative has an unstoppablemagnetic presence with its evergrowing country and sectoral windowalready in over 20 African states.We invite all leaders in businessand government across Africa toshowcase and integrate their visionsand activities so as to promoteinter-Africa trade, investment andtechnology transfer from around theglobe.We also invite all Africa’s media,trade exhibitions, conferencesand business chambers to use theplatform to gain mutually beneficialexposure.Fully unlocking Africa’s promiserequires greater continent-wideeconomic integration and inter-trade;such as in Europe, where integrationhas enabled the continent to becomethe world’s single biggest market.Integration and inter-trade is not onlyurgent, but also indispensable tounlock economies of scale and propelAfrica’s competitiveness in the globaleconomy, thus aligning the continentwith the global flows of trade andfinance as an equal partner.Africa’s massive economicpotential still lies largely untapped -but not for much longer. The world iscoming and so is the dream of a moreunited Africa. We need to make surewe maximise on the growth for thebenefit of all of Africa and its people.
Best of South Africa 39Minister of Trade and Industry,Dr Rob Davies (MP)Since the ushering of the current administration in 2009, the government has focusedon the reorientation of its economic programmes to stabilise the economy and put it onthe job-creating trajectory.Dr Rob Davies, MPMinister of Trade and IndustryNational callers: 0861 843 384 International callers: +27 12 394 9500 E-mail: email@example.comDr Rob Davies, MP - Minister of Trade and IndustryThe Department of Trade and Industry (the dti) hastaken greater cognisance of the need to re-industrialisethe economy and ensure that it can respond to thechallenges of high unemployment, inequality andpoverty. Great strides have been made towardsaddressing these challenges despite the existence ofserious constraints.Such efforts include the New Growth Path (NGP),which was approved by Cabinet in October 2010. TheNGP has set a target of creating five million jobs by2020 and has identified manufacturing as one of its keyjob drivers. At the centre of the dti’s efforts to supportthe manufacturing sector is the Industrial Policy ActionPlan (IPAP), the new iteration of which will build on thesuccess of our current industrial development plan inenhancing the local productive capacity. This will bedone through the implementation of carefully identifiedtransversal interventions to address the structuralchallenges and sector-specific interventions to supportsectors that are crucial for the growth of the economyand can create jobs.the dti will continue to engage other departmentsin the economic sector to facilitate the smoothimplementation of IPAP. This will include refinement ofroles and responsibilities of departments involved inimplementation. A process has been put in place toensure that certain functions, such as tourism, forestryand space, are more properly assigned to the relevantnational departments.Trade diversification, both in terms of productsand markets, is critical for the recovery of the SouthAfrican economy, especially for manufacturing.Global economic dynamics dictate shifting our exportdestinations towards the East, South and Africa,while acknowledging that the European and Americanmarkets are still significant and cannot be ignored.South Africa is also required to shift its focus towardsincreasing exports of manufactured goods.Increasing trade with African and Asian countrieswill be prioritised. Already, South Africa leads theAfrican Union’s work on infrastructure investmentsuch as the North-South Corridor. This continentalinfrastructural investment drive is expected tocontribute substantially to the enhancement of theproductive capacity of the continent. Our positionwhen it comes to economic integration in Africa isvery clear; Africa needs to put more emphasis ondeveloping industrial capabilities.Regional industrial initiatives will be explored withinthe Southern African Development Community (SADC)and the Southern African Customs Union (SACU) tosupport specific sectoral value chains. Emphasis willalso be given to our trade relationship with the BRICcountries (Brazil, Russia, India and China).The work on industrial development and broadeningparticipation will be complemented by the efforts weare undertaking on the regulatory front. Reforms in theCompanies Act have yielded results in improving thebusiness environment. We will continue with criticalregulatory reforms that support overall growth andmeaningful economic transformation.
