Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
www.vestforsk.no
The Use of Bitcoin and
Blockchain Technology in
Public Sector
Svein Ølnes, Vestlandsforsking
Norstella’s ...
www.vestforsk.no
«Everybody» want a blockchain
www.vestforsk.no
 Research institute (foundation), located in Sogndal (est. 1985)
 Research areas:
 Climate and environ...
www.vestforsk.no
 Researcher at WNRI since 1996
 Main research topic: ICT in public sector
 Interested in Bitcoin/block...
www.vestforsk.no
Statement
 Blockchain technology, and especially universal
and open blockchains like Bitcoin and Ethereu...
www.vestforsk.no
Statement backed by paper
 Blockchain technology, and especially universal
and open blockchains like Bit...
www.vestforsk.no
www.vestforsk.no
Open vs. closed blockchains
Open
(permissionless)
Closed
(permissioned)
Who can update Everybody with
eno...
www.vestforsk.no
What is genuine with (open) blockchains?
 Immutability
 «tamper proof» vs. «tamper evident»
 .. but no...
www.vestforsk.no
What public sector needs to think through
 Interoperability
 open vs. closed blockchains
 Platform/inf...
www.vestforsk.no
Bitcoin as a platform and information infrastructure
Bitcoin infrastructure (Network Services)
Blockchain...
www.vestforsk.no
Bitcoin and blockchain in public sector
 Authentication of documents
 badges, course certificates, CVs
...
www.vestforsk.no
Examples on the use of Bitcoin/blockchain
 Authentication of documents
 Course certificates from the Un...
www.vestforsk.no
Relevante literature
 Nakamoto Satoshi: «Bitcoin - A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash
System» (bitcoin.org/e...
www.vestforsk.no
www.vestforsk.no
Thanks for your attention!
e-mail: sol@vestforsk.no
This presentation:
http://www.slideshare.net/sveino/n...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

norstella blockchain en

311 views

Published on

Presentation "The Use of Bitcoin and Blockchain Technology in Public Sector" at Norstella's blockchain conference, 26.10.16

Published in: Technology
  • Login to see the comments

  • Be the first to like this

norstella blockchain en

  1. 1. www.vestforsk.no The Use of Bitcoin and Blockchain Technology in Public Sector Svein Ølnes, Vestlandsforsking Norstella’s Blockchain Conference, 26.10.2016
  2. 2. www.vestforsk.no «Everybody» want a blockchain
  3. 3. www.vestforsk.no  Research institute (foundation), located in Sogndal (est. 1985)  Research areas:  Climate and environment  Information technology  Tourism  25 researchers  Part of the public research infrastructure in Norway Western Norway Research Institute
  4. 4. www.vestforsk.no  Researcher at WNRI since 1996  Main research topic: ICT in public sector  Interested in Bitcoin/blockchain since 2011  Bought my first bitcoins in 2011 (Mt. Gox!)  .. and have followed the development in crypto currencies since then  interested in the intersection of technology, economy and society  Currently a student in the MSc program Digital Currencies at the University of Nicosia  have published papers on Bitcoin/blockchain use in public sector  Disclaimer: own bitcoins og ether, have Bitcoin mining equipment About me
  5. 5. www.vestforsk.no Statement  Blockchain technology, and especially universal and open blockchains like Bitcoin and Ethereum, have a great potential for use in public sector
  6. 6. www.vestforsk.no Statement backed by paper  Blockchain technology, and especially universal and open blockchains like Bitcoin and Ethereum, have a great potential for use in public sector  «Beyond Bitcoin – Enabling Smart Government Using the Bitcoin Blockchain»  eGov 2016, Springer LNCS
  7. 7. www.vestforsk.no
  8. 8. www.vestforsk.no Open vs. closed blockchains Open (permissionless) Closed (permissioned) Who can update Everybody with enough resources Selected people/org. Who prod. data Everybody participat. Customers of org. Incentive to follow rules Direct economic (carrot & stick) Reputation Storing Distributed Centralized Trust in central actors No Yes Transaction costs - + Speed (trans./sec.) - + Immutability + - Currency/»token» Yes No Example Bitcoin, Ethereum HyperLedger
  9. 9. www.vestforsk.no What is genuine with (open) blockchains?  Immutability  «tamper proof» vs. «tamper evident»  .. but not in itself (ref. Ethereum and The DAO)  Censor-ship resistant  «unwanted» transactions will also be processed as long as they follow the consensus rules  Open for all and at the same time protect privacy
  10. 10. www.vestforsk.no What public sector needs to think through  Interoperability  open vs. closed blockchains  Platform/infrastructure for public sector  from «common components» to common platform  Clear parallells to the growth of Internet in the 1980s/1990s
  11. 11. www.vestforsk.no Bitcoin as a platform and information infrastructure Bitcoin infrastructure (Network Services) Blockchain, Consensus, Ordering, Hash storage, Security Bitcoin currency Colored coins (Mastercoin, Counterparty ++) Sidechains Payment channels (Lightning Network..) Smart contracts
  12. 12. www.vestforsk.no Bitcoin and blockchain in public sector  Authentication of documents  badges, course certificates, CVs  other certificates and licenses  ++  Proof of ownership  property  +++  Economy  transparency  audit  Think of Bitcoin/blockchain as a new Internet-based platform!
  13. 13. www.vestforsk.no Examples on the use of Bitcoin/blockchain  Authentication of documents  Course certificates from the University of Nicosia (digital currencies)  MIT’s Blockcert is a suite for streamlining the work with certificates and CVs on the Bitcoin blockchain  Proof of ownership  Sweden and many other countries are experimenting with property registration on a blockchain  What about Norway?  Security and anti-spam  machine-to-machine payments (as a safeguard against email spam, DDOS attacks, new business models for media companies ++)  Internet of Things (IoT) is difficult, or impossible, to scale without a decentralized architecture. Blockchain tech. seems perfect.
  14. 14. www.vestforsk.no Relevante literature  Nakamoto Satoshi: «Bitcoin - A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System» (bitcoin.org/en/bitcoin-paper)  Andreas Antonopolous: «Mastering Bitcoin»  Nathaniel Popper: «Digital Gold»
  15. 15. www.vestforsk.no
  16. 16. www.vestforsk.no Thanks for your attention! e-mail: sol@vestforsk.no This presentation: http://www.slideshare.net/sveino/norstella-blockchain-en Bitcoin address: 1sveinoFzUtMQ5wnnxMoHX9vb42mvPsWN

×