Best of South Africa40IDC – creatingopportunities in AfricaSouth Africa is a limited market and our domestic businesseswere inevitably and naturally growing into the rest of the continent.The IDC already had the skills baseto invest in any sector either on anequity or debt basis, so we extendedourselves by dedicating about 10-15percent of our capital to the rest of thecontinent.The IDC is now invested in virtuallyevery SADC country; however, we arealso now invested in Nigeria, Ghana,South Sudan and Egypt, in addition toSADC. Our investments have primarilybeen in mining, but also in tourism,agriculture and infrastructure such astelecoms and power.This is a trend we may expectto see for some years to come asthe continent’s developmental needis so great. For IDC and for SouthAfrica, this is a sensible policy as sub-Saharan Africa is our logical area ofpolitical influence.A relatively new market for the IDCis Zimbabwe, where we already haveinvestments in two mines, one tourismproject as well as looking at extendinglines of credits to domestic DFIs.The challenges of Africa are wellknown and oft-repeated, though onlynow are governments beginning totalk about these seriously.The biggest challenge facingsub-Saharan Africa is the Eurocentric www.idc.co.zanature of its transportation networksand trade flows. Intra-Africa trade isminuscule, yet this in itself provides ahuge opportunity. What is encouragingis that at Davos, several of Africa’spresidents began a discussionregarding the need to beneficiate ournatural exports; for it is in this that thereal opportunity lies to develop Africa.There is always room forimprovement and for newcomers. Forinstance, studies reveal that yieldsfrom African agriculture are low byinternational standards and in factsome African countries have to importfood. Given our space and capacity,Africa at a minimum should be self-sufficient.The increased interest in Africaexpressed by the BRIC nationsrequires more careful judgment.Investment has to be one of win-winrather than other countries simplyshipping out our raw materials andcreating jobs in their home economies.When approving inward investments itshould be with the proviso that highlyskilled jobs are created locally as partof the business plan.This is particularly importantwith the vast infrastructure deficiton the continent: we must insistthat investment by foreigners isaccompanied by improvementsin infrastructure – then, with eachsubsequent development we will findthe local economic base graduallygrowing.We have the model of telecoms.Investment was made in such amanner that the roll-out created newjobs and business opportunities hand-in-hand with that roll-out. The sameshould be insisted on with power andtransport.In this manner, we will begin toencourage intra-African trade.Geoffrey Qhena,IDC Chief Executive OfficerGeoffrey Qhena, IDC Chief Executive Officer
Best of South Africa 41Vision statement from ExecutiveMayor of the City of Ekurhuleni,Councillor Mondli GungubeleCouncillor Mondli Gungubele - Executive MayorWe have come a long way, as a country; from a pariah to an active participant on the international stage. Similarly, the Cityof Ekurhuleni, formed just over a decade ago, is slowly positioning itself to be an active player among the internationalfamily of cities that play host to successful airports.For decades, Ekurhuleni has been the ‘manufacturing workshop of Africa’, located within the industrial hub of theGauteng Province of South Africa. As host to the OR Tambo International Airport, Ekurhuleni is further positioned tobecome the first aerotropolis on the African continent.In this regard, the city’s framework for long-term growth and development incorporates plans and procedures for theactual development of a successful aerotropolis as a legacy for future generations.It is my hope and expectation that as you browse through this brief introduction to Ekurhuleni, you will understandwhy we are so excited about the future prospects for our residents and visitors alike. I look forward to welcoming you toEkurhuleni – our place of peace!Councillor Mondli GungubeleExecutive MayorCity ofEkurhuleniEkurhuleni Metropolitan MunicipalityTel: +27 11 999 7916Fax: +27 11 999 8183www.ekurhuleni.,gov.za
Best of South Africa42Message from Helen ZillePremier of the Western CapeThis edition of “Best of South Africa” showcases what the country has to offer, andhighlights the Western Cape as an investment and tourism destination. I think you’llagree that the possibilities are incredibly exciting.Helen Zille Premier of the Western CapeThe provincial government has bold ambitionsto make the Western Cape the trade andtourism gateway for our country and the Africancontinent. Our number one priority in this province isto stimulate job-creating economic growth, becauseit is the only sustainable way to beat poverty. Thepublication “Best of South Africa” will assist ourprovince and country in achieving this by marketingour economic potential to the rest of the world.Cape Town, with its Majestic Mountain and coastalscenery, has won numerous awards over the lastfew years. It was, for example, rated as the world’snumber one long haul conference destination by theUK’s Meetings, Incentives, Conferences and Eventsinternational survey. Cape Town has also been ratedas the number one city in the Middle East/AfricaRegion and number ten globally by the US Travel &Leisure Magazine.There are also many reasons why the WesternCape is a highly attractive investment and foreigntrade destination.Firstly, the provincial government is doing all it canto boost investor confidence. This starts with goodclean governance and addressing the key constraintsto investment such as infrastructure backlogs, redtape and crime.Secondly, the Western Cape boasts three worldclass ports in Cape Town, Saldanha and Mossel Bay.The ports of Cape Town and Saldanha offer excellentshipping and cargo services, and Mossel Bay acts asa hub for the gas industry operating off its shores.The oil and gas industry is a major investmentopportunity in the province. Other fields includerenewable energy, manufacturing related to themaritime industry, tourism, information communicationtechnology, business process outsourcing, callcentres and small business development.Thirdly, our well-developed road and rail networksstrategically link Cape Town and the province with therest of South Africa and its neighbouring countries.All these factors have created a healthy andattractive market economy in our province. Thesefactors are expanded on further in this showcaseof “Best of South Africa”.I hope you enjoy reading more about what ourcountry and province has to offer.Helen ZillePremier of the Western Cape
Best of South Africa 43Business Unity South Africa(BUSA)BUSA is a confederation of business organisationsincluding chambers of commerce and industry, professionalassociations, corporate associations and organisations.BUSA President, Mrs Futhi MtobaVisionBUSA aims to be a unified and fullyrepresentative organisation thatcontributes to a vibrant, transformingand growing economy in South Africa.ObjectivesBUSA’s objectives are to:-• Act as the principal representativeof business in South Africa inits national, sub-continental,continental and internationalspheres of activity so as toensure a primary and consistentrepresentation of the views of theSouth African business community.• Promote broad-based BlackEconomic Empowerment by:- Designing strategies andprogrammes aimed atbroadbased Black EconomicEmpowerment, having regardto existing reports, studies andinitiatives;- Engaging government,corporate South Africa andother stakeholders on issues ofbroad-based Black EconomicEmpowerment;- Influencing appropriatelegislation to create an enablingenvironment;- Promoting transformation bothwithin organised business, aswell as at enterprise level.• Advance and promote initiativesaimed at job creation and thealleviation of poverty.• Act for and represent the viewsof its members at national, sub-continental, continental andinternational levels by:- Acting on behalf of its memberson mandated issues;- Influencing legislation and policyin the interests of members;- Lobbying and advocatingagreed upon positions andTel: +27 11 784 8000 • Fax: +27 11 784 8004Email: firstname.lastname@example.org • www.busa.org.zapolicies with government,labour, communities and otherstakeholders;- The commissioning of researchon relevant issues;- Acting as a caucus for itsmembership in appropriateforums and bodies;- Arranging representation onbehalf of member organisations,or nominating representativesof member organisations, tocommissions, committees orother institutions in accordancewith decisions taken bymembers;- Co-operating and, whereappropriate, affiliatingwith relevant internationalorganisations and bodiesand representing memberorganisations in internationalbodies;- Communicating and consultingwith members on importantinternational affairs whichmay impact on South Africanbusiness interests.• Enable business to play ameaningful strategic role in SouthAfrica’s overall development by:- Promoting South Africadomestically and internationally;- Promoting the developmentof an economic and socialsystem based on theprinciples of justice, a marketoriented economy, individualentrepreneurship and equalopportunities;- Giving attention to the role ofsmall and medium businessenterprises in all sectors andto the development of linkagesbetween large, medium andsmall businesses to the benefitof the economy as a whole.It represents South African businesson macro-economic and highlevelissues that affect it at the national andinternational levels. BUSA ’s functionis to ensure that business plays aconstructive role in the country’seconomic growth, developmentand transformation and to create anenvironment in which businesses ofall sizes and in all sectors can thrive,expand and be competitive.As the principal representativeof business in South Africa, BUSArepresents the views of its membersin a number of national structuresand bodies, both statutory and non-statutory. BUSA also representsbusinesses’ interests in the NationalEconomic Development and LabourCouncil (NEDLAC).MissionBUSA aims to ensure that organisedbusiness plays a constructive role,within the context of the country’seconomic growth, development andeconomic transformation goals, inachieving an environment in whichbusinesses of all sizes and in allsectors can thrive, expand and becompetitive both nationally andinternationally.
Best of South Africa44Ilembe District Municipality –KwaZulu-Natal, South AfricaHis Worship Cllr S.W. Mdabe, Mayor of iLembe District Municipality, KwaZulu-NatalThe iLembe District Municipalitytogether with its EconomicDevelopment Agency, EnterpriseiLembe, recently completed a Spatial& Economic Development Strategyfor the region considering both theLow & High Road scenarios for thelong-term. Whilst both scenarioscould be very possible one way oranother, we are confident the regionis extremely well placed for upwardeconomic growth.There is a strong positivesentiment from the business sectorfor new direct investment into theregion, creating pressure to deliveron serviced commercial sites foroccupation, as well as on theupgrade of existing infrastructure toaccommodate the new demands.This is an exciting time for the regionas a whole, with the ProvincialGrowth and Development Strategyfor the Province of KwaZulu-Natal,as approved by Cabinet in the lastquarter of 2011, clearly indicatingthat the northern corridor will becomethe focus of economic growth overthe next 20 years and beyond.This bodes extremely well for thedistrict, which will again experienceunprecedented growth once theworldwide economy manages to finditself on better footing to allow forgrowth to occur once again.The key economic drivers inthe district are still consistent inthe sectors of agriculture, tourism,manufacturing and services and asa district we strive to continuouslybridge the huge divide betweenthe first and second economiesthrough the identification, facilitationand implementation of catalyticand high impact projects. We aretherefore pleased that the KwaZulu-Natal Provincial Governmentbudget addresses both the socialinfrastructure as well as economicinfrastructure development. It is abudget that will stimulate economicgrowth and employment creationin the Province, especially throughinfrastructure development. This was
Best of South Africa 45Enterprise iLembePO Box 593 Ballito 4420Cnr Link Road & Ballito DriveBallito, KZN, SATel: +27 32 946 1256Fax: +27 32 946 email@example.com articulated by the President inthe 2012 State of the Nation Address.The philosophy that drivesEnterprise iLembe is therefore builton global best practice principlesin Local Economic Development.“Local Economic Development isa participatory process where localpeople from all sectors work togetherto stimulate local commercial activity,resulting in a resilient and sustainableeconomy. It is a tool to help createsustainable jobs and improve thequality of life for everyone, includingthe poor and marginalised.” We thinkglobal and act LOCAL.We need to ensure that ouractions create confidence in thecommunities we serve in order thatwe pave the way for future leadersto be able to pick up from whereothers have left off and that there iscontinuity and accountability for ouractions.As a district we are committedand fully support the NationalDevelopment Plan to ensure thatwe collectively and collaborativelyembark on a journey towardsequality; where in 2030, South Africawill be a socially integrated, safe andsustainable place to live and conductbusiness in, we look forward to aproductive economy due to increasedexports, capital investment andsavings; where millions of jobs willhave been created.His Worship Cllr S.W. MdabeMayor of iLembe District MunicipalityKwaZulu-Natal
Best of South Africa46BRICS and Tripartite Agreement openingIntra-African trade doorsThe world has taken notice of the vast current growth in Africa and for the first time itseems as though Africa itself has awoken to its own ample potential. Our leaders aremoving to take back control of our resources and utilise our value collectively.There is now a decisive push towardsdeveloping Intra-African trade.This new buzzword, popular sincethe 2012 African Union Summitin Ethiopia, seems to be the mostobvious solution to keeping Africancommodities for the benefit ofAfricans. This however means thata fine line must be tread; not onlyin negotiations and agreements,but also in ensuring that necessaryinternational trade exchanges aremaintained.Africa is a continent made upof diverse countries with eachfollowing unique codes and practicesin diplomacy and trade. There aremany challenges to overcome forcollaboration, but the value of workingtogether for Africa’s benefit has beenconsensually accepted.Tripartite AgreementAlso announced at the close of the18thSummit of the African Union,was that Africa is targeting theestablishment of a Continental FreeTrade Area (CFTA) by 2017, whichis currently being negotiated foroperation. The first step in finalisingthe CFTA is getting final agreementon the Tripartite Agreement betweenthe East African Community (EAC),the Common Market for Easternand Southern Africa (COMESA), andthe Southern African DevelopmentCommunity (SADC) by 2014. Africa’sother trade areas would then followsuit through the example shown bythe Tripartite Agreement.The Heads of State of COMESA,EAC and SADC countries agreed toeffectively establish a Tripartite FreeTrade Area (T-FTA) in 2008. Onceestablished, the T-FTA will constitutean integrated market of 26 countrieswith a combined population of nearly600-million people and a total grossdomestic product of up to US$1-trillion.At the Tripartite Summit held inJohannesburg on 12 June 2011,Tripartite Ministers decided to launchnegotiations on the establishmentof the T-FTA. The vision is that theTripartite Free Trade Area will be amechanism for accelerating Africanintegration and Intra-African tradeas outlined in the Abuja Treatyestablishing the African EconomicCommunity. The Tripartite FTA iswelcomed as the solution to theoverlapping membership manyeastern and southern Africancountries have through multiple tradeagreements.
Best of South Africa 47With these developments, this isconsequently an opportune time forinnovative South African and Africanentrepreneurs to look into how theycan benefit from this extraordinarygrowth in export and trade. Thesetrade agreements will pave a newpath for trade to flow freely betweencountries, and these early stageswill see interested parties eagerlymaking their stake.BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India,China, South Africa)South Africa’s inclusion in the BRICgrouping, resulting in the newlyformed BRICS, has allowed it toact as a gateway and thereforeregulator for import and export onthe continent. This role in tradenegotiation is only viable throughSouth Africa’s own African tradeagreements. In this way, thegroupings involved in the T-FTA aregiven open access to the BRICSmarkets, linking South Africaand the region to over 1-billionconsumers in the BRICS memberregions.South Africa is the 27thbiggesteconomy in the world with aGDP of $354-billion according tothe IMF. As a first-tier emergingmarket, South Africa’s inclusionin BRICS presents the group withthe opportunity of representingthe emerging world in the greatestsense.Benefits of Intra-African TradeOne of the key ways in whichAfrican countries are openingtrade with each other is throughthe major drive in infrastructuredevelopment. Intra-African tradeis essentially greater connectivitybetween African countries and soit serves to unify the continent.With unity comes strength and thisstrength is hoped to be reflected inthe economic figures of the yearsahead. Improved infrastructureand regional corridors will aidin connecting African countriestogether for trade.Enhanced Intra-African tradeand deepened market integrationwill provide improved tradeperformance and competitivenessfor the region, contributingsignificantly to sustainableeconomic growth, job creation andpoverty reduction, foreign directinvestment, industrial developmentand continental integration into theglobal economy.
Best of South Africa48The Southern African DevelopmentCommunity (SADC) has been inexistence since 1980, when it wasformed as a loose alliance of ninemajorityruled States in Southern Africaknown as the Southern AfricanDevelopment CoordinationConference (SADCC), with the mainaim of coordinating developmentprojects in order to lessen economicdependence on the then apartheidSouth Africa.The founding Member States are:Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi,Mozambique, Swaziland, UnitedRepublic of Tanzania, Zambia andZimbabwe.SADCC was formed in Lusaka,Zambia on April 1, 1980, following theadoption of the Lusaka Declaration -Southern Africa: Towards EconomicLiberation.The transformation of theorganisation from a CoordinationConference into a DevelopmentCommunity (SADC) took place on 17August, 1992 in Windhoek, Namibiawhen the Declaration and Treaty wassigned at the Summit of Heads ofState and Government thereby givingThe Southern AfricanDevelopment Community (SADC)
Best of South Africa 49THE SADC VISIONThe SADC vision is one of a commonfuture, a future within a regionalcommunity that will ensure economicwell-being, improvement of thestandards of living and quality oflife, freedom and social justice andpeace and security for the peoples ofSouthern Africa. This shared visionis anchored on the common valuesand principles and the historical andcultural affinities that exist betweenthe people of Southern Africa.the organisation a legal character.The Member States are Angola,Botswana, the Democratic Republic ofCongo, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi,Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia,Seychelles, South Africa, Swaziland,United Republic of Tanzania, Zambiaand Zimbabwe.SADC headquarters are inGaborone, Botswana.SADC HeadquartersPlot No. 54385Central Business DistrictPrivate Bag 0095GaboroneBotswanaTel: +267 395 1863Fax: +267 397 2848Email: firstname.lastname@example.orgDr. Tomaz Augusto SalomãoExecutive Secretary
Best of South Africa50The Common Market for Easternand Southern Africa (COMESA)COMESA’s Priorities andObjectivesThe history of COMESA began inDecember 1994 when it was formedto replace the former PreferentialTrade Area (PTA) which had existedfrom the earlier days of 1981.COMESA (as defined by its Treaty)was established “as an organisationof free independent sovereign stateswhich have agreed to co-operate indeveloping their natural and humanresources for the good of all theirpeople” and as such it has a wide-ranging series of objectives whichnecessarily include in its priorities thepromotion of peace and security inthe region.However, due to COMESA’seconomic history and backgroundits main focus is on the formation ofa large economic and trading unitthat is capable of overcoming someof the barriers that are faced byindividual states. COMESA’s currentstrategy can thus be summed upin the phrase “economic prosperitythrough regional integration”. Withits 19 member states, population ofover 389-million and annual importbill of around US$32-billion with anexport bill of US$82-billion COMESAforms a major market place forboth internal and external trading.Its area is impressive on the mapof the African Continent coveringa geographical area of 12 millionsquare kilometres. Its achievementsto date have been significant.A Free Trade AreaThe FTA was achieved on 31stOctober, 2000 when eight of themember States (namely Djibouti,Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi,Mauritius, Sudan, Zambia andZimbabwe) eliminated their tariffson COMESA originating products, inaccordance with the tariff reductionschedule adopted in 1992. Thisfollowed a trade liberalisationprogramme that commenced in1984 on reduction and eventualelimination of tariff and non-tariffbarriers to intra-regional trade.Burundi and Rwanda joined theFTA on 1st January 2004. Theseten FTA members have not onlyeliminated customs tariffs but areworking on the eventual eliminationof quantitative restrictions and othernon-tariff barriers.Customs UnionA Customs Union may be definedas a merger of two or more customsterritories into a single customsterritory, in which customs duties andMr Sindiso Ngwenya, Secretary General – COMESA
Best of South Africa 51other measures that restrict trade areeliminated for a substantial amount oftrade between the merged territories.The territories, in turn apply the sameduties and measures in their tradewith third parties.In preparation for a Customs Unionthe Eleventh Meeting of the Councilof Ministers held in Cairo, Egyptadopted a Road Map that outlinedprogrammes and activities whoseimplementation was necessary beforethe launching of the Union.Trade PromotionOther objectives which will be metto assist in the achievement of tradepromotion include:• Trade liberalisation and Customsco-operation, including theintroduction of a unifiedcomputerised Customs networkacross the region.• Improving the administration oftransport and communicationsto ease the movement of goods,services and people between thecountries.• Creating an enabling environmentand legal framework which willencourage the growth of theprivate sector, the establishmentof a secure investmentenvironment, and the adoption ofa common set of standards.• The harmonisation of macro-economic and monetary policiesthroughout the region.COMESA InstitutionsSeveral institutions have been createdto promote subregional co-operationand development. These include:• The COMESA Trade andDevelopment Bank in Nairobi,Kenya• The COMESA Clearing House inHarare, Zimbabwe• The COMESA Association ofCommercial Banks in Harare,Zimbabwe• The COMESA Leather Institute inEthiopia• The COMESA Re-InsuranceCompany (ZEP-RE) in Nairobi,KenyaIn addition a Court of Justice was alsoestablished under the COMESA Treatyand became formally operational in1998.Further initiatives exist to promotecross border initiatives, form acommon industrial policy andintroduce a monetary harmonisationprogramme.What COMESA OffersCOMESA offers its members andpartners a wide range of benefitswhich include:• A wider, harmonised and morecompetitive market• Greater industrial productivity andcompetitiveness• Increased agricultural productionand food security• A more rational exploitation ofnatural resources• More harmonised monetary,banking and financial policies• More reliable transport andcommunications infrastructureThe Decision making ProcessCOMESA has evolved acomprehensive decision-makingstructure at the top of which are theHeads of State of the 20 membercountries. There is then a Councilof Ministers responsible for policymaking, 12 technical committeesand a series of other advisory bodies(including specific relations withpartner countries and the businesscommunity). In addition each memberstate appoints liaison persons in theirappropriate ministries who form partof the day-to-day communicationprocess.Overall co-ordination is achievedthrough the Secretariat, based inLusaka, Zambia, who will be happy todeal with all initial communication.www.comesa.int
Best of South Africa52The Treaty for Establishment of the EastAfrican Community was signed on 30November 1999 and entered into forceon 7 July 2000 following its ratificationby the original three Partner States– Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania. TheRepublic of Rwanda and the Republicof Burundi acceded to the EAC Treatyon 18 June 2007 and became fullMembers of the Community with effectfrom 1 July 2007.Mission and VisionThe Vision of EAC is a prosperous,competitive, secure, stable andpolitically united East Africa; andthe Mission is to widen and deepenEconomic, Political, Social andCultural integration in order to improvethe quality of life of the peopleof East Africa through increasedcompetitiveness, value addedproduction, trade and investments.The EAC’s core values are:• Professionalism• Accountability• Transparency• Teamwork• Unity in Diversity• Allegiance to EAC idealsAims and objectivesThe EAC aims at widening anddeepening co-operation amongthe Partner States in, amongothers, political, economic andsocial fields for their mutualbenefit. To this extent the EACcountries established a CustomsUnion in 2005 and a CommonMarket in 2010. The next phaseof the integration will see the blocenter into a Monetary Union andultimately become a PoliticalFederation of the East AfricanStates.Enlargement of the communityThe realisation of a large regionaleconomic bloc encompassingBurundi, Kenya, Rwanda, TanzaniaThe East African CommunityThe East African Community (EAC) is the regional intergovernmental organisation ofthe Republics of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Republic of Rwandaand Republic of Burundi with its headquarters in Arusha, Tanzania.
Best of South Africa 53AchievementsThe main achievement has been the implementation ofconfidence-building measures that have spurred andenergised Partner States’ efforts in regional integration.Partner States have expanded the spirit and enhancedthe basis of the Community from the initial threshold ofmere cooperation to a higher level of integration, with theultimate objective being political federation.and Uganda with a combined population of more than130-million people (2010*), land area of 1.82-million squarekilometres and a combined Gross Domestic Product of$74.5-billion (2009*), bears great strategic and geopoliticalsignificance and prospects of a renewed and reinvigoratedEast African Community.Current statusThe regional integration process is at a high pitch at themoment as reflected by the encouraging progress of theEast African Customs Union and the establishment in 2010of the Common Market. The negotiations for the East African Monetary Union,which commenced in 2011, and fast tracking the processtowards East African Federation all underscore the seriousdetermination of the East African leadership and citizensto construct a powerful and sustainable East Africaneconomic and political bloc.Strategic partnershipsOver the years, EAC has laid a strong foundationfor strategic partnerships with international aid anddevelopment agencies including World Bank, EuropeanUnion, European Investment Bank, African DevelopmentBank, Swedish International Development Co-operationAgency (SIDA), United Nations Economic Commissionfor Africa, German Agency for Technical Co-operation(GIZ), East African Development Bank, UnitedKingdom Department for International Development(DFID), Norwegian Agency for Development (NORAD),Commonwealth Secretariat and Danish InternationalDevelopment Agency (DANIDA).Other development partners with whom EAC expects toenter into co-operation programmes or has entered intoMemoranda of Understanding with include France, India,Finland, Canada, Sweden, Norway, International LabourOrganisation, UN Food and Agriculture Organisation,Austrian Development Co-operation and the WorldMeteorological Organisation. www.eac.intQuick factsArea (incl. water): 1.82 million sq. kmPopulation: 133.1 million (2010)GDP (current market prices): $79.2 billion (2010)EAC Headquarters: Arusha, TanzaniaFirst established: 1967Re-established: 7 July 2000Official language: EnglishSummit Chairperson: H.E. Mwai KibakiCouncil Chairperson Hon. Musa SirmaSecretary General: Amb. Richard SeziberaCourtesyofwww.eac.int
Best of South Africa54Infrastructure is on South Africa’s main agendaDuring 2012’s State of the Nation Address on the 9th of February, President JacobZuma made it very clear that South Africa’s main focus according to the New GrowthPath is the upgrade and development of infrastructure.Infrastructure is the key to thecountry’s economic growth and willenable self-sufficiency and enticeinvestment whilst simultaneouslycreating jobs.The infrastructure drive washeralded when South Africa wonthe bid to host the 2010 FIFAFootball World Cup. The governmentimmediately increased spendingon infrastructure developmentthrough the build programme. Theeconomy was stimulated throughthe influx in employment numbers.The National Planning Commissionwas established in 2009 in order toproduce a national development planfor South Africa along the lines of itsconstitution.The first draft of the plan outlinesSouth Africa’s goals for the next20 years as well as the aims ofaddressing poverty and inequality.It is hoped that higher growth andjob creation through infrastructuredevelopment will be the solution.The New Growth Path frameworkwas launched in 2010 and identifiedSouth Africa’s job drivers asinfrastructure development, tourism,agriculture, mining, manufacturingand the green economy. As part ofthis, 2011 was a milestone in jobcreation in South Africa with the rateof unemployment coming down from25% to 23.9% with 365,000 peopleemployed in the formal sector duringthe year.President Jacob Zuma called on allSouth Africans to join government inthe infrastructure development drive.The drive will be pursued during thenext couple of years through the vastexperience gained during the 2010FIFA Soccer World Cup to managethe project successfully. The planis being driven by the PresidentialInfrastructure CoordinatingCommission (PICC). The PICC has identified strategicprojects through five majorgeographically-focused programmes:(focusing on health and basiceducation infrastructure, informationand communication technologies,and regional integration.)1. Development and integration ofrail, road and water infrastructurecentred around two main areas inthe Limpopo mineral belt2. Improvement of the movement ofgoods and economic integrationthrough a Durban-Free State-Gauteng logistics and industrialcorridor.3. Development of a major new SouthEastern node that will improvethe industrial and agriculturalCourtesyGautrain
Best of South Africa 55development and export capacityof the Eastern Cape region.4. Expansion of the roll-out ofwater, roads, rail and electricityinfrastructure in the North-West.Ten priority roads will be upgraded.5. Improvement of infrastructureof the west coast which hasenormous potential waiting to beunlocked.In addition to these plans, SouthernAfrica was dually awarded the bidto host the Square Kilometre Array(SKA) radio telescope infrastructureproject along with Australia andNew Zealand. The South Africancontingent was bid in partnershipwith eight other African countries.The decision was made on 25 May2012 in Amsterdam, the Netherlandsand Southern Africa was identified asthe preferred site. As a result, SouthAfrica will host the majority of SKAdishes in Phase 1 which will be addedto MeerKAT. Further SKA disheswill be added to the ASKAP array inAustralia. All the dishes and the midfrequency aperture arrays for PhaseII of the SKA will be built in SouthernAfrica while the low frequencyaperture array antennas for PhaseI and II will be built in Australia andNew Zealand.SKA is the most powerfultelescope in the world and is a majormilestone in utilising the potential ofAfrica’s skies through the installationof 3000 different satellite dishes.This is a historic moment not onlyfor Africa, but for the world, inthe advancement of informationtechnologies.The North-South Road andRail Corridor is another majorinfrastructure project for the continentwhich South Africa is a majorchampion of. This is a PresidentialInfrastructure Championing initiativeof the African Union’s NEPAD whichwill open up borders and inter-trade.The massive investment ininfrastructure aims to leave more thanjust power stations, rail-lines, damsand roads. The hope is that apart fromthe physical factors, the country willbe industrialised and skills and jobswill be generated. President JacobZuma has convened an infrastructuresummit to discuss the implementationof the plan with potential investors andsocial partners.Extracts from the State of the NationAddress By His Excellency Jacob GZuma, President of the Republic ofSouth Africa on the occasion of theJoint Sitting of Parliament, Cape Town,9 Feb 2012.CourtesyGautrainCourtesyGautrainCourtesyGautrain
Best of South Africa56Mineral resources, humanresourcesSouth Africa is the world’s biggestproducer of platinum, and one of theleading producers of gold, diamonds,base metals and coal.South Africa holds the world’slargest natural reserves of gold,platinum-group metals, chromeore and manganese ore, and thesecond-largest reserves of zirconium,vanadium and titanium.At the same time, there isconsiderable potential for thediscovery of other world-classdeposits in areas yet to beexhaustively explored.The sector spans the full spectrumof the five major mineral categories -namely precious metals and minerals,energy minerals, non-ferrous metalsand minerals, ferrous minerals, andindustrial minerals.Apart from its prolific mineralreserves, South Africa’s strengthsinclude an extremely high level oftechnical and production expertise,and comprehensive research anddevelopment activities.The country has world-scaleprimary processing facilities coveringcarbon steel, stainless steel andaluminium, in addition to gold andplatinum. It is also a world leader ofnew technologies, such as a ground-breaking process that converts low-grade superfine iron ore into high-quality iron units.Contribution to the economyWith the growth of South Africa’ssecondary and tertiary industries, therelative contribution of mining to SouthAfrica’s gross domestic product (GDP)has declined over the past 10-20years.Nonetheless, the industry iscontinually adapting to changinglocal and international worldconditions, and remains aMining and MineralsSouth Africa is a world leader in mining. The country is famous for its abundance ofmineral resources, accounting for a significant proportion of world production andreserves - and South African mining companies are key players in the global industry.
Best of South Africa 57cornerstone of the economy,making a significant contribution toeconomic activity, job creation andforeign exchange earnings.The sector accounts forroughly one-third of the marketcapitalisation of the JSE, andcontinues to act as a magnet forforeign investment in the country.Minerals beneficiationFor over 130 years, SouthAfrica’s mining industry hasprovided the critical mass forthe development of a numberof other world-class industries -energy, financial services, waterservices, engineering services,specialist seismic, geological andmetallurgical services - that eithersupply the mining sector or use itsproducts.Not only does the mining sectoruse considerable services andinputs from the domestic economy,it also supplies many associatedindustries that use mining productsto keep the wheels of the SouthAfrican economy moving.For example, 98% of the country’scement and more than 90% of thecountry’s steel is fabricated locallyfrom locally produced minerals.Lucrative opportunities exist forfurther downstream processing andadding value locally to iron, carbonsteel, stainless steel, aluminium,platinum group metals and gold, anda wide range of materials are availablefor jewellery - including gold, platinum,diamonds, tiger’s eye and a variety ofother semi-precious stones.The government has targeted thedownstream or beneficiated mineralsindustry as a growth sector, and wherethe commercial opportunities exist,downstream beneficiation is alreadytaking place.In 2009, the Chamber of Minesestimated that around R200-billion invalue was added to the local economythrough the intermediate and finalproduct industries that use mineralsproduced by South Africa’s mines.www.southafrica.info
Best of South Africa58Energy2012 International Year of Sustainable Energy for All.The African continent is richly bountifulwith vast resources of both naturaland mineral varieties, which remainlargely untapped. Africa seems to berealising that her resources shouldbe used to benefit her people. Asa result, a move to sustainable andcareful management of energy is beingundertaken across Africa.BackgroundSouth Africa is a key player in theAfrican oil industry, with liquid fuels animportant component of their energysector. The first oil company wasestablished in Cape Town in 1884.Today, South Africa processes around20-million tonnes of crude oil per year,consuming 23-million tonnes of liquidfuel products annually. There are alsoa small number of oil and gas fields offSouth Africa’s coast and the countryenjoys abundant supplies of coal. Themajor liquid fuel markets are held inGauteng.Energy sourcesSouth Africa’s main sources of energyare Petroleum, Natural Gas, Electricity,Coal, Renewable and AlternativeFuels (biofuel, hydro, solar, wind),and Nuclear. The country has variousplans to implement energy efficiencyin the coming years so as to stick tothe International Year of SustainableEnergy for All initiative.Energy Efficiency Regulations(Programmes and Projects)• Solar Park;• Energy Efficiency and Environment;• Integrated Resource Plan;• Working for Energy;• Integrated Energy Plan;• Solar Water Heating;• Designated National Authority;• Energy and EnvironmentPartnership;• Renewable Energy MarketTransformation;• Wind Energy Awareness Campaign